|Died||1 June 1898 63)(aged|
|Alma mater||Trinity Hall, Cambridge|
|Known for||Godman-Salvin Medal|
|Spouse(s)||Caroline Octavia Maitland|
Osbert Salvin FRS (25 February 1835 – 1 June 1898) was an English naturalist, ornithologist, and herpetologist best known for co-authoring Biologia Centrali-Americana (1879–1915) with Frederick DuCane Godman. This was a 52 volume encyclopedia on the natural history of Central America.
Osbert Salvin was born in Finchley, north London, the second son of the architect Anthony Salvin, of Hawksfold, Sussex. He was educated at Westminster and Trinity Hall, Cambridge, taking his degree in 1857.Shortly afterwards he accompanied his second cousin by marriage, Henry Baker Tristram, in a natural history exploration of Tunisia and eastern Algeria. Their account of this trip was published in The Ibis in 1859 and 1860.
In the autumn of 1857, he made the first of several visits to Guatemala, returning there with Frederick DuCane Godman in 1861. It was during this journey that the Biologia Centrali-Americana was planned.
In 1871 Salvin became editor of The Ibis . He was appointed to the Strickland Curatorship in the University of Cambridge, and produced his Catalogue of the Strickland Collection . He was one of the original members of the British Ornithologists' Union. He produced the volumes on the Trochilidae and the Procellariidae in the Catalogue of Birds in the British Museum. One of his last works was the completion of Lord Lilford's Coloured Figures of British Birds (1897).
Salvin was a Fellow of the Royal Society, the Linnean, Zoological and Entomological Societies, and at the time of his death was Secretary of the British Ornithologists' Union.
The Godman-Salvin Medal, a prestigious award of the British Ornithologists' Union, is named after him and Godman.
In the scientific field of herpetology, he described two new species of Central American reptiles: Bothriechis aurifer and Typhlops tenuis .Also, three species and one subspecies of reptiles have been named in his honor: Anolis salvini , Crotalus scutulatus salvini , Sceloporus salvini , and Staurotypus salvinii .
In 1863, he married Caroline Octavia Maitland in Loughton, Essex. They had three daughters, Sybil Maitland Salvin (born 1867), who married Edmund Leveson Calverley in 1893, Heloise Salvin (born 1875) and Viola Salvin (born 1878). Heloise Salvin married biologist John Edmund Sharrock Moore.
Frederick DuCane Godman DCL FRS FLS FGS FRGS FES FZS MRI FRHS was an English lepidopterist, entomologist and ornithologist. He was one of the twenty founding members of the British Ornithologists' Union. Along with Osbert Salvin, he is remembered for studying the fauna and flora of Central America.
Alfred Percival Maudslay was a British diplomat, explorer and archaeologist. He was one of the first Europeans to study Maya ruins.
George Charles Champion was an English entomologist specialising in the study of beetles. He was the eldest son of George Champion.
Robert Henry Fernando Rippon was an English zoologist, entomologist and illustrator. He was a musician for a while but took a keen amateur interest in entomology and published a major multivolume work on the birdwing butterflies, the Icones Ornithopterum (1898-1906).
The Esmeraldas antbird is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Colombia and Ecuador. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.
Iophanus is a monotypic butterfly genus in the family Lycaenidae described by Max Wilhelm Karl Draudt in 1920. The single species of this genus, Iophanus pyrrhias, the Guatemalan copper, was described by Frederick DuCane Godman and Osbert Salvin in 1887. It is found in Guatemala, the highlands of Chiapas, Mexico, and apparently in a few other areas of the Neotropic ecozone.
Charles Owen Waterhouse was an English entomologist who specialised in Coleoptera.
Henry Stephen Gorham FRES(1839–1920) was an English entomologist who specialised in Coleoptera.
The Biologia Centrali-Americana is an encyclopedia of the natural history of Mexico and Central America, privately issued in 215 parts from 1879 to 1915 by the editors Frederick DuCane Godman and Osbert Salvin, of the British Museum in London. It was begun by Alfred Maudslay publishing his first long-form description of the Archaeology at Chichen Itza.
Salvin is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Tetragonoderus mexicanus is a species of beetle in the family Carabidae. It was described by Chaudoir in 1876. It can be found in Mexico, Guatemala and Nicaragua.
The Godman-Salvin Medal is a medal of the British Ornithologists' Union awarded "to an individual as a signal honour for distinguished ornithological work." It was instituted in 1919 in the memory of Frederick DuCane Godman and Osbert Salvin.
Zopyrion is a genus of butterflies in the Hesperiidae (skipper) family and the Pyrgini tribe. The type species, Zopyrion sandace, was described in 1896 by Frederick DuCane Godman and Osbert Salvin in their Biologia Centrali-Americana.
Acanthoderes rubripes is a species of beetle in the family Cerambycidae. It was described by Henry Walter Bates in 1872. This species has been observed in the Chontales Department in Nicaragua as well as at Volcan de Chiriqui and Bugaba in Panama.
Syllepte coelivitta is a moth in the family Crambidae. It was described by Francis Walker in 1866. It is found in Brazil, Suriname, Mexico and Panama.
Machimia dolopis is a moth in the family Depressariidae. It was described by Walsingham in 1912. It is found in Mexico (Guerrero).
Cathegesis vinitincta is a moth in the family Gelechiidae. It was described by Walsingham in 1910. It is found in Mexico and Guatemala.
Compsolechia suffectella is a moth of the family Gelechiidae. It was described by Francis Walker in 1864. It is found in Mexico, Panama, Colombia and the Brazilian states of Amazonas and Espírito Santo.
Godman's garter snake is a species of snake in the family Colubridae. The species is endemic to southern Mexico, and was first described by Albert Günther in 1894.
Calycopis pisis, the pisis groundstreak, is a butterfly found in several countries in Latin America.