Osbert Salvin

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Osbert Salvin

FRS
Salvin Osbert 1835-1898.jpg
Born(1835-02-25)25 February 1835
Died1 June 1898(1898-06-01) (aged 63)
NationalityEnglish
Alma mater Trinity Hall, Cambridge
Occupation naturalist
Known forGodman-Salvin Medal
Spouse(s)Caroline Octavia Maitland

Osbert Salvin FRS (25 February 1835 – 1 June 1898) was an English naturalist, ornithologist, and herpetologist best known for co-authoring Biologia Centrali-Americana (1879–1915) with Frederick DuCane Godman. This was a 52 volume encyclopedia on the natural history of Central America.

Contents

Biography

Osbert Salvin was born in Finchley, north London, the second son of the architect Anthony Salvin, of Hawksfold, Sussex. He was educated at Westminster and Trinity Hall, Cambridge, taking his degree in 1857. [1] Shortly afterwards he accompanied his second cousin by marriage, Henry Baker Tristram, in a natural history exploration of Tunisia and eastern Algeria. Their account of this trip was published in The Ibis in 1859 and 1860. [2]

In the autumn of 1857, he made the first of several visits to Guatemala, returning there with Frederick DuCane Godman in 1861. It was during this journey that the Biologia Centrali-Americana was planned.

In 1871 Salvin became editor of The Ibis . He was appointed to the Strickland Curatorship in the University of Cambridge, and produced his Catalogue of the Strickland Collection . He was one of the original members of the British Ornithologists' Union. He produced the volumes on the Trochilidae and the Procellariidae in the Catalogue of Birds in the British Museum. One of his last works was the completion of Lord Lilford's Coloured Figures of British Birds (1897).

Osbert Salvin00.jpg

Salvin was a Fellow of the Royal Society, the Linnean, Zoological and Entomological Societies, and at the time of his death was Secretary of the British Ornithologists' Union.

The Godman-Salvin Medal, a prestigious award of the British Ornithologists' Union, is named after him and Godman.

In the scientific field of herpetology, he described two new species of Central American reptiles: Bothriechis aurifer and Typhlops tenuis . [3] Also, three species and one subspecies of reptiles have been named in his honor: Anolis salvini , Crotalus scutulatus salvini , Sceloporus salvini , and Staurotypus salvinii . [4]

Family

In 1863, he married Caroline Octavia Maitland in Loughton, Essex. They had three daughters, Sybil Maitland Salvin (born 1867), who married Edmund Leveson Calverley in 1893, Heloise Salvin (born 1875) and Viola Salvin (born 1878). Heloise Salvin married biologist John Edmund Sharrock Moore. [5]

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<i>Biologia Centrali-Americana</i> By: Godman, Frederick Du Cane, - Horman-Fisher, Maud - Knight, H., - Salvin, Osbert, - Saunders, G. S., - Schlereth, M. v., Freih., - Sharp, M. A., - Wilson, Edwin, - Wulp, F. M. van der, (Frederick Maurits) - Bale & Danielsson, - Bannwarth, Th.

The Biologia Centrali-Americana is an encyclopedia of the natural history of Mexico and Central America, privately issued in 215 parts from 1879 to 1915 by the editors Frederick DuCane Godman and Osbert Salvin, of the British Museum in London. It was begun by Alfred Maudslay publishing his first long-form description of the Archaeology at Chichen Itza.

Salvin is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

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Godman-Salvin Medal medal conferred by the British Ornithological Union

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<i>Acanthoderes rubripes</i> Species of beetle

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Cathegesis vinitincta is a moth in the family Gelechiidae. It was described by Walsingham in 1910. It is found in Mexico and Guatemala.

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Godman's garter snake is a species of snake in the family Colubridae. The species is endemic to southern Mexico, and was first described by Albert Günther in 1894.

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References

  1. "Salvin, Osbert (SLVN853O)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. Fisher 2004.
  3. Salvin, Osbert (1860). "On the Reptiles of Guatemala". Proc. Zool. Soc. London1860: 451-461.
  4. Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN   978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Salvin", p. 232).
  5. Woodward 1901.

Sources