Ostallgäu

Last updated
Ostallgäu
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Adm. region Swabia
Capital Marktoberdorf
Area
  Total1,395 km2 (539 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2018) [1]
  Total140,316
  Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registration OAL
Website http://www.ostallgaeu.de

Ostallgäu is a Landkreis (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the west and clockwise) the districts of Oberallgäu, Unterallgäu, Augsburg, Landsberg, Weilheim-Schongau and Garmisch-Partenkirchen, and by the Austrian state of Tyrol. The town of Kaufbeuren is enclosed by but does not belong to the district.

In most German states, the primary administrative subdivision higher than a Gemeinde (Municipality) is the Landkreis ; the exceptions are the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Schleswig-Holstein, which use the term Kreis. Most major cities in Germany are not part of any Kreis, but instead themselves perform functions like those of the Kreise; such a city is referred to as a Kreisfreie Stadt or Stadtkreis.

Swabia (Bavaria) Regierungsbezirk in Bavaria, Germany

Swabia is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany.

Bavaria State in Germany

Bavaria, officially the Free State of Bavaria, is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres, Bavaria is the largest German state by land area comprising roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's main cities are Munich, Nuremberg and Augsburg.

Contents

History

Before 1803 the region was split into several tiny states, most of them clerical states. When these states were dissolved in 1803, the Ostallgäu region became part of Bavaria. The kings of Bavaria soon developed a special relationship with the region and built their famous castles of Hohenschwangau and Neuschwanstein there.

Hohenschwangau human settlement in Germany

Hohenschwangau is a former village and now an urban district of the municipality of Schwangau, Ostallgäu district, Bavaria, Germany.

The district was established in 1972 by merging the former districts of Kaufbeuren, Marktoberdorf and Füssen.

Geography

"Ostallgäu" literally means "Eastern Allgäu". The term Allgäu is applied to the part of the Alps located in Swabia and their northern foothills.

Alps Major mountain range system in Central Europe

The Alps are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, and stretching approximately 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) across eight Alpine countries : France, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia. The mountains were formed over tens of millions of years as the African and Eurasian tectonic plates collided. Extreme shortening caused by the event resulted in marine sedimentary rocks rising by thrusting and folding into high mountain peaks such as Mont Blanc and the Matterhorn. Mont Blanc spans the French–Italian border, and at 4,810 m (15,781 ft) is the highest mountain in the Alps. The Alpine region area contains about a hundred peaks higher than 4,000 metres (13,000 ft).

The district extends from the crest of the Alps to hilly countryside in the north. It is located on either side of the Wertach, an affluent of the Lech River. In the south there is a great number of alpine lakes, the largest of them being the Forggensee (16 km²).

Coat of arms

Wappen Landkreis Ostallgaeu.svg The coat of arms displays:
  • the heraldic lion of the medieval county of Ronsberg
  • the sword of Saint Martin, the patron saint of Marktoberdorf
  • an abbot's staff representing the Füssen monastery

A sword is a bladed, melee weapon intended for slashing or thrusting that is longer than a knife or dagger, consisting of a long blade attached to a hilt. The precise definition of the term varies with the historical epoch or the geographic region under consideration. The blade can be straight or curved. Thrusting swords have a pointed tip on the blade, and tend to be straighter; slashing swords have a sharpened cutting edge on one or both sides of the blade, and are more likely to be curved. Many swords are designed for both thrusting and slashing.

Martin of Tours Christian saint

Saint Martin of Tours was the third bishop of Tours. He has become one of the most familiar and recognizable Christian saints in Western tradition.

Towns and municipalities

Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Ostallgau Municipalities in OAL.svg
Towns and municipalities in Landkreis Ostallgäu
TownsMunicipalities
  1. Buchloe
  2. Füssen
  3. Marktoberdorf
  1. Aitrang
  2. Baisweil
  3. Bidingen
  4. Biessenhofen
  5. Eggenthal
  6. Eisenberg
  7. Friesenried
  8. Germaringen
  9. Görisried
  10. Günzach
  11. Halblech
  12. Hopferau
  13. Irsee
  14. Jengen
  15. Kaltental
  16. Kraftisried
  17. Lamerdingen
  18. Lechbruck
  19. Lengenwang
  20. Mauerstetten
  21. Nesselwang
  1. Obergünzburg
  2. Oberostendorf
  3. Osterzell
  4. Pforzen
  5. Pfronten
  6. Rettenbach am Auerberg
  7. Rieden
  8. Rieden am Forggensee
  9. Ronsberg
  10. Roßhaupten
  11. Rückholz
  12. Ruderatshofen
  13. Schwangau
  14. Seeg
  15. Stötten
  16. Stöttwang
  17. Unterthingau
  18. Untrasried
  19. Waal
  20. Wald
  21. Westendorf

Related Research Articles

Garmisch-Partenkirchen is a Landkreis (district) in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by the districts of Ostallgäu, Weilheim-Schongau and Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen, and by the Austrian state of Tyrol.

Landsberg is a Landkreis (district) in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by the districts of Aichach-Friedberg, Fürstenfeldbruck, Starnberg, Weilheim-Schongau, Ostallgäu and Augsburg.

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Miesbach is a Landkreis (district) in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by the districts of Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen, Munich and Rosenheim, and by the Austrian state of Tyrol.

Oberallgäu is a Landkreis (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by the districts of Unterallgäu and Ostallgäu, the Austrian states Tyrol and Vorarlberg, the district of Lindau, and the state of Baden-Württemberg. The city of Kempten is enclosed by but does not belong to the district.

Unterallgäu is a Landkreis (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. Neighboring districts are Neu-Ulm, Günzburg, Augsburg, Ostallgäu, Oberallgäu, and the districts Ravensburg und Biberach in Baden-Württemberg. The district-free city Memmingen in the west of the district is nearly surrounded by the district. The capital of the district is Mindelheim.

Weilheim-Schongau is a Landkreis (district) in the south of Bavaria, Germany. Neighboring districts are Landsberg, Starnberg, Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen, Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Ostallgäu.

Bavarian Alps part of the Alps mountain range in Bavaria, Germany

Bavarian Alps is a summarizing term of several mountain ranges of the Northern Limestone Alps in the German state of Bavaria.

Kaufbeuren Place in Bavaria, Germany

Kaufbeuren is an independent town in the Regierungsbezirk of Swabia, Bavaria. The town is completely enclaved within the district of Ostallgäu.

Allgäu southern German region in Swabia

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Westallgäu geographic region

Westallgäu is the western part of the Allgäu in Germany. It contains large parts of the districts of Lindau in the south west of the region, Swabia in Bavaria and the district of Ravensburg in the south east of Baden-Württemberg. Westallgäu extends to the north to, amongst others, the towns of Leutkirch, Wangen and Isny. Westallgäu is bordered by Oberallgäu to the east and the Austrian state (Land) of Vorarlberg to the south. To the southwest, Westallgäu borders Lake Constance through the town of Lindau. The Adelegg mountains located in Westallgäu represent foothills of the Alps, reaching an altitude of 1,118 m at the Schwarzer Grat.

Southern Germany as a region has no exact boundary but is generally taken to include the areas in which Upper German dialects are spoken. That corresponds roughly to the historical stem duchies of Bavaria and Swabia or, in a modern context, to Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg within the Federal Republic of Germany, to the exclusion of the areas of the modern states of Austria and Switzerland. The Saarland and the southern parts of Hesse and Rhineland-Palatinate are sometimes included as well and correspond to the historical Franconia.

Röthenbach (Allgäu) Place in Bavaria, Germany

Röthenbach (Allgäu) is a municipality in the administrative region of Swabia Lindau district and seat of the municipal association Röthenbach.

Nesselwang Place in Bavaria, Germany

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Pfronten Place in Bavaria, Germany

Pfronten is a municipality in the district of Ostallgäu in Bavaria in Germany.

Wald (Allgäu) Place in Bavaria, Germany

Wald is a municipality in the district of Ostallgäu in Bavaria in Germany.

Westendorf (Allgäu) Place in Bavaria, Germany

Westendorf is a municipality in the district of Ostallgäu in Bavaria in Germany.

Allgäu Alps mountain range in the Northern Limestone Alps

The Allgäu Alps are a mountain range in the Northern Limestone Alps, located in Bavaria in Germany and Tyrol and Vorarlberg in Austria. The range lies directly east of Lake Constance.

Hopfensee lake in Ostallgäu, Bavaria, Germany

Hopfensee is a lake in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. At an elevation of 783.8 m, its surface area is 194 ha.

References

  1. "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.

Coordinates: 47°45′N10°35′E / 47.75°N 10.58°E / 47.75; 10.58