Otakar Vávra

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Otakar Vávra
Otakar vavra.jpg
Otakar Vávra in 1980
Born(1911-02-28)28 February 1911
Died15 September 2011(2011-09-15) (aged 100)
OccupationFilm director and script writer

Otakar Vávra (28 February 1911 15 September 2011) [1] was a Czech film director, screenwriter and pedagogue. [2] He was born in Hradec Králové, Austria-Hungary, now part of the Czech Republic.

Contents

Biography and career

Vávra attended universities in Brno and Prague, where he studied architecture. During 1929–30, while still a student, he participated in the making of a handful of documentaries and wrote movie scripts. In 1931, he produced the experimental film Světlo proniká tmou. The first movie he directed was 1937's Panenství .

His 1938 film The Merry Wives was praised in Variety for "first-rate direction, a salty yarn and elaborate production effort", even though it had undergone certain cuts because it was considered too "ribald" by American censors. [3]

Vávra was a member of the Communist Party from 1945 to 1989. After the Communists seized power in 1948, Vávra adapted quickly to the new political climate and produced films praising the current regime and supporting the new, official interpretation of the past.

In the 1950s he filmed the "Hussite Trilogy", one of his most famous works, consisting of Jan Hus (1954), Jan Žižka (1955) and Against All (1957). [4]

In the 1960s, Vávra made his most celebrated films Zlatá reneta (1965), Romance for Bugle (1966) and Witchhammer (1969). Romance for Bugle was entered into the 5th Moscow International Film Festival where it won the Special Silver Prize. [5]

In the 1970s Vávra produced his "War Trilogy" consisting of semi-documentary movies Dny zrady, Sokolovo and Osvobození Prahy, all being heavily influenced by communist propaganda. The film Dny zrady ( Days of Betrayal , 1973) was entered into the 8th Moscow International Film Festival where it won a Diploma. [6] In 1979 he was a member of the jury at the 11th Moscow International Film Festival. [7]

Since the 1950s Vávra taught film direction at Film and TV School of the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague. Among his students were several directors of the "Czech New Wave".

Awards

In 2001, he was awarded the Czech Lion for his lifelong contribution to the Czech cinema. [8] In 2004, he received the presidential Medal of Merit (Medaile za zásluhy). [9]

Criticism

Vávra's critics point to his willingness to accommodate the Communist regime. [10] In a 2003 article ("Playing the Villain", The Globe and Mail, May 15, 2003) about his documentary film, Hitler and I that he shot in Prague, David Cherniack described the following encounter with his former FAMU Head Professor:

Having lived in a police state for four years and seen the difficult choices that people make between ends and means, I decide to interview my head professor from the academy, National Artist Otakar Vavra. Now 92 but still very sharp, Vavra made 50 feature films under every regime from the thirties on, including the seven years of the Nazi occupation. Though he maintains he was serving his films and the public by doing the minimum necessary to co-operate, others are of the view that he was serving himself. The films of his that I've seen tend to be rather didactic history lessons. I meet him at the Theatre Restaurant where he lunches every day and still conducts business. Behind the bluster and razor-sharp intellect that is still very much present, I sense a sad and isolated old man who feels he should be enjoying the adulation of his country and not being as ignored as he is. My own Fritz Gerlich (a Catholic newspaper editor executed in Dachau during the Night of the Long Knives) was our teaching assistant, the New Wave director Evald Schorm. Unlike Vavra, he refused to sign a paper agreeing with the 1968 occupation by the Warsaw Pact. Schorm went to his own Dachau. He was forced to leave the school and filmmaking and go direct operas in Brno. One of the Czech actors on the set tells me he died an embittered man shortly before the Velvet Revolution. Reality is always more complex than the stories we tell about it.

Filmography

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References

  1. Lucie Weissová (16 September 2011). "Zemřel legendární český režisér Otakar Vávra" (in Czech). Czech Radio . Retrieved 16 September 2011.
  2. "Otakar Vávra". csfd.cz. Retrieved 2011-09-18.
  3. "The Merry Wives (film review)". Variety. 13 November 1940. p. 20. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  4. Brian Kenety (16 September 2011). "Iconic Czech film director Otakar Vávra dies aged 100" (in Czech). Archived from the original on 22 March 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  5. "5th Moscow International Film Festival (1967)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
  6. "8th Moscow International Film Festival (1973)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-01-03.
  7. "11th Moscow International Film Festival (1979)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2014-04-03. Retrieved 2013-01-14.
  8. "Filmové recenze, novinky v kinech, české filmy - Kinobox.cz". Cfn.cz. Archived from the original on 2008-10-04. Retrieved 2013-10-07.
  9. "Medal of Merit". Archived from the original on 2009-02-07. Retrieved 2013-12-10.
  10. "Otakar Vavra dies aged 100". BBC News. Retrieved 2011-09-18.