Otorohanga

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Otorohanga
Otorohanga
Coordinates: 38°11′S175°12′E / 38.183°S 175.200°E / -38.183; 175.200 Coordinates: 38°11′S175°12′E / 38.183°S 175.200°E / -38.183; 175.200
Country Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand
Region Waikato
Territorial authority Ōtorohanga District
Ward Otorohanga
Electorate Waikato
Government
   Mayor Max Baxter
Population
 (June 2020) [1]
  Total3,240
Time zone UTC+12 (NZST)
  Summer (DST) UTC+13 (NZDT)
Postcode(s)
3900
Area code(s) 07

Otorohanga (Maori: Ōtorohanga) is a north King Country town in the Waikato region in the North Island of New Zealand. It is located 53 kilometres (33 mi) south of Hamilton and 18 kilometres (11 mi) north of Te Kuiti, on the Waipa River. It is a service town for the surrounding dairy-farming district. It is recognised as the "gateway" to the Waitomo Caves and as the "Kiwiana Town" of New Zealand. Until 2007, Otorohanga held a yearly 'Kiwiana Festival.' [2]

Contents

History

War memorials in Otorohanga Otorohanga War Memorials.jpg
War memorials in Otorohanga
Corrugated Iron Kiwi in Otorohanga Corregated Iron Kiwi in Otorohanga.jpg
Corrugated Iron Kiwi in Otorohanga
Otorohanga district library Otorohanga District Library.jpg
Otorohanga district library

Early history

Until the 1860s Otorohanga was a Ngāti Maniopoto village, with whares, peach trees and a flour mill. [3] Huipūtea is a 300-year-old kahikatea tree, just to the south east of Ōtorohanga, [4] which was the site of a skirmish in 1822 between Ngāti Maniapoto and Ngāpuhi. [5] The village was abandoned after the invasion of the Waikato, except for Lewis Hettit's (or Hetet) [3] farm. [6] The area remained insecure, with Hettit's store being robbed by Te Kooti [7] in 1869, [8] but a meeting with Donald McLean later that year signalled moves towards peace. [9]

John William Ellis became postmaster and opened a store in 1885 [10] with Henry Valder [11] and John Taonui Hetet. [12] In 1886 Ngāti Maniopoto built a court room for the Native Land Court [13] and from that year mail was delivered 3 times a month [14] and disputes which had delayed development [15] were settled. [16] On 9 March 1887 the railway was extended 14 mi (23 km) from Te Awamutu [17] and a 14-room [18] hotel was built, primarily for those attending the Court. [19] The sawmill, later run by Ellis and Burnand, started in 1890 [20] and closed in 1912. [21]

Modern history

In the early 1900s many businesses were established by Māori, in particular John Ormsby (Hōne Ōmipi). [22] The Otorohanga Times was formed in 1912; it merged with the King Country Chronicle to form the Waitomo News in 1980. [23] McDonald’s began a limestone quarry south of Otorohanga in 1968, [24] which was bought by Graymont in 2015. [25]

Otorohanga’s population grew from 367 in 1916 to 1,569 in 1951, after which growth slowed. Although population dropped from 2,652 in 1991 and to 2,514 in 2013, the fall was much less than in the rest of King Country. [22]

Harrodsville

In 1986, the town briefly changed its name to "Harrodsville". This was a protest in support of a restaurateur, Henry Harrod of Palmerston North, who was being forced to change the name of his restaurant following the threat of lawsuits from Mohamed Al Fayed, the then owner of Harrod's department store in London. [26] [27]

As a show of solidarity for Henry Harrod, and in anticipation of actions against other similar-sounding businesses, it was proposed that every business in Otorohanga change its name to "Harrods". With the support of the District Council, Otorohanga temporarily changed the town's name to Harrodsville.

After being lampooned in the British tabloids, Al Fayed dropped the legal action and Harrodsville and its shops reverted to their former names. The town's response raised widespread media interest around the world, with the BBC World Service and newspapers in Greece, Saudi Arabia, Australia and Canada covering the story.

Local government

Otorohanga is part of the Ōtorohanga District, which stretches from Kawhia Harbour on the west coast inland to the Pureora Forest Park. The town is the largest in the District and the seat of the District Council.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
20062,655    
20132,625−0.16%
20183,027+2.89%
Source: [28]

Otorohanga had a population of 3,027 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 402 people (15.3%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 372 people (14.0%) since the 2006 census. There were 1,101 households. There were 1,464 males and 1,563 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.94 males per female. The median age was 37.6 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 636 people (21.0%) aged under 15 years, 615 (20.3%) aged 15 to 29, 1,185 (39.1%) aged 30 to 64, and 591 (19.5%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 67.6% European/Pākehā, 40.6% Māori, 2.7% Pacific peoples, 5.6% Asian, and 1.4% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 11.3%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 51.6% had no religion, 32.3% were Christian, 1.7% were Hindu, 0.1% were Muslim, 1.1% were Buddhist and 5.5% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 255 (10.7%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 675 (28.2%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $26,700, compared with $31,800 nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 1,137 (47.6%) people were employed full-time, 363 (15.2%) were part-time, and 87 (3.6%) were unemployed. [28]

Marae

Six marae are located in and around Otorohanga:

Attractions

Otorohanga is internationally renowned for its Kiwi House, [31] which was the first place in the world where the general public could view kiwi in captivity, [32] and recorded an average of 5,000 visitors per month in 2008. [33] The town has a public library, a swimming complex, a supermarket and a 24-hour McDonald's restaurant.

Transport

Otorohanga is on the North Island Main Trunk railway line. Otorohanga railway station opened in 1887. The Northern Explorer passenger train stops in Otorohanga. [34]

Education

Otorohanga School is a Year 1–8 co-educational state primary school. [35] It is a decile 2 school with a roll of 54 as of March 2021. [36] [37]

Otorohanga South School is a Year 1–8 co-educational state primary school. [38] It is a decile 4 school with a roll of 330 as of March 2021. [36] [39]

St Mary's Catholic School is a Year 1–8 co-educational state integrated Catholic primary school. [40] It is a decile 5 school with a roll of 32 as of March 2021. [36] [41]

Otorohanga College is a Year 9–13 co-educational state secondary school and community education centre. [42] [43] It is a decile 4 school with a roll of 290 as of March 2021. [36] [44]

Related Research Articles

Te Kuiti Minor urban area in Waikato, New Zealand

Te Kuiti is a town in the north of the King Country region of the North Island of New Zealand. It lies at the junction of State Highways 3 and 30 and on the North Island Main Trunk railway, 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Hamilton. The town promotes itself as the sheep shearing capital of the world and is host to the annual New Zealand National Shearing Championships.

Te Awamutu is a town in the Waikato region in the North Island of New Zealand. It is the council seat of the Waipa District and serves as a service town for the farming communities which surround it. Te Awamutu is located some 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Hamilton on State Highway 3, one of the two main routes south from Auckland and Hamilton.

Taumarunui Town in Manawatū-Whanganui, New Zealand

Taumarunui is a small town in the King Country of the central North Island of New Zealand. It is on an alluvial plain set within rugged terrain on the upper reaches of the Whanganui River, 65 km south of Te Kuiti and 55 km west of Turangi. It is under the jurisdiction of Ruapehu District and Manawatū-Whanganui region.

Tokomaru Bay Settlement in Gisborne District

Tokomaru Bay is a small beachside community located on the isolated East Coast of New Zealand's North Island. It is 91 km north of Gisborne, on State Highway 35, and close to Mount Hikurangi. The district was originally known as Toka-a-Namu, which refers to the abundance of sandflies. Over the years the name was altered to Tokomaru Bay.

Waitomo Place in Waikato Region, New Zealand

Waitomo is a rural community in the King Country region of New Zealand's North Island. It includes Waitomo Caves, a solutional cave system and popular tourist attraction. The village serves visiting tourists.

Wairoa Place in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand

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Kawhia Harbour Place in Waikato region, New Zealand

Kawhia Harbour is one of three large natural inlets in the Tasman Sea coast of the Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island. It is located to the south of Raglan Harbour, Ruapuke and Aotea Harbour, 40 kilometres southwest of Hamilton. Kawhia is part of the Otorohanga District Council and is in the King Country. It has a high-tide area of 68 km2 (26 sq mi) and a low-tide area of 18 km2 (6.9 sq mi).

Mokau Village in Waikato region

Mokau is a small town on the west coast of New Zealand's North Island, located at the mouth of the Mokau River on the North Taranaki Bight. Mokau is in the Waitomo District and Waikato region local government areas, just north of the boundary with the New Plymouth District and the Taranaki Region. Prior to 1989, the town was classed as being in Taranaki, and there is still a feeling that the community of interest is most associated with New Plymouth, 90 km to the southwest. State Highway 3 passes through the town on its route from Te Kuiti to Waitara and, eventually, New Plymouth.

Nūhaka Place in New Zealand

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Ohinewai Place in Waikato, New Zealand

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Ruakituri Place in New Zealand

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Ongarue

Ongarue is a rural community in the Ruapehu District and Manawatū-Whanganui region of New Zealand's North Island. It is located south of Te Kuiti and Waimiha, and north of Taumarunui. It is in meshblock 1041902, which had a population of 54 in 2013.

Pokuru is a rural community in the Waipa District and Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island.

Wharepapa South is a rural community in the Waipa District and Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island. It is located west of Putaruru and east of Te Awamutu.

Puketotara, or Puketōtara, is a rural community in the Otorohanga District and Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island.

Otewa is a rural community in the Otorohanga District and Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island.

Hauturu is a village near the eastern shores of the Kawhia Harbour, in the Otorohanga District and Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island.

Rangitoto is a rural community in the Waitomo District and Waikato region of New Zealand's North Island.

Ngatapa is a rural community in the Gisborne District of New Zealand's North Island.

References

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