|Born||23 March 1857|
|Died||3 August 1933 76)(aged|
|Awards|| Linnean Medal (1927)|
Fellow of the Royal Society
|Institutions||Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew|
Otto Stapf FRS(23 April 1857, in Perneck near Bad Ischl – 3 August 1933, in Innsbruck) was an Austrian born botanist and taxonomist, the son of Joseph Stapf, who worked in the Hallstatt salt-mines. He grew up in Hallstatt and later published about the archaeological plant remains from the Late Bronze- and Iron Age mines that had been uncovered by his father.
Stapf studied botany in Vienna under Julius Wiesner, where he received his PhD with a dissertation on cristals and cristalloids in plants. 1882 he became assistant professor (Assistent) of Anton Kerner. In 1887 he was made Privatdozent (lecturer without a chair) in Vienna. He published the results of an expedition Jakob Eduard Polak, the personal physician of Nasr al-Din, the Shah of Persia, had conducted in 1882, and plants collected by Felix von Luschan in Lycia and Mesopotamia 1881–1883. In 1885, Polak sponsored Stapf to conduct a botanical expedition of his own to South- and Western Persia,which was to last nine month. This led to the discovery of numerous new species, which Stapf started to publish. Including Iris meda .
After his return, Stapf was harassed by his boss, Anton Kerner, who voiced his disapproval of his travels. It was rumoured that Kerner wanted Stapf's job for Richard Wettstein, the new husband of his daughter Adele.He publicly accused him of wrong identifications of plants collected during the expedition.
In the end, Stapf moved to Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in 1890. He was keeper of the Herbarium from 1909 to 1920 and became British citizen in 1905.He was awarded the Linnean Medal in 1927.
In May 1908 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. His candidacy citation read:
Principal Assistant, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. He is at home in all branches of Scientific Botany, and is well known for the thoroughness of his work. His numerous publications have been chiefly in the field of Systematic Botany. Before coming to England, he spent nine months on a botanical exploration of Persia. His most important publications are: - 'Botan. Ergebnisse der Polak'schen Expedition nach Persien' (Memoirs of the Imperial Academy, Vienna, 1885-1886); 'Beiträge zur Flora v Lycien, Carien u Mesopotamien' (ibid, 1885-1886); 'Die Arten der Gattung Ephedra' (ibid, 1889); 'Pedaliaceae and Martyniaceae' (Engler and Prantl's Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, 1895); 'Flora of Mount Kinabalu in North Borneo' (Trans Linn Soc, 1894); 'Melocanna bambusoides' (ibid, 1904); 'Structure of 'Sararanga sinuosa' (Journ Linn Soc, 1896); 'Dicellandra and Phaeoneuron' (ibid, 1900); 'Monograph of the Indian Aconites' (Annals, Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta, 1905). In Hooker's Icones plantarum, about 100 plates with text, 1891-1905; Part of Gramineae (Flora of British India, 1897); 'Apocynaceae (Flora of Tropical Africa, 1904); Gramineae (Flora Capensis, 1897-1900); Lentibulariaceae (ibid, 1904); Pedaliaceae (ibid, 1904).
He was also a member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the German botanical society.
Stapf wrote on the Graminae in William Turner Thiselton Dyer's edition of the Flora capensis (1898–1900).
In 1913 botanist Ernest Friedrich Gilg published Stapfiella , which is a genus of flowering plants from Tropical Africa belonging to the family Passifloraceae and named in his honour.Then in 2004, Hildemar Scholz published Stapfochloa , which is a genus of grasses from America and Africa.
Karel Bořivoj Presl was a Czech botanist.
Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun, or Anton Joseph Kerner, was an Austrian botanist and professor at the University of Vienna. The standard author abbreviation A.Kern. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.
Otto Wilhelm Sonder was a German botanist and pharmacist.
Richard Wettstein was an Austrian botanist. His taxonomic system, the Wettstein system, was one of the earliest based on phyletic principles.
Pamianthe is a genus of South American bulbous perennials in the Amaryllis family, subfamily Amaryllidoideae. They can be found in sandy, but rocky areas in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
Johann Joseph Peyritsch was an Austrian physician and botanist born in Völkermarkt.
Friedrich Karl Max Vierhapper was an Austrian plant collector, botanist and professor of botany at the University of Vienna. He was the son of amateur botanist Friedrich Vierhapper (1844–1903), botanical abbreviation- "F.Vierh.".
Edwin Percy Phillips was a South African botanist and taxonomist, noted for his monumental work The Genera of South African Flowering Plants first published in 1926.
Sir Arthur William Hill was Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and a noted botanist and taxonomist.
Andropterum is a genus of African plants in the grass family. There is only one known species, Andropterum stolzii, native to Zimbabwe, Zambia, Mozambique, Tanzania, Malawi and Burundi.
Bromuniola is a genus of Central African plants in the grass family. The only known species is Bromuniola gossweileri, native to Zaïre, Tanzania, Angola, and Zambia.
Dignathia is a genus of African and Asian plants in the grass family.
Gilgiochloa is a genus of African plants in the grass family.
Halopyrum is a genus of Asian and African plants in the grass family. The only known species is Halopyrum mucronatum, native to the Indian Subcontinent, Iran, the Arabian Peninsula, Socotra, Madagascar, and eastern + northeastern Africa.
Jakob Eduard Polak was an Austrian physician, born to a Jewish family from Bohemia, who played an important role in introducing modern medicine in Iran.
Paul Amedée Ludovic Savatier was a French naval doctor and botanist.
Iris meda is a species in the genus Iris, it is also in the subgenus of Iris and in the Oncocyclus section. It is from the desert mountains and hills of Media and has long grey-green leaves with cream, pale yellow or yellow flowers, which have purple or dark brown patches and yellow beards.
Protea foliosa, also known as the leafy sugarbush, is a flowering plant of the genus Protea in the family Proteaceae which is endemic to the Cape Region of South Africa. In the Afrikaans language it is known as ruie-suikerbos.
Atroxima afzeliana is a species of plant in the milkwort family (Polygalaceae). It is endemic to rainforests and forest fringes with altitudes below 200 metres (660 ft) in Western Tropical Africa. It was first described in 1868 by Daniel Oliver, at which point it was described as a new Carpolobia or a new genera. In 1905, Otto Stapf classified it into the atroxima genera.
Stapfiella is a genus of flowering plants belonging to the family Passifloraceae. It is also in the Subfamily Turneroideae.