Ouest (department)

Last updated
Ouest

Lwès
Ouest in Haiti.svg
Ouest in Haiti
Country Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti
Capital Port-au-Prince
Government
  TypeDepartmental Council
Area
   Department 4,982.56 km2 (1,923.78 sq mi)
Population
 (2015) [1]
   Department 4,029,705
  Density810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
   Urban
3,397,404
   Rural
632,301
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
ISO 3166 code HT-OU
HDI (2017)0.535 [2]
low · 1st

Ouest (English: West, Haitian Creole : Lwès) is one of the ten departments of Haiti. It is the jurisdictional seat of the national capital, the city of Port-au-Prince. It has an area of 4,982.56 square kilometres (1,923.78 sq mi) and a population of 4,029,705 (2015 Estimate). It borders the Dominican Republic to the east.

Contents

It is the second largest department in Haiti after Artibonite. Gonâve Island is also part of the Ouest department. The department's stretch of coastline lies entirely in the Gulf of Gonâve.

Administrative divisions

The Department of Ouest is subdivided into five arrondissements, which are further subdivided into twenty communes.

(with 2009 Population Estimates in parentheses) [3]

History

Around 1772, Romaine-la-Prophétesse acquired a plantation named Trou Coffy in the department (likely in what is now Fondwa), becoming a prominent cofeee grower and trader. [4] In 1791 and 1792, during the early Haitian Revolution, Romaine led some thirteen thousand slaves and rebels in freeing slaves from and burning the provinces plantations and briefly controlling two major cities, Léogâne and Jacmel. [5] [6] [7] [8]

2010 7.0 earthquake

Shake map of 2010 Haiti earthquake 2010 haiti shake map.jpg
Shake map of 2010 Haiti earthquake

On 12 January 2010, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck in the department, the largest in Haiti in two centuries. [9] In the Port-au-Prince Arrondissement, many areas suffered damage. [10] In the Léogâne Arrondissement, the city of Léogâne suffered 80-90% destruction. [11] Other places in Léogâne were also affected.

Economy

Absolute poverty levels in the Ouest department are the lowest in the country. [12]

Related Research Articles

All of the major transportation systems in Haiti are located near or run through the capital, Port-au-Prince.

Port-au-Prince Capital of Haiti

Port-au-Prince is the capital and most populous city of Haiti. The city's population was estimated at 987,310 in 2015 with the metropolitan area estimated at a population of 2,618,894. The metropolitan area is defined by the IHSI as including the communes of Port-au-Prince, Delmas, Cite Soleil, Tabarre, Carrefour, and Pétion-Ville.

Léogâne Commune in Ouest, Haiti

Léogâne is one of the coastal communes in Haiti. It is located in the eponymous Léogâne Arrondissement, which is part of the Ouest Department. The port town is located about 30 km (19 mi) west of the Haitian capital, Port-au-Prince. Léogâne has a rich and unique culture, especially with regard to the arts, music, literature, cuisine, and architecture. It also holds importance for archaeological and historical sites such as Fort Campan.

Petit-Goâve Commune in Ouest, Haiti

Petit-Goâve is a coastal commune in the Léogâne Arrondissement in the Ouest department of Haiti. It is located 68 kilometres (42 mi) southwest of Port-au-Prince. The town has a population of approximately 12,000 inhabitants.

Delmas, Ouest Commune in Ouest, Haiti

Delmas is a commune in the Port-au-Prince Arrondissement, in the Ouest department of Haiti. Delmas itself is an urban continuation of the capital city. Delmas is also the location of much of the area's commercial and industrial enterprise.

Croix-des-Bouquets Commune in Ouest, Haiti

Croix-des-Bouquets is a commune in the Ouest department of Haiti. It is located 12.9 kilometers (8.0 mi) to the northeast of Haiti's capital city, Port-au-Prince. Originally located on the shore, it was relocated inland after the 1770 Port-au-Prince earthquake. Due to this fact, it was not as badly affected in the 2010 Haiti earthquake. The city will be home to refugee tent villages of about 10,000 refugees each when the first wave of refugees begins to be resettled there.

Arrondissements of Haiti Wikimedia list article

An arrondissement of Haiti is a level of administrative division in Haiti.

Léogâne is an arrondissement in the Ouest Department of Haiti. As of 2015, the population was 509,280 inhabitants. Postal codes in the Léogâne Arrondissement start with the number 62.

Port-au-Prince Arrondissement Arrondissement in Ouest, Haiti

Port-au-Prince is an arrondissement in the Ouest department of Haiti. It had 2,109,516 inhabitants at the 2003 Census which was estimated to have risen to 2,759,991 in 2015 in an area of 735.78 sq km. Postal codes in the Port-au-Prince Arrondissement start with the number 61.

Gressier Commune in Ouest, Haiti

Gressier is a commune in the Port-au-Prince Arrondissement, in the Ouest department of Haiti. It has 25,947 inhabitants.

1770 Port-au-Prince earthquake

The 1770 Port-au-Prince earthquake took place at 7:15 pm local time on June 3, on the Enriquillo fault near Port-au-Prince, Saint-Domingue, the French colony that is now the country of Haiti.

Morne-à-Chandelle Village in Ouest, Haiti

Morne-à-Chandelle is a village in the La Gonâve Arrondissement, in the Ouest department of Haiti, on the southern side of the Gulf of Gonâve. It is located 7.7 miles (12.4 km) east of Léogâne.

Durissy Village in Ouest, Haiti

Durissy is a village in the Léogâne Arrondissement, in the Ouest department of Haiti. It is west-southwest of Port-au-Prince.

Croix-des-Bouquets, Ouest Town in Ouest, Haiti

Croix-des-Bouquets is a town in the Croix-des-Bouquets commune in the Croix-des-Bouquets Arrondissement, in the Ouest department of Haiti. In 2009, the commune had 227,012 inhabitants, making it the most populous city in Ouest department outside of Port-au-Prince Arrondisement.


The 2015 Ligue Haïtienne season was the 52nd season of top-tier football in Haiti. The league was split into two tournaments—the Série de Ouverture and the Série de Clôture—each with identical formats and each contested by the same 20 teams.

Romaine-la-Prophétesse, born Romaine Rivière around 1750 in Santo Domingo, was a free black coffee plantation owner and leader of an uprising early in the Haitian Revolution, who for a time controlled the two main cities in southern Haiti, Léogâne and Jacmel.

References

  1. "Population Totale, De 18 ANS ET Plus" (PDF). Ministere De Le E'Conomie Et Des Finances (MEF). Retrieved 19 August 2018.
  2. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. "IHSI" (PDF). Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d'Informatique. Retrieved 2 September 2014.
  4. Rey (2017), pp. 28, 47, 49
  5. Terry Rey, The Priest and the Prophetess: Abbé Ouvière, Romaine Rivière, and the Revolutionary Atlantic World (2017), pp. 28, 32–35, 48–49, 52
  6. Matthias Middell, Megan Maruschke, The French Revolution as a Moment of Respatialization (2019), p. 71.
  7. James Alexander Dun, Dangerous Neighbors: Making the Haitian Revolution (2016), p. 65
  8. David F. Marley, Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict (2008), p. 534
  9. CNN News Morning, 13 January 2010
  10. CNN, "The Situation Room", 15 January 2010
  11. ABC News, 'Haiti Disaster Like "No Other"', AFP, Lisa Millar, 17 January 2010 (accessed 17 January 2010)
  12. Mapping Inequality in the Caribbean, December 4, 2010 http://www.haitiedstories.org/haiti-map/