Ouyen

Last updated

Ouyen
Victoria
Ouyen Oke Street 002.JPG
Oke Street, the main street of Ouyen. The war memorial is in the foreground
Australia Victoria Mildura Rural City location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Ouyen
Coordinates 35°04′0″S142°19′0″E / 35.06667°S 142.31667°E / -35.06667; 142.31667 Coordinates: 35°04′0″S142°19′0″E / 35.06667°S 142.31667°E / -35.06667; 142.31667
Population1,045 (2016 census) [1]
Established1906
Postcode(s) 3490
Elevation50 m (164 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Rural City of Mildura
State electorate(s) Mildura
Federal division(s) Mallee
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
23.6 °C
74 °F
9.6 °C
49 °F
331.7 mm
13.1 in
Localities around Ouyen:
Murray-Sunset Murray-Sunset Hattah
Walpeup Ouyen Kulwin
Patchewollock Tempy Mittyack

Ouyen /ˈjən/ [2] is a town in Victoria, Australia, located in the Rural City of Mildura at the junction of the Calder Highway and Mallee Highway, 105 kilometres (65 mi) [3] south of Mildura, and 441 km (274 mi) [4] northwest of Melbourne. At the 2016 census, the town had a population of 1,045. [1]

Contents

History

The area was first occupied by the Wergaia Indigenous Australians. The name is believed to be derived from the Wergaia word "wuya-wuya", which some believe means "pink-eared duck", whilst others claim it means "ghost waterhole". [5]

The town was established around the Ouyen railway station, built in 1906 on the Mildura Line. The Post Office opened on 22 October 1907. [6] It is also the junction for a railway line west parallel to the Mallee Highway. This line is in poor condition and used only for collecting grain from silos in small towns between Ouyen and the South Australian border, as the Victorian part is broad gauge, but the line from Pinnaroo to Tailem Bend has been converted to standard gauge, with no facility for handling the break of gauge. The line was used for interstate freight and The Overland [ citation needed ] as a broad gauge connection while the main Melbourne to Adelaide line (through Bordertown) was being converted from broad to standard gauge in 1995.

Property became available for purchase in 1911, and much of it was cleared for sheep grazing, and crops of wheat and oats.

Present

Ouyen is the commercial, cultural and transport centre for the surrounding grain farming region. Trucks bring grain to the silos at harvest time to be railed to Portland or Adelaide, South Australia for shipping, or to flour mills for processing.

Ouyen has an Australian rules football team, Ouyen United, competing in the Sunraysia Football League.

Golfers play at the Ouyen Golf Club on Daker Street. [7] The clubhouse also houses the Ouyen Tennis Club.

The area includes a number of previous localities which existed when the population was larger: on the Mallee Highway, Galah about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) to the west which had a post office open from 1911 (when the railway arrived) until 1976, Galah North 34°59′S142°10′E / 34.983°S 142.167°E / -34.983; 142.167 (Galah North) with a post office from 1925 until 1927 and Tiega 35°05′S142°13′E / 35.083°S 142.217°E / -35.083; 142.217 (Tiega) with a post office from 1911 until 1961; to the south-west Timberoo and Timberoo South with a post office from 1913 until 1933; in the north Wymlet with a post office from 1912 until 1963, Trinita with a post office from 1925 until 1936, Kiamal with a post office from 1917 until 1980 and Cramerton with a post office from 1924 until 1969; and in the south Boulka with a post office in 1921, Bronzewing with a post office from 1921 until 1967, Nunga with a post office from 1914 until 1967, Gypsum Siding with a post office from 1922 until 1940, Boorongie and Boorongie North. [6]

Culture

Between 1998 and 2011 the Great Australian Vanilla slice Triumph was held in Ouyen. [8] Judging criteria include "when tasted, should reveal a custard with a creamy smooth texture and a balance of vanilla taste with a crisp, crunchy pastry topped with a smooth and shiny glaze/fondant". [9]

The town also hosts an Autumn Art Show in April and the Mallee Wildflower Festival in October. It was the location for the 2003 Ouyen Raindance where 500 women danced naked in a secret location in an attempt to raise the spirits of the town suffering from a prolonged drought. [10]

The Roxy Theatre, in the main street, Oke Street, was built in 1936 and owned by Hugh Ingwersen, a local business man. The theatre is a historically significant building (being one of six of its kind left in Australia) being of a tropical style (high ceilings and shutters which open along both sides to allow for airflow). It closed in 1971. After a major community project the Roxy re-opened in 2007 with a gala opening featuring Bill Hunter and Neil Paine as the guest speakers and 150 guests. Volunteers run the theatre on behalf of the community. [11]

The town is the site of the Big Mallee Root, symbolising the time when the roots of Eucalyptus dumosa were a mainstay of the economy of soldier settlers of the area, being collected for sale as firewood.

Ouyen has a reunion of past and present residents on the second Sunday of February each year at Fitzroy Gardens, Melbourne usual time at 11am at the south western corner of the gardens.

A special anniversary on Sunday, 9 February 2014 marked the 50th gathering at the venue. The town has big art scenes with sculptures, modern and contemporary artworks appearing in the gallery and around the town.

Australian folk rock band, Weddings Parties Anything, name-checks Ouyen in their 1987 song, "Hungry Years", from their debut album, Scorn of the Women . "Hungry Years" describes itinerant fruit pickers travelling via train up to Mildura. [12]

Climate

Ouyen has a semi-arid climate and a Köppen climate classification of BSk with hot summers and cool winters . There is a wetter tendency in winter and early spring, which have the most precipitation days.

Climate data for Ouyen
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)46.6
(115.9)
46.8
(116.2)
41.5
(106.7)
37.0
(98.6)
29.4
(84.9)
25.0
(77.0)
27.0
(80.6)
29.8
(85.6)
35.6
(96.1)
40.1
(104.2)
45.8
(114.4)
45.2
(113.4)
46.8
(116.2)
Average high °C (°F)32.3
(90.1)
31.6
(88.9)
28.4
(83.1)
23.4
(74.1)
18.8
(65.8)
15.7
(60.3)
15.1
(59.2)
17.0
(62.6)
20.2
(68.4)
23.7
(74.7)
27.3
(81.1)
30.2
(86.4)
23.6
(74.5)
Average low °C (°F)15.4
(59.7)
15.3
(59.5)
12.9
(55.2)
9.5
(49.1)
7.2
(45.0)
5.1
(41.2)
4.3
(39.7)
5.1
(41.2)
6.7
(44.1)
8.8
(47.8)
11.5
(52.7)
13.7
(56.7)
9.6
(49.3)
Record low °C (°F)6.0
(42.8)
5.9
(42.6)
4.0
(39.2)
0.0
(32.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.8
(23.4)
−5.8
(21.6)
−1.7
(28.9)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.6
(33.1)
1.7
(35.1)
5.6
(42.1)
−5.8
(21.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)21.1
(0.83)
23.9
(0.94)
20.2
(0.80)
21.4
(0.84)
31.6
(1.24)
29.6
(1.17)
30.8
(1.21)
32.5
(1.28)
32.3
(1.27)
34.6
(1.36)
27.9
(1.10)
25.7
(1.01)
331.7
(13.06)
Average precipitation days3.03.23.34.47.28.79.89.87.97.05.24.073.5
Source: [13]

Related Research Articles

Rural City of Mildura Local government area in Victoria, Australia

The Rural City of Mildura is a local government area in Victoria, Australia, located in the north-western part of the state. It covers an area of 22,083 square kilometres (8,526 sq mi) being the largest LGA in the state. In June 2016 the area had a population of 53,878. It includes the city of Mildura and the towns of Merbein, Red Cliffs, Irymple, Ouyen, Werrimull, Murrayville, Walpeup and Hattah. It was formed in 1995 from the amalgamation of the City of Mildura, Shire of Mildura and Shire of Walpeup.

Tailem Bend, South Australia Town in South Australia

Tailem Bend or "Tailem" which in Ngarrindjeri means "Bend in the river" is a town on the Murray River in South Australia and the home of The Bend Motorsport Park. It is located less than 100 km south-east of Adelaide. It is located on the cliffs above the east (left) bank of the Murray River close to where the river empties into Lake Alexandrina.

Mallee Highway

The Mallee Highway is a highway in south-eastern South Australia and north-western Victoria, running mostly across the Mallee plains. It forms part of the shortest route between Adelaide and Sydney.

Merbein Town in Victoria, Australia

Merbein is a town just north of Mildura, Victoria, in the Sunraysia region of Australia. It is on the Calder Highway between Mildura and the Murray River crossing at the Abbotsford Bridge to Curlwaa. At the 2016 census, the town had a population of 1,981. Merbein is 12 kilometres from Mildura, 553 km from Melbourne and 389 km from Adelaide.

Pinnaroo, South Australia Town in South Australia

Pinnaroo is a town in the Murray Mallee region of South Australia, near the border with Victoria, 243 km east of Adelaide. Pinnaroo is on the north side of the Mallee Highway, and on the railway line between Tailem Bend and Ouyen. The roadhouse on the highway at Pinnaroo is the first "food and leg-stretch" stop on the bus route from Adelaide to Sydney. At the 2016 census, the locality of Pinnaroo had a population of 712 of which 547 lived in and around its town centre.

Mallee (Victoria) Region in Victoria, Australia

The Mallee covers the most northwesterly part of Victoria, bounded by the South Australian and New South Wales borders. Definitions of the south-eastern boundary vary, however, all are based on the historic Victorian distribution of mallee eucalypts. These trees dominate the surviving vegetation through most of Mallee,. Its biggest settlements are Mildura and Swan Hill.

Murrayville, Victoria Town in Victoria, Australia

Murrayville is a town on the section of the Mallee Highway and Pinnaroo railway line between Ouyen and the South Australian border. It is about 24 kilometres (15 mi) east of the South Australian border and 536 kilometres (333 mi) north west of the state capital Melbourne, but 268 kilometres (167 mi) east of Adelaide. At the 2016 census, Murrayville had a population of 280, down from 444 ten years before.

Underbool Town in Victoria, Australia

Underbool is a town in the Mallee region of north-west Victoria, Australia. The town is in the Rural City of Mildura local government area and on the Mallee Highway—between Ouyen and the South Australian border – 476 kilometres (296 mi) north west of the state capital, Melbourne. The town services the grain farmers and graziers in the area. For tourists it provides access to the Pink Lakes in Murray-Sunset National Park.

Ouyen railway station

Ouyen is a closed railway station in Ouyen, on the Mildura railway line, in Victoria, Australia. The station is the junction for the Pinnaroo line westward to Panitya and Pinnaroo.

The Mildura railway line is a heavy rail line in northwestern Victoria, Australia. The line runs from Yelta station to Ballarat station via the settlements of Mildura, Ouyen and Maryborough in an approximate south-southeasterly direction. Initial sections of the line opened from Ballarat in 1874 and the line reached Mildura in 1903.

Patchewollock Town in Victoria, Australia

Patchewollock is a town in north-west Victoria, Australia. At the 2016 census, Patchewollock had a population of 133.

Woomelang Town in Victoria, Australia

Woomelang is a town in the Mallee region of Victoria, Australia. The town is in the Shire of Yarriambiack local government area and on the Sunraysia Highway, 359 kilometres (223 mi) north-west of the state capital, Melbourne, 183 kilometres (114 mi) south-east of Mildura and 154 kilometres (96 mi) north of Horsham. At the 2011 census, Woomelang and the surrounding area had a population of 191.

Boinka, Victoria Town in Victoria, Australia

Boinka is a locality situated on the section of the Mallee Highway and Pinnaroo railway line between Ouyen and the South Australian border in the Sunraysia region of Victoria, Australia. Boinka is situated approximately 4 kilometres east from Tutye and 8 kilometres west from Linga.

Danyo, Victoria Town in Victoria, Australia

Danyo is a locality on the section of the Mallee Highway between Ouyen and the South Australian border. The place by road is situated about 12 kilometres east from Cowangie and 14 kilometres west from Murrayville. It is in the local government area of the Rural City of Mildura.

Walpeup Town in Victoria, Australia

Walpeup is a town in the Mallee region of north west Victoria. The town is in the Rural City of Mildura local government area and on the Mallee Highway and Pinnaroo railway line between Ouyen and the South Australian border, 458 kilometres (285 mi) north west of the state capital, Melbourne and 130 kilometres (81 mi) south west of the regional centre of Mildura. At the 2016 census, Walpeup had a population of 158.

Galah is a locality situated on the Mallee Highway and Pinnaroo railway line in the Sunraysia region of Victoria. It is situated about 15 kilometres (9 mi) west from Ouyen and 15 kilometres (9 mi) east from Walpeup. It is in the local government area of the Rural City of Mildura.

Tempy, Victoria Town in Victoria, Australia

Tempy is a locality in Victoria, Australia, located approximately 136 km from Mildura, Victoria and south of Ouyen. The area was settled after the arrival of the railway, the Post Office opening on 18 July 1910.

The Portland railway line is a railway line in south-western Victoria, Australia. It runs from the main Western standard gauge line at Maroona through Hamilton to the port town of Portland.

The Pinnaroo Line serviced the agricultural districts of the Mallee in the Australian states of South Australia and Victoria for the freight of grain, although there were periods of passenger travel on the line in previous years.

Pinnaroo railway line, South Australia

The Pinnaroo railway line ran east from the Adelaide to Melbourne line at Tailem Bend to Pinnaroo near the South Australia / Victoria state border. The route continues into Victoria via the Victorian Railways line to Ouyen where it joined the Mildura line.

References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ouyen (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 October 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN   1-876429-14-3
  3. "Driving directions to Mildura VIC". Google Maps Australia. Google. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  4. "Driving directions to Melbourne VIC". Google Maps Australia. Google. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  5. "Ouyen". The Sydney Morning Herald . 8 February 2004. Retrieved 6 January 2007.
  6. 1 2 Phoenix Auctions History. "Post Office List" . Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  7. Golf Select. "Ouyen" . Retrieved 11 May 2009.
  8. "Premier announces 'The Great Vanilla Slice Triumph'" (Press release). Premier of Victoria, Jeff Kennett. 19 July 1998. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2007.
  9. "Travel news - The Great Australian Vanilla Slice Triumph". ninemsn. 20 July 2006. Archived from the original on 23 August 2006. Retrieved 6 January 2007.
  10. Amy Bainbridge (3 March 2003). "OUYEN RAIN DANCE (nrn)". SA Country Hour Summary. ABC Rural.
  11. "Ouyen's Roxy Theatre".
  12. "Weddings Parties Anything – ("Hungry Years" tab)". Guitartab. 1987. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2012.
  13. "Climate statistics for". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 20 January 2014.

14. For more information about the Ouyen reunion in the Fitzroy Gardens go to https://www.facebook.com/groups/1818178355102357/

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Ouyen, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons