Owen Salusbury Brereton

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Owen Salusbury Brereton, FRS , FSA (1715 – 8 September 1798), born Owen Brereton, was an English antiquary.

Fellow of the Royal Society Elected Fellow of the Royal Society, including Honorary, Foreign and Royal Fellows

Fellowship of the Royal Society is an award granted to individuals that the Royal Society of London judges to have made a 'substantial contribution to the improvement of natural knowledge, including mathematics, engineering science, and medical science'.



Brereton was born in London in 1715, the son of Thomas Brereton, M.P. for Liverpool, by his first wife, Miss Trelawney. His father had inherited Shotwick Park, Cheshire, and other property through his second marriage with Catherine, daughter of Mr. Salusbury Lloyd, the M.P. for Flint Boroughs, and had changed his surname to Salusbury. [1] Owen Brereton succeeded in 1756 to Shotwick and other estates in the counties of Chester, Denbigh, and Flint on his father's death [2] and also took Salusbury as (an additional) surname.

Thomas Salusbury, of Shotwick Park, near Chester, born as Thomas Brereton, was a British Whig politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1724 and 1756. He was also Lord Mayor of Liverpool.

Liverpool was a borough constituency in the county of Lancashire of the House of Commons for the Parliament of England to 1706 then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1885. It was represented by two Members of Parliament (MPs). In 1868, this was increased to three Members of Parliament.

Shotwick Park

Shotwick Park is a former civil parish, now in the parishes of Saughall and Shotwick Park and Puddington, in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. Located near the village of Shotwick, it is four miles north west of Chester and close to the Welsh border. The civil parish was abolished in 2015 to form Saughall and Shotwick Park, part also went to Puddington.

He was admitted a scholar of Westminster School in 1729, and entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1734. [3] He was called to the bar from Lincoln's Inn in 1738, and in that year held the post of a lottery commissioner. [2]

Westminster School School in Westminster, United Kingdom

Westminster School is a public school in London, England, located within the precincts of Westminster Abbey. Westminster's origins can be traced to a charity school established by the Benedictine monks of Westminster Abbey. Its continuous existence is certain from the early fourteenth century. Boys are admitted to the Under School at age seven and to the senior school at age thirteen; girls are admitted at age sixteen into the Sixth Form. The school has around 750 pupils; around a quarter are boarders, most of whom go home at weekends, after Saturday morning school. The school motto, Dat Deus Incrementum, is taken from the New Testament, specifically 1 Corinthians 3:6.

Trinity College, Cambridge Constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England

Trinity College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates, and over 180 fellows, it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. In terms of total student numbers, it is second only to Homerton College, Cambridge.

Lincolns Inn one of the four Inns of Court in London, England

The Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn is one of the four Inns of Court in London to which barristers of England and Wales belong and where they are called to the Bar. Lincoln's Inn is recognised to be one of the world's most prestigious professional bodies of judges and lawyers.

In September 1742 Brereton was appointed Recorder of Liverpool, an office he retained till his death, a period of fifty-six years. When he proposed to resign in 1796, he was requested by the corporation to retain the situation, and they appointed a deputy to relieve him of the pressure of its duties. He became a member of the Society of Arts in 1762, and was vice-president from 1765 to 1798, in which capacity he rendered great service to the society. He was also a Fellow of the Royal Society (elected 1762) and of the Society of Antiquaries (elected 1763), a bencher of Lincoln's Inn, treasurer of that body, and keeper of the Black Book. [4]

The Recorder of Liverpool or, since 1971, the Honorary Recorder of Liverpool is an ancient legal office in the City of Liverpool, England. The Recorder is appointed by the Crown. The Recorder of Liverpool is also a Senior Circuit Judge of the Liverpool Crown Court in the North West Circuit. They are addressed in court as "My Lord" or "My Lady"

Society of Antiquaries of London British learned society for archaeologists

The Society of Antiquaries of London (SAL) is a learned society "charged by its Royal Charter of 1751 with 'the encouragement, advancement and furtherance of the study and knowledge of the antiquities and history of this and other countries'." It is based at Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, and is a registered charity.

He was Member of Parliament for Ilchester in Somerset from 1775 to 1780, and Constable of Flint Castle from 1775. [4]

Ilchester was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of England, then of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832. It was represented by two Members of Parliament until 1832. It was one of the most notoriously corrupt rotten boroughs.

Somerset County of England

Somerset is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west. It is bounded to the north and west by the Severn Estuary and the Bristol Channel, its coastline facing southeastern Wales. Its traditional border with Gloucestershire is the River Avon. Somerset's county town is Taunton.

He died at his residence at Windsor, on 8 September 1798, in his eighty-fourth year, and was buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor, on 22 September. [5]

Windsor, Berkshire town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England

Windsor is a historic market town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England. It is widely known as the site of Windsor Castle, one of the official residences of the British Royal Family.


He contributed an account of a storm at Eastbourne to the Philosophical Transactions of 1781, and sent several papers to the Archæologia : [5]

In vols. viii. x. xi. and xii. of the same work are particulars of various objects of antiquity exhibited by him. The paper on Brereton Church contains several unaccountable inaccuracies, which have been commented upon by George Ormerod in his History of Cheshire. [5]

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  1. Deed Poll Office: Private Act of Parliament 1748 (22 Geo. 2). c. 47
  2. 1 2 Sutton 1886, p. 268.
  3. "Brereton, Owen (afterwards Owen Salusbury) (BRRN734O)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. 1 2 Sutton 1886, pp. 268,269.
  5. 1 2 3 Sutton 1886, p. 269.

Wikisource-logo.svg  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Sutton, Charles William (1886). "Brereton, Owen Salusbury". In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography . 6. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 268, 269.