Oymyakonsky District

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Oymyakonsky District

Оймяконский улус
Other transcription(s)
  SakhaӨймөкөөн улууhа
Oymyakon forests.jpg
Near Oymyakon, Oymyakonsky District
RUS Oimiakonskii ulus COA.jpg
Coat of arms
Oymyakonsky District
Location of Oymyakonsky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 63°27′N142°47′E / 63.450°N 142.783°E / 63.450; 142.783 Coordinates: 63°27′N142°47′E / 63.450°N 142.783°E / 63.450; 142.783
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [1]
EstablishedMay 20, 1931 [2]
Administrative center Ust-Nera [3]
Area
[3]
  Total92,300 km2 (35,600 sq mi)
Population
  Total10,109
  Estimate 
(2018) [5]
8,515 (-15.8%)
  Density0.11/km2 (0.28/sq mi)
   Urban
69.0%
   Rural
31.0%
Administrative structure
   Administrative divisions 2 Settlements, 5 Rural okrugs
   Inhabited localities [3] 2 Urban-type settlements [6] , 13 Rural localities
Municipal structure
   Municipally incorporated asOymyakonsky Municipal District [7]
   Municipal divisions [8] 2 Urban settlements, 5 Rural settlements
Time zone UTC+10 (MSK+7   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [9] )
OKTMO ID98639000
Website https://mr-ojmjakonskij.sakha.gov.ru/

Oymyakonsky District (Russian : Оймяко́нский улу́с; Yakut : Өймөкөөн улууһа, Öymököön uluuha, IPA:  [øjmøkøːn uluːha] ) is an administrative [1] and municipal [7] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the east of the republic and borders with Ust-Maysky District in the southwest, Tomponsky District in the west, Momsky District in the north, Magadan Oblast in the east, and with Khabarovsk Krai in the south. The area of the district is 92,300 square kilometers (35,600 sq mi). [3] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a settlement) of Ust-Nera. [3] Population: 10,109(2010 Census); [4] 14,670 (2002 Census); [10] 31,078(1989 Census). [11] The population of Ust-Nera accounts for 63.9% of the district's total population. [4]

Contents

Geography

The landscape of the district is mostly mountainous. The Nera Plateau is located in the eastern part of the district, the Tas-Kystabyt Range in the central area, the Oymyakon Highlands and the Elgin Plateau in the west, the Suntar-Khayata Range at the southwestern end and some ranges of the Chersky mountain system in the north. The main river is the Indigirka and the entire territory of the district is part of the Indigirka River basin. [12] There are many lakes in the district, with Labynkyr Lake in particular being famous for its mythical Labynkyr monster.

Climate

The rural locality of Oymyakon is the Pole of Cold of the northern hemisphere, with the temperature of −67.7 °C (−89.9 °F) having been recorded in February 1933. Average January temperature ranges from −41 to −51 °C (−42 to −60 °F). Average July temperature ranges from +8 to +19 °C (46 to 66 °F). Average precipitation ranges from 150–200 millimeters (5.9–7.9 in) in the valleys to 600 millimeters (24 in) in the mountains.

History

The district was established on May 20, 1931. [2]

Demographics

From 1989 to 2007, the district's population, mostly represented by Russians (53%), Yakuts (29%), Ukrainians (6%), and Evenks (4%), declined by nearly 55%.[ citation needed ]

Economy

The economy of the district is based mostly on mining and agriculture. There are deposits of gold, silver, tin, tungsten, lead, zinc, and antimony in the district.

Transportation

The M56 Kolyma Highway runs through the district, connecting it with Yakutsk and Magadan.

Inhabited localities

Municipal composition
TownsPopulationMaleFemaleInhabited localities in jurisdiction
Artyk
(Артык)
512274 (53.5%)238 (46.5%)
Ust Nera
(Усть-Нера)
69723915 (56.2%)3057 (43.6%)
  • Urban-type settlement of Ust-Nera (administrative centre of the district)
Rural settlementsPopulationMaleFemaleRural localities in jurisdiction*
First Borogonsky Nasleg
(Борогонский 1-й наслег)
761386 (50.7%)375 (49.3%)
Second Borogonsky Nasleg
(Борогонский 2-й наслег)
1366630 (46.1%)736 (53.9%)
Sordonnokhsky Nasleg
(Сордоннохский наслег)
330174 (52.7%)156 (47.3%)
Teryutsky Nasleg
(Терютский наслег)
355178 (50.1%)177 (49.9%)
Yuchyugeysky Nasleg
(Ючюгейский наслег)
322164 (50.9%)158 (49.1%)

Divisional source: [13]
Population source: [4]
*Administrative centers are shown in bold

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Kuranakh-Sala Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 Constitution of the Sakha Republic
  2. 1 2 Center of the Socioeconomic and Political Monitoring. Oymyakonsky District (in Russian)
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  4. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  7. 1 2 Law #172-Z #351-III
  8. Law #173-Z #354-III
  9. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  10. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. Google Earth
  13. Oymyakonsky Ulus (Raion) Official website of the Sakha Republic

Sources