|Writing system||Latin script|
|Type||Alphabet ic and Logographic|
|Language of origin||Latin language|
|Phonetic usage||[ p ]|
[ pʰ ]
[( p ) f ]
[ pʼ ]
[ b ]
|Time period||~-700 to present|
|Descendants|| • Ᵽ |
|Sisters|| Π π |
|Other letters commonly used with||p(x), ph|
P (named pee // ) is the 16th letter of the modern English alphabet and the ISO basic Latin alphabet.
|Archaic Greek |
In English orthography and most other European languages, ⟨p⟩ represents the sound // .
A common digraph in English is ⟨ph⟩, which represents the sound // , and can be used to transliterate ⟨φ⟩ phi in loanwords from Greek. In German, the digraph ⟨pf⟩ is common, representing a labial affricate /pf/.
Most English words beginning with ⟨p⟩ are of foreign origin, primarily French, Latin, Greek, and Slavic;[ citation needed ] these languages preserve Proto-Indo-European initial *p. Native English cognates of such words often start with ⟨f⟩, since English is a Germanic language and thus has undergone Grimm's law; a native English word with initial /p/ would reflect Proto-Indo-European initial *b, which is so rare that its existence as a phoneme is disputed.
However, native English words with non-initial ⟨p⟩ are quite common; such words can come from either Kluge's law or the consonant cluster /sp/ (PIE *p has been preserved after s).
In the International Phonetic Alphabet, /p/ is used to represent the voiceless bilabial plosive.
The Latin letter P represents the same sound as the Greek letter Pi, but it looks like the Greek letter Rho.
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER P||LATIN SMALL LETTER P|
|Numeric character reference||P||P||p||p|