Pärnu County

Last updated
Pärnu County
Kolmandikureegel.jpg
Et-Parnu maakond-coa.svg
Coat of arms
Parnu County in Estonia.svg
Country Estonia
Capital Pärnu
Government
  Governor Andres Metsoja
Area
  Total4,806.68 km2 (1,855.87 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan 2017 [1] )
  Total84,462
  Rank 4th
  Density18/km2 (46/sq mi)
Ethnicity
   Estonians 89.1%
   Russians 7.6%
  other3.3%
ISO 3166 code EE-67
Vehicle registration F
Website www.parnumaa.ee

Pärnu County (Estonian : Pärnu maakond), or Pärnumaa (German : Kreis Pernau), is one of 15 counties of Estonia. It is situated in south-western part of the country, on the coast of Gulf of Riga, and borders Lääne and Rapla counties to the north, Järva and Viljandi counties to the east, and Latvia to the south. In January 2013 Pärnu County had a population of 81,428 – constituting 6.3% of the total population of Estonia. [1]

Contents

Pärnu County is the largest county of Estonia in terms of land area.

History

In Pärnu county there is the oldest known human settlement in Estonia, which is the town of Sindi, and it is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) up the Pärnu River, near the village of Pulli. It dates back to 8500 BCE in the Mesolithic historical period.

County Government

The County Government (Estonian: Maavalitsus) is led by a governor (Estonian: maavanem), who is appointed by the Government of Estonia for a term of five years. Since 1 January 2010, the Governor position is held by Andres Metsoja.

Tourism

The city of Pärnu is a popular holiday resort for Estonians and increasingly for non-Estonians, e.g., from Sweden, Finland, Germany, and Russia.

Municipalities

The county is subdivided into municipalities. There is one urban municipality (Estonian: linnad – towns) and six rural municipalities (Estonian: vallad – parishes) in Pärnu County.

RankMunicipalityTypePopulation
(2018) [2]
Area
km2 [2]
Density [2]
1 Häädemeeste Parish Rural4,98549410.1
2 Kihnu Parish Rural7021741.3
3 Lääneranna Parish Rural5,4941,3524.1
4 Põhja-Pärnumaa Parish Rural8,4351,0138.3
5 Pärnu Urban51,64985560.4
6 Saarde Parish Rural4,7221,0654.4
7 Tori Parish Rural11,69461119.1
Municipalities of Parnu County (since 2017) Parnu municipalities 2017.png
Municipalities of Pärnu County (since 2017)

Geography

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Sindi, Estonia Place in Pärnu County, Estonia

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Pärnu (river) river in Estonia

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Audru Parish Former municipality of Estonia in Pärnu County

Audru was a municipality located in Pärnu County, one of the 15 counties of Estonia.

Sauga Parish Former municipality of Estonia in Pärnu County

Sauga Parish was located at the Pärnu County Center, Estonia. Its south neighbour was Pärnu city, west neighbour Audru Parish; its north side resided with Halinga and Are, its east side with town of Sindi.

Tõstamaa Parish Former municipality of Estonia in Pärnu County

Tõstamaa Parish was a rural municipality in southwestern Estonia. It was a part of Pärnu County. The municipality had a population of 1,572 and covered an area of 261.01 km².

Koonga is a village in Lääneranna Parish, Pärnu County in southwestern Estonia.

References

  1. 1 2 "Population by sex, ethnic nationality and County, 1 January". stat.ee. Statistics Estonia. 1 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
  2. 1 2 3 "Elanike demograafiline jaotus maakonniti". Kohaliku omavalitsuse portaal. Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2018.

Coordinates: 58°25′N24°35′E / 58.417°N 24.583°E / 58.417; 24.583