Périgord

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Périgord

Peiregòrd / Perigòrd  (Occitan)
Natural region
Dordogne 2.jpg
PerigordS.jpg
The four regions of Périgord
Country France
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)

The Périgord ( UK: /ˈpɛrɪɡɔːr/ PERR-ig-or, US: /ˌpɛrɪˈɡɔːr/ -OR; [1] [2] French:  [peʁiɡɔʁ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Peiregòrd [pejɾeˈɣɔɾ(t)] / Perigòrd [peɾiˈɣɔɾ(t)] ) is a natural region and former province of France, which corresponds roughly to the current Dordogne department, now forming the northern part of the administrative region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is divided into four areas called the Périgord Noir (Black), the Périgord Blanc (White), the Périgord Vert (Green) and the Périgord Pourpre (Purple). The geography and natural resources of Périgord make it an unspoiled region rich in history and wildlife, [3] and the newly created Parc Naturel Régional Périgord-Limousin aims to conserve it as such. [4]

Contents

Périgord is noted for its cuisine, especially its duck and goose products, such as confit de canard and foie gras . [5] It is known as a centre for truffles in France. [6] Périgourdine wines include Bergerac (red and white) and Monbazillac.

Geography

Chateau des Milandes in the commune of Castelnaud-la-Chapelle, built in 1489. DPT 120809 594.jpg
Château des Milandes in the commune of Castelnaud-la-Chapelle, built in 1489.
Gardens of the Chateau de Marqueyssac, classified amongst the Notable Gardens of France by the Committee of Parks and Gardens of the French Ministry of Culture. 2015 Jardins de Marqueyssac (1).jpg
Gardens of the Château de Marqueyssac, classified amongst the Notable Gardens of France by the Committee of Parks and Gardens of the French Ministry of Culture.

Périgord surrounds and is named after the préfecture (capital) of the Dordogne, Périgueux, and also includes Bergerac in the south and Sarlat in the east.

History and prehistory

There are Roman ruins in Périgueux which have been restored and the whole area is known as the 'cradle of mankind' due to its wealth of prehistoric sites, of which the most famous prehistoric site is the painted cave of Lascaux, whose depictions of aurochs, horses, deer and other animals (but not of humans) date back some 17,000 years.

The centre of pre-historic studies is the small town of les Eyzies, home to the newly rebuilt Museum of Pre-History, where 19th century archaeological investigations established the valley of the Vézère as an unusually rich array of pre-historic sites dating back some 40,000 years. One of UNESCO's World Heritage locations, the valley contains 147 prehistoric sites dating from the Palaeolithic era and 25 decorated caves.

Périgord was one of the main battlegrounds of Hundred Years' War between the French and English in the 14th and 15th centuries. It is also the land of medieval and Renaissance castles like Puymartin, Losse, Hautefort and Beynac situated mainly along the Dordogne and Vézère rivers. Other major castles include Jumilhac-le-Grand, Fénelon, Biron, Bourdeilles, Castelnaud, Puyguilhem and Rouffiac (Angoisse).

A visit to the province inspired the English novelist Julia Stuart to write her novel The Matchmaker of Périgord. [7] Michael Crichton's novel Timeline is partially set in 1357 Périgord. [8] Claude Chabrol filmed his classic thriller Le Boucher here in 1970, with references to Bergerac and the cinema at Sarlat. The Martin Walker crime novels featuring Bruno Courreges, chief of police, are set in the fictional town of St. Denis on the Vézère river. [9] In Christian Vincent's 2012 film Haute Cuisine (French title: Les Saveurs du Palais), the protagonist Hortense Laborie is a chef from Périgord. [10] The 2013 documentary film After Winter, Spring follows the lives of family farmers in Périgord, including their struggles in the face of real estate development, government agriculture policy, and large agribusiness. [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

Dordogne Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Dordogne is a department in Southwestern France, with its prefecture in Périgueux. Located in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region between the Loire Valley and the Pyrenees, it is named after the river Dordogne, which runs through it. It corresponds roughly to the ancient county of Périgord. In 2016, Dordogne had a population of 414,789.

Communes of the Dordogne department

The following is a list of the 505 communes of the Dordogne department of France.

Sarlat-la-Canéda Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Sarlat-la-Canéda, commonly known as Sarlat, is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. Sarlat and La Canéda were distinct towns until merged into one commune in 1965.

Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil Part of Les Eyzies in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil is a former commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. On 1 January 2019, it was merged into the new commune Les Eyzies.

Vézère

The Vézère is a 211-km-long river in southwestern France. It is an important tributary to the Dordogne. Its source is in the northwestern part of the elevated plateau known as the Massif Central. It flows into the Dordogne near Le Bugue. A tributary of the Vézère is the Corrèze.

Bergerac, Dordogne Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Bergerac is a commune and a sub-prefecture of the Dordogne department in southwestern France. Bergerac is designated as a 'City of Art and History' by the Ministry of Culture (France). It is the secondmost populated subprefecture in the Dordogne, after Périgueux.

The following is a list of the 25 cantons of the Dordogne department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

Arrondissement of Bergerac Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Bergerac is an arrondissement of France in the Dordogne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 130 communes. Its population is 102,859 (2016), and its area is 1,819.9 km2 (702.7 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Sarlat-la-Canéda Arrondissement in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

The arrondissement of Sarlat-la-Canéda is an arrondissement in France in the Dordogne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It has 138 communes. Its population is 81,863 (2016), and its area is 2,273.1 km2 (877.6 sq mi).

Montignac-Lascaux Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Montignac-Lascaux, is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is a small town situated on the Vézère river and has been the capital of the canton of Montignac since 1790. In 2015 it became the capital of the newly created Canton de la Vallée de l'Homme. The poet Pierre Lachambeaudie (1806–1872) was born in the village.

Château de Commarque

The Château de Commarque is a hillside castle located between Sarlat and Les Eyzies, in the commune of Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil in the Dordogne département, southern France. It stands on a rocky outcrop in the valley of the river La Beune in the Vezere valley region.

Turenne, Corrèze Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Turenne is a commune in the Corrèze department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France. It is characterised by its height and unique position on top of a cliff.

Le Bugue Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Le Bugue is a commune in the Dordogne department in southwestern France.

Saint-Amand-de-Coly Part of Coly-Saint-Amand in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Amand-de-Coly is a former commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. On 1 January 2019, it was merged into the new commune Coly-Saint-Amand.

County of Périgord

The County of Périgord was a historical region of France. The name is derived from the ancient Gaul tribe Petrocores, who resisted the Romans. Périgord was a fief of the Duchy of Aquitaine, consisting of the three sub-regions of Périgieux, Bergerac and Sarlat. The Seneschal of Périgord was responsible for the affairs of the county, ruled as a fief by the Counts of Périgord. The county was bounded on the north by Poitou, on the north east by Limousin, on the south-east by Quercy. The seat of the county was at Périgueux. Périgord was one of the main battlegrounds of Hundred Years' War between the French and English in the 14th and 15th centuries. Périgord was eventually absorbed into the Kingdom of France in 1398. The County roughly corresponds to the current Dordogne département.

Périgord noir Natural region in France

The Périgord noir, also known as Sarladais, is a traditional natural region of France, which corresponds roughly to the Southeast of the current Dordogne département, now forming the northern part of the Aquitaine région. It is centered around the town of Sarlat-la-Canéda.

Sarlat-la-Canéda station

Sarlat-la-Canéda or just Sarlat is a railway station in Sarlat-la-Canéda, Dordogne, France. The station opened in 1882 and is located on the Siorac-en-Périgord - Cazoulès railway line. The station is served by TER (local) services operated by the SNCF.

Dordogne (river) River in France

The Dordogne is a river in south-central and southwest France. It is 483.1 km (300.2 mi) long. The Dordogne and its watershed were designated Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO on July 11 2012.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine Administrative region of France

Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. The region was created by the territorial reform of French regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,036 km2 (32,446 sq mi) – or 18 of the country – and has 5,956,978 inhabitants. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.

Danièle Mazet-Delpeuch is a French chef perhaps best known for her stint as the first female chef for the President of France.

References

  1. "Périgord". Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press . Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  2. "Périgord". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  3. "Dordogne travel guide". The Telegraph. 4 January 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  4. "Parc Naturel Régional Périgord-Limousin". Parc Naturel Régional Périgord-Limousin. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  5. "Foies gras du Périgord". FoieGras-Perigord. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  6. "All About Truffles: Black Truffles from Perigord, France". MirePoix. 2004–2011. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  7. "Author Interview with Julia Stuart". HarperCollins . Retrieved 24 December 2009.
  8. "Timeline". Michael Crichton the official site. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  9. Bruno Courrèges, chief of police (fictional)
  10. Ferguson, Liz (March 1, 2013). "Review: Les Saveurs du Palais (Haute Cuisine)". The Gazette . Montreal. The Cine Files (blog). Retrieved October 9, 2013.
  11. After Winter, Spring. Seattle International Film Festival Archived 2014-05-13 at the Wayback Machine . Accessed May 10, 2014.

Coordinates: 45°11′N0°43′E / 45.183°N 0.717°E / 45.183; 0.717