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Peireguers / Periguers (Occitan)
Top:Panorama view of Saint-Front Cathedral in Trélissac Hills, Middle left:Statue of Thomas-Robert Bugeaud in Bugeaud Square, Middle right:Barbadeau Castle (Le château de Barbadeau), Bottom left:Isle River and Saint Georges Bridge (Pont Saint Georges), Bottom right:The tower of Vésone (La tour de Vésone)
|Canton||Périgueux-1 and 2|
|Intercommunality||Le Grand Périgueux|
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Delphine Labails|
|9.82 km2 (3.79 sq mi)|
|• Density||3,100/km2 (7,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||75–189 m (246–620 ft) |
(avg. 101 m or 331 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Périgueux ( // , French: [peʁiɡø] ( listen ); Occitan : Peireguers [pejɾeˈɣɥes; pejɾeˈɡœː] or Periguers [peɾiˈɣɥes; peɾiˈɡœː]) is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Périgueux is the prefecture of the départment. It is also the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese.
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The name Périgueux comes from Petrocorii , a Latinization of Celtic words meaning "the four tribes" – the Gallic people that held the area before the Roman conquest. Périgueux was their capital city. In 200 BC, the Petrocorii came from the north and settled at Périgueux and established an encampment at La Boissière. After the Roman invasion, they left this post and established themselves on the plain of L'Isle, and the town of Vesunna was created. This Roman city was eventually embellished with amenities such as temples, baths, amphitheatres, and a forum. At the end of the third century AD, the Roman city was surrounded by ramparts, and the town took the name of Civitas Petrocoriorum.
In the 10th century, Le Puy-Saint-Front was constructed around an abbey next to the old Gallo-Roman city. It was organised into a municipality around 1182.
During the year 1940, many Jews from Alsace and Alsatians were evacuated to Périgueux.
Simone Mareuil (a lead actress from the surrealist film Un Chien Andalou ) committed self-immolation on 24 October 1954 by dousing herself in gasoline and burning herself to death in a public square in Périgueux.
The Isle flows through Périgueux.
Sights include: the remains of a Roman amphitheatre (known locally as the arènes romaines) the centre of which has been turned into a green park with a water fountain; the remains of a temple of the Gallic goddess "Vesunna"; and a luxurious Roman villa, called the "Domus of Vesunna", built around a garden courtyard surrounded by a colonnaded peristyle now housed in the Vesunna Gallo-Roman Museum.
The cathedral of St Front was built after 1120 and restored in the 19th century.
The history of the church of St Front of Périgueux has given rise to numerous discussions between archaeologists. Félix de Verneihl claims that St Front's was a copy of St Mark's Basilica in Venice; Quicherat, that it was copied from the church of the Holy Apostles of Constantinople. M. Brutails is of the opinion that even if the style of St Front's reveals an imitation of Oriental art, the construction differs altogether from Byzantine methods. The dates 984–1047, often given for the erection of St Front's, he considers too early; he thinks that the present church of St Front was built about 1120–1173, in imitation of a foreign monument by a native local school of architecture which erected the other domed buildings in the south-west of France.
The local architect, Paul Abadie (1812–1884), was responsible for radical changes to St Front's which are no longer appreciated by architects or local residents who prefer the purer Romanesque church of Saint-Étienne de la Cité, the former Cathedral of Périgueux.
The cathedral is part of the World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France.
Périgueux railway station offers connections to Limoges, Bordeaux, Brive-la-Gaillarde, and other regional destinations. The trains are operated by train company SNCF.
Périgueux has an oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) with warm to hot summers combined with cool to mild winters. Périgueux has a mild climate for its latitude and inland position due to the significant Gulf Stream influence on the Bay of Biscay to its west. The resulting maritime air warms winters up, while at the same time it is far enough inland to cause warm summers on average.
|Climate data for Périgueux (1981–2010 normals; extremes 1973–2017)|
|Record high °C (°F)||18.5|
|Average high °C (°F)||8.9|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||5.1|
|Average low °C (°F)||1.1|
|Record low °C (°F)||−17.5|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||83.9|
|Average precipitation days||12.4||10.6||11.1||10.6||11.2||9.3||6.4||6.0||6.5||9.5||11.7||10.5||115.8|
|Source 1: Météo Climat|
|Source 2: Météo Climat|
Périgueux was the birthplace of:
Périgueux is twinned with:
Dordogne is a department in Southwestern France, with its prefecture in Périgueux. The department is located in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine between the Loire Valley and the Pyrenees and is named after the river Dordogne that runs through it. It corresponds roughly with the ancient county of Périgord. It had a population of 416,909 in 2013.
Bourges is a commune in central France on the Yèvre river. It is the capital of the department of Cher, and also was the capital of the former province of Berry.
Langres is a commune in northeastern France. It is a subprefecture of the department of Haute-Marne, in the region of Grand Est.
The commune of Agen is the prefecture of the Lot-et-Garonne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It lies on the river Garonne 135 kilometres southeast of Bordeaux.
Bergerac is a commune and a sub-prefecture of the Dordogne department in southwestern France. Bergerac is designated as a 'City of Art and History' by the Ministry of Culture (France). It is the secondmost populated subprefecture in the Dordogne, after Périgueux.
Saint-Girons is a commune in the Ariège department in southwestern France.
Gourdon is a commune in the Lot department in south-western France.
The Petrocorii were a Gallic tribe dwelling in the present-day Périgord region, between the Dordogne and Vézère rivers, during the Iron Age and the Roman period.
Vasilievičy is a city in Gomel Region, Belarus.
Inukjuak is a northern village located on Hudson Bay at the mouth of the Innuksuak River in Nunavik, in the Nord-du-Québec region of northern Quebec, Canada. Its population is 1,757 as of the 2016 Canadian Census. An older spelling is Inoucdjouac; its former name was Port Harrison.
Ajat is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Périgueux Cathedral is a Catholic church located in the city of Périgueux, France. A cathedral since 1669, it is dedicated to Saint Front. The cathedral's predecessor, still in operation as a church, is dedicated to Saint Stephen.
La Coquille is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Manzac-sur-Vern is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Saint-Front-la-Rivière is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
Sarliac-sur-l'Isle is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.
The term "Gallo-Roman" describes the Romanized culture of Gaul under the rule of the Roman Empire. This was characterized by the Gaulish adoption or adaptation of Roman culture, language, morals and way of life in a uniquely Gaulish context. The well-studied meld of cultures in Gaul gives historians a model against which to compare and contrast parallel developments of Romanization in other, less-studied Roman provinces.
The Vesunna Gallo-Roman Museum is a museum of Gallo-Roman art and archaeology in the town of Périgueux, located in the French department of the Dordogne. The Gallo-Roman ruins covered by a glass museum was constructed to protect a historical monument of France.
The Tower of Vesunna is the vestige of a Gallo-Roman fanum (temple) dedicated to Vesunna, a tutelary goddess of the Petrocorii. The sanctuary was built in the 1st or 2nd century. Vesunna was the Gallo-Roman name for Périgueux, in the Dordogne department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.
The Museum of Art and Archeology of Périgord, often abbreviated MAAP, is a municipal museum located in Périgueux. It is the oldest museum in the Dordogne department and it includes over 2,000 square metres of permanent exhibition.
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