Périgueux

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Périgueux

Peireguers / Periguers  (Occitan)
Perigueux Infobox Montage.jpg
Top:Panorama view of Saint-Front Cathedral in Trélissac Hills, Middle left:Statue of Thomas-Robert Bugeaud in Bugeaud Square, Middle right:Barbadeau Castle (Le château de Barbadeau), Bottom left:Isle River and Saint Georges Bridge (Pont Saint Georges), Bottom right:The tower of Vésone (La tour de Vésone)
Blason ville fr Perigueux (Dordogne).svg
Coat of arms
Location of Périgueux
Perigueux
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Périgueux
Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Périgueux
Coordinates: 45°11′34″N0°43′18″E / 45.1929°N 0.7217°E / 45.1929; 0.7217 Coordinates: 45°11′34″N0°43′18″E / 45.1929°N 0.7217°E / 45.1929; 0.7217
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Dordogne
Arrondissement Périgueux
Canton Périgueux-1 and 2
Intercommunality Le Grand Périgueux
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Delphine Labails
Area
1
9.82 km2 (3.79 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2017) [1]
29,966
  Density3,100/km2 (7,900/sq mi)
   Urban
102,934
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
24322 /24000
Elevation75–189 m (246–620 ft)
(avg. 101 m or 331 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Périgueux ( /ˌpɛrɪˈɡɜː/ , French:  [peʁiɡø] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Peireguers [pejɾeˈɣɥes; pejɾeˈɡœː] or Periguers [peɾiˈɣɥes; peɾiˈɡœː]) [lower-alpha 1] is a commune in the Dordogne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France.

Contents

Périgueux is the prefecture of the départment. It is also the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese.

History

The name Périgueux comes from Petrocorii , a Latinization of Celtic words meaning "the four tribes" – the Gallic people that held the area before the Roman conquest. Périgueux was their capital city. In 200 BC, the Petrocorii came from the north and settled at Périgueux and established an encampment at La Boissière. After the Roman invasion, they left this post and established themselves on the plain of L'Isle, and the town of Vesunna was created. This Roman city was eventually embellished with amenities such as temples, baths, amphitheatres, and a forum. At the end of the third century AD, the Roman city was surrounded by ramparts, and the town took the name of Civitas Petrocoriorum.

In the 10th century, Le Puy-Saint-Front was constructed around an abbey next to the old Gallo-Roman city. It was organised into a municipality around 1182.

During the year 1940, many Jews from Alsace and Alsatians were evacuated to Périgueux.

Simone Mareuil (a lead actress from the surrealist film Un Chien Andalou ) committed self-immolation on 24 October 1954 by dousing herself in gasoline and burning herself to death in a public square in Périgueux.

Geography

The Isle flows through Périgueux.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17939,898    
18005,733−42.1%
18066,306+10.0%
18218,452+34.0%
18318,956+6.0%
183611,576+29.3%
184112,187+5.3%
184611,455−6.0%
185113,547+18.3%
185616,291+20.3%
186119,140+17.5%
186619,633+2.6%
187219,956+1.6%
187624,169+21.1%
188125,969+7.4%
188629,611+14.0%
189131,439+6.2%
189631,313−0.4%
190131,976+2.1%
190631,361−1.9%
191133,548+7.0%
192133,144−1.2%
192633,389+0.7%
193133,988+1.8%
193637,615+10.7%
194640,865+8.6%
195440,785−0.2%
196238,529−5.5%
196837,450−2.8%
197535,120−6.2%
198232,916−6.3%
199030,280−8.0%
199930,152−0.4%
200829,080−3.6%

Sights

Sights include: the remains of a Roman amphitheatre (known locally as the arènes romaines) the centre of which has been turned into a green park with a water fountain; the remains of a temple of the Gallic goddess "Vesunna"; and a luxurious Roman villa, called the "Domus of Vesunna", built around a garden courtyard surrounded by a colonnaded peristyle now housed in the Vesunna Gallo-Roman Museum.

Perigueux Theater Palace Perigueux theatre Palace.JPG
Périgueux Theater Palace
Saint-Etienne Church Anc.cathedrale de Perigueux.JPG
Saint-Étienne Church

Cathedral

Cathedral of St Front Perigueux Cathedrale Saint Front.jpg
Cathedral of St Front
The bell tower of St Front's cathedral Cathedrale saint front perigueux clochers.jpg
The bell tower of St Front's cathedral
St Front's cathedral, inside 2015 Perigueux - Cathedrale St-Front.jpg
St Front's cathedral, inside

The cathedral of St Front was built after 1120 and restored in the 19th century.

The history of the church of St Front of Périgueux has given rise to numerous discussions between archaeologists. Félix de Verneihl claims that St Front's was a copy of St Mark's Basilica in Venice; Quicherat, that it was copied from the church of the Holy Apostles of Constantinople. M. Brutails is of the opinion that even if the style of St Front's reveals an imitation of Oriental art, the construction differs altogether from Byzantine methods. The dates 984–1047, often given for the erection of St Front's, he considers too early; he thinks that the present church of St Front was built about 1120–1173, in imitation of a foreign monument by a native local school of architecture which erected the other domed buildings in the south-west of France.

The local architect, Paul Abadie (1812–1884), was responsible for radical changes to St Front's which are no longer appreciated by architects or local residents who prefer the purer Romanesque church of Saint-Étienne de la Cité, the former Cathedral of Périgueux.

The cathedral is part of the World Heritage Sites of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France.

Transport

Périgueux railway station offers connections to Limoges, Bordeaux, Brive-la-Gaillarde, and other regional destinations. The trains are operated by train company SNCF.

Climate

Périgueux has an oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) with warm to hot summers combined with cool to mild winters. Périgueux has a mild climate for its latitude and inland position due to the significant Gulf Stream influence on the Bay of Biscay to its west. The resulting maritime air warms winters up, while at the same time it is far enough inland to cause warm summers on average.

Climate data for Périgueux (1981–2010 normals; extremes 1973–2017)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)18.5
(65.3)
23.1
(73.6)
27.6
(81.7)
29.3
(84.7)
32.0
(89.6)
38.1
(100.6)
38.0
(100.4)
40.0
(104.0)
36.1
(97.0)
31.1
(88.0)
23.9
(75.0)
19.1
(66.4)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F)8.9
(48.0)
10.4
(50.7)
14.4
(57.9)
16.9
(62.4)
20.8
(69.4)
24.0
(75.2)
27.0
(80.6)
27.2
(81.0)
24.0
(75.2)
18.8
(65.8)
12.9
(55.2)
9.7
(49.5)
17.7
(63.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.1
(41.2)
5.9
(42.6)
8.9
(48.0)
11.2
(52.2)
15.0
(59.0)
18.1
(64.6)
20.6
(69.1)
20.5
(68.9)
17.4
(63.3)
13.6
(56.5)
8.7
(47.7)
5.6
(42.1)
12.4
(54.3)
Average low °C (°F)1.1
(34.0)
1.4
(34.5)
3.4
(38.1)
5.5
(41.9)
9.2
(48.6)
12.2
(54.0)
14.3
(57.7)
13.8
(56.8)
10.7
(51.3)
8.3
(46.9)
4.5
(40.1)
1.6
(34.9)
7.0
(44.6)
Record low °C (°F)−17.5
(0.5)
−13.7
(7.3)
−15.1
(4.8)
−5.0
(23.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.0
(33.8)
5.0
(41.0)
1.8
(35.2)
0.0
(32.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−9.2
(15.4)
−12.0
(10.4)
−17.5
(0.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)83.9
(3.30)
65.3
(2.57)
70.4
(2.77)
81.1
(3.19)
81.2
(3.20)
73.8
(2.91)
71.4
(2.81)
65.3
(2.57)
53.9
(2.12)
74.3
(2.93)
81.0
(3.19)
68.9
(2.71)
874.9
(34.44)
Average precipitation days12.410.611.110.611.29.36.46.06.59.511.710.5115.8
Source 1: Météo Climat [2]
Source 2: Météo Climat [3]

Personalities

Périgueux was the birthplace of:

International relations

Périgueux is twinned with: [4]

See also

Notes

  1. Transcriptions represent both Languedocien and Limousin pronunciation.

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Vesunna Gallo-Roman Museum

The Vesunna Gallo-Roman Museum is a museum of Gallo-Roman art and archaeology in the town of Périgueux, located in the French department of the Dordogne. The Gallo-Roman ruins covered by a glass museum was constructed to protect a historical monument of France.

Tower of Vesunna

The Tower of Vesunna is the vestige of a Gallo-Roman fanum (temple) dedicated to Vesunna, a tutelary goddess of the Petrocorii. The sanctuary was built in the 1st or 2nd century. Vesunna was the Gallo-Roman name for Périgueux, in the Dordogne department, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. "French climate normals 1981–2010". Météo Climat. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  3. "Périgueux weather extremes". Météo Climat. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  4. 1 2 "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 8 October 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.