P-800 Oniks

Last updated
Yakhont/Oniks missile
3M55 Yakhont Onyx SS-N-26 Armia 2018.jpg
A P-800 missile at Armia 2018
Type Cruise missile
Air-launched cruise missile
Submarine-launched cruise missile
Anti-ship missile
Surface-to-surface missile
Land-attack missile
Place of origin Soviet Union / Russia
Service history
In service2002–present [1]
Used bySee Operators
Wars Syrian Civil War
Production history
Manufacturer NPO Mashinostroyeniya
Produced1987–present
Specifications
Mass3,000 kg (6,614 lb)
Length8.9 m (29.2 ft)
Diameter0.7 m (2.3 ft)
Warheadnational ver. 300 kg semi-armour piercing HE, thermonuclear; for export 200 kg semi-armour piercing HE [2]
Detonation
mechanism
delay fuze

Engine Ramjet
4 tons of thrust
Wingspan1.7 m (5.6 ft)
Propellant jet fuel
Operational
range
600 km (370 mi; 320 nmi) (Oniks version for Russia)
800 km (500 mi; 430 nmi) (Oniks-M version for Russia)
120 to 300 km (75 to 186 mi; 65 to 162 nmi) depending on altitude (Yakhont export version)
Flight ceiling14,000 m
Flight altitude10 meters or higher
Maximum speed Mach 2
Guidance
system
midcourse inertial guidance, active radar homing-passive radar seeker head
Accuracy1.5 m [3]
Launch
platform
coastal installations, naval ships, Fixed-wing aircraft

The P-800 Oniks (Russian : П-800 Оникс; English: Onyx ), also known in export markets as Yakhont (Russian : Яхонт; English: ruby ), is a Soviet / Russian supersonic anti-ship cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya as a ramjet version of P-80 Zubr. Its GRAU designation is 3M55, the air launched Kh-61 variant also exists. The missile has the NATO codename SS-N-26 "Strobile". Development officially started in 1983, and in the 1990s the anti-ship missile was tested on the Project 1234.7 ship. In 2002 the missile passed the whole range of trials and was commissioned. [4] It is reportedly a replacement of the P-270 Moskit, but possibly also of the P-700 Granit. The P-800 was used as the basis for the joint Russian-Indian supersonic missile BrahMos. [5]

Contents

Description

The missile is carried in flight by aerodynamic lift. The solid-propellant booster is located in the ramjet's combustion chamber and is ejected by the airflow after it has burned out.

Advantages

Operational history

Syria

In 2010 Sergei Prikhodko, senior adviser to the Russian President, has said that Russia intends to deliver P-800 to Syria based on the contracts signed in 2007. [6] [7] Syria received 2 Bastion missile systems with 36 missiles each (72 in total). [8] The missiles' test was broadcast by Syrian state TV. [9]

In May 2013, Russia continued the contract delivery to the Syrian government supplying missiles with an advanced radar to make them more effective to counter any future foreign military invasion. [10] [11] The warehouse containing the Bastion Missile was destroyed in an Israeli air strike on Latakia on 5 July 2013, but US intelligence analysts believe that some missiles had been removed before the attack. [12]

Oniks missiles were reportedly used in 2016 against ISIL targets. [13] [14] [15]

Specifications

Radar homing head

Variants

Platforms

Current
Future

Land

Standard batteries of the K-300 Bastion-P (Бастион-П-Подвижный):

Operators

Map with P-800 operators in blue P-800 operators.png
Map with P-800 operators in blue

See also

Related Research Articles

Cruise missile Guided missile which remains in the atmosphere and flies with approximately constant speed

A cruise missile is a guided missile used against terrestrial targets, that remains in the atmosphere and flies the major portion of its flight path at approximately constant speed. Cruise missiles are designed to deliver a large warhead over long distances with high precision. Modern cruise missiles are capable of travelling at supersonic or high subsonic speeds, are self-navigating, and are able to fly on a non-ballistic, extremely low-altitude trajectory.

The P-700 Granit is a Soviet and Russian naval anti-ship cruise missile. Its GRAU designation is 3M45, its NATO reporting name SS-N-19 Shipwreck. It comes in surface-to-surface and submarine-launched variants, and can also be used against ground targets.

Vertical launching system

A vertical launching system (VLS) is an advanced system for holding and firing missiles on mobile naval platforms, such as surface ships and submarines. Each vertical launch system consists of a number of cells, which can hold one or more missiles ready for firing. Typically, each cell can hold a number of different types of missiles, allowing the ship flexibility to load the best set for any given mission. Further, when new missiles are developed, they are typically fitted to the existing vertical launch systems of that nation, allowing existing ships to use new types of missiles without expensive rework. When the command is given, the missile flies straight up long enough to clear the cell and the ship, and then turns on course.

Submarine-launched cruise missile Cruise missile that is launched from a submarine

A submarine-launched cruise missile (SLCM) is a cruise missile that is launched from a submarine. Current versions are typically standoff weapons known as land-attack cruise missiles (LACMs), which are used to attack predetermined land targets with conventional or nuclear payloads. Anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs) are also used, and some submarine-launched cruise missiles have variants for both functions.

BrahMos Fastest supersonic cruise missile

The BrahMos is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft, or land. It is the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world. It is a joint venture between the Russian Federation's NPO Mashinostroyeniya and India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), who together have formed BrahMos Aerospace. It is based on the Russian P-800 Oniks cruise missile and other similar sea-skimming Russian cruise missile technology. The name BrahMos is a portmanteau formed from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia.

Popeye (missile) Air-to-surface missileSLCM

Popeye is the name of a family of air-to-surface missiles developed and in use by Israel, of which several types have been developed for Israeli and export users. A long-range submarine-launched cruise missile variant of the Popeye Turbo has been speculated as being employed in Israel's submarine-based nuclear forces. The United States operates the Popeye under a different designation according to US naming conventions as the AGM-142 Have Nap.

Yasen-class submarine Class of Russian nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

The Yasen class, Russian designations Project 885 Yasen and Project 885M Yasen-M, also referred to as Graney class, are a series of the newest nuclear-powered cruise missile submarines designed by Malakhit and being constructed by Sevmash for the Russian Navy. Based on the Akula class and Alfa class designs, the Yasen class is projected to replace the Russian Navy's current Soviet-era nuclear attack submarines.

3M-54 Kalibr Group of Russian missiles

The 3M-54 Kalibr,, also referred to it as 3M54-1 Kalibr, 3M14 Biryuza, , 91R1, 91RT2 is a group of Russian surface ship-, submarine-launched and airborne anti-ship and coastal anti ship (AShM), land attack cruise missiles (LACM) and anti-submarine missiles developed by the Novator Design Bureau (OKB-8). Derived export versions are the 3M54E, 3M54E1, 3M14E, 91RE1, 91RTE2. The 3M54T, 3M54K, 3M54A, 3M54E (3M54TE), 3M54KE and 3M54AE have a second stage that performs a supersonic sprint in the terminal approach to the target, reducing the time that target's defense systems have to react. The 3M54T1, 3M54K1, 3M54A1, 3M54E1 (3M54T/K/AE1) only travel at subsonic speeds, although their range is accordingly greater than those of the supersonic versions.

Buyan-class corvette Ship class

The Buyan class,, Russian designations Project 21630 Buyan and Project 21631 Buyan-M, are series of corvettes developed by Zelenodolsk Design Bureau for the Russian Navy. Since 2010, all subsequent vessels are being constructed as improved Project 21631 subclass, incorporating greater tonnage, stealth technology and the 3S14 vertical launching system for either Kalibr or Oniks anti-ship cruise missiles, significantly enhancing combat capabilities. The ships are primarily designed for operations within littoral zones to protect Russia's vast coastal areas. Due to the small tonnage, they can operate even within shallow parts of oceans and seas and Russia's river system. The export variant is known as Project 21632 Tornado.

K-300P Bastion-P Mobile anti-ship and surface to surface missile system

The K-300PBastion-P is a Russian mobile coastal defence missile system. The system was developed together with the Belarusian company Tekhnosoyuzproekt.

Future Cruise/Anti-Ship Weapon Multi-platform launched air-launched cruise missileSubmarine-launched cruise missile Anti-ship missile Land-attack missile Hypersonic cruise missile

The Future Cruise/Anti-Ship Weapon (FC/ASW) is a joint Anglo-French project to develop a missile system to replace the Harpoon used by the United Kingdom and French Exocet.

Herbert Alexandrovich Yefremov Russian weapons designer


Gerbert Aleksandrovich Efremov is a Russian design engineer and Professor of Technical Sciences.

YJ-18 Anti-ship and land attack cruise missile

The YJ-18 is a Chinese family of anti-ship and land attack cruise missiles.

The P-900 Alfa П-900 3М51 Альфа Alfa AFM-L, GRAU designation 3M51, is an anti-ship missile developed from SS-N-30 (3M14), P-800 Oniks and P-700 Granit.

The Chaoxun-1 (CX-1) is a Chinese-built supersonic anti-ship missile and cruise missile. The missile was first displayed at the 10th China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition, held November 2014 in Zhuhai, China.

Karakurt-class corvette

The Karakurt class, Russian designation Project 22800 Karakurt, is Russia's latest class of corvettes under construction for the Russian Navy.

The 3M22 Zircon also spelled as 3M22 Tsirkon is a scramjet powered maneuvering anti-ship hypersonic cruise missile currently in testing by Russia.

The Laika class, Russian designation Project 545 Laika, also referred to as Husky class, are series of nuclear-powered fifth-generation multi-purpose submarines currently under development by Malakhit Marine Engineering Bureau for the Russian Navy.

References

  1. "MIC "NPO mashinostroyenia" - History". Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  2. https://www.navyrecognition.com/index.php/news/defence-news/2019/september/7530-russia-mod-launches-supersonic-anti-ship-oniks-p-800-cruise-missile.html
  3. "P-800 Oniks (SS-N-26 Strobile) – Missile Defense Advocacy Alliance". Archived from the original on 21 March 2018. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  4. "Nakat". Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  5. "Brahmos Missiles - The Hans India". www.thehansindia.com. Archived from the original on 23 November 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  6. "BBC News - Syria crisis: Russia 'sends sophisticated weapons'". BBC News. Archived from the original on 31 May 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  7. "Despite Israeli protests, Russia won't halt arms sale to Syria". Haaretz.com. 30 August 2010. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  8. "Bastion missile systems to protect Russian naval base in Syria". Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  9. "Syria Navy with Yakhont missile.flv". YouTube. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  10. "BBC News - Syria crisis: US rues Russian missiles sent to Damascus". BBC News. Archived from the original on 25 November 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  11. Gordon, Michael R.; Schmitt, Eric (16 May 2013). "Russia Sends More Advanced Missiles to Aid Assad in Syria". Archived from the original on 7 March 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2017 via NYTimes.com.
  12. Gordon, Michael R. (31 July 2013). "Some Syria Missiles Eluded Israeli Strike, Officials Say". New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 June 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
  13. "YouTube". www.youtube.com. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  14. "Russia uses aircraft carrier for big attack on Syrian rebels". 15 November 2016. Archived from the original on 18 May 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2017 via www.reuters.com.
  15. Eskaf, Mahmoud (15 November 2016). "Russian bombing by aircraft carrier in Syria, hours after Putin-Trump call".
  16. Litovkin, Dmitry (8 August 2013). "Russian supersonic missiles behave like wolves".
  17. "P-800 Yakhont 3M-55 P-800 Bolid SS-N-26". www.globalsecurity.org. Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  18. "ВПК "НПО машиностроения" - Новости". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
  19. "Russia develops seaborne cruise missile with increased range capability — sources". Tass. 25 September 2019. Retrieved 25 September 2019.
  20. "Missiles and Rockets of Hezbollah". Missile Threat. Archived from the original on 26 April 2020.
  21. Amos Harel and Gili Cohen: Hezbollah: From terror group to army, Haaretz, 12 July 2016. Quote: "Hezbollah now [as compared to 2006] has Yakhont missiles with a longer range, better precision and diverse launching options." Archived 17 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  22. Koh Swee Lean Collin (31 May 2011). "Indonesia's Anti-ship Missiles: New Development In Naval Capabilities – Analysis". Eurasia Review. Archived from the original on 11 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  23. "Ракетный комплекс "Бастион" будет защищать берега Анапы". Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  24. Wertheim, Eric (2007). The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World: Their Ships, Aircraft, and Systems. Naval Institute Press. p. 625. ISBN   9781591149552. Archived from the original on 23 October 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  25. "Russia parades Bastion-P in Crimea". Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  26. "ЦАМТО / Новости / В Национальном центре управления обороной страны под руководством С.Шойгу прошел Единый день приемки военной продукции". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  27. "Russian Navy received more than 100 Kalibr, Onix missiles in 3rd quarter". Archived from the original on 25 October 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  28. "Sputnik Images media library". Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  29. "Russia's First Yasen-Class Submarine is Combat-Ready". Archived from the original on 19 April 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  30. "Advanced anti-ship cruise missile systems enter service with Russian Navy". Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  31. "National Centre for State Defence Control hosts Military Acceptance Day chaired by Russian Minister of Defence : Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation". Eng.mil.ru. 31 January 2018. Archived from the original on 3 February 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  32. "Russian Navy takes delivery of 49 cruise missiles". TASS. Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  33. "В Москве под руководством Верховного Главнокомандующего Вооруженными Силами России Владимира Путина прошло расширенное заседание Коллегии Минобороны : Министерство обороны Российской Федерации". Function.mil.ru. 18 December 2018. Archived from the original on 26 January 2019. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  34. "Russia's Pacific Fleet receives new divisional set of Bastion mobile coastal defence missile system - Jane's 360". www.janes.com.
  35. "ЦАМТО / Новости / Тихоокеанский флот получил новый дивизионный комплект подвижного берегового ракетного комплекса "Бастион"". www.armstrade.org.
  36. https://tass.com/defense/1083915
  37. https://tass.com/defense/1114951
  38. https://tass.com/defense/1193591
  39. https://tass.com/defense/1324345
  40. "Lenta.ru: Наука и техника: Россия поставила Сирии противокорабельные комплексы "Бастион"". Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  41. Haaretz (1 December 2011). "Report: Russia delivers supersonic cruise missiles to Syria". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 2 December 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
  42. "/ / """. 24 October 2011. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
  43. "Indonesia's Anti-ship Missiles: New Development In Naval Capabilities - Analysis". Eurasia Review. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2014.