P-800 Oniks

Last updated
Yakhont/Oniks missile
3M55 Yakhont Onyx SS-N-26 Armia 2018.jpg
A P-800 missile at Armia 2018
Type Cruise missile
Air-launched cruise missile
Submarine-launched cruise missile
Anti-ship missile
Surface-to-surface missile
Land-attack missile
Place of origin Soviet Union / Russia
Service history
In service2002–present [1]
Used bySee Operators
Wars Syrian Civil War
Production history
Manufacturer NPO Mashinostroyeniya
Mass3,000 kg (6,614 lb)
Length8.9 m (29.2 ft)
Diameter0.7 m (2.3 ft)
Warheadnational ver. 300 kg semi-armour piercing HE, thermonuclear; for export 200 kg semi-armour piercing HE [2]
delay fuze

Engine Ramjet
4 tons of thrust
Wingspan1.7 m (5.6 ft)
Propellant jet fuel
600 km (370 mi; 320 nmi) (Oniks version for Russia)
800 km (500 mi; 430 nmi) (Oniks-M version for Russia)
120 to 300 km (75 to 186 mi; 65 to 162 nmi) depending on altitude (Yakhont export version)
Flight ceiling14,000 m
Flight altitude10 meters or higher
Maximum speed Mach 2
midcourse inertial guidance, active radar homing-passive radar seeker head
Accuracy1.5 m [3]
coastal installations, naval ships, Fixed-wing aircraft

The P-800 Oniks (Russian : П-800 Оникс; English: Onyx ), also known in export markets as Yakhont (Russian : Яхонт; English: ruby ), is a Soviet / Russian supersonic anti-ship cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya as a ramjet version of P-80 Zubr. Its GRAU designation is 3M55, the air launched Kh-61 variant also exists. The missile has the NATO codename SS-N-26 "Strobile". Development officially started in 1983, and in the 1990s the anti-ship missile was tested on the Project 1234.7 ship. In 2002 the missile passed the whole range of trials and was commissioned. [4] It is reportedly a replacement of the P-270 Moskit, but possibly also of the P-700 Granit. The P-800 was used as the basis for the joint Russian-Indian supersonic missile BrahMos. [5]



The missile is carried in flight by aerodynamic lift. The solid-propellant booster is located in the ramjet's combustion chamber and is ejected by the airflow after it has burned out.


Operational history


In 2010 Sergei Prikhodko, senior adviser to the Russian President, has said that Russia intends to deliver P-800 to Syria based on the contracts signed in 2007. [6] [7] Syria received 2 Bastion missile systems with 36 missiles each (72 in total). [8] The missiles' test was broadcast by Syrian state TV. [9]

In May 2013, Russia continued the contract delivery to the Syrian government supplying missiles with an advanced radar to make them more effective to counter any future foreign military invasion. [10] [11] The warehouse containing the Bastion Missile was destroyed in an Israeli air strike on Latakia on 5 July 2013, but US intelligence analysts believe that some missiles had been removed before the attack. [12]

Oniks missiles were reportedly used in 2016 against ISIL targets. [13] [14] [15]


Radar homing head





Standard batteries of the K-300 Bastion-P (Бастион-П-Подвижный):


Map with P-800 operators in blue P-800 operators.png
Map with P-800 operators in blue

See also

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