PDP-7

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PDP-7
Pdp7-oslo-2005.jpeg
A modified PDP-7 under restoration in Oslo, Norway
Manufacturer Digital Equipment Corporation
Product family Programmed Data Processor
Type Minicomputer
Release date1965;56 years ago (1965)
Introductory priceUS$72,000(equivalent to $584,135 in 2019)
Units sold120 [1] [2]
Units shipped120 [2]
Operating system DECsys, Unix (as ‘’Unics’’)
Memory4K words(9.2 KB) (expandable up to 64K words(144 KB).) [1]
StoragePaper-tape and dual transport DECtape drives (type 555)
DisplayPrinter
InputKeyboard
Platform DEC 18-bit
Backward
compatibility
PDP-1
Predecessor PDP-4
Successor PDP-9
Modified PDP-7 under restoration in Oslo, Norway Pdp-7-oslo-2004.jpeg
Modified PDP-7 under restoration in Oslo, Norway
PDP-7 at living computer museum DEC PDP-7.jpg
PDP-7 at living computer museum

The PDP-7 was a minicomputer produced by Digital Equipment Corporation as part of the PDP series. Introduced in 1964, [3] :p.8 [4] shipped since 1965, it was the first [5] to use their Flip-Chip technology. With a cost of US$72,000, it was cheap but powerful by the standards of the time. The PDP-7 is the third of Digital's 18-bit machines, with essentially the same instruction set architecture as the PDP-4 and the PDP-9.

Contents

Hardware

The PDP-7 was the first wire-wrapped PDP. The computer had a memory cycle time of 1.75 µs and an add time of 4 µs. I/O included a keyboard, printer, paper-tape and dual transport DECtape drives (type 555). [6] The standard memory capacity was 4K words(9 KB) but expandable up to 64K words(144 KB). [1]

The PDP-7 weighed about 1,100 pounds (500 kg). [7]

Software

DECsys, the first operating system for DEC's 18-bit computer family (and DEC's first operating system for a computer smaller than its 36-bit timesharing systems), was introduced in 1965. It provided an interactive, single user, program development environment for Fortran and assembly language programs. [8]

In 1969, Ken Thompson wrote the first UNIX system in assembly language on a PDP-7, [9] then named Unics as a pun on Multics, as the operating system for Space Travel , a game which requires graphics to depict the motion of the planets. A PDP-7 was also the development system used during the development of MUMPS at MGH in Boston a few years earlier.

Sales

The PDP-7 was described as "highly successful." [10] A combined total of 120 of the PDP-7 and PDP-7A were sold. [3] :p.8 A DEC publication states that the first units shipped to customers in November 1964.

Eleven systems were shipped to the UK. [5]

Restorations

At least four PDP-7s were confirmed to still exist as of 2011 [5] and a fifth was discovered in 2017. [11]

A PDP-7A (S#115) was under restoration in Oslo, Norway; [12] a second PDP-7A (S#113) previously located at the University of Oregon in its Nuclear Physics laboratory is now at the Living Computer Museum in Seattle, Washington and is completely restored to running condition after being disassembled for transport; [13] Another PDP-7 (S#47) is known to be in the collection of Max Burnet near Sydney, Australia, a fourth PDP-7 (S#33) is in storage at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California and a fifth PDP-7 (S#129) belonging to Fred Yerian is also located at the Museum, and has been demonstrated running Unix version 0 and compiling a B program. [11]

Related Research Articles

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Minicomputer Mid-1960s–late-1980s class of smaller computers

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Programmed Data Processor Name used for several lines of minicomputers

Programmed Data Processor (PDP), referred to by some customers, media and authors as "Programmable Data Processor, is a term used by the Digital Equipment Corporation from 1957 to 1990 for several lines of minicomputers. The name "PDP" intentionally avoids the use of the term "computer" because, at the time of the first PDPs, computers had a reputation of being large, complicated, and expensive machines, and the venture capitalists behind Digital would not support Digital's attempting to build a "computer"; the word "minicomputer" had not yet been coined. So instead, Digital used their existing line of logic modules to build a Programmed Data Processor and aimed it at a market that could not afford the larger computers.

PDP-1 Computer

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PDP-11 Series of 16-bit minicomputers

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RSX-11

RSX-11 is a discontinued family of multi-user real-time operating systems for PDP-11 computers created by Digital Equipment Corporation. In widespread use through the late 1970s and early 1980s, RSX-11 was influential in the development of later operating systems such as VMS and Windows NT.

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PDP-4

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The PDP-5 was Digital Equipment Corporation's first 12-bit computer, introduced in 1963.

PDP-15

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "PDP-7 Definition". The Linux Information Project. September 27, 2007.
  2. 1 2 "1964 — PDP-7". DIGITAL Computing Timeline via Microsoft. Ultimately, 120 PDP-7s were produced and sold.
  3. 1 2 "Digital Equipment Corporation - 1957 to the present" (PDF).
  4. "across the editor's desk: COMPUTING AND DATA PROCESSING NEWSLETTER - PDP-7 ANNOUNCED BY DIGITAL" (PDF). Computers and Automation. XIII (7): 45. July 1964. Retrieved September 5, 2020.
  5. 1 2 3 Tore Sinding Bekkedal (2009). "Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-7". soemtron.org.
  6. "Pdp-7". reference.com Computing Dictionary. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013.
  7. "PDP-7 documents". www.bitsavers.org. PDP-7_Maint.pdf, p. 1-14 (32).
  8. Supnik, Bob (June 19, 2006). "Technical Notes on DECsys" (PDF).
  9. Ritchie, Dennis M. "The Development of the C Language".
  10. "RI Computer Museum, DEC PDP-9, System Number 319".
  11. 1 2 "Restoring UNIX v0 on a PDP-7: A look behind the scenes" . Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  12. "Picture album of PDP-7 restoration project". Archived from the original on July 15, 2012. Retrieved June 24, 2005. PDP-7 restoration project located in Oslo, Norway.
  13. "Colloquium Details - The University's 40 year old PDP-7 computer is alive again in Seattle". Archived from the original on March 14, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2011. University of Oregon's PDP-7 moves to the Living Computer Museum in Seattle, Washington. Alternate host at http://www.soemtron.org/pdp7no113systeminfo.html "January 2011" section.