Padma Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana

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Padma Shumsher Jung Bahadur

Padma Shamsher JBR.jpg
Padma Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana
16th Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
29 November 1945 30 April 1948
Monarch King Tribhuvan
Preceded by Juddha Shamsher
Succeeded by Mohan Samsher
Personal details
Born(1882-12-05)5 December 1882
Died(1961-04-11)11 April 1961 (aged 79)
Parents Bhim Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (father)
Jethi Maharani (mother)
OccupationPrime Minister of Nepal

Field Marshal His Highness Shree Shree Shree Maharaja Sir Padma Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana GCSI GCIE GBE (Nepali : पद्म शम्शेर जङ्गबहादुर राणा) (5 December 1882 – Calcutta, India, 11 April 1961)[ citation needed ] was the hereditary prime minister of Nepal from 29 November 1945 to 30 April 1948 as the head of the Rana dynasty. [1]

Field Marshal and Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski.[ citation needed ]

Reforms Made by Padma Shamsher (Jung Bahadur Rana) in Nepal:

  1. Established Girl's school.
  2. Started adult education.
  3. Established constitutional laws.
  4. The "Government Act of Nepal-2004 BS" was introduced.

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Dhir Shamsher Rana

Dhir Shamsher Kunwar after 1848 known as Dhir Shamsher Kunwar Ranaji or Dhir Shamsher Jang Kunwar Ranaji or shortly Dhir Shamsher Rana posthumously known as Dhir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana was a Nepalese politician, army general and minister of state. He served as the Commander-In-Chief of the Nepalese Army from 1879 to 1884 A.D. He was born in Kunwar family as the youngest son of Kaji Bal Narsingh Kunwar and Ganesh Kumari Thapa, daughter of Kaji Nain Singh Thapa of Thapa dynasty. Dhir Shamsher was the youngest brother of Jang Bahadur Kunwar Ranaji, who rose to premiership of Nepal after the murders of influential persons - Mathabarsingh Thapa and Gagan Singh Bhandari and the incidence of Kot Massacre. Dhir was personally involved in the massacre protecting his nearly slaughtered brother Krishna Bahadur Kunwar Rana. Dhir became military Colonel after the incident. He was in the entourage of Jung Bahadur's visit of Europe in the early 1850s.

Krishna Bahadur Kunwar after 1848 CE known as, Krishna Bahadur Kunwar Rana was the Nepalese politician, administrator, military general and minister of state. He served as the acting Prime Minister of Nepal upon the demise of his elder brother Bam Bahadur Kunwar from 25 May 1857 to 28 June 1857. He also served as the Commander-In-Chief of the Nepalese Army between 1857 and 1862.

Jagat Jang Rana 19th century Nepalese politician, the eldest son of Jung Bahadur Rana

Jagat Jang Kunwar Rana, popularly known as Jagat Jang Rana was a Nepalese politician, military officer and courtier in the Kingdom of Nepal. He was the eldest son of the founder of Rana dynasty, Jung Bahadur Kunwar Rana. He claimed the Premiership of Kingdom of Nepal and the throne of Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski against the traditional agnatic succession of the Rana dynasty. Driven by this motive, he attempted a coup against his uncles; Maharaja Prime Minister Ranodip Singh Kunwar and Commander-In-Chief Dhir Shamsher Kunwar Rana in the winter of 1881-1882. He was immediately thrown out of the roles of succession among Ranas. Later, he was pardoned and was impeased by Ranodip Singh as his successor after the death of Dhir Shamsher, which caused envy among his Shamsher cousins and ultimately led to his death in the 1885 Shamsher coup.

Khadga Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana

Commanding-General His Highness RajaKhadga Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana or Khadga Shamsher Jang Bahadur Kunwar Rana previously known as Khadga Shamsher Kunwar Rana was Nepalese politician, military general, governor and courtier in the Kingdom of Nepal. He was born in the Rana dynasty as third son of Commander-In-Chief of the Nepalese Army Dhir Shamsher Kunwar Rana. He was influential in the family coup of 1885 that led to the political rise of his Shamsher faction through the murders of then ruling Prime Minister of Nepal and his uncle Maharaja Ranodip Singh Kunwar, Ranodip's favourite nephew and would-be-successor Jagat Jang Rana and his other politically rival non-Shamsher cousins. On the aftermath of the coup, he secured the position of the Commander-In-Chief of the Nepalese Army and was second-in-line to Prime Minister Maharaja Bir Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana before he was removed out of the roll of the succession of Ranas in 1887. Afterwards, he served as Governor of Palpa and constructed the renowned Rani Mahal. In December 1896, he together with German archaeologist Dr. Alois Anton Führer discovered the Lumbini pillar inscription of Ashoka that proved Gautam Buddha's birthplace as Lumbini.

References

  1. "Rana Prime Ministers". 29 May 2001. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
Political offices
Preceded by
Juddha Shumsher JBR
Prime Minister of Nepal
1945–1948
Succeeded by
Mohan Shumsher JBR