Paduspanids

Last updated
Paduspanid dynasty

پادوسبانیان
655–1598
PaduspanidsMapHistoryofIran.png
Map of the normal domains of the Paduspanids in Tabaristan
Common languages Persian
Caspian languages
Religion
Zoroastrianism (655-15th-century)
Islam (15th-century-1598)
GovernmentMonarchy
Ispahbadh
Ustandar
Malek
 
 665–694
Paduspan I (first)
 1590–1598
Jahangir IV (last)
Historical era Middle Ages
 Established
655
  Safavid conquest
1598
Preceded by
Succeeded by
DabuyidDynastyGreatestExtent.png Dabuyid dynasty
Safavid dynasty Safavid Flag.svg

The Paduspanids or Baduspanids (Persian: پادوسبانیان) were a local dynasty of Tabaristan which ruled over Royan, Nur and Rostamdar. The dynasty was established in 655, [1] and ended in 1598 when the Safavids invaded their domains. [2]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is a pluricentric language primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Tabaristan Historical region of Iran

Tabaristan, also known as Tapuria, was the name applied to Mazandaran, a province in northern Iran. Although the natives of the region knew it as Mazandaran, the region was called Tabaristan from the Arab conquests to the Seljuk period.

Royan, Iran City in Mazandaran, Iran

Royan is a city in the Central District of Nur County, in Mazandaran Province of northern Iran.

Contents

History

The founder of the Paduspanid dynasty was Paduspan I, (also known by the Arabicized form Baduspan), who was the son of Gil Gavbara, [2] the founder of the Dabuyid dynasty. Thus making the Paduspanids of Sasanian descent like the Dabuyids.

Gil Gavbara

Gil Gavbara, known in Arabic sources as Jil-i Jilanshah and Gavbarih, was king and founder of the Dabuyid dynasty in 642, ruling until his death in 660.

Dabuyid dynasty

The Dabuyid or Gaubarid Dynasty was a Zoroastrian Iranian dynasty that started in the early seventh century as an independent group of rulers, reigning over Tabaristan and parts of western Khorasan. Dabuyid rule over Tabaristan and Khorasan lasted from ca. AD 642 to the Abbasid conquest in 760.

Known Paduspanid rulers

Shahrivash, also known as Shahrnush, was the ruler of the Paduspanid dynasty from 1117 to 1168. He was the son and successor of Hazarasp I.

Kai Ka'us I, was the ruler of the Paduspanid dynasty from 1168 to 1184. He was the brother and successor of Shahrivash.

Eskandar II, was the ruler of the Paduspanid dynasty from 1333 to 1359. He was the son and successor of Taj al-Dawla Ziyar.

Nur branch

Jahangir III, was the last ruler of the Paduspanid branch of Nur. He was the son and successor of Sultan Aziz. In 1593/94, he traveled to the court of the Safavid Shah Abbas I, where he handed over his domains to him, and spend the rest of his life in a property near Saveh which Abbas had given to him.

Kojur branch

Ka'us III, was the fourth ruler of the Paduspanid branch of Kojur. He was the son and successor of Ashraf ibn Taj al-Dawla.

Kayumarth III, was the fifth ruler of the Paduspanid branch of Kojur. He was the son and successor of Ka'us III.

Jahangir IV, was the last ruler of the Paduspanid branch of Kojur. He was the son and successor of Sultan Mohammad ibn Jahangir.

Related Research Articles

Buyid dynasty Iranian dynasty

The Buyid dynasty or the Buyids, also known as Buwaihids, Bowayhids, Buyahids, or Buyyids, was a Shia Iranian dynasty of Daylamite origin. Coupled with the rise of other Iranian dynasties in the region, the approximate century of Buyid rule represents the period in Iranian history sometimes called the 'Iranian Intermezzo' since, after the Muslim conquest of Persia, it was an interlude between the rule of the Abbasid Caliphate and the Seljuk Empire.

Ziyarid dynasty dynasty

The Ziyarid dynasty was an Iranian dynasty of Gilaki origin that ruled Tabaristan from 930 to 1090. At its greatest extent, it ruled much of present-day western and northern Iran.

Sayyida Shirin, also simply known as Sayyida, was a Bavandid princess, who was the wife of Buyid ruler of Ray, Fakhr al-Dawla. She was the de facto ruler of Ray during the reign of her son, Majd al-Dawla.

Bavand dynasty

The Bavand dynasty, or simply the Bavandids, was an Iranian dynasty that ruled in parts of Tabaristan (Mazandaran) in what is now northern Iran from 651 until 1349, alternating between outright independence and submission as vassals to more powerful regional rulers.

Abu 'l-Fadl Muhammad ibn Abi Abdallah al-Husayn ibn Muhammad al-Katib, commonly known after his father as Ibn al-'Amid was a Persian statesman who served as the vizier of the Buyid ruler Rukn al-Dawla for thirty years, from 940 until his death in 970. His son, Abu'l-Fath Ali ibn Muhammad, also called Ibn al-'Amid, succeeded him in his office.

Sharwin I was the fifth ruler of the Bavand dynasty from 772 to 817. He was the son and successor of Surkhab II.

Vindadhhurmuzd, also known by the more correct form of Vandad Hormozd, was the ruler of the Qarinvand dynasty from 765 to 809.

Sharwin II, was the tenth ruler of the Bavand dynasty from 896 to 930.

Shahriyar II was the eleventh ruler of the Bavand dynasty from 930 to 964. He was the son and successor of Sharwin II.

Hasan II, also known as Fakhr al-Dawla Hasan, was the last ruler of the Bavand dynasty from 1334 to 1349. He was the brother, and successor of Sharaf al-Muluk.

Muhammad of Tabaristan was the ruler of the Bavand dynasty from 1249 to 1271. He was the son and successor of Ardashir II of Tabaristan.

Khusrau Shah Justanid king

Khusrau Shah was the king of the Justanids from 972 to ca. 1004. He was the son and successor of Manadhar.

Al-Marzuban, was the thirteenth ruler of the Bavand dynasty from 979 to 986. He was the son and successor of Rustam II. In some sources, his name was changed to Rustam ibn al-Marzuban, which caused confusion among the historians, and made them think that they were two people.

Ardashir I, was the ruler of the Bavand dynasty from 1173 to 1205. He was the son and successor of Hasan I.

Qarinvand dynasty

The Qarinvand dynasty, or simply the Karenids, was an Iranian dynasty that ruled in parts of Tabaristan (Mazandaran) in what is now northern Iran from the 550s until the 11th-century. They considered themselves as the inheritors of the Dabuyid dynasty, and were known by their titles of Gilgilan and Ispahbadh. They were descended from Sukhra, a Parthian nobleman from the House of Karen, who was the de facto ruler of the Sasanian Empire from 484 to 493.

References

  1. The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World (A.D. 1000-1217), C.E. Bosworth, The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5, ed. J. A. Boyle, John Andrew Boyle, (Cambridge University Press, 2001), 29.
  2. 1 2 BADUSPANIDS, W. Madelung, Encyclopaedia Iranica

Sources

Wilferd Madelung British Islamic scholar

Wilferd Ferdinand Madelung is a German-American author and scholar of Islamic history.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.