Paengmu Line

Last updated

Paengmu Line
Overview
Native name백무선(白茂線)
Type Heavy rail, Regional rail
StatusOperational
Locale Ryanggang,
North Hamgyŏng
TerminiPaeg'am Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Musan
Stations28
Operation
OpenedStages between 1934–1944
Owner Chosen Government Railway (1934–1945)
Korean State Railway (since 1945)
Technical
Line length191.7 km (119.1 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (Paegam–Taet'aek)
762 mm (2 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1500 V DC Catenary
(Taet'aek–Kulsong, formerly to Yugok)
Route map

DPRK-Paengmu Line.png

Contents

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0.0
Paeg'am Ch'ŏngnyŏn
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Taet'aek
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Taet'aek
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Pukkyesu
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Sangdonae
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Tonae
sawmill
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Sanghwangt'o
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San'yangdae
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Yŏnp'yŏng
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Yŏnsu
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55.9
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Yŏn'am
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58.4
Kulsong
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Sangdan
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Youth Power Station
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Ch'ŏnsu
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Hahwangt'o
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Hagyŏngpyŏng
Closed
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100.5
Yup'yŏngdong
Closed
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111.0
Yugok
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117.4
Rajŏk
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126.9
Samyu
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Yŏnsa
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Hambuk Sinjang
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Yŏnsu
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158.4
Tuam
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164.8
Yŏnsang
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Hŭngam
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181.2
Namch'on
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186.0
Tokso
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Musan
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Paengmu Line
Chosŏn'gŭl
백무선
Hancha
Revised Romanization Baengmu-seon
McCune–Reischauer Paengmu-sŏn

The Paengmu Line is a partially electrified narrow gauge line of the Korean State Railway running from Paeg'am on the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to Musan on the Musan Line, in the Ryanggang and North Hamgyŏng provinces of North Korea. [1]

Korean State Railway

The Korean State Railway is the operating arm of the Ministry of Railways of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and has its headquarters at P'yŏngyang. The current Minister of Railways is Jang Hyuk, who has held the position since 2015.

Paegam Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station is a railway station in Paegam-ŭp, Paegam county, Ryanggang province, North Korea, on the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway. The narrow-gauge Paengmu Line connects to the standard-gauge network here.

Paektusan Chongnyon Line railway line

The Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary mainline of the Korean State Railway running from Kilju on the P'yŏngra Line to Hyesan on the Pukpu Line; it connects to the narrow gauge Paengmu Line at Paeg'am Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station, and to the Samjiyŏn Line at Wiyŏn Station.

The electrified section originally ran 111 km (69 mi) from Paeg'am Ch'ŏngnyŏn station to Yugok, whence the remaining 80.7 km (50.1 mi) to the terminus at Musan remained unelectrified. Since the closure of part of the line due to the construction of a reservoir, the line has been split into two disconnected sections, the electrified Paeg'am—Kulsong and the non-electrified Ch'ŏnsu—Musan sections. A new standard gauge section from Paeg'am to Taet'aek, roughly paralleling the narrow-gauge line, was built in 2013. [2]

History

In 1927, the Government-General of Korea formulated a "12-Year Plan for Railways in Chosen", under which the railway network of the Korean Peninsula was to be greatly expanded. [3] Although not part of that 12-year plan, it was decided to build the Paengmu Line for the transport of forest products and to aid in the development of the area. Construction was started at Paeg'am' by the Chosen Government Railway on 16 November 1932, [4] and the first section, from Paeg'am to San'yangdae, was opened in September 1934. [5] The line was extended to Yŏn'am in September of the following year [6] and to Yup'yŏngdong in October 1936. [7] Service on the Yup'yŏngdong—Yŏnsa section began in October 1939, [8] but the final section to Musan, connecting the line to the Musan Line, was completed only in December 1944. [9]

Governor-General of Korea position

The Governor-General of Chosen was the chief administrator of the Japanese colonial government in Korea from 1910 to 1945.

Chosen Government Railway

The Chosen Government Railway was a state-owned railway company in Korea under Japanese rule. It was a department of the Railway Bureau of the Government-General of Korea, whose functions were the management and operation of railways in Korea, as well as the supervision of privately owned railway companies.

Musan Line The railway which connects Puryong with Musan in DPRK.

The Musan Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary trunk line of the Korean State Railway in Musan and Puryŏng counties, North Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea, running from Komusan on the Hambuk Line to Musan, where it connects to the narrow-gauge Paengmu Line. The section from Komusan to Sinch'am is double tracked.

The names of several stations were changed over the years following the establishment of the DPRK, with Paeg'am Station becoming Paeg'am Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station, Hambuk Sinjang Station becoming Sinjang Station (this station was subsequently closed), Hambuk Mun'am Station becoming Tuam Station, and Sinyang Station becoming Samyu Station. Electrification of the section from Paeg'am to Yugok was completed in August 1991. [10]

In August 1980, Kim Il-sung ordered the construction of a new, northern east-west transversal line to run from Manp'o on the Manp'o Line to Hoeryŏng on the Hambuk Line. [11] The Pukpu Line, as the planned line was called (북부, pukpu, means "northern"), was to have been built in three stages: Manp'o to Hyesan, Hyesan to Musan, and Musan to Hoeryŏng; [12] to save on labour and expenditures, the new line was to make use of existing rail lines where possible - the Hŭngam–Musan section of the Paengmu Line was to have been regauged. [12] However, this plan was only partially realised before it was abandoned in the 1990s. The plans were revived again in the mid-2000s, and work began on the second stage, in the form of the shortening and regauging of the Samjiyŏn Line from Hyesan to Motka. [13] Work stopped and started several times, until finally work on the Hyesan–Motka section was completed in April 2017, [14] but the plans to continue construction of the line to Musan are not currently being pursued. [15]

Kim Il-sung President of the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea

Kim Il-sung was the first leader of North Korea which he ruled from the country's establishment in 1948 until his death in 1994. He held the posts of Premier from 1948 to 1972 and President from 1972 to 1994. He was also the leader of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) from 1949 to 1994. Coming to power after the end of Japanese rule in 1945, he authorized the invasion of South Korea in 1950, triggering an intervention in defense of South Korea by the United Nations led by the United States. Following the military stalemate in the Korean War, a ceasefire was signed on 27 July 1953. He was the third longest-serving non-royal head of state/government in the 20th century, in office for more than 45 years.

Manpo Chongnyon Station

Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station is a railway station in Manp'o municipal city, Chagang Province, North Korea, on the Manp'o Line of the Korean State Railway; it is also the starting point of the Pukpu Line to Hyesan and of the Unha Line to Unha.

Manpo Line railway line

The Manp'o Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the North Korean State Railway running from Sunch'ŏn on the P'yŏngra Line to Manp'o on the Pukpu Line. The line continues on from Manp'o to Ji'an, China.

Construction of the reservoir of the Paektusan Sŏngun Youth Power Station led to the flooding of part of the line, [2] resulting in the closure of the section between Ch'ŏnsu and Kulsong; since the closure, the line is electrified only between Paeg'am and Kulsong.

Construction of the line took place as follows:

DateSectionLength
1 September 1934Paeg'am–Sanyangdae [16] 33.8 km (21.0 mi)
1 September 1935Sanyangdae–Yŏn'am [17] 22.1 km (13.7 mi)
16 October 1936Yŏn'am-Yup'yŏngdong [7] 44.6 km (27.7 mi)
1 October 1939Yup'yŏngdong–Yŏnsa [18] 36.3 km (22.6 mi)
1 December 1944Yŏnsa–Musan [9] 54.9 km (34.1 mi)

Route

An orange background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified narrow-gauge; a pink background indicates that section is electrified narrow gauge. The Paegam—Taet'aek section is electrified standard gauge.

Distance (km)Station NameFormer Name
TotalS2STranscribedChosŏn'gŭl (Hanja)TranscribedChosŏn'gŭl (Hanja)Connections
0.00.0Paeg'am Ch'ŏngnyŏn백암청년 (白岩青年)Paeg'am백암 (白岩) Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line
6.66.6Taet'aek대택 (大沢)
11.95.3Pukkyesu북계수 (北渓水)
17.65.7Sangdonae
(Upper Tonae)
상도내 (上島内)
24.26.6Tonae도내 (島内)
29.25.0Sanghwangt'o상황토 (上黄土)
33.84.6Sanyangdae산양대 (山羊台)
40.56.7Sŏdu서두 (西頭)
47.16.6Yŏnp'yŏng연평 (延坪)
55.98.8Yŏn'am연암 (延岩)
58.42.5Kulsong굴송 (屈松)
63.55.1Sangdan상단 (上坍)Closed.
Flooded by reservoir of
Paektusan Sŏngun Youth Power Station
68.65.1Samsa삼사 (三社)Closed.
Flooded by reservoir of
Paektusan Sŏngun Youth Power Station
77.48.8Ch'ŏnsu천수 (天水)No longer electrified.
86.08.6Hahwangt'o하황토 (下黄土)No longer electrified.
90.14.1Sanggyŏngp'yŏng
(Upper Kyŏngp'yŏng)
상경평 (上境坪)No longer electrified.
96.16.0Hagyŏngp'yŏng
(Lower Kyŏngp'yŏng)
하경평 (下境坪)Closed.
No longer electrified.
100.54.4Yup'yŏngdong유평동 (楡坪洞)Closed.
No longer electrified.
111.010.5Yugok유곡 (楡谷)No longer electrified.
117.46.4Rajŏk라적 (羅跡)
126.99.5Samyu삼유 (-)Sinyang신양 (新陽)
129.52.6Sodo소도 (小桃)
136.89.1Yŏnsa연사 (延社)
143.46.6Hambuk Sinjang함북신장 (咸北新長)Closed.
150.16.7Yŏnsu연수 (延水)
158.48.3Tuam두암 (두岩)Hambuk Mun'am함북문암 (咸北文岩)
164.86.4Yŏnsang연상 (延上)
174.19.3Hŭngam흥암 (興岩)
181.27.1Namch'on남촌 (南村)
186.04.8Tokso독소 (篤所)Flag stop.
191.75.7Musan무산 (茂山) Musan Line

Related Research Articles

Hwanghae Chongnyon Line

The Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in the North and South Hwanghae provinces of North Korea, running from Sariwŏn to Haeju. It connects to the P'yŏngbu Line at Sariwŏn, to the Ŭnnyul Line at Ŭnp'a, to the Paech'ŏn Line at Changbang, and to the Ongjin Line at Haeju. It plays an important role in the transportation of freight and passengers in North and South Hwanghae provinces, serving important mining and industrial areas, as well as one of the DPRK's most important ports for foreign trade.

Unnyul Line

The Ŭnnyul Line is a non-electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in the North and South Hwanghae provinces of North Korea, running from Ŭnp'a to Ch'ŏlgwang. It is an important line in economic terms, connecting the agricultural and ore-producing areas of Kwail and Ŭnnyul counties with the rest of the DPRK.

Changyon Line

The Changyŏn Line is a non-electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway running from Sugyo on the Ŭnnyul Line to Changyŏn, South Hwanghae Province, North Korea.

Ongjin Line

The Ongjin Line is a partially electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in South Hwanghae Province, North Korea, running from Haeju on the Hwanghae Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to Ongjin.

Pyongdok Line

The P'yŏngdŏk Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea running from Taedonggang Station in P'yŏngyang, where it connects to the P'yŏngbu, P'yŏngnam, P'yŏngra and P'yŏngŭi Lines, to Kujang, where it connects to the Manp'o and Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn Lines. The total length of the line is 192.3 km (119.5 mi).

Changjin Line

The Changjin Line is an electrified narrow gauge line of the North Korean State Railway running from Yŏnggwang on the Sinhŭng Line to Sasu on Lake Changjin. There is a 7.4 km cable-hauled section between Samgo and Hwangch'oryong; between Pojang and Hwangch'oryong the grade reaches 370‰.

Pukpu Line railway line

The Pukpu Line, also called the Hyesan–Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line after the only completed stage of three planned stages, is an electrified standard-gauge secondary trunk line of the Korean State Railway in Chagang and Ryanggang Provinces, North Korea, connecting the Manp'o Line at Manp'o to the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line at Hyesan. It also connects to the China Railway Meiji Railway via the Ji'an Yalu River Border Railway Bridge between Manp'o and Meihekou, China.

Hambuk Line trunk line of the North Korean State Railway

The Hambuk Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea, running from Ch'ŏngjin) on the P'yŏngra Line to Rajin, likewise on the P'yŏngra line.

Hoeryong Tangwang Line

The Hoeryŏng T'an'gwang Line is a non-electrified standard-gauge freight-only secondary line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea, running from Hoeryŏng Ch'ŏngnyŏn on the Hambuk Line to Yusŏn.

Hoeam Line

The Hoeam Line is a 10.4 km (6.5 mi) non-electrified secondary line of the Korean State Railway in Kyŏnghŭng County, North Hamgyŏng province, North Korea, running from Haksong on the Hambuk Line to Obong.

The Chosen Railway Company, was a privately owned railway company in Japanese-occupied Korea.

The Ch'ŏngjinhang Line, or Ch'ŏngjin Port Line, is an electrified freight-only railway line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea, connecting Ch'ŏngjin Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station at the southern junction of the P'yŏngra and Hambuk lines with Ch'ŏngjin Port.

Kangan Line

The Kangan Line, also spelled Kang'an Line, is a non-electrified standard-gauge freight-only secondary line of the Korean State Railway located entirely within Sinŭiju-si, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Sinŭiju on the P'yŏngŭi Line to Kang'an.

The Ryong'am Line is an electrified freight-only railway line of the Korean State Railway in Kujang County, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Kujang at the junction of the Ch'ŏngnyŏn P'arwŏn, Manp'o, and P'yŏngdŏk Lines, to Ryong'am.

The Chŏngdo Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary line of the Korean State Railway in South Hwanghae Province, North Korea, running from Wangsin on the Ongjin Line to Chŏngdo.

The Ryongmun T'an'gwang Line, or Ryongmun Colliery Line is an electrified railway line of the Korean State Railway in Kujang County, North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Ŏryong on the Manp'o Line to Ryongmun Colliery.

The Yangsi Line was a non-electrified standard-gauge railway line of the Korean State Railway in North P'yŏngan Province, North Korea, running from Namsi (Yŏmju) on the P'yŏngŭi Line to South Sinŭiju, likewise on the P'yŏngŭi Line, with which it was merged in 1964.

References

  1. Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN   978-4-10-303731-6
  2. 1 2 https://www.nknews.org/2013/10/three-new-north-korean-railway-updates/ Three New North Korean Railway Updates, Curtis Melvin, 8 October 2013
  3. I, Yongsang et al, 한국 철도의 역사와 발전 II (Hanguk Ch'ŏldoŭi Yŏksawa Paljŏn), BG Book Gallery, Seoul, p. 49. ISBN   9788964950531
  4. Korail, 철도주요연표(The Principal Chronicle of the Korean Railway) 2010, 2010
  5. http://newslibrary.naver.com/viewer/index.nhn?articleId=1934083000209102001&edtNo=2&printCount=1&publishDate=1934-08-30&officeId=00020&pageNo=2&printNo=4932&publishType=00010 백두산 밑으로! 무산선 일부 개주(開週), 《동아일보》, 1934.08.30.
  6. http://newslibrary.naver.com/viewer/index.nhn?articleId=1935081600209202017&editNo=2&printCount=1&publishDate=1935-08-16&officeId=00020&pageNo=2&printNo=5283&publishType=00020 백무, 혜산 양선(兩線) 구월부터 개업, 《동아일보》, 1935.08.16.
  7. 1 2 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 2922, 8 October 1936
  8. http://newslibrary.naver.com/viewer/index.nhn?articleId=1939091400209102022&edtNo=2&printCount=1&publishDate=1939-09-14&officeId=00020&pageNo=2&printNo=6490&publishType=00010 유평→연사간 시월부터개통, 《동아일보》, 1939.09.14.
  9. 1 2 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 5345, 28 November 1944
  10. 조선향토대백과, 2008.
  11. 북한 북부철길 개건사업 마감단계.. ‘제2의 마식령속도’ 창조
  12. 1 2 북부 철길 건설
  13. 北, 백두산 관광철도 공사 재개한듯, 《뉴시스》, 2015.05.29.
  14. 북, ‘혜산-삼지연’간 철도공사 완공
  15. 북, 외화벌이 급해 북부 윤환선 포기, 《자유아시아방송》, 2015.06.10.
  16. 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 2277, 11 August 1934
  17. 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 2583, 21 August 1935
  18. 朝鮮總督府官報 (The Public Journal of the Governor-General of Korea), Shōwa No. 3795, 12 September 1939