Pakenham, Victoria

Last updated
Pakenham
Melbourne,  Victoria
Packenham Aerial.jpg
Aerial view from south west
Australia Victoria metropolitan Melbourne location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Pakenham
Coordinates 38°04′16″S145°29′16″E / 38.0712°S 145.4878°E / -38.0712; 145.4878 Coordinates: 38°04′16″S145°29′16″E / 38.0712°S 145.4878°E / -38.0712; 145.4878
Population46,421 (2016) [1]
Postcode(s) 3810
Elevation101 m (331 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Cardinia
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s) La Trobe
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
23.4 °C
74 °F
12.3 °C
54 °F
865 mm
34.1 in
Suburbs around Pakenham:
Beaconsfield Upper Pakenham Upper Nar Nar Goon North
Officer Pakenham Nar Nar Goon
Officer South Pakenham South and Koo Wee Rup Koo Wee Rup
Main Street, Pakenham Pakenham06-01-08.jpg
Main Street, Pakenham

Pakenham is a satellite suburb of Melbourne on the edge of the West Gippsland region of Victoria, Australia, 56 km (35 mi) south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Shire of Cardinia local government area. Pakenham recorded a population of 46,421 at the 2016 Census.

West Gippsland, a region of Gippsland in Victoria, Australia, extends from the southeastern limits of metropolitan Melbourne and Western Port Bay in the west to the Latrobe Valley in the east, and is bounded by the Strzelecki Ranges to the south and the Mount Baw Baw Plateau in the Great Dividing Range to the north.

Victoria (Australia) State in Australia

Victoria is a state in south-eastern Australia. Victoria is Australia's smallest mainland state and its second-most populous state overall, making it the most densely populated state overall. Most of its population lives concentrated in the area surrounding Port Phillip Bay, which includes the metropolitan area of its state capital and largest city, Melbourne, Australia's second-largest city. Victoria is bordered by Bass Strait and Tasmania to the south, New South Wales to the north, the Tasman Sea, to the east, and South Australia to the west.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Contents

Pakenham has become a major growth area in south-eastern Melbourne as new housing developments have boosted its population and infrastructure, as exemplified in the development of the Lakeside, Heritage Springs & Cardinia Lakes estates. [2]

Melbourne City in Victoria, Australia

Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2 (3,858.1 sq mi), comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, and is also the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley. It has a population of 5 million, and its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians".

Urban sprawl Expansion of auto-oriented, low-density development in suburbs

Urban sprawl or suburban sprawl mainly refers to the unrestricted growth in many urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land, with little concern for urban planning. In addition to describing a particular form of urbanization, the term also relates to the social and environmental consequences associated with this development. In Continental Europe the term "peri-urbanisation" is often used to denote similar dynamics and phenomena, although the term urban sprawl is currently being used by the European Environment Agency. There is widespread disagreement about what constitutes sprawl and how to quantify it. For example, some commentators measure sprawl only with the average number of residential units per acre in a given area. But others associate it with decentralization, discontinuity, segregation of uses, and so forth.

History

Pakenham was named after Sir Edward Pakenham (19 March 1778 – 8 January 1815), a British Major General who fought in the Peninsular War. On 8 January 1815, Pakenham was killed in action while leading his men at the Battle of New Orleans. The Neville and Bourke families arrived in Sydney on the Alquis in 1837, sponsored by the Governor George Gipps to migrate and settle in Melbourne. They arrived in Melbourne on the John Barry in 1839 and selected 5 miles by 5 miles of land now known as the area of Upper Pakenham.

Edward Pakenham British general and politician

Major General Sir Edward Michael Pakenham,, was a British Army officer and politician. He was the son of The Baron Longford and the brother-in-law of The Duke of Wellington, with whom he served in the Peninsular War. During the War of 1812, he was commander of British forces in North America (1814–15). On 8 January 1815, Pakenham was killed in action while leading his men at the Battle of New Orleans.

Major general, is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines. The rank was also briefly used by the Royal Air Force for a year and a half, from its creation to August 1919. In the British Army, a major general is the customary rank for the appointment of division commander. In the Royal Marines, the rank of major general is held by the Commandant General.

Peninsular War War by Spain, Portugal and the United Kingdom against the French Empire (1807–1814)

The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire and Bourbon Spain, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars. The war began when the French and Spanish armies invaded and occupied Portugal in 1807, and escalated in 1808 when France turned on Spain, previously its ally. The war on the peninsula lasted until the Sixth Coalition defeated Napoleon in 1814, and is regarded as one of the first wars of national liberation, significant for the emergence of large-scale guerrilla warfare.

The original Pakenham Post Office opened on 1 February 1859, was renamed Pakenham West on 1 October 1971, and was closed on 15 January 1974. The existing Pakenham Post Office was opened on 11 June 1888 as Pakenham Railway Station Post Office, was renamed Pakenham East in 1908, and further renamed Pakenham on 1 October 1971. [3] The railway station was opened on 8 October 1877 and was a part of the east link connecting Melbourne to Pakenham and other eastern towns. [4]

Demographics

In Pakenham 71.2% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth outside of Australia were England 4.0%, India 2.8%, New Zealand 2.3%, Sri Lanka 1.3% and Philippines 1.0%. 0.9% of people in Pakenham are Aboriginal.

Transport

VLocity heads to Melbourne passes K153 heads to Pakenham with K190 in 25 April 2010 A VLine trains passes a steam locomotive at Pakenham.jpg
VLocity heads to Melbourne passes K153 heads to Pakenham with K190 in 25 April 2010

Pakenham is on the main railway line between Melbourne and Gippsland, and its railway station marks the end of the suburban electrified service. Pakenham Station is the termination point of all services operated by Metro Trains Melbourne heading out of the city, but V/Line trains to and from Gippsland also serve Pakenham.

Gippsland Region in Victoria, Australia

Gippsland is an economic rural region of Victoria, Australia, located in the south-eastern part of that state. It covers an area of 41,556 square kilometres (16,045 sq mi), and lies to the east of the eastern suburbs of Greater Melbourne, to the north of Bass Strait, to the west of the Tasman Sea, to the south of the Black-Allan Line that marks part of the Victorian/New South Wales border, and to the east and southeast of the Great Dividing Range that lies within the Hume region and the Victorian Alps. Gippsland is generally broken down into the East Gippsland, South Gippsland, West Gippsland, and the Latrobe Valley statistical divisions.

Pakenham railway station railway station in Pakenham, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Pakenham railway station is located on the Gippsland line, in Victoria, Australia. It opened on 8 October 1877, and serves the south-eastern Melbourne satellite suburb of Pakenham. It is the terminus of the electrified Pakenham line from Flinders Street.

Railways in Melbourne Railway network in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

The Melbourne rail network is a passenger and freight train system in the city of Melbourne, Australia. It is the core of the larger Victorian railway network, with links to both intrastate and interstate systems. A large suburban passenger network centred on the CBD also operates, with a limited degree of segregation from longer-distance passenger and freight trains.

Cardinia Road railway station is located west of Pakenham station, between Pakenham and Officer. It carried its first train services on Sunday 22 April 2012.

Cardinia Road railway station Railway station in Melbourne, Australia

Cardinia Road railway station is located on the Gippsland line in Victoria, Australia. It opened on 22 April 2012, and serves the south-eastern Melbourne satellite suburb of Pakenham.

Pakenham is also on the Princes Highway. The Pakenham bypass allows road traffic between Melbourne and Gippsland to bypass Pakenham, both shortening travel times and alleviating traffic congestion within Pakenham. [5] The main north-south roads through Pakenham head north to Healesville and south to Koo Wee Rup.

Media

Pakenham is serviced by one local newspaper: Star News Group's The Pakenham-Berwick Gazette, available every Wednesday for $1. Star's widely distributed Pakenham News, is dropped into mailboxes free every Thursday around the town.

Well over 100 years old, Star News Group houses its main headquarters on the Princes Highway in Pakenham.

Pakenham is in the coverage range of all the commercial radio stations in Melbourne, yet are also locally serviced by 94.3 Star FM, whose studios are situated in Warragul, about 45 kilometres (28 miles) away from the town.

Television services in the town are exactly the same as Melbourne's, yet being in the Gippsland area, regional television can also be accessed. Services such as WIN Gippsland and Southern Cross Ten are available to viewers, yet the signal strength tends to become stronger in the east of the town.

Facilities

Pakenham's public facilities include a sports and aquatic centre, Community Centre and Council Offices.

The aquatic centre includes a 25m indoor pool, with a gym, group fitness, creche, eight multipurpose sports courts and food facilities all incorporated in the one building. The centre, named Cardinia LiFE, is owned by the Cardinia Shire and managed by Aligned Leisure. Pakenham also has an outdoor pool open during the warmer weather. This was originally opened in 1957, and was reopened on 17 November 2007 after undergoing a $1.1 million redevelopment. The outdoor pool centre, also managed by Aligned Leisure, consists of a 50m pool, toddlers' pool with splash features, updated change rooms, kiosk, and water treatment plant.

Located on Webster Way, Pakenham, the centre boasts 18 floodlit courts all with plexicusion surfacing which is the same court surface as Melbourne Park, home of the Australia Open. The centre is Council owned and managed by Aligned Leisure. The partnership is committed to providing a tennis centre for the community, to encourage tennis clubs, associations, schools and youth groups participate in tennis programs and tournaments. [6] Pakenham currently has one tennis club but proposals for a second are under consideration, with planned expenses for the clubhouse alone around $20 million.

Public schools include Pakenham Consolidated Primary School, Pakenham Hills Primary School, Pakenham Springs Primary School, Pakenham Lakeside Primary School, John Henry Primary School and Pakenham Secondary College. A Secondary School near John Henry Primary School will open around 2021.

Private schools include Beaconhills College (Valley Campus), Chairo Christian School (Pakenham Campus) and Lakeside College. Pakenham has one Catholic school St Patrick's Catholic Primary.

Pakenham's Community Centre is a Neighbourhood House & Learn Local Community College located in Henry Street, managed by Living & Learning Pakenham Inc., provides a wide range of courses, programs, projects and services to enhance the community participation and health and wellbeing opportunities for residents throughout the Cardinia Shire. [7]

The Pakenham Community Garden, located at 6 Henry Street, uses organic chemical-free gardening principles and is collectively managed by a diverse group of volunteers. Situated next to Living & Learning Pakenham, the garden boasts a perennial food garden including several fruit trees, a small greenhouse plus over 40 raised garden beds, each featuring annual and perennial types of fruits, vegetables, herbs and flowers

Retail

Pakenham serves as a major retail centre in the Cardinia Shire, with outlets including an Aldi supermarket, two Woolworths supermarkets, four Coles supermarkets, two Bunnings, two McDonalds, and one each of Target and Mitre 10 MEGA. In August 2009 it was announced by Cardinia Shire Council that a $80 million retail development would be built at current vacant Council land behind the Pakenham Library at the corner of John and Henty street. The centre is the largest in Pakenham, containing anchor stores such as a Woolworths supermarket, Cotton On, EB Games and Big W, as well as 39 smaller specialty stores and 1,150 car parking spaces both above ground and underground. [8] The Pakenham Central Marketplace opened on 1 December 2011. [9]

Sport

Sporting activities in Pakenham include horse racing, lawn bowls, golf, baseball, cricket, little athletics, tennis, netball, floorball, basketball, rugby league, gridiron and football

The local gridiron team, Pakenham Silverbacks are the reigning divisional champions. [10]

The Pakenham Racing Club which schedules around eleven race meetings a year including the Pakenham Cup meeting in March. [11] The Pakenham Picnic Racing Club also holds a meeting at the racecourse on New Years Day.

Pakenham's Australian Rules football team, the Pakenham Lions competes in the Mornington Peninsula Nepean Football League. Hawthorn premiership ruckrover Peter Russo was raised in Pakenham as was current Collingwood speedster Tyson Goldsack.

The Pakenham basketball team, the Pakenham Warriors.

Pakenham also has its own cricket team, the Lions, who have numerous teams, both junior and senior level.

Recently the tennis club in Pakenham has had a major make over and now has six brand new courts, this is all part of the local councils "Whip into shape" plan that consists of the remodeling and updating of the local sports and recreation locations. The local rugby league team the Pakenham Eels was established in 2015.

Golfers play at the Pakenham and District Golf Club on Oaktree Drive. [12]

Also home to the local soccer club, Pakenham United FC, Henry road, Pakenham.

Environmental concerns

Since 2007, locals have been concerned by a re-occurring smell which has been regularly engulfing the town, impacting upon the amenity and health [13] of local residents and visitors. It had been described by some as resembling a burning chemical gas smell, [14] the stench of dead bodies [15] [16] or as a putrid smell that was able to infiltrate homes. [17] The smell was found to originate from the Drovers Place area where Transpacific Industries, a leading organic waste recycler, was based. The business has since closed. [18] [19] [20] Concerns over the rapid pace of urban expansion in the Pakenham area have also been raised, as traditional farmland surrounding the town has been rezoned to allow for the development of housing estates, causing protests by some residents who have sought to have these undeveloped or 'green wedge' lands protected. [21]

See also

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References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Pakenham (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 September 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Millar, Royce; Mann, Simon (3 May 2008). "A city on the edge". The Age. Melbourne, Australia.
  3. Premier Postal History, Post Office List, archived from the original on 10 May 2008, retrieved 11 April 2008
  4. Atkinson, H. K., Suburban Tickets of the Victorian Railways, 1991.
  5. "Press Release Distribution" (Press release). Media-Newswire.com. 3 December 2007. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  6. http://cardinialeisure.com.au/pakenham-regional-tennis-centre/
  7. https://www.livinglearning.org.au/
  8. http://www.pakenhamcentralmarketplace.com.au/
  9. Parking at heart of retail talks [ permanent dead link ]
  10. http://pakenham.starcommunity.com.au/gazette/2015-08-19/champions-built-on-grit/
  11. Country Racing Victoria, Pakenham Racing Club, archived from the original on 19 July 2008, retrieved 7 May 2009
  12. Golf Select, Pakenham and District , retrieved 11 May 2009
  13. "Stink is back". Star News Group. 22 April 2010. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  14. "Something stinks". Star News Group. 26 November 2009. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  15. "Search on for stench". Star News Group. 3 December 2009. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  16. "On the nose". Star News Group. 27 May 2010. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  17. "Sick of Stench". Star News Group. 9 December 2009. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  18. Star News Group – Big if over whiff Archived 25 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  19. "Still stinking". Star News Group. 3 June 2010. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  20. "Stopping the stink". Star News Group. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  21. "Cardinia ratepayers battle green wedge 'folly'". Casey Weekly. 10 March 2012. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014.

Living & Learning Pakenham Inc