Paks

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Paks
PaksSacredHeartChurch.jpg
Sacred Heart Church
Flag of Paks.svg
Flag
Paks cimere.svg
Coat of arms
Hungary location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Paks
Location of Paks
Coordinates: 46°37′19″N18°51′21″E / 46.622047°N 18.855918°E / 46.622047; 18.855918 Coordinates: 46°37′19″N18°51′21″E / 46.622047°N 18.855918°E / 46.622047; 18.855918
Country Hungary
County Tolna
District Paks
Area
  Total154.08 km2 (59.49 sq mi)
Population
 (2009)
  Total19,833
  Density137/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
7030
Area code (+36) 75
Website paks.hu
Grand Hotel Erzsebet in Paks, built in 1844 Paks Erzsebet Szalloda.jpg
Grand Hotel Erzsébet in Paks, built in 1844
Paks Nuclear Power Plant Paksi atomeromu.JPG
Paks Nuclear Power Plant
The gold jewellery from the hoard found near Paks (1600-1200 BC) Bronze Age jewelleryDSCF6607.jpg
The gold jewellery from the hoard found near Paks (1600-1200 BC)

Paks is a small town in Tolna county, central Hungary, on the right bank of the Danube River, 100 km south of Budapest. Paks as a former agricultural settlement is now the home of the only Hungarian nuclear power plant, which provides about 40% of the country's electricity consumption.

Contents

History

The settlement was already inhabited in ancient times. It has played a role in the Ottoman Empire times and during Rákóczi's War of Independence. In the Budapest offensive in the final stages of the Second World War, Soviet troops occupied the town at great cost, followed by four decades of communist rule. Meanwhile, it was famous for its cannery, wine and fish soup. The country's only nuclear power plant was built in Paks in the 1980s, the final decade of Soviet rule within the country.

Description

In the 19th century, several mansions were built in the center of the old town, such as those in Szent István Tér, the main square of the town. The Catholic three-isled, basilica style Sacred Heart church was consecrated in 1901. There is a tablet in the wall of the baroque Szeniczey mansion to commemorate Ferenc Deák, 'the Sage of the Country'. The Town Museum is housed in the former Cseh-Vigyázó mansion. The Calvinist and the Lutheran churches were built in 1775 and 1884 respectively.

The Catholic Holy Spirit church, built according to the design of Imre Makovecz is considered to be an outstanding work of 20th-century architecture. There is a hundred-year-old chestnut alley lining the walkway on the Danube River bank. The town hosts the Spring Festival at Whitsuntide and the International Festival of Blues, Jazz, Rock and Gastronomy.

Sport

Paksi FC is a Hungarian football club based in Paks.

Atomerőmű SE is a Hungarian basketball club based in Paks.

Bronze Age hoard

A Bronze Age gold hoard of jewelry was found between Paks and Dunaföldvár on the right bank of the Danube in the 19th century. The treasure is now in the collections of the British Museum. [1]

Twin towns – sister cities

Paks is twinned with: [2]

See also

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References

  1. British Museum Collection
  2. "Testvérvárosok, partnervárosok". paks.hu (in Hungarian). Paks. Retrieved 2020-11-09.