Palace Museum

Last updated
  1. Digital
  2. Painting & Calligraphy
  3. Ceramic
  4. Treasury
  5. Timepiece
  6. Sculpture
  7. Architecture
  8. Bronzeware
  9. Xiqu
  10. Arsenal
  11. Furniture


The Palace Museum operates several academic organizations. The major two are the Palace Academy and the Palace Research Institute. It also hosts the Forbidden City Society, the Society of the Qing Palatial History, and the National Laboratory of Ancient Ceramics for Research and Preservation. [27]


The Palace Research Institute is headed by Zheng Xinmiao. It is the publisher of the Palace Museum Journal (故宫博物院院刊), Journal of Gugong Studies (故宫学刊). It has numerous research labs.


The Hospital for Conservation is the conservation branch of the museum responsible for the maintenance and conservation of the artifacts. It has several laboratories and studios responsible for the research and restoration of artifacts of different types. The laboratories are:

  1. Basic Analysis Lab
  2. Organic Conservation Lab
  3. Biology Lab
  4. Environmental Monitoring & Control Lab
  5. Inorganic Conservation Lab
  6. Historical Architecture Conservation Lab
  7. Sample Preparation Lab
  8. Computed Tomography Lab
  9. Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Lab

The studios are:

  1. Conservation Studio for Ceramics : Enamel Conservation, Ceramics Conservation, Stone Conservation
  2. Packaging Studio for Packaging : Package Design and Making
  3. Restoration Studio for Inlay Work : Restoration of Inlay Works.
  4. Restoration Studio for Lacquer: Lacquer Restoration
  5. Restoration Studio for Woodware : Furniture Restoration, Wooden Sculpture Restoration,
  6. Conservation Studio for Textile : Textile Conservation
  7. Restoration and Replication Studio for Bronzeware  : Bronzeware Conservation
  8. Studio for the Mounting of Calligraphy and Painting
  9. Replication Studio for of Calligraphy and Painting
  10. Restoration Studio for Timepiece: Timepiece Restoration
  11. Studio for Digital Replication
  12. Studio for Diverse Arts: Thangka Restoration, Mural Restoration, Oil Painting Restoration


The curator of the museum is Wang Xudong, formerly director of Dunhuang Research Academy. [28]

His predecessor Shan Jixiang is well reputed for his many reforms of the institution. [29]

Satellite and sister museums


Live Performance concert venue

The Forbidden City has also served as a performance venue. However, its use for this purpose is strictly limited, due to the heavy impact of equipment and performance on the ancient structures. Almost all performances said to be "in the Forbidden City" are held outside the palace walls.


  1. The main gate, the Gate of Divine Might, is now exit only.

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Lady Yehe-Nara


  1. Du, Juan (December 17, 2018). "Palace Museum sees record number of visitors". China Daily . Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  2. 故宫到底有多少间房 [How many rooms in the Forbidden City]. Singtao Net (in Simplified Chinese). 27 September 2006. Archived from the original on 18 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  3. "Visitors to Beijing Palace Museum Topped 16 Million in 2016, An Average of 40,000 Every Day". 3 January 2017.
  4. Bi (毕), Nan (楠). "Beijing's Forbidden City ranks most visited museum in the world –". Retrieved 2019-06-04.
  5. "Forbidden City becomes world's most visited museum". Retrieved 2019-06-04.
  6. "故宫到底有多少间房 (How many rooms in the Forbidden City)" (in Chinese). Singtao Net. 2006-09-27. Archived from the original on 2007-07-18. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  7. 1 2 "UNESCO World Heritage List: Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shenyang". UNESCO. Retrieved 2007-05-04.
  8. p 137, Yang (2003)
  9. Yan, Chongnian (2004). "国民—战犯—公民 (National - War criminal - Citizen)". 正说清朝十二帝 (True Stories of the Twelve Qing Emperors) (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. ISBN   710104445X.
  10. Cao Kun (2005-10-06). "故宫X档案: 开院门票 掏五毛钱可劲逛 (Forbidden City X-Files: Opening admission 50 cents)". Beijing Legal Evening (in Chinese). People Net. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
  11. 1 2 Wen, Lianxi, ed. (1925). 故宫物品点查报告 [Palace items auditing report]. Beijing: Caretaker Committee of the Qing Dynasty Imperial Family. Reprint (2004): Xianzhuang Book Company. ISBN   7-80106-238-8.
  12. Dorn, Frank (1970). The forbidden city: the biography of a palace. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 176. OCLC   101030.
  13. See map of the evacuation routes at: "National Palace Museum – Tradition & Continuity". National Palace Museum. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
  14. "National Palace Museum – Tradition & Continuity". National Palace Museum. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
  15. 1 2 3 "三大院长南京说文物 (Three museum directors talk artifacts in Nanjing)". Jiangnan Times (in Chinese). People Net. 2003-10-19. Archived from the original on 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  16. 1 2 "北京故宫与台北故宫 谁的文物藏品多? (Beijing Palace Museum and Taipei Palace Museum: which collection is bigger?)". Guangming Daily (in Chinese). Xinhua Net. 2005-01-16. Archived from the original on 2009-01-10. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  17. Jackie Craven. "Forbidden City in Beijing, China". Architecture.
  18. "Palace Museum puts its house in order". China Daily. Xinhua News Agency. 2011-01-27. Archived from the original on 2011-01-31. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  19. "Palace Museum discovers 55,000 items hidden within the Forbidden City – Life & Culture News – SINA English". Retrieved 2017-06-04.
  20. The Palace Museum. "Collection highlights – Paintings" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  21. Laufer, Berthold (1912). Jade: A Study in Chinese Archeology & Religion. Gloucestor MA: Reprint (1989): Peter Smith Pub Inc. ISBN   978-0-8446-5214-6.
  22. The Palace Museum. "Collection highlights – Jade" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  23. The Palace Museum. "Collection highlights – Bronzeware" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  24. The Palace Museum. "Collection highlights – Timepieces" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  25. The Palace Museum. "Gilded copper clock with the decoration of writing person" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  26. The Palace Museum. "Collection highlights – Palace artifacts" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2007-07-05.
  27. "学术 – 故宫博物院". Retrieved 2019-06-08.
  28. 李雯蕊. "Palace Museum director Shan Jixiang retires –". Retrieved 2019-04-19.
  29. "单霁翔". 故宫博物院. Retrieved 27 June 2022.
  30. "Biography". Archived from the original on 14 August 2011.
  31. "Turandot at the Forbidden City, Beijing 1998". Archived from the original on 2018-02-17. Retrieved 2007-05-01.; note some inconsistency in the description of the venue on the official site: it claims Archived 2016-04-25 at the Wayback Machine that the venue, the People's Cultural Palace, was the "Hall of Heavenly Purity". In fact, the Working People's Cultural Palace was the Temple to the Emperor's Ancestors= Working People's Cultural Palace.
  32. "Jean Michel Jarre lights up China". BBC. 2004-10-11. Retrieved 2007-05-01.
The Palace Museum
The Palace Museum Logo.svg
Forbidden City Beijing Shenwumen Gate.JPG
Front view of the Museum [note 1]
Palace Museum
Established10 October 1925;97 years ago (1925-10-10)
Location4 Jingshan Front St, Dongcheng, Beijing
Coordinates 39°55′01″N116°23′27″E / 39.91694°N 116.39083°E / 39.91694; 116.39083 Coordinates: 39°55′01″N116°23′27″E / 39.91694°N 116.39083°E / 39.91694; 116.39083
Collection size1,860,000
Visitors17 million (2018) [1]
Director Wang Xudong
Public transit access  1   at Tian'anmendong
  2    8   at Qianmen
Website (in English) (in Chinese)
Architect Kuai Xiang
Architectural style(s) Chinese architecture