Palakkad

Last updated

Palakkad
Palghat, Palakkattussery
City
Palakkad City collage.jpg
From top clockwise: Palakkad Municipal Office, IIT Palakkad, Government Victoria College, Palakkad, Chandranagar roundabout, Night view of Palakkad, Skyline of Palakkad
Nickname: 
Gateway of Kerala
India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Palakkad
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Palakkad
Coordinates: 10°46′30″N76°39′04″E / 10.775°N 76.651°E / 10.775; 76.651 Coordinates: 10°46′30″N76°39′04″E / 10.775°N 76.651°E / 10.775; 76.651
CountryIndia
State Kerala
Region South Malabar
District Palakkad
Government
  TypeMunicipality
  BodyPalakkad Municipality
  ChairpersonK. Priya Ajayan (BJP)
  Deputy ChairmanE. Krishnadas (BJP)
  Member of Parliament V. K. Sreekandan (INC)
  Member of Legislative Assembly Shafi Parambil (INC)
Area
[1]
  City26.60 km2 (10.27 sq mi)
  Metro
1,363 km2 (526 sq mi)
Elevation
84 m (276 ft)
Population
 (2011)
  City130,955
  Density4,900/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
   Metro
[2]
293,533
Demonym Palakkadan
Language
  Official Malayalam
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Postal Index Number
678 XXX
Area code +91-(0)491
Vehicle registration KL-09
Climate Am/Aw (Köppen)
Website palakkadmunicipality.in

Palakkad (Malayalam:  [pɐːlɐkːɐːɖɨ̆] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )), formerly known as Palghat, historically known as Palakkattussery is a city and municipality in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the administrative headquarters of the Palakkad District. Palakkad is most densely populated municipality and fourth densely populated city in Kerala. It was established before Indian independence under British rule and was known by the name Palghat. Palakkad is famous for the ancient Palakkad Fort, which is situated at the heart of the city and was captured and rebuilt by Hyder Ali in 1766. The city is situated about 347 kilometres (216 mi) northeast of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram.

Contents

The 18th-century Palakkad Fort has sturdy battlements, a moat, and a Hanuman temple on its grounds. North on the Kalpathy River, the 15th-century Viswanatha Swamy Temple is the main venue of the Ratholsavam chariot festival.The river Bharathappuzha flows through Palakkad. [3] Palakkad is located on the northern bank of Bharathappuzha River. [3]

Palakkad was included in the South Malabar region of Malabar District during the British Raj. The municipality of Palakkad was formed on 1 November 1866 according to the Madras Act 10 of 1865 (Amendment of the Improvements in Towns act 1850) of the British Indian Empire, along with the municipalities of Kozhikode, Kannur, Thalassery, and Fort Kochi, making them oldest modern municipalities in the state of Kerala.

Indian Institute of Technology, Palakkad is the first and only Indian Institute of Technology in Kerala. [4] [5] It is also home to Government Victoria College, one of the oldest institutes of higher education in the state, opened in 1888, and NSS College of Engineering, which was the fourth engineering college in Kerala, opened in 1960.

Palakkad Railway Division of Southern Railway Zone, one of the oldest Railway Division in India is headquartered here. A residential colony of the railway employees of Palakkad Railway Division known as Hemambika Nagar Railway Colony,one of the residential colonies under Southern Railway is also located near the office. [6] The only school in the state run by Southern Railways is also located within the colony. [7] Multi Disciplinary Divisional Training Institute (MDDTI) for Group C and D employees of the division,is also situated inside the colony. [8]

Etymology

The commonly held belief is that the name Palakkad is a fusion of two Malayalam words: pāla , which is the local name for blackboard tree (Alstonia scholaris), and kāṭŭ , which means forest. [9]

History

Palakkad Fort was captured and rebuilt by Mysore Sultan Hyder Ali in 1766 CE Palakkad Fort.JPG
Palakkad Fort was captured and rebuilt by Mysore Sultan Hyder Ali in 1766 CE

The region around Coimbatore was ruled by the Cheras during Sangam period between the. first and fourth centuries CE and it served as the eastern entrance to the Palakkad Gap, the principal trade route between the Malabar Coast and Tamil Nadu. [10] Palakkad city was ruled by the Palakkad Rajas (Tarur Swaroopam). [11] Palakkad Raja had the right over the Taluks of Palakkad, Alathur, and Chittur. [11] The original headquarters of Palakkad Rajas were at Athavanad, Tirur Taluk, in present-day Malappuram district. [11] It is said that their lands at Athavanad area were given to the Azhvanchery Thamprakkal and the Palakkad-Chittur areas were bought from them instead. [11] The territory of Palakkad Rajas had been under the Zamorin of Calicut for sometime. [11]

In 1757, to resist the invasion of the Zamorin of Kozhikode, the Palakkad Raja sought the help of the Hyder Ali of Mysore. [12] In 1766, Hyder Ali defeated the Zamorin of Kozhikode – an East India Company ally at the time – and absorbed Kozhikode into his state. [12] The Hyder Ali rebuilt Palakkad Fort in 1766. [13] The smaller princely states in northern and north-central parts of Kerala (Malabar District) including Kolathunadu, Kottayam, Kadathanadu, Kozhikode, Tanur, Valluvanad, and Palakkad were unified under Mysore and were made a part of the larger Kingdom of Mysore. [14] His son and successor, Tipu Sultan, launched campaigns against the expanding British East India Company, resulting in two of the four Anglo-Mysore Wars. [15] [16]

Tipu ultimately ceded the Malabar District and South Kanara to the company in the 1790s as a result of the Third Anglo-Mysore War and the subsequent Treaty of Seringapatam; both were annexed to the Bombay Presidency (which had also included other regions in the western coast of India) of British India in the years 1792 and 1799, respectively. [17] [18] [19] Later in 1800, both of the Malabar District and South Canara were separated from Bombay presidency to merge them with the neighbouring Madras Presidency. [13] Palakkad was under British Raj until 1947.

The municipality of Palakkad was formed on 1 November 1866 according to the Madras Act 10 of 1865 (Amendment of the Improvements in Towns act 1850) [20] [21] [22] [23] of the British Indian Empire, along with the municipalities of Kozhikode, Kannur, Thalassery, and Fort Kochi, making them the first modern municipalities in the modern state of Kerala.

At the time of 1951 Census of India, Palakkad was the second-largest city in the erstwhile Malabar District after Kozhikode. [24] At that time only two towns in Malabar was treated as cities: Kozhikode and Palakkad. [24] Following the formation of the state of Kerala in 1956, the erstwhile Taluk of Palakkad in Malabar District was divided into three: Palakkad, Alathur, and Chittur, and Palakkad district was formed by taking parts of erstwhile Malabar District. [13]

Geography

Topography map-Palakkad (Palghat) Bharathapuzha map.PNG
Topography map-Palakkad (Palghat)

Palakkad is the gateway to Kerala due to the presence of the Palakkad Gap in the Western Ghats. The city is located in central Kerala. Malayalam is the official language in Palakkad. Two main tributaries of Bharathapuzha, Kalpathi River and Kannadi River flows through the city. Of the numerous dams in Palakkad district, the largest Malampuzha dam is 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Palakkad city. [25]

City is situated about 347 kilometres (216 mi) northeast of state capital Trivandrum,144 kilometres (89 mi) of Kochi, 50 kilometres (31 mi) southwest of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu, 66 kilometres (41 mi) northeast of Thrissur, and 127 kilometres (79 mi) southeast of Kozhikode, which are mainly connected by National Highways namely, Salem-Kochi National Highway NH 544, and Kozhikode-Palakkad National Highway NH 966

Climate

Palakkad has a tropical wet and dry climate. Temperatures remain moderate throughout the year, with the exception being March and April, the hottest months. A very high amount of precipitation is received in Palakkad, mainly due to the South-West monsoon. July is the wettest month, and the total annual rainfall is around 83 inches (210 cm).

Climate data for Palakkad (1981–2010, extremes 1943–2005)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)37.6
(99.7)
40.0
(104.0)
41.4
(106.5)
41.8
(107.2)
41.2
(106.2)
40.4
(104.7)
33.6
(92.5)
33.8
(92.8)
35.8
(96.4)
36.2
(97.2)
38.0
(100.4)
36.6
(97.9)
41.8
(107.2)
Average high °C (°F)32.7
(90.9)
35.2
(95.4)
37.3
(99.1)
36.6
(97.9)
34.5
(94.1)
29.9
(85.8)
28.8
(83.8)
28.9
(84.0)
30.4
(86.7)
31.5
(88.7)
31.6
(88.9)
31.5
(88.7)
32.4
(90.3)
Average low °C (°F)22.0
(71.6)
22.4
(72.3)
24.1
(75.4)
25.0
(77.0)
24.8
(76.6)
23.2
(73.8)
22.6
(72.7)
23.0
(73.4)
23.0
(73.4)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
22.3
(72.1)
23.2
(73.8)
Record low °C (°F)15.6
(60.1)
15.8
(60.4)
18.6
(65.5)
18.8
(65.8)
19.2
(66.6)
19.0
(66.2)
18.8
(65.8)
19.2
(66.6)
19.4
(66.9)
15.8
(60.4)
16.1
(61.0)
14.0
(57.2)
14.0
(57.2)
Average rainfall mm (inches)3.6
(0.14)
3.6
(0.14)
15.7
(0.62)
61.3
(2.41)
125.1
(4.93)
410.6
(16.17)
453.2
(17.84)
290.3
(11.43)
154.9
(6.10)
196.1
(7.72)
102.3
(4.03)
21.3
(0.84)
1,838
(72.36)
Average rainy days0.30.30.93.35.918.720.015.89.210.14.70.990.1
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)46393852607982817573655661
Source: India Meteorological Department [26] [27]

Transport

Air

The nearest international airport is Coimbatore International Airport, which is about 62 kilometres (39 mi) from Palakkad. However, Cochin International Airport and Calicut International Airport serve the city as well.

There has been a proposal for a mini domestic airport at East Yakkara with respect to setting up domestic airports for enhanced air connectivity by the civil aviation ministry of India. 60 acres has been identified for the project at East Yakkara Palakkad. [28]

Olavakkode railway station, palakkad .jpg
Palakkad Junction Railway Station
KSRTC Bus Terminal Palakkad.jpg
KSRTC Bus terminal, Palakkad
G.B.Road, Palakkad.jpg
G.B.Road, Palakkad
English Church road.jpg
English Church road

Railways

The Palakkad railway division is one of the six administrative divisions of the Southern Railway zone of Indian Railways, headquartered at Palakkad. It is the smallest railway division in Southern Railway. It was formed by dissolving the Podanur division. Managing 588 route kilometers of track in the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Mahé (in the Union Territory of Puducherry), it is one of the oldest railway divisions in India. The major stations under this railway division are Palakkad Junction, Shoranur Junction, Ottapalam, Tirur, Kozhikode, Thalassery, Kannur, Kasaragod, Mangalore Central, Mangalore Junction and Pollachi Junction. The terminal facility of Palakkad division is situated in Shoranur Junction & Mangalore Central of Karnataka state.

The city is served by two railway stations – Palakkad Junction is a broad gauge railway junction (located at Olavakkode, about 4 km from Municipal bus stand) and Palakkad Town railway station located in the heart of the Palakkad city. The cities of Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam,Kozhikode,Coimbatore,Mangalore,Tiruppur,Erode, Salem, are connected by the broad gauge line. Train services to Pollachi, Dindigul and Madurai are through the broad gauge line through Palakkad Town station. [29] Shoranur Junction Railway Station also has rail connections to Mangalore and the Konkan Railway, enabling travel towards Goa and Bombay. The trains coming from other parts of India are diverted to the north and south Kerala from Shoranur Junction in Palakkad District. From here, there is train service to Calicut, Ernakulam, Trivandrum, Shoranur and Nilambur.

Road

Palakkad has a medium-grade network of roads. The National Highway 544 from Salem to Ernakulam passes through the outskirts of the city. National Highway 966 starts from Ramanattukara in Kozhikode and joins National Highway 544 at Chandranagar, one of the suburbs of the city. [30] Other important roads are the Palakkad – Ponnani road which connects NH 66 and Mumbai-Kanyakumari coastal NH 66. State Highway 52 begins near Chandranagar, which is 2.6 km from the city centre, which connects to Pollachi, and State Highway 27 begins at the Civil Station and connects to Meenakshipuram (Kerala-Tamil Nadu State Border).

Palakkad City has four Bus Stations includes Palakkad KSRTC bus terminal and three Private Bus stands named Stadium Bus Stand, Municipal Bus stand, and Town Bus Stand.

Demographics

Religions in palakkad
ReligionPercent
Hindus
68%
Muslims
27.9%
Christians
3.8%
Others
0.3%

As per Census 2011, population of Palakkad in 2011 is 130,955; of which male and female are 63,833 and 67,122 respectively. [31]

Total literates in Palakkad city are 112,479, of which 56,065 are males while 56,414 are females. The average literacy rate of Palakkad city is 94.20 percent of which male and female literacy was 96.83 and 91.73 percent. The literacy rate of the Palakkad Metropolitan Area is 92.14%, much higher than the national average of 59.5%. [32] [33]

Hindus form 68% of the population with 89098 members. [31] Muslims constitute 27.9% of the population with 36620 members. [31] Christians constitute 3.8% of the population with 5006 members. [31]

Governance

Legislature

Palakkad city is represented in the Kerala State Assembly by two elected members, one from Palakkad Assembly constituency and another from Malampuzha Assembly constituency, however Palakkad Municipality forms part of Palakkad Assembly Constituency. As of 2021,Shafi Parambil is the representative of Palakkad Assembly Constituency and A. Prabhakaran is the representative of Malampuzha Assembly Constituency.

The city is also a part of the Palakkad Lok Sabha constituency and elects a member to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India, once every five years. The current MP is V. K. Sreekandan of the Indian National Congress.

Executive

Collectorate of Palakkad district is located in the city and Mrunmai Joshi IAS is the District Collector currently. Many other offices including District Court Complex and District Panchayat Office is also situated within the city. Palakkad taluk office is also located in civil station which administers an area of 713 km2 with a population of 6,21,622 making it most populous taluk of the district.

Law and order

The city is the headquarters of Palakkad District Police. [34] Mainly, there are three police stations that serve the city, which are North, South and Traffic police stations. [35] [36] [37] However, Hemambika Nagar, Palakkad Kasaba,Malampuzha and Walayar Police Stations also serve the city. [38] [39] [40] [41] Kerala Armed Police 2 Battalion is situated at Muttikulangara, one of the suburbs. [42] District Armed Reserved Police Camp of Palakkad district is located at Kallekkad, located about 10 km from the centre of the city. [43]

Economy

Stadium bypass.jpg
Stadium bypass road
Palakkad City, Kunnathurmedu.jpg
Growing Skyline of Palakkad city
Shopping Mall in NH544, Kanjikode.jpg
A Shopping Mall in Kanjikode
Joby's Mall.jpg
Joby's Mall, first mall in Palakkad
Valiyangadi Market, Palakkad.jpg
Valiyangadi or Big Bazaar

The presence of Palakkad Gap and proximity to Coimbatore makes Palakkad economically important. British Physical Laboratories(BPL) was founded in 1963 in Palakkad. Market Road is one of the oldest and longest roads devoted for trade and commerce. It stretches from Melamuri Junction on the west to Shakunthala Junction on east covering a distance of 3 km, was the commercial centre of Palakkatussery and a major market place for buying and selling of goods. [44] These stretch of the city is known by Valiyangadi or Big Bazaar. Many wholesale shops are along this road. Kanjikode area of Palakkad city is second largest industrial hub in Kerala after Kochi. [45] Kanjikode has many companies like Indian Telephone Industries Limited (ITI), Instrumentation Limited, [46] Fluid Control Research Institute(FCRI), [47] Saint-Gobain India Private Limited (formerly SEPR Refractories India Private Limited), Patspin India Ltd, [48] Pepsi, PPS steel (Kerala) PVT Ltd, United Breweries, Empee Distilleries, Marico, Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML), Rubfila International Ltd, Arya Vaidya Pharmacy, [49] Kottakkal Arya Vaidya Sala [50] have production facilities. There are also many other steel manufacturing units and other production centres making it second largest industrial area in Kerala.

The commercialization of Palakkad city is Picking up and growing at a steady pace in recent years, Nowadays Palakkad city and the suburbs are witnessing a rapid amount of commercial and public development activities. [51] The developments are mainly concentrated on the bypass roads, Both Stadium and Calicut bypass roads [52] [53] passing through the city are getting major commercial projects. Major national and international branded Retail chains, food chains, Restaurants, Hotels, Shopping complexes, Textiles, branded jewelers,and Vehicle Showrooms, are functioning in and around the city. There are many housing colonies consisting of Villas and apartments also present in Palakkad City and its suburbs. [54] [55]

Civic Administration

On 3 July 1866, the Governor of Madras declared Palakkad as a city. [56] The municipality of Palakkad was formed on 1 November 1866 according to the Madras Act 10 of 1865. (Amendment of the Improvements in Towns act 1850). [57] On 11 September 1912, the system of electing the city father by the councillors began. [56] City Council expanded to 28 wards in 1938, 32 wards in 1973 and 36 wards in 1978. [56] During the period 1995-98 and in 2015 when Municipality celebrated 150 years, there were proposals to upgrade Palakkad Municipality to a Municipal Corporation. [58] [59] [60] Palakkad Municipality has 52 wards now, headed by Municipal Chairperson. [61] The current Chairperson of Palakkad Municipality is K.Priya Ajayan and E. Krishnadas is the deputy chairman.

Proposed Palakkad Municipal Corporation

The metropolitan area of Palakkad includes Palakkad Municipality, Hemambika Nagar, Marutharode, Pirayiri, Pudussery West, Pudussery Central and Puthupariyaram. [33] Its urban / metropolitan population is 293,566 of which 143,650 are males and 149,916 are females. The proposed Palakkad Municipal Corporation has an area of 197.566 km2. [62] Following local bodies are the local bodies which supposed to be the part.

Education

Thd city of Palakkad has number of Prominent Educational Institutions which provide a great platform for higher education.Government Victoria College, Palakkad was established in the year 1866, making it one of the oldest institution of higher learning in Kerala. First and the only Indian Institute of Technology in the state of Kerala, Indian Institute of Technology, Palakkad is located in the city. The campus currently functions in two campuses-temporary one at Ahalia Campus and the Nila campus which are separated by 13 km. It is one of the five new IITs proposed in the 2014 Union budget of India.

Government Medical College, Palakkad, started in 2014 is the first Government medical college in the district. It is the first medical college in country under Scheduled caste Development Department. NSS College of Engineering at Akathethara, is the fourth Engineering Institution established in Kerala, India. It was founded in 1960 by Nair Service Society.The college is one among the only three Govt-Aided Engineering college in Kerala and is the first Govt-Aided Engineering college accredited by NBA of AICTE. Chembai Memorial Government Music College is one of the main center of excellence in teaching Carnatic music in the state. It was given the name of the legendary Carnatic musician Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavathar from Palakkad. Mercy College is a women's college located in the city which was established in 1964. It is the first Women's college in the Palakkad District. The college is organized by the University Grants Commission.

Ahalia Campus is the largest edu-health campus in Kerala. It is located about 18 km from the centre of the city consisting of a number of educational institutions and medical institutes. It has three hospitals,one medical college, one school and five colleges which includes an engineering college, college of pharmacy, college of optometry, college of paramedical sciences and college of management. Basel Evangelical Mission Higher Secondary School, located in the city was established in 1858 making it one of the oldest schools in Kerala. Government Moyan Model Girls Higher Secondary School located in College Road was founded in 1917 and is one of the largest government schools in the state and one of the schools having large strength of students studying. [64]

Healthcare

First government medical college in the district,Government Medical College, Palakkad is located in the city. District Hospital located in Court Road is one of biggest district hospitals in Kerala. There are also some private hospitals for serving the city. Rajiv Gandhi Co-Operative Multispeciality Hospital is a Coperative Hospital located at Kallekkad, one of the suburbs of the city. [65] Ahalia Campus is the largest edu-health campus in Kerala located about 18 km from centre of the city, consists of 3 hospitals and 1 medical college including Ahalia Foundation Eye Hospital, Ahalia Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Ahalia Diabetes Hospital and Ahalia Women and Children's Hospital. [66]

Prominent People

Culture

Palakkad is a city where people from all the religion live together with peace. Many temples,mosques churches and other religious centres are located in and around the city. [67] [68] Manappullikavu Vela is one of the largest fests that takes place in the city. It is hosted by 8 sets of commities or deshams. Large crowd gathers in front of the fort for witnessing the fest. Elephants and the fireworks are the highlights. [69] Kalpathi Ratholsavam is an annual fest that takes place in Kalpathy, which is the first heritage village in Kerala. Chariot is the main attraction of the fest. [70] There are also many other festivals in the city where people come and enjoy with unity by forgetting about religion.

Heritage villages or mostly called by agraharams are important as far as the city is concerned. There are around 24 heritage villages in and around the city [71] where the Tamil Brahmins migrated from parts Tamil Nadu many years before live together. [72] A Jain temple is located at Jainamedu, one of the suburbs of the city and is one of the few places in Kerala where the vestiges of Jainism in Kerala have survived. [73] Sree Emoor Bhagavathy temple located at Kallekulangara, another suburb of the city is believed to be consecrated by Parasurama for the safety of Kerala. [74] Holy Trinity English Church located near Palakkad Fort was established in the year 1855. [75] The only Urdu Juma Masjid in Kerala is located at Diara Street. [76]

A street in Kalpathy Kalpathy Palakkad.jpg
A street in Kalpathy

Media

Some of the major Malayalam and English newspapers from Kerala including Malayala Manorama , Mathrubhumi , Deshabhimani , and Suprabhaatham Daily , have printing centers in the city and there are also few evening newspapers published in the city. Local news channels like (ACV) are also functioning in the city. Palakkad Press Club is located on Robinson road, Sultanpet. A private FM Station operating in Palakkad at Ahalya Campus. There is a long-term demand for setting up a government FM Station in Palakkad. At present total number of 8 cinema halls are operational in Palakkad which screens Malayalam, English, Tamil, and Hindi movies, there are few other multiplex screens are under construction and expect to open near future in and around the city.

Sports

Palakkad has a rich history of producing some world class athletes in the state, Palakkad, Indira Gandhi Municipal Stadium in the center of city was once used for Major sports meets and football matches in state, now the stadium is not in condition for conducting games due to the lack of maintenance, There is a proposal for the renovation of the stadium with international facilities by the Municipality, [77] The city has Fort Maidan [78] also known as Kota Maidanam, is a multi-use stadium in the center of the Palakkad, India. It is currently used mostly for cricket matches. Fort Maidan holds a maximum capacity of 10,000 people at a time. Up until 2002 the ground was considered for local cricket only. [79] In 2003, Ranji Trophy was introduced in Fort Maidan. The city has an indoor stadium [80] located near Government Victoria College, Palakkad with a total area of 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) with commercial establishments is still unfinished & incomplete. There is a Synthetic Track with Eight lines operational in the ground of the Government Medical College, Palakkad. [81]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kozhikode</span> City in Kerala, India

Kozhikode, also known in English as Calicut, is a city along the Malabar Coast in the state of Kerala in India. It has a corporation limit population of 609,224 and a metropolitan population of more than 2 million, making it the second largest metropolitan area in Kerala and the 19th largest in India. Kozhikode is classified as a Tier 2 city by the Government of India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Palakkad district</span> District in Kerala, India

Palakkad District is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala. It was carved out from the southeastern region of the former Malabar District on 1 January 1957. It is located at the centre of Kerala. It is the largest district in the state since 2006. The city of Palakkad is the district headquarters. Palakkad is bordered on the northwest by the Malappuram district, on the southwest by the Thrissur district, on the northeast by Nilgiris district, and on the east by Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu. The district is nicknamed "The granary of Kerala". Palakkad is the gateway to Kerala due to the presence of the Palakkad Gap, in the Western Ghats. The 2,383 m high Anginda peak, which is situated in the border of Palakkad district, Nilgiris district, and Malappuram district, in Silent Valley National Park, is the highest point of elevation in Palakkad district. Palakkad city is located just 50 km away from Coimbatore, a major city in Tamil Nadu state.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shoranur</span> Town in Kerala, India

Shornur is a town and a municipality located in the Palakkad district, in the Indian state of Kerala, located on the banks of the Bharathapuzha River. The town covers an area of 32.28 km2.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nilambur</span> Place in Kerala, India

Nilambur is a major town, a municipality and a Taluk in the Malappuram district of the Indian state of Kerala. It is located close to the Nilgiris range of the Western Ghats on the banks of the Chaliyar River. This place is also known as 'Teak Town' because of the abundance of Nilambur teaks in this area; Which is a variety of a large, deciduous tree that occurs in mixed hardwood forests. Unlike many Municipalities of India; Nilambur is covered with large amounts of vegetation making it close to nature and hence make it very scenic and inspiring.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ottapalam</span> Town in Kerala, India

Ottapalam, is a town, taluk and municipality in the Palakkad District, Kerala, India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Ottapalam taluk. Ottapalam is located about 36 km from district headquarters Palakkad. Ottapalam is located along the banks of Bharathapuzha, second longest river of the state.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kannur</span> Metropolis in Kerala, India

Kannur, formerly known in English as Cannanore, is a city and a municipal corporation in the state of Kerala, India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Kannur district and situated 274 kilometres (170 mi) north of the major port city and commercial hub Kochi and 137 kilometres (85 mi) south of the major port city and a commercial hub, Mangalore. During the period of British colonial rule in India, when Kannur was a part of the Malabar District, the city was known as Cannanore. Kannur is the sixth largest urban agglomeration in Kerala. As of 2011 census, Kannur Municipal Corporation, the local body which administers mainland area of city, had a population of 232,486.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Payyanur</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Payyanur, IPA: [pɐjːɐn̺ːuːɾ], is a municipal town and a taluk, a sub-district administrative unit, in the Kannur district of Kerala, India. On 10 March 2018, Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan inaugurated Payyanur as the fifth taluk in the district. Payyanur taluk comprises 22 villages including 16 de-linked from the Taliparamba taluk and six from the Kannur taluk. The town is situated on the banks of the Perumba River.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Malabar District</span> Administrative district of British India

Malabar District, also known as Malayalam District, was an administrative district on the southwestern Malabar Coast of Bombay Presidency (1792-1800) and Madras Presidency (1800-1947) in British India, and independent India's Madras State (1947-1956). It was the most populous and the third-largest district in the erstwhile Madras State. The British district included the present-day districts of Kannur, Kozhikode, Wayanad, Malappuram, Palakkad, Chavakad Taluk and parts of Kodungallur Taluk of Thrissur district, and Fort Kochi area of Ernakulam district in the northern and central parts of present Kerala state, the Lakshadweep Islands, and a major portion of the Nilgiris district in Tamil Nadu. The detached settlements of Tangasseri and Anchuthengu, which were British colonies within the kingdom of Travancore in southern Kerala, also formed part of Malabar District until 1927. Malayalam was the administrative as well as the most spoken lingua franca of Malabar District during British Rule. Jeseri, a distinct dialect of Malayalam, was spoken in the Laccadive Islands. Malabar District merged with the erstwhile state of Travancore-Cochin (1950-1956) to form Kerala according to the States Reorganisation Act, 1956. On the same day, the present Kasaragod district of South Canara District was also attached to Malabar, and the Laccadive & Minicoy Islands of Malabar were reorganised to form a new Union Territory. Malabar was trifurcated to form the districts of Kannur, Kozhikode, and Palakkad, on 1 January 1957.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pattambi</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Pattambi is a town taluk and municipality in the Palakkad district of the state of Kerala, India. It is also the administrative headquarters of the Pattambi Taluk. Pattambi is located along the banks of Bharathappuzha river. A Mini Civil Station also functions here to provide government related services.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cherpulassery</span> Town in Kerala, India

Cherpulassery is a town and municipality in the Palakkad district, of Kerala, India. Cherpulassery is often called the Sabarimala of Malabar as the famous Ayyappankavu temple is located here. The Puthanalakkal Bhagavathi temple and the Kalavela and Pooram associated with it is one of the largest festivals in the region. The town is located about 43 km (27 mi) west of the district headquarters at Palakkad on State Highway 53. Cherpulassery is known among the football enthusiasts all across the state thanks to the football team AL Madeena,Cherpulassery.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Malampuzha Dam</span> Dam in Palakkad District, Kerala

Malampuzha Dam is the second largest dam and reservoirs in Kerala, located near Palakkad, in the state of Kerala in South India, built post independence by the then Madras state. Situated in the scenic hills of the Western Ghats in the background it is a combination of a masonry dam with a length of 1,849 metres and an earthen dam with a length of 220 metres making it the longest dam in the state. The dam is 355 feet high and crosses the Malampuzha River, a tributary of Bharathappuzha, Kerala's second longest river. There is a network of two canal systems that serve the dam's reservoir of 42,090 hectares.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nilambur–Shoranur line</span> Railway line in India

Nilambur–Shoranur line is a 66 kilometres (41 mi)-long single-line, non-electrified broad-gauge (1676 mm) railway spur branch line of the Indian Railways connecting Nilambur Road railway station in Malappuram district with Shoranur Junction in Palakkad district in the state of Kerala. It is a branch line administered by the Palakkad railway division of the Southern Railway zone and one of the shortest broad-gauge railway lines in India. It was laid by the British in colonial era for the transportation of Nilambur Teak logs into United Kingdom through Kozhikode.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shoranur Junction railway station</span>

Shoranur Junction is the railway station located at Shoranur, Palakkad District, Kerala. It comes under the Palakkad Railway Division of the Southern Railway. It is the largest railway station in the state of Kerala in terms of area. It is an important junction because it is the point at which the line from Chennai via Jolarpettai, Erode and Palakkad meets the coastal line from Mangalore to Kanyakumari. Further, Shoranur junction is the node from which a separate Branch line goes to the town of Nilambur, about 66 km to the north. The Nilambur–Shoranur line, which connects two tiny hill-towns, is one of the most picturesque in India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Palakkad Junction railway station</span> Railway station in Kerala, India

Palakkad Junction is one of the largest railway station in Kerala state, India situated in the city of Palakkad and the second largest railway station in the district. Palakkad Junction is the cleanest railway station in the state of Kerala as per the survey conducted by Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporation. It also boasts one of the longest railway platforms in Kerala. Palakkad Junction serves as the major railway hub for the city of Palakkad in Kerala while the secondary hub, Palakkad Town railway station which is situated in the heart.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kanjikode</span> Town in Kerala, India

Kanjikode or Kanchikode is an industrial town located 13 km (8.1 mi) east of Palakkad. Kanjikode is the second largest industrial hub in Kerala after Kochi.The town is part of Pudussery Panchayat. It is one of the growing suburbs of Palakkad city. First and the only Indian Institute of Technology in Kerala, Indian Institute of Technology,Palakkad was established in Kanjikode.

Perinthalmanna is a major town and municipality in Malappuram district, Kerala, India. It serves as the headquarters of the Perinthalmanna taluk, and a block and a Revenue Division by the same name. It was formerly the headquarters of Valluvanad Taluk, which was one of the two Taluks in Malappuram Revenue Division of the erstwhile Malabar District during the British Raj. The town is located 23 kilometres (14 mi) south-west to the city of Malappuram at the centre of the Kozhikode-Malappuram-Perinthalmanna- Palakkad National Highway 966.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Education in Palakkad district</span>

Palakkad District is one of the main centre of education in Kerala state India. Palakkad District has Prominent Educational Institutions provide platform for various level of education. The district is home to the only Indian Institute of Technology in Kerala state. Palakkad District has three educational districts namely Palakkad, Ottappalam and Mannarkkad. There are several educational institutions working across the district. Government Victoria College, Palakkad, Government Engineering College, Sreekrishnapuram, NSS College of Engineering, Government Medical College, Palakkad, Chembai Memorial Government Music College, and many more higher level of educational institutions are located in Palakkad District.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Malabar</span> Geographical / Historical Area in Kerala, India

South Malabar refers to a geographical area of the southwestern coast of India covering some parts of the present-day Kerala. South Malabar covers the regions included in present-day Kozhikode taluk of Kozhikode district, the whole area of Malappuram district, Chavakkad taluk of Thrissur district, and Palakkad district, excluding parts of Chittur taluk. The Fort Kochi region of Kochi city also historically belongs to South Malabar. The term South Malabar refers to the region of the erstwhile Malabar District south to the river Korapuzha, and bears a high cultural similarity to both the Cochin and the North Malabar region.

References

  1. "Thiruvananthapuram Corporation General Information". Corporation of Thiruvananthapuram. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  2. "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 million and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  3. 1 2 DISTRICT CENSUS HANDBOOK PALAKKAD - 2011 (Part XII-B) (PDF). Thiruvananthapuram: Directorate of Census Operations, Kerala. 2011.
  4. TNN (6 April 2022). "NIT Goa, three IITs to enter into MoU with Norway university". The Times of India. Panaji. Retrieved 17 April 2022.
  5. Currespondent, Our (11 January 2022). "IIT Palakkad launches national challenge for students to boost innovation in energy sector". Telegraph India. Palakkad. Retrieved 17 April 2022.
  6. Bureau, The Hindu (18 April 2022). "World Heritage Day: Palakkad railway division showcases narrow gauge locomotive". The Hindu. ISSN   0971-751X . Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  7. "List of Railway Schools in India – All Zones Railway News In One Blog". www.indianrailwayportal.in. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  8. "MDDTI PALAKKAD – An ISO 9001:2015 certified organisation" . Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  9. A. Sreedhara Menon (1978). Kerala Samskāram. DC Books. p. 237. ISBN   9788126415854.
  10. Subramanian, T. S (28 January 2007). "Roman connection in Tamil Nadu". The Hindu . Archived from the original on 19 September 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 Shreedhara Menon, A (2007). 'Kerala Charitram. Kottayam: DC Books. pp. 200–201. ISBN   9788126415885.
  12. 1 2 K. V. Krishna Iyer (1938), Zamorins of Calicut: From the earliest times to AD 1806, Norman Printing Bureau, Kozhikode
  13. 1 2 3 A Survey of Kerala History, A. Shreedhara Menon
  14. Raghunath Rai. History. FK Publications. pp. 14–. ISBN   978-81-87139-69-0 . Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  15. British Museum; Anna Libera Dallapiccola (22 June 2010). South Indian Paintings: A Catalogue of the British Museum Collection. Mapin Publishing Pvt Ltd. pp. 12–. ISBN   978-0-7141-2424-7 . Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  16. Edgar Thorpe, Showick Thorpe; Thorpe Edgar. The Pearson CSAT Manual 2011. Pearson Education India. p. 99. ISBN   978-81-317-5830-4 . Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  17. The Edinburgh Gazetteer. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. 1827. pp. 63–. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  18. Dharma Kumar (1965). Land and Caste in South India: Agricultural Labor in the Madras Presidency During the Nineteenth Century. CUP Archive. pp. 87–. GGKEY:T72DPF9AZDK. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  19. K.P. Ittaman (1 June 2003). History of Mughal Architecture Volume Ii. Abhinav Publications. pp. 30–. ISBN   978-81-7017-034-1 . Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  20. "CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF CENTRAL ACTS (Updated up to 17-10-2014)". Lawmin.nic.in. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  21. Lewis McIver, G. Stokes (1883). Imperial Census of 1881 Operations and Results in the Presidency of Madras ((Vol II) ed.). Madras: E.Keys at the Government Press. p. 444. Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  22. Presidency, Madras India (1915). Madras District Gazetteers, Statistical Appendix For Malabar District (Vol.2 ed.). Madras: The Superintendent, Government Press. p. 20. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  23. HENRY FROWDE, M.A., Imperial Gazetteer of India (1908–1909). Imperial Gazetteer of India (New ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  24. 1 2 1951 census handbook - Malabar district (PDF). Chennai: Government of Madras. 1953.
  25. Fact sheet on Indian dams at Diehardindian.com Archived 2006-12-13 at the Wayback Machine
  26. "Station: Palakkad (Palghat) Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 581–582. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  27. "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M109. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  28. "60 Acres Identified For Airport Project". The Hindu . Chennai, India. 21 May 2011. Archived from the original on 26 May 2011.
  29. "Train services resume on Pollachi – Palakkad section". Coimbatore. The Hindu. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
  30. "National Highways and their lengths" Archived 6 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine . National Highways Authority of India. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  31. 1 2 3 4 http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-01/DDW32C-01%20MDDS.XLS [ bare URL spreadsheet file ]
  32. "Palakkad – Census of India". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  33. 1 2 "Palakkad Urban Region". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  34. "Welcome - Palakkad District Police | Home". palakkad.keralapolice.gov.in. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  35. "Official Website of Palakkad - Town North Police Station". palakkad.keralapolice.gov.in. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  36. "Official Website of Palakkad - Town South Police Station". palakkad.keralapolice.gov.in. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  37. "Official Website of Palakkad - Traffic Police Station". palakkad.keralapolice.gov.in. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  38. "Official Website of Palakkad - Hemambika Nagar Police Station". palakkad.keralapolice.gov.in. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  39. "Official Website of Palakkad - Kasaba Police Station". palakkad.keralapolice.gov.in. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  40. "Official Website of Palakkad - Malampuzha Police Station". palakkad.keralapolice.gov.in. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  41. "Official Website of Palakkad - Walayar Police Station". palakkad.keralapolice.gov.in. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  42. "Official Website of Kerala Police - Kerala Armed Police - II". keralapolice.gov.in. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  43. "Kallekkad AR Police Camp, Kerala, India". soamaps.com. Retrieved 19 September 2022.
  44. Palakkadwalks (13 November 2011). "PALAKKADWALKS: "Wonder City Of Palakkad"". PALAKKADWALKS. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  45. "Kerala: Kanjikode becoming a medical oxygen hub | Kochi News - Times of India". The Times of India. TNN. 28 April 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  46. "Instrumentation Limited, Palakkad, Kerala, India - Manufacturers and exporters of control, butterfly, globe, safety relief, bellows sealed, engineering, angle, high pressure valves and actuator, instrumentation, transmitter, desuper heater, power cylinder, orifice, cavitation and positioner". ilpgt.com. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  47. "Fluid Control Research Institute -". FCRI India. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  48. "History of Patspin India Ltd., Company". Goodreturn. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  49. www.ambitionbox.com. "Arya Vaidya Pharmacy Overview and Company Profile". AmbitionBox. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  50. "Manufacturing Units | Arya Vaidya Sala Kottakkal". www.aryavaidyasala.com. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  51. "shopping in palakkad in Palakkad, Palaghat, Palakkad and List of shopping in palakkad in Palakkad, Palaghat, Palakkad City Guide > Kerala > Palakkad city Directory > City Guide India > Display Page:- 2". Webindia123.com City Guide. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  52. "Stadium Bypass Road, Palakkad (Kunnathurmedu North)". streets.openalfa.in. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  53. ലേഖകൻ, മാധ്യമം (9 June 2021). "കൽമണ്ഡപം-ശേഖരിപുരം ബൈപാസ് ഇനി മാതൃക റോഡ് | Madhyamam". www.madhyamam.com (in Malayalam). Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  54. CommonFloor.com. "Ongoing Apartments, Flats Projects In Palakkad | Commonfloor". www.commonfloor.com. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  55. "92 Apartments, Flats for Sale in Palakkad | Houses for Sale in Palakkad - QuikrHomes". www.quikr.com/homes. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  56. 1 2 3 "ആമുഖം | Palakkad Municipality". 30 December 2019. Archived from the original on 30 December 2019. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
  57. McIver, Lewis; Stokes, G. (1883). Imperial Census of 1881: Operations and Results in the Presidency of Madras. Government Press.
  58. "IMG-20220906-WA0044.jpg". Google Docs. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  59. "Palakkad municipality celebrates a milestone". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 4 April 2015. ISSN   0971-751X . Retrieved 6 September 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  60. "19-2-19p1.jpg". Google Docs. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  61. "Local Body Elections 2020 - TREND by State Election Commission Kerala". 117.239.77.93. Retrieved 6 September 2022.
  62. "Geomorphological and Land Use/Land Cover Studies around ..." online.fliphtml5.com. Retrieved 29 October 2022.
  63. https://i.postimg.cc/MHwqnmBg/19-2-19p1.jpg [ bare URL image file ]
  64. "Government Moyan Model Girls Higher Secondary School Palakkad Palakkad 1 Palakkad Palakkad (Kerala) | StudyApt". www.studyapt.com. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  65. "Rajiv Gandhi Co-Operative Multispeciality Hospital | Palakkad | India" . Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  66. "Home". Ahalia Health Heritage & Knowledge Village. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  67. "Temples at Palakkad". www.palakkadtourism.org. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  68. "Mosque at Palakkad district, Kerala". www.helpmecovid.com. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  69. "Manappullikavu Vela of Sree Manapulli Bhagavathy Temple | Festivals of Kerala". www.keralaculture.org. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  70. "Kalpathi Ratholsavam - the chariot festival at Sree Viswanatha Swamy Temple, Palakkad". Kerala Tourism. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  71. "About Chathapuram Agraharam – Chathapuram Sri Prasanna Maha Ganapathy Temple" . Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  72. "Palakkad - Agraharams -". 13 July 2021. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  73. Mathew, Biju (1 August 2012). Kerala Tradition & Fascinating Destinations 2012. Biju Mathew | Info Kerala Communications Pvt Ltd. ISBN   978-81-921284-1-2.
  74. "SREE EMOOR BHAGAVATHY DEVASWOM | KALLEKULANGARA | PALAKKAD". sreeemoorbhagavathy.org. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  75. "Holy Trinity English Church at Palakkad". Kerala Tourism. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  76. "Daira Street Urdu Juma Masjid, Palakkad". www.palakkadtourism.org. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  77. "Palakkad municipal stadium turns into dump yard covered with weeds".
  78. "Fort Maidan | India | Cricket Grounds | ESPNcricinfo.com".
  79. "The Home of CricketArchive".
  80. "Palakkad Indoor Stadium".
  81. "Synthetic track for Palakkad". The Hindu. 7 September 2015.