Palakkad district

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Palghat District
Palakkad Fort 5.jpg
Palakkad City, Kunnathurmedu.jpg
Ottpalam town3.jpg
Pattambi Town1.jpg
Alathur Town1.jpg
Clockwise from top:
Palakkad Fort, Ottapalam town, Alathur town, Malampuzha Dam Water Canal, Pattambi town, Palakkad city
The Granary of Kerala
India Kerala Palakkad district.svg
Location in Kerala
Palakkad district
Palakkad district
Coordinates: 10°46′30″N76°39′04″E / 10.775°N 76.651°E / 10.775; 76.651
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
Region South Malabar
Headquarters Palakkad
  CollectorDr.S.Chitra IAS [1]
  S.PDebesh Kumar Behera, IPS
  DFONarendranath Veluri, IFS
  Total4,482 km2 (1,731 sq mi)
  Rank 2nd
Highest elevation2,383 m (7,818 ft)
 (2018) [2]
  Density659/km2 (1,710/sq mi)
  Official Malayalam, English [3]
  Religion (2011)
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 code IN-KL-PKD
Vehicle registration KL-09 Palakkad,
KL-49 Alathur,
KL-50 Mannarkkad,
KL-51 Ottappalam,
KL-52 Pattambi,
KL-70 Chittur-Thathamangalam
HDI (2005)Increase2.svg 0.761 [6] ( High)
Literacy 89.31% [7]

Palakkad (Malayalam: [pɐːlɐkːɐːɖɨ̆] ) is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala. It was carved out of the southeastern region of the former Malabar District on 1 January 1957. It is located at the central region of Kerala and is the second largest district in the state after Idukki. The city of Palakkad is the district headquarters. Palakkad is bordered on the northwest by the Malappuram district, on the southwest by the Thrissur district, on the northeast by Nilgiris district, and on the east by Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu. The district is nicknamed "The granary of Kerala". Palakkad is the gateway to Kerala due to the presence of the Palakkad Gap, in the Western Ghats. The 2,383 m high Anginda peak, which is situated in the border of Palakkad district, Nilgiris district, and Malappuram district, in Silent Valley National Park, is the highest point of elevation in Palakkad district. Palakkad city is about 347 kilometres (216 mi) northeast of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram.


The total area of the district is 4,480 km2 (1,730 sq mi) which is 11.5% of the state's area which makes it the second largest district of Kerala. Out of the total area of 4,480 km2 (1,730 sq mi), about 1,360 km2 (530 sq mi) of land is covered by forests. Most parts of the district fall in the midland region (elevation 75–250 m or 246–820 ft), except the Nelliampathy-Parambikulam area in the Chittur taluk in the south and Attappadi-Malampuzha area in the north, which are hilly and fall in the highland region (elevation >250 m or 820 ft). Attappadi valley of Palakkad district, along with the Chaliyar valley of the neighbouring Nilambur region (Eastern Eranad region) in Malappuram district, is known for natural Gold fields, [8] which is also seen in other parts of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.

The climate is pleasant for most parts of the year, the exception is the summer months. There is sufficient rainfall and it receives more rainfall than the extreme southern districts of Kerala. The district has many small and medium rivers, which are tributaries of the Bharathapuzha River. A number of dams have been built across these rivers, the largest being the Malampuzha dam. The largest in volume capacity is the Parambikulam Dam [9] Bhavani River, which is a tributary of Kaveri River, also flows through the district. Kadalundi River has its origin in Silent Valley National Park. The Chalakudy River also flows through district.

Palakkad district have total number of seven municipalities.The largest city in the district is the Palakkad municipality. [10] The municipalities in the district are Palakkad city, Ottapalam, Shornur, Chittur-Tattamangalam, Pattambi, Cherpulassery and Mannarkkad. [11] Out of the total Palakkad District population for 2011 Census of India, 24.09 percent lives in urban regions of district. In total 676,810 people lives in urban areas of which males are 328,012 and females are 348,798. Sex Ratio in urban region of Palakkad District is 1063 as per 2011 Census of India data. Similarly child sex ratio in Palakkad District was 959 in 2011 census. Child population (0-6) in urban region was 70,405 of which males and females were 35,933 and 34,472. This child population figure of Palakkad district is 10.95% of total urban population.


In earlier times, Palakkad was also known as Palakkattussery. [12] Many concluded that Palakkad is derived from 'Pala', an indigenous tree which once densely occupied the land; and hence Palakkad or "the forest of Pala trees".Some believe, connecting the ancient Jain Temple in the town, that the sacred language Pali gave the name. [13] In 1757, to check the invasion of the Zamorin of Calicut, the Palakkad Raja sought the help of Hyder Ali of Mysore. Later his son Tipu Sultan became the ruler.

Before the Indian Independence, present-day Kerala state was scattered in South Canara, Malabar District of British India, and two princely states namely Cochin and Travancore. The first All-Kerala conference of Indian National Congress was held in 1921 at Ottapalam on the banks of the river Bharathappuzha, which also later demanded a separate state for the Malayalam-speaking regions in future Independent India. Kerala Pradesh Congress Committee was formed in that conference. Before that, Malabar District, Cochin, and Travancore had separate Congress committees. Ottapalam is located right in the middle of Kerala state.


The region around Coimbatore was ruled by the Cheras during Sangam period between c. first and the fourth centuries CE and it served as the eastern entrance to the Palakkad Gap, the principal trade route between the Malabar Coast and Tamil Nadu. [14] Palakkad city, which lies on the northern bank of the River Bharathappuzha, was ruled by the Palakkad Rajas (Tarur Swaroopam). [15] Palakkad Raja had the right over the Taluks of Palakkad, Alathur, and Chittur. [15] The original headquarters of Palakkad Rajas were at Athavanad, Tirur Taluk, in present-day Malappuram district. [15] It is said that their lands at Athavanad area were given to the Azhvanchery Thamprakkal and the Palakkad-Chittur areas were bought from them instead. [15]

Pattambi-Ottapalam Taluk were ruled by the Zamorin of Calicut, and Mannarkkad Taluk was a part of the Kingdom of Valluvanad, which was also later annexed by the Zamorin. [15] Pattambi - Ottapalam areas were originally a part of Nedunganad (ruled by Nedungadis, which was later annexed by the Kingdom of Valluvanad, which was again followed by the conquest of the Zamorin of Calicut around 15th century C. E. [15] Nedunganad was ruled by a Samanthan Nair clan known as Nedungadis, similar to the Eradis of Eranad and Vellodis of Valluvanad. Other kingdoms in Palakkad district during medieval period included Kollengode and Kavalappara. [15] Both of them became a part of the kingdom of Zamorin of Calicut around 15th century CE. [15] Parts of Palakkad had also become under the Zamorin for sometime. [15]

In 1757, to resist the invasion of the Zamorin of Kozhikode, the Palakkad Raja sought the help of the Hyder Ali of Mysore. [16] In 1766, Hyder Ali defeated the Zamorin of Kozhikode – an East India Company ally at the time – and absorbed Kozhikode into his state. [16] The Hyder Ali rebuilt Palakkad Fort in 1766. [17] The smaller princely states in northern and north-central parts of Kerala (comprising Malabar District) including Kolathunadu, Kottayam, Kadathanadu, Kozhikode, Tanur, Valluvanad, and Palakkad were unified under the rulers of Mysore and were made a part of the larger Kingdom of Mysore. [18] His son and successor, Tipu Sultan, launched campaigns against the expanding British East India Company, resulting in two of the four Anglo-Mysore Wars. [19] [20]

Malabar District in 1951 Malabar District (1951 Census).svg
Malabar District in 1951

Tipu ultimately ceded the Malabar District and South Kanara to the company in the 1790s as a result of the Third Anglo-Mysore War and the subsequent Treaty of Seringapatam; both were annexed to the Bombay Presidency (which had also included other regions in the western coast of India) of British India in the years 1792 and 1799 respectively. [21] [22] [23] Later in 1800, both of the Malabar District and South Canara were separated from Bombay presidency to merge them with the neighbouring Madras Presidency. [24] Palakkad was under British Raj until 1947.

The municipality of Palakkad was formed on 1 November 1866 according to the Madras Act 10 of 1865 (Amendment of the Improvements in Towns act 1850) [25] [26] [27] [28] of the British Indian Empire, along with the municipalities of Kozhikode, Kannur, Thalassery, and Fort Kochi, making them the first modern municipalities in the modern state of Kerala.

Present-day Palakkad district was a part of Malabar District before the formation of Palakkad district. [29] [17] Thrithala Revenue block of present-day Pattambi Taluk was a part of the Ponnani taluk. [30] Rest of Pattambi Taluk, Ottapalam, and Mannarkkad Taluks were included in the Valluvanad Taluk of Malappuram Revenue Division in Malabar District. [17] [31] The remaining three Taluks of current Palakkad district (Palakkad, Alathur, and Chittur) together formed the Palghat Taluk of Malabar District during British Raj. [17] [31]

At the time of 1951 Census of India, Palakkad was the second-largest city in the erstwhile Malabar District after Kozhikode. [32] At that time only two towns in Malabar was treated as cities: Kozhikode and Palakkad. [32] Following the formation of the state of Kerala in 1956, the erstwhile Taluk of Palakkad in Malabar District was divided into three: Palakkad, Alathur, and Chittur. [24] Palakkad district was formed by taking parts of the erstwhile Malabar District. [31] On 16 June 1969, Perinthalmanna taluk and Ponnani taluk were separated to form Malappuram district. [30] On same day, Parudur village of Tirur Taluk was transferred to Palakkad district. [30] [33] Later some years, the Silent Valley National Park of Karuvarakundu village in Eranad Taluk (now Karuvarakundu is a part of Nilambur Taluk) of Malappuram district was transferred Mannarkkad Taluk in Palakkad district. [33]


Kerala Legislative Assembly seats

Legislative Assembly constituencies with their limits Legislative Assembly constituencies of Palakkad.svg
Legislative Assembly constituencies with their limits

There are 12 legislative assembly seats in Palakkad.

Kerala Legislative Assembly Constituencies from Palakkad district (12)
Sl no.ConstituencyMemberPartyAlliance
1 Thrithala M. B. Rajesh CPI(M)   LDF
2 Pattambi Muhammed Muhsin CPI   LDF
3 Shornur P. K. Sasi CPI(M)   LDF
4 Ottapalam P. Unni CPI(M)   LDF
5 Kongad K. Shanthakumari CPI(M)   LDF
6 Mannarkkad N. Samsudheen IUML   UDF
7 Malampuzha Prabhakaran CPI(M)   LDF
8 Palakkad Shafi Parambil INC   UDF
9 Tarur A. K. Balan CPI(M)   LDF
10 Chittur K. Krishnankutty JD(S)   LDF
11 Nenmara K. Babu CPI(M)   LDF
12 Alathur K. D. Prasenan CPI(M)   LDF

Members of Lok Sabha

There are two Lok Sabha seats in Palakkad district.

Sl. NoConstituencyMPPartyAlliance
1 Palakkad V.K Sreekandan INC   UDF
2 Alathur Ramya Haridas INC   UDF
3 Ponnani
(Thrithala only)
E. T. Mohammed Basheer IUML   UDF

Subdistricts (Taluks)

Taluks of Palakkad Subdistricts of Palakkad.png
Taluks of Palakkad
Density of Population in Palakkad District.svg
Density of Population palakkad talukwise.svg
Population in Palakkad District Talukwise.svg
(in km2)
Pattambi 369467,72218
Ottapalam 477462,97024
Mannarkkad 1,209384,39325
Palakkad 713612,11630
Chittur 1,136437,73830
Alathur 571444,99530
Sources: 2011 Census of India, [34] Official website of Palakkad district [35]


Stadium bypass.jpg
Stadium bypass, developing brand street
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Growing Skyline of Palakkad city
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Upcoming Shopping Mall in Kanjikode

The presence of Palakkad Gap and proximity to Coimbatore make Palakkad economically important. Palakkad city is one of the largest industrial hubs in Kerala. Kanjikode area of Palakkad city is the second industrial hub of Kerala after Kochi. Kanjikode is one of the largest industrial areas in Kerala and companies like Indian Telephone Industries Limited (ITI), Instrumentation Limited, Fluid Control Research Institute, Saint-Gobain India Private Limited (formerly SEPR Refractories India Private Limited), Patspin India Ltd, Pepsi, PPS steel (Kerela) Pvt Ltd, United breweries, Empee Distilleries, Marico, Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML), Rubfila International Ltd, Arya Vaidya Pharmacy have production facilities. The commercialization of Palakkad City is Picking up and growing at steady pace in recent years, Nowadays Palakkad City and the suburbs are witnessing rapid amount of commercial and public development activities. The developments are mainly concentrated on the bypass roads, Both Stadium and Calicut bypass roads passing through city are getting major commercial projects. Major national and international branded Retail chains, food Chains, Restaurants, Hotels, Shopping complexes, Textiles, branded jewellers, Vehicle Showrooms, are functioning in and around city. There are many housing colonies consist of Villas and apartments are also present in Palakkad City and suburbs.


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Palakkad Junction Railway Station
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KSRTC Bus terminal, Palakkad
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A view of the railway bridge over the river Bharathappuzha at Shoranur


The nearest international airport is Coimbatore International Airport, which is about 62 kilometres (39 mi) from Palakkad. However, Cochin International Airport and Calicut International Airport serve the city as well.

There has been a proposal for a mini domestic airport at East Yakkara with respect to setting up domestic airports for enhanced air connectivity by the civil aviation ministry of India. 60 acres has been identified for the project at East Yakkara Palakkad. [36]


The Palakkad railway division is one of the six administrative divisions of the Southern Railway zone of Indian Railways, headquartered at Palakkad. It is the smallest railway division in Southern Railway. It was formed by dissolving the Podanur division. Managing 588 route kilometers of track in the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Mahé (in the Union Territory of Puducherry), it is one of the oldest railway divisions in India. The major stations under this railway division are Palakkad Junction, Shoranur Junction, Tirur, Kozhikode, Thalassery, Kannur, Kasaragod, Mangalore Central, Mangalore Junction and Pollachi Junction. It is the only division in India with no terminal facilities in its headquarters. The terminal facility of Palakkad division is situated in Shoranur Junction & Mangalore Central of Karnataka state.

The city is served by two railway stations – Palakkad Junction is a broad gauge railway junction (located at Olavakkode, about 4 km from Municipal bus stand) and Palakkad Town railway station located in the heart of the Palakkad city. The cities of Coimbatore, Tiruchirappalli, Erode, Salem, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Mangalore, Kozhikode and Ernakulam are connected by the broad gauge line. Train services to Pollachi, Dindigul and Madurai are through the broad gauge line through Palakkad Town station. [37] The Shornur Junction also has rail connections to Mangalore and the Konkan Railway, enabling travel towards Goa and Bombay. The trains coming from other parts of India are diverted to the north and south Kerala from Shoranur Junction in Palakkad District. From here, there is train service to Calicut, Ernakulam, Trivandrum, Shoranur and Nilambur.

Shoranur Junction railway station is the largest railway station in Kerala which plays a major role in connecting the southwestern coast of India (Mangalore) with the southeastern coast (Chennai) through Palghat Gap. It is also the meeting point of three important Railway lines: Mangalore-Chennai line, Nilambur–Shoranur line, and Kanyakumari-Shoranur line, due to the presence of Palakkad Gap


Palakkad has a medium-grade network of roads. The National Highway 544 from Salem to Kochi passes through the outskirts of the city.National Highway 966 starts from Palakkad and joins NH 66 near Kozhikode. [38] Another important road is the Palakkad – Ponnani road which connects NH 544 and Mumbai-Kanyakumari coastal NH 66.

Palakkad City has four Bus Stations includes KSRTCTerminal Palakkad and three Private Bus stands named Stadium Stand, Municipal Bus stand, and Town Bus Stand. Palakkad KSRTC depot is the only depot in Palakkad district. Sub depot is present at Chittur serving Chittur-Thathamangalam. Operating centres are present at Vadakkenchery and Mannarkkad serving the respective towns. KSRTC Station Master office is present at Pattambi. [39]


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
source: [40]
Religions in Palakkad district (2011) [5]
Other or not stated

According to the 2018 Statistics Report, Palakkad district has a population of 2,952,254, [2] roughly equal to the nation of Armenia [41] or the state Utah in the U.S. [42] so it a ranking of 138th in India (out of a total of 640). [7] The district has a population density of 659 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,710/sq mi). [7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 7.39%. [7] Palakkad has a sex ratio of 1067 females for every 1000 males. [7] The literacy rate of Palakkad district is 89.49%, which is the lowest in Kerala. [43] Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 14.37% and 1.74% of the population respectively. [7] The district is home to the largest ratio of Scheduled Castes (SC) population in Kerala, which accounts for around 15% of total population of the district. [44]

The total Palakkad District population living in rural areas is 2,133,124 of which males and females are 1,031,466 and 1,101,658 respectively. In rural areas of Palakkad District, sex ratio is 1068 females per 1000 males. If child sex ratio data of Palakkad district is considered, figure is 969 girls per 1000 boys. Child population in the age 0-6 is 231,892 in rural areas of which males were 117,763 and females were 114,129. The child population comprises 11.42% of total rural population of Palakkad district. Literacy rate in rural areas of Palakkad District is 88.31% as per census data 2011. Gender wise, male and female literacy stood at 92.36 and 84.56 percent respectively. In total, 1,678,895 people were literate of which males and females were 843,855 and 835,040 respectively.

In 2011, Palakkad had population of 2,809,934 of which male and female were 1,359,478 and 1,450,456 respectively. In 2001 census, Palakkad had a population of 2,617,482 of which males were 1,266,985 and remaining 1,350,497 were females. Palakkad District population constituted 8.41 percent of total Kerala population in the census of 2011. In 2001 census, this figure for Palakkad District was at 8.22 percent of Kerala population. [7]

In the 2011 Census of India there was change of 7.35 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Palakkad District recorded increase of 9.88 percent to its population compared to 1991. The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Palakkad district for 2011 is 627 people per km2. In 2001, Palakkad District density was at 584 people per km2. Palakkad District administers 4,482 square kilometers of areas. Average literacy rate of Palakkad in 2011 were 89.31 compared to 84.35 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 93.10 and 85.79 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 89.52 and 79.56 in Palakkad District. Total literate in Palakkad District were 2,239,492 of which male and female were 1,122,600 and 1,116,892 respectively. In 2001, Palakkad District had 1,938,818 in its district, With regards to Sex Ratio in Palakkad, it stood at 1067 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 1066. The average national sex ratio in India is 940 as per latest reports of Census 2011 Directorate. In 2011 Census of India, child sex ratio is 967 girls per 1000 boys compared to figure of 963 girls per 1000 boys of 2001 census data. [7]

There were total 302,297 children under age of 0–6 against 318,884 of 2001 census. Of total 302,297 male and female were 153,696 and 148,601 respectively. Child Sex Ratio as per 2011 Census of India was 967 compared to 963 of census 2001. In 2011, Children under 0-6 formed 10.76 percent of Palakkad District compared to 12.18 percent of 2001. There was net change of -1.42 percent in this compared to previous census of India. [7]


Languages of Palakkad district (2011) [4]

   Malayalam (93.71%)
   Tamil (4.82%)
  Others (1.47%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 93.71% of the population spoke Malayalam and 4.82% Tamil as their first language. [4]

The administrative language and widely spoken language is Malayalam. Minority Dravidian languages like Irula (3560 speakers) and Kurumba (1028 speakers) are also spoken here. According to the 2011 census report, the percents of mother tongue of the total population is as follows:

Tourist attractions

Varikkasseri Gopuram.jpg
Varikkasseri Mana-one of the oldest traditional Namboothiri family houses (illam) in Kerala
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Malampuzha Dam Entrance
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Pothundi Dam constructed in 19th century (British period), is one of the oldest dams in India

Silent Valley National Park

It is located in the rich biodiversity of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. Karimpuzha Wildlife Sanctuary, New Amarambalam Reserved Forest, and Nedumkayam Rainforest in Nilambur Taluk of Malappuram district, Attappadi Reserved Forest in Mannarkkad Taluk of Palakkad district, and Mukurthi National Park of Nilgiris district, are located around Silent Valley National Park. Mukurthi peak, the fifth-highest peak in South India, and Anginda peak are also located in its vicinity. Bhavani River, a tributary of Kaveri River, and Kunthipuzha River, a tributary of Bharathappuzha river, originate in the vicinity of Silent Valley. The Kadalundi River has also its origin in Silent Valley.

View from Mangalam Dam Reservoir.jpg
View of the Western Ghats Mountain Range from Mangalam Dam Reservoir

Noted personalities

Education in Palakkad

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Government Victoria College, Palakkad
Indian Institute of Technology, Palakkad
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NSS College of Engineering, Palakkad
B. E. M. Higher Secondary School, Palakkad.jpg
B. E. M. Higher Secondary School, Palakkad

Palakkad District is one of the main centre of education in Kerala state India. Palakkad District has Prominent Educational Institutions provide platform for various level of education . The district is home to the only Indian Institute of Technology in Kerala state. Palakkad District has three educational districts namely Palakkad, Ottappalam and Mannarkkad. [47] There are several educational institutions working across the district. Government Victoria College, Palakkad, Government Engineering College, Sreekrishnapuram, NSS College of Engineering, Government Medical College, Palakkad, Chembai Memorial Government Music College, and many more higher level of educational institutions are located in Palakkad District.

Government Victoria College, Palakkad, established in 1866, is one of the oldest colleges in the state. [48] The Government Medical College, Palakkad [49] is started in 2014 is the first Government medical college in the district. The NSS College of Engineering [50] at Akathethara, is the Fourth Engineering Institution established in Kerala, India. The Chembai Memorial Government Music College [51] is one of the main centres of excellence in teaching carnatic music in the state. The Mercy College, Palakkad [52] a women's college established in 1964 is one of the familiar institution in Palakkad city.



Major Malayalam Newspapers include Malayala Manorama , Mathrubhumi , Deshabhimani , Suprabhaatham Daily have printing centers in Palakkad city and there are also few evening newspapers published from the city. Local news channels like (ACV) are also functioning in city . Palakkad Press Club is located on Robinson road, Sultanpet. A private FM Station operating in Palakkad at Ahalia Campus. There is a long term demand for setting up a government FM Station in Palakkad. At the present total number of 8 cinema halls are operational in Palakkad City which screens Malayalam, English, Tamil, Hindi movies, there are few other multiplex screens are under construction and expect to open near future in and around city.

Sports in Palakkad

Palakkad has produced some world class athletes. Indira Gandhi Municipal Stadium in the center of city was once used for Major sports meets and football matches in the state, but the stadium is not currently in condition for conducting games due to the lack of maintenance. There is a proposal for the renovation of the stadium with international facilities by the Municipality. [53] The city has Fort Maidan [54] also known as Kota Maidanam, a multi-use stadium in the center of the Palakkad. It is currently used mostly for cricket matches. Fort Maidan holds a maximum capacity of 10,000 people. Until 2002, the ground was considered for local cricket only. [55] In 2003, the Ranji Trophy was introduced in Fort Maidan. The city has an Indoor Stadium [56] located near Government Victoria College, Palakkad with a total area of 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) with commercial establishments still unfinished & incomplete. There is a Synthetic Track with eight lines operational in the ground of the newly constructed Government Medical College, Palakkad. [57]

Major Towns in Palakkad District

Ottpalam town4.jpg
Ottapalam town
Pattambi Town View.jpg
Pattambi Town
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Vadakkencherry Town
Alathur Town1.jpg
Alathur Town


Gram panchayats in Palakkad District


See also

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Mannarkkad, formerly known as Mannarghat, is a major municipal town in Palakkad district of the Indian state of Kerala. The Silent Valley National Park and the Attappadi Reserve Forest are located in Mannarkkad Taluk. Mannarkkad is situated 36 km away from district headquarters Palakkad on National Highway 966.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Malappuram</span> Metropolis Kerala, India

Malappuram is a city and the headquarters of the Malappuram district in Kerala, India. It is the 4th largest urban agglomeration in Kerala and the 20th largest in India. The city is spread over 158.20 km2 (61.08 sq mi) including the surrounding suburban areas. The first municipality in the district formed in 1970, Malappuram serves as the administrative headquarters of Malappuram district. Divided into 40 electoral wards, the city has a population density of 4,800 per square kilometre. According to the 2011 census, the Malappuram metropolitan area is the fourth largest urban agglomeration in Kerala after Kochi, Calicut, and Thrissur urban areas and the 20th largest in India with a total population of 3 million. It is the fastest growing city in the world with a 44.1% urban growth between 2015 and 2020 as per the survey conducted by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) based on the urban area growth during January 2020. Malappuram is situated 54 km southeast of Calicut and 90 km northwest of Palakkad. It is the first Indian municipal body to provide free Wi-Fi connectivity to its entire residents. Malappuram is also the first Indian municipal body to achieve the International Organization for Standardization certificate. It is also the first complaint-free municipality in the state.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Palakkad</span> City in Kerala, India

Palakkad, also known as Palghat, historically known as Palakkattussery, is a city and municipality in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the administrative headquarters of Palakkad District. Palakkad is the most densely populated municipality and the fourth-most densely populated city in the state. It was established before Indian independence under British rule and known by the name Palghat. Palakkad is famous for the ancient Palakkad Fort, which is in the heart of the city and was captured and rebuilt by Hyder Ali in 1766 which later fell into the hands of Zamorin in 1784. The city is about 347 kilometres (216 mi) northeast of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cherpulassery</span> Town in Kerala, India

Cherpulassery is a town and municipality in the Palakkad district, of Kerala, India. Cherpulassery is often called the Sabarimala of Malabar as the famous Ayyappankavu temple is located here. The Puthanalakkal Bhagavathi temple and the Kalavela and Pooram associated with it is one of the largest festivals in the region. The town is located about 43 km (27 mi) west of the district headquarters at Palakkad on State Highway 53. Cherpulassery is known among the football enthusiasts all across the state thanks to the football club Al Madeena Cherpulassery.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chittur-Thathamangalam</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Chittur-Thathamangalam is a town and municipality in Palakkad district of Kerala State, India. It is the headquarters of Chittur taluk, 13 km (8.1 mi) south-east of Palakkad, on the banks of the Kannadipuzha, a major headstream of the Bharathapuzha, the second longest river in Kerala. A Mini Civil Station is also located here which provides government related services. It consists of two areas, Chittur and Thathamangalam which together form the municipality.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Parudur</span> Village in Kerala, India

Parudur is a village and gram panchayat in Pattambi taluk, Palakkad district in the state of Kerala, India. Parudur was originally a part of Kuttippuram Block Panchayat in Tirur Taluk of erstwhile Kozhikode district, before the formation of Malappuram district. After the formation of Malappuram district, Tirur Taluk became a part of Malappuram and Parudur village was transferred to Ottapalam Taluk. Today it forms part of Pattambi taluk.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perinthalmanna taluk</span> Taluk in Kerala, India

Perinthalmanna Taluk, formerly known as Walluvanad Taluk, comes under Perinthalmanna revenue division in Malappuram district of Kerala, India. Its headquarters is the town of Perinthalmanna.The taluk encompasses 24 revenue villages. Perinthalmanna Taluk contains Perinthalmanna Municipality and 15 Gram panchayats. Most of the administrative offices are located in the Mini-Civil Station at Perinthalmanna.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ponnani taluk</span> Taluk in Kerala, India

PonnaniTaluk is a district in India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Perinthalmanna</span> Town in Kerala, India

Perinthalmanna is a major town and municipality in Malappuram district, Kerala, India. It serves as the administrative centre for the Perinthalmanna taluk, as well as a revenue division, a community development block, and a police sub-division bearing the same name. It was formerly the headquarters of Valluvanad Taluk, which was one of the two Taluks in the Malappuram Revenue Division of the erstwhile Malabar District during the British Raj. The town is located 23 kilometres (14 mi) southwest to the city of Malappuram at the centre of the Kozhikode–Malappuram–Perinthalmanna–Palakkad National Highway 966.

Malappuram is one of the 14 districts in the South Indian state of Kerala. The district has a unique and eventful history starting from pre-historic times. During the early medieval period, the district was the home to two of the four major kingdoms that ruled Kerala. Perumpadappu was the original hometown of the Kingdom of Cochin, which is also known as Perumbadappu Swaroopam, and Nediyiruppu was the original hometown of the Zamorin of Calicut, which is also known as Nediyiruppu Swaroopam. Besides, the original headquarters of the Palakkad Rajas were also at Athavanad in the district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Education in Palakkad district</span>

Palakkad District is one of the main centre of education in Kerala state India. It has Prominent Educational Institutions provide platform for various level of education. The district is home to the only Indian Institute of Technology in Kerala state. Palakkad District has three educational districts namely Palakkad, Ottappalam and Mannarkkad. There are several educational institutions working across the district. Government Victoria College, Palakkad, Government Engineering College, Sreekrishnapuram, NSS College of Engineering, Government Medical College, Palakkad, Chembai Memorial Government Music College, and many more higher level of educational institutions are located in Palakkad District.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pattambi Taluk</span> Taluk in Kerala, India

Pattambi is a taluk at the western end of the Palakkad district in the state of Kerala, India. Town of Pattambi is the administrative headquarters of the taluk. Pattambi taluk is bounded by Ottapalam Taluk of Palakkad district to the east, Ponnani taluk of Malappuram district to the west, Tirur and Perinthalmanna Taluks of Malappuram district to the north, and Kunnamkulam Taluk of Thrissur district to the south.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Malabar</span> Geographical / Historical Area in Kerala, India

South Malabar refers to a geographical area of the southwestern coast of India covering some parts of the present-day Kerala state. South Malabar covers the regions included in present-day Kozhikode taluk of Kozhikode district, the whole area of Malappuram district, Chavakkad taluk of Thrissur district, and Palakkad district, excluding parts of Chittur taluk. The Fort Kochi region of Kochi city also historically belongs to South Malabar. The term South Malabar refers to the region of the erstwhile Malabar District south to the river Korapuzha, and bears a high cultural similarity to both the Cochin and the North Malabar regions.


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