Palatine Bridge, Salford

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Coordinates: 53°29′11″N2°14′42″W / 53.486286°N 2.245096°W / 53.486286; -2.245096

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Palatine Bridge
Palatine Bridge, Salford.jpg
Coordinates 53°29′11″N2°14′42″W / 53.4863°N 2.2451°W / 53.4863; -2.2451 Coordinates: 53°29′11″N2°14′42″W / 53.4863°N 2.2451°W / 53.4863; -2.2451
Carries Chapel Street
Crosses River Irwell
Locale Salford, England
History
Opened 24 August 1864

Palatine Bridge is a wrought-iron road bridge in Greater Manchester. Opened in 1864 and rebuilt in 1911, it crosses the River Irwell between Salford and Manchester.

Greater Manchester County of England

Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2.8 million. It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, and the cities of Manchester and Salford. Greater Manchester was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972; and designated a functional city region on 1 April 2011.

River Irwell river in Lancashire, United Kingdom

The River Irwell is a 39-mile (63 km) long river which flows through the Irwell Valley in North West England. Its source is at Irwell Springs on Deerplay Moor, approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of Bacup. It forms the boundary between Manchester and Salford and empties into the River Mersey near Irlam.

History

Background

A bridge between Chapel Street in Salford and Hunts Bank in Manchester was first proposed in 1858, as a means of improving road links between Salford and Manchester Victoria station, each separated by the River Irwell. When the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway applied to Parliament to build a railway link between Salford (New Bailey Street) station and Victoria, Salford Corporation opposed the bill, citing the township's poor access to Victoria Station. The railway company was forced by parliamentary committee to compensate the Corporation to the tune of £25,000, to be used to improve the aforementioned transport links. [1]

Manchester Victoria station Manchester, Greater Manchester, M3

Manchester Victoria station in Manchester, England is a combined mainline railway station and Metrolink tram stop. Situated to the north of the city centre on Hunts Bank, close to Manchester Cathedral, it adjoins Manchester Arena which was constructed on part of the former station site in the 1990s. Opened in 1844 and part of the Manchester station group, Victoria is Manchester's third busiest railway station after Piccadilly and Oxford Road and the second busiest station managed by Northern after Oxford Road.

Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway British pre-grouping railway company

The Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway (L&YR) was a major British railway company before the 1923 Grouping. It was incorporated in 1847 from an amalgamation of several existing railways. It was the third-largest railway system based in Northern England.

Salford Central railway station

Salford Central railway station in Salford, Greater Manchester, England, close to Spinningfields and Deansgate. It is served by trains to and from Manchester Victoria, towards Rochdale and Wigan Wallgate.

Construction and design

The land required on Chapel Street for the Salford approach to the proposed bridge was donated by Samuel Brooks, who as part of the deal insisted that a 150 feet (46 m) abutment was built on the Salford bank of the river, to improve the rateable value of nearby properties. [1]

Designed by W. Radford, Palatine Bridge comprises a single span (125 feet (38 m) on the south side, 88 feet (27 m) on the north side), built from twelve wrought-iron box girders attached to stone abutments. Fixed to these girders, wrought-iron road joints support iron covering plates, which themselves support the pavements and road surface, the latter formed from 4 inches (10 cm) granite cubes. The gradient 1 in 30. The bridge parapets are cast iron and terminate in stone blocks. W. and J. Galloway supplied the ironwork, while A. Pilling supplied the road surface and masonry. The total cost was about £20,000. Toll-free, the bridge was opened on 24 August 1864 by the ex-mayor of Salford, James Worrall. [1]

Repairs

By 1908 the bridge's condition had deteriorated to a point where the ends of some of its corroded girders could be "turned up like bits of tin." There was some argument as to who should pay for the bridge to be repaired; a clause in the original Act requires that Salford maintain the structure in perpetuity, and Manchester therefore refused to contribute any funds. [2] A bill sent to Parliament by Salford, to enable it to undertake the work required, contains a clause forcing Manchester to contribute half the cost, but this was struck out by a parliamentary committee. [3] [4]

Repairs and strengthening work were made in 1911, [5] by Heenan and Froude of Newton Heath. [6]

See also

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References

Notes
  1. 1 2 3 Opening of the Salford Bridge, The Manchester Guardian, 25 August 1864, p. 3
  2. Salford Council: Condition of Palatine Bridge, The Manchester Guardian, hosted at search.proquest.com, 3 September 1908, p. 4
  3. Salford Public Works, The Manchester Guardian, hosted at search.proquest.com, 14 January 1909, p. 3
  4. Palatine Bridge a Salford Charge, The Manchester Guardian, hosted at search.proquest.com, 5 May 1909, p. 8
  5. Manchester in 1911: Improvement Work, The Manchester Guardian, hosted at search.proquest.com, 29 December 1911, p. 10
  6. A Night Watchman's Fall, The Manchester Guardian, hosted at search.proquest.com, 5 September 1911, p. 9