Palikir

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Palikir
Palikir.JPG
World Class Surf of Palikir
Pohnpei Island.png
Palikir (in north-western side)
within the island of Pohnpei
Coordinates: 6°55′2″N158°9′32″E / 6.91722°N 158.15889°E / 6.91722; 158.15889 Coordinates: 6°55′2″N158°9′32″E / 6.91722°N 158.15889°E / 6.91722; 158.15889
CountryFlag of Federated States of Micronesia.svg F.S. Micronesia
State Flag of Pohnpei.svg Pohnpei State
Municipality Sokehs
Population
 (2010)
  Total6,647
Time zone UTC+11 [1]
Climate Af

Palikir ( /ˈpælɪˌkɪər/ ) is the capital city of the Federated States of Micronesia located in the western Pacific Ocean. [2] [3] [4] A town of slightly under 5,000 residents, it is part of the larger Sokehs municipality, which had a population of 7,000 as of 2009, out of the nation's total population of 106,487. It is situated on the northwest side of Pohnpei island (population 33,000), a high volcanic island surrounded by a fringing coral reef. Nearby to the northeast is the island's largest settlement, the coastal town of Kolonia. [5] It was declared the capital of Micronesia in 1989.

Contents

History

Pohnpei was ruled by tribal chiefs in ancient times. Palikir was formerly a tiny village of little consequence. The island of Pohnpei was encountered by the Portuguese and Spanish in the 15th century, but colonial settlement did not occur until 1886 by the Spanish. Later Germany attained the Caroline Islands via purchase from Spain at the end of the Spanish–American War in 1898. During World War I control passed to the Japanese. During World War II, the Japanese built an airport near Kolonia. [6] Subsequent to World War II, the island was administered by the United States Government until FSM attained independence in 1979. [7] The government of the Federated States of Micronesia decided to convert the Palikir area into a town to house the central administration of the islands as a purpose built capital city. It was declared the capital of Micronesia in 1989. [8] US aid of US$15 million was made available to develop the site into a modern town. [9] All government offices, some residential houses, and the residence of the President of the Federated States of Micronesia were built. It is now the hub of the federal administration of the country, despite still being a village with a population of 4,645. [7] [10]

Geography

Palikir is located in the northwestern centre of Pohnpei Island (formerly known as Ponape). Geologically the island terrain consists of high mountains to low coral atolls. [11] It is the largest, highest, wettest and most scenic island of the Federated States of Micronesia. [9] Palikir is 8 kilometres (5 miles) southwest of Kolonia, which is Pohnpei's largest town and state capital of Pohnpei State. [2] Underwater reefs are found all round the coastal region of the island. [3] 9 kilometres (6 miles) to the southeast, Mount Nanlaud is the highest point of the Federated States of Micronesia and of Pohnpei at 2,566 feet (782 m) [12] as indicated on the definitive USGS 1:25,000 scale topographic survey. [13] Palikir is surrounded by heavily wooded forest. [8]

Climate

Palikir features a tropical rainforest climate under the Köppen climate classification. However, as a trade-wind climate which besides knows frequent cyclones it is not equatorial. Common to many areas with this climate, Palikir sees very little variance in its temperatures during the course of the year, averaging roughly 27 °C (81 °F) daily throughout the year. However, the town sees an extraordinary amount of precipitation during the course of the year. On average 5,202 millimetres (204.8 in) of rainfall falls on Palikir annually. It is the wettest capital city in the world.

Climate data for Palikir
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)29.9
(85.8)
30.0
(86.0)
30.2
(86.4)
30.2
(86.4)
30.3
(86.5)
30.4
(86.7)
30.6
(87.1)
30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
30.9
(87.6)
30.7
(87.3)
30.3
(86.5)
30.4
(86.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.8
(80.2)
26.9
(80.4)
27.1
(80.8)
26.9
(80.4)
26.9
(80.4)
26.8
(80.2)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.2)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.3)
Average low °C (°F)23.8
(74.8)
23.9
(75.0)
24.0
(75.2)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
23.3
(73.9)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.7
(72.9)
22.9
(73.2)
23.7
(74.7)
23.3
(74.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)377
(14.8)
279
(11.0)
353
(13.9)
462
(18.2)
502
(19.8)
464
(18.3)
504
(19.8)
515
(20.3)
464
(18.3)
469
(18.5)
421
(16.6)
392
(15.4)
5,202
(204.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org [14]

Demographics

The nationality of the people is Micronesian with the most common ethnicities being Chuukese, Kosraen, Pohnpeian, and Yapese. English is the common and official language while each of the major islands have their own local language such as Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, and Kosrean. 96% of the population is Christian with Roman Catholicism being the majority religion at over 50% of the population. The city has been categorized as having a "high degree of hardship with a typical hardship premium of 30%" from an international perspective. [11] [15]

Administration

Palikir is the federal capital of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), which attained independence from, and remains since in free association with, the United States in May 1979. FSM has a constitutional government headed by a president. [7]

Economy

The economy of the capital city is reflected in the economic resources of the FSM Islands (600 islands, atolls and islets (including Pohnpei Island) [16] ) as a whole. The economy of the island consists basically of subsistence farming and fishing [6] [7] (fish processing and aquaculture). Tropical agricultural and plantation products like copra, breadfruit, taro, betel nuts, sweet potatoes, casava, tropical fruits and vegetables, trochus shells, cacao and rice are produced. Livestock farming exists, fe. pigs and poultry being raised. Products such as fish, bananas, black pepper, and garments are mainly exported to Japan. Imported items are food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment and beverages. [7] [11]

The country is independent, but in fact depends on financial support stemming from its Compact of Free Association with the US. As of 2012 the inflation rate was 2% and the cost of living (for imported goods) in Palikir is reportedly very high in comparison with other places in the world. [11]

Education

Pohnpei State Department of Education operates public schools:

Bailey Olter High School (former Pohnpei Island Central School or PICS) in Kolonia serves students from Sokehs. [18]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Federated States of Micronesia Country in the western Pacific

The Federated States of Micronesia or simply Micronesia, is an island country in Oceania associated with the United States. It consists of four states – from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae – that are spread across the western Pacific. Together, the states comprise around 607 islands that cover a longitudinal distance of almost 2,700 km (1,678 mi) just north of the equator. They lie northeast of Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, south of Guam and the Marianas, west of Nauru and the Marshall Islands, east of Palau and the Philippines, about 2,900 km (1,802 mi) north of eastern Australia, 3,400 km southeast of Japan, and some 4,000 km (2,485 mi) southwest of the main islands of the Hawaiian Islands.

Geography of the Federated States of Micronesia

Geography of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), a country located in the western Pacific Ocean, and in the Micronesia cultural and ecological sub-region of Oceania. While its total land area is very small at 702 km2 (271 sq mi), it has the 14th largest exclusive economic zone at 2,996,419 km2 (1,156,924 sq mi).

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands United Nations trust territory in the western Pacific administered by the United States from 1947 to 1994

The Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) was a United Nations trust territory in Micronesia administered by the United States from 1947 to 1994.

Pohnpei Island in Micronesia

Pohnpei "upon (pohn) a stone altar (pei)" is an island of the Senyavin Islands which are part of the larger Caroline Islands group. It belongs to Pohnpei State, one of the four states in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). Major population centers on Pohnpei include Palikir, the FSM's capital, and Kolonia, the capital of Pohnpei State. Pohnpei Island is the largest (334 km2 [129 sq mi]), with a highest point (782 m [2,566 ft]), most populous, and most developed single island in the FSM.

Nukuoro

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Pohnpei State State in Federated States of Micronesia

Pohnpei State is one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). The other states are, from east to west, Kosrae State, Chuuk State, and Yap State. The state's main island is Pohnpei.

Kolonia

Kolonia is a coastal town and the capital of Pohnpei State in the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). It was also the former FSM capital before being replaced by Palikir in 1989, located nearby to the southwest in the municipality of Sokehs. It has 6,074 people.

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Nett

Nett also written as Net, is one of the administrative divisions of Pohnpei State, Federated States of Micronesia.

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Kitti (municipality)

Kitti also written as Kiti, is one of the twelve administrative divisions of the Micronesian state of Pohnpei. it is located in the southwest of Pohnpei island, to the south of Mount Nanlaud.

U, Pohnpei

U also written Uh, is one of the administrative divisions of Pohnpei State, Federated States of Micronesia. U bears the shortest place name in the Federated States of Micronesia, and one of the shortest in the world.

Oroluk

Oroluk is one of the administrative divisions of Pohnpei State, Federated States of Micronesia.

Sapwuahfik

Sapwuahfik, formerly Ngatik, or the Raven Islands is a 110-square-kilometre (42 sq mi) atoll of the Federated States of Micronesia. It is a village and municipality of roughly 430 people on a land area of 1.5 square kilometres (0.58 sq mi) in the state of Pohnpei.

Sokehs

Sokehs is a village and municipality on the main island in the state of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia.

Deke Sokehs Peninsula in Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia

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Pohnpei State Department of Education (PDOE) is an agency of Pohnpei State, Federated States of Micronesia that operates public schools.

Bailey Olter High School, formerly Pohnpei Island Central School (PICS), and Pacific Islands Central School, is a senior high school in Kolonia, Pohnpei Island, Pohnpei State, Federated States of Micronesia. As of 2018 the school, operated by the Pohnpei State Department of Education, has about 1,500 students, making it the state's largest high school. Its service area includes Kolonia, Nett, Sokehs, and U.

References

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  2. 1 2 "Micronesia, Federated States of" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Archived from the original (pdf) on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  3. 1 2 "Pohnpei: underwater reef". Kids.britannica.com. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  4. "National Government". FSM Government. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
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  6. 1 2 "Pohnpei". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 "Micronesia, Federated States of". Ducksters.com. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  8. 1 2 "Palikir". Infoplease.com. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  9. 1 2 David Leonard (1 July 2001). Diving the Pacific: Volume 1: Micronesia and the Western Pacific Islands. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 152–. ISBN   978-962-593-499-0 . Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  10. "Palikir, capital of Micronesia".
  11. 1 2 3 4 "Micronesia, Palikir Overview". xpatulator.com. 1 April 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
  12. "Mount Nanlaud". GeoNames . Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  13. "Ponape South". US Geological Survey. 1983. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  14. "Climate: Palikir". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  15. "Micronesia, Federated States of". CIA Fact Book, theodora.com. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  16. "Micronesia". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 7 May 2013.
  17. "Pohnpei Schools." Pohnpei State Department of Education. Retrieved on February 23, 2018.
  18. "Secondary Division." Pohnpei State Department of Education. Retrieved on February 23, 2018.