Last updated

CountryFlag of India.svg  India
Languages Malayalam
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registration KL

Pallom is a block situated 6.5 km south of Kottayam town and 12.4 km north of Changanassery, in the Kerala State. The nearest airport is the Cochin Nedumbassery International Airport (Airport code: COK) which can be reached within 2 hours. Nearest local railway station is Chingavanam (3.6 km) and Major railway station is Kottayam (6 km).



Under the ruling of Munjanadu Dynasty, Nattakom area was divided in to 28 different Karas (province) and Pallom was one of the Karas. During that period, the local ruling was performed by the Mechery Panikkar, Perumthurithy Kurup, Parambathu Kurup and Chediyattu Kurup. Ilaya Raja Vimbileeswaran of Thekkumkur Dynasty conquered Munjanad in 1103AD and the Royal Edathil family built many palaces including Edathil Palace at Pallom. On 11 September of 1749AD, Ramayyan Dalawa the prime minister of Marthanda Varma conquered Thekkumkur and merged it to the Travancore Kingdom. [1]

The Edathumpadickal family was the first Syrian (Suriyani) Christian family settled in Pallom-Nattakam area [2] (Ref 5: India Gazetteer and Bhoomishasthra Nighandu" by Joseph Edamaruk and R K Kartha published in 1977). Ittymaathu a Syrian Christian whose predecessors were traditionally the Captain of the Guard (Akambady Nayakan) of Thekkumkur Raja, had been brought in by the Edathil Thampuran from Angamaly to Kottayam in AD 1685 and constructed a house for them in front of the Pallom Edathil Palace and named the house Edathin Padikkal(Now Edathumpadickal). This was for the purpose of purifying things bought for the Temples and Palaces as, it was a belief of the time that things can be purified by the touching of a traditional Suriyani Christian [1] (Ref : "Thekkumcore Charithravum Puravrithavum" by Prof: M E Kesavan Namboothiri published in 2014 by NBS, Ref : "Madhyakerala Charithraveekshanam-Mangattu muthal Chengalam vare" by Mangattu John Abraham published in 2013).The migration of the other Syrian Christians started after that. There are quite a few Syrian Christian families belonging to the Orthodox, Jacobite and CSI sects here and most of them are related by blood. This include mainly the Parekadavil, Kannampuram and Ennackal families all of whom who claim to be in the lineage of one among the first four Brahmin families who embraced Christianity through St.Thomas the disciple of Jesus Christ. The Rama temple in the Edathil Palace premise is popular among devotees.


It is a quiet community with religion being the centre of life. It was an agriculture-based community with strong linkages to seasonal paddy cultivation. However, many of the residents are employed with the local government or the other establishments in and around Kottayam. Some of the residents might have left to work abroad but the proportion is very low. Nothing much has changed in the last half century in Pallom. The calm is broken by a local temple or church festival or the odd election. With its direct access to the backwaters, a few of the locals fish and live off the water. Trade connected with fishing and paddy cultivation was the major occupation in the past. The possibility of floods due to large monsoon downpours used to bother the residents of the lower lying areas.


This is indeed an early centre for education pioneered by the British Missionaries. CMS Middle School (The present day CMS Higher Secondary School is the successor) was probably the first English school in Travancore. Buchanan Girls' school was the pioneer in Girls education.

Temples and churches

The major religions are Christianity and Hinduism.

St. Paul's Orthodox Syrian Church (Mundakathil Pally), St. Ignatius JSO Church (Kallooparamban Pally), St. John the Baptist CSI Syrian Church and St. Andrew's CSI Syrian Church are the churches in this area.

The Sri Dharma Sastha Hindu Temple at Pakkil is an ancient one and has got a festival called Pakkil Vanibham [3] (fair of locally made house hold items) on the 1st of the Malayalam month of Karkidakom (July–August) every year. There is an intriguing tale behind the conduct of this fair. Legend has it that Lord Parasurama, the creator of Kerala as per mythology, who arrived at this place to set up a temple found difficulty in installing the idol of Dharma Sastha (Lord Ayyappa). He sought help from Pakkanar, another legendary character, who had arrived to sell traditional wares such as Kutta and Muram. It is believed by the devotees that Pakkanar installed the idol saying "Ivide parkku" meaning 'you stay here' and the idol got affixed. Pleased, Lord Parasurama let Pakkanar come here every year and sell his wares (Kutta and Muram). This tradition was carried forth by the descendants of Pakkanar and continues till date. It is believed by the devotees that the term 'Parkku' became 'Pakkil' over the years and thus the place got named as Pakkil. This is one of the 8 temples have been consecrated by Lord Parasurama as per Kottarathil Shankunni's famed tome "Aeithiha Mala". [4]

Sri Seetharamapuram Temple and Cheruvallikkavu are the other Hindu temples in the area, which are built by Edathil Palace. The Lord Hanuman statue situated in Athreya ayurvedic centre is one of the tallest (35 feet including the base) Lord Hanuman statue in Kottayam. [5] SNDP Yogam has a large place of worship and other establishments here. However, Muslims are very less in number.[ citation needed ]

Hanuman Statue at Athreya ayurvedic centre Hanuman Statue at Athreya ayurvedic centre.jpg
Hanuman Statue at Athreya ayurvedic centre

The famous pilgrim centre Dakshina Mookambi Panachikkad Sri Saraswathi Temple is 7.4 km East of Pallom. The famous Hanuman statue situated in Athreya ayurvedic centre, Pallom.

Community life

The local Jolly Toddy Shop (Karumpumkala) is very popular across Kerala for its seafood and local toddy. Another important institution in the locality is Athreya Ayurvedic Centre, which is run by a family of Doctors with a tradition of 5 Generations. This ayurvedic resort is founded by Dr.B.Gireesh. [6] [7] [8]

Kalloopparampan(Kallooparamban) Chundan Vallam(Snake Boat) which has won Nehru Trophy 6 times [9] and many other boat races, is owned by Pallom Kalloopparambil house of Edathumpadickal family.

Prominent personalities

Pallom Madhavan was a legendary Kadhakali Musician. Initially, he learned Carnatic Music from Pallathu Kottaram Asthaana Sangeetha Vidwan Sri Rudra Warrier. Later, he learned Kadhakali Music from Kurichy Picheppally Raman Asaan. He joined Kerala Kalamandalam as Kadhakali Music Instructor and retired as Vice Principal of Kerala Kalamandalam in 1989. He visited many countries such as France, Italy, Germany, Russia, Iran, China, Japan, America etc. and has performed his art. He has contributed majorly in converting many epics to Kadhakali form. He died in 2012 at his house in Panachikkadu. He was the winner of many awards including Kalamandalam Award, State Kadhakali Award 2011. [10]

Ennackal Chandy George Sudarshan (16 September 1931 – 14 May 2018). Sudarshan was born in Pallom Ennakkal family, Kottayam, Kerala. He was an Indian theoretical physicist and a professor at the University of Texas. Sudarshan has been credited with numerous contributions to the field of theoretical physics, including Glauber–Sudarshan P representation, V-A theory, tachyons, quantum Zeno effect, open quantum system and Lindblad equation, spin–statistics theorem, non-invariance groups, positive maps of density matrices, and quantum computation.[ citation needed ]

Power station

When the Travancore state set up a generating station at Pallivasal, the power sub-station was set up at Pallom.

See also

Related Research Articles

Aluva Region in Kochi City in Kerala, India

Aluva, IPA: [ɐːluʋɐ], is a part of the city of Kochi in Kerala, India. It is also a part of the Kochi Metropolitan area and is situated around 15 km (9.3 mi) from the city center on the banks of Periyar River. A major transportation hub, with easy access to all major forms of transportation, Aluva acts as a corridor which links the highland districts to the rest of the state. Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is 11.7 km from Aluva. Aluva is accessible through rail, air, metro along with major highways and roadlines.

Pampady Town in Kerala, India

Pampady is a fastest growing town in Kottayam district of Kerala, Southern India. It lies midway between the backwaters of Western Kerala and the mountains of the Western Ghats.

Kaipuzha village in Kerala, India

Kaipuzha is a small village in Kottayam District and sub-district in the Indian state of Kerala. As of the 2001 census, it had a population of 6,991 in 1,565 households.

Tirur Municipality in Kerala, India

Tirur is a Town, a municipality, and the headquarters of Tirur Taluk, block, and Revenue Division in Malappuram district in the Indian state of Kerala. Tirur spread over an area of about 15 square kilometres (5.8 sq mi). It is one of the 12 municipalities in Malappuram district and is situated 26 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of Malappuram and 52.5 kilometres (32.6 mi) south of Kozhikode, on the Shoranur–Mangalore section of the Mangalore–Chennai railway line. Tirur Railway Station is the oldest Railway station in Kerala. The first railway line in Kerala was laid in 1861 from Tirur to Chaliyam through Tanur, Parappanangadi, Vallikkunnu, and Kadalundi. The second railway line was laid in same year from Tirur to Kuttippuram through Tirunavaya. Tirur is also the headquarters of a Revenue Division, a Taluk, a block, and a postal division of the same name. Tirur River and Conolly's Canal flow through Tirur. The medieval Kerala School of Astronomy and Mathematics was mainly based at Tirur. Notable people from Tirur include Thunchaththu Ezhuthachan, and Vallathol Narayana Menon. The Thunchath Ezhuthachan Malayalam University is headquartered at Tirur. Tirur was the main centre of the medieval Kerala School of Astronomy and Mathematics that flourished between 14th and 16th centuries of Common Era.

Mallapally Town in Kerala, India

Mallappally is a taluk in Kerala state in India. It is one of the five taluks that make up the Pathanamthitta district. Historically a part of the kingdom of Travancore and Cochin. It is called "Land of the BA graduates" due to English education imparted by attendants of CMS College Kottayam in the 19th century, Mallappally is the original home of many Non-resident Indians, and has one of the lowest population growth and highest literacy rates in India.

Kottayam City in Kerala, India

Kottayam, IPA: [koːʈːɐjɐm] is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. Flanked by the Western Ghats on the east and the Vembanad Lake and paddy fields of Kuttanad on the west, Kottayam is a place that is known for extraordinary qualities. It is the district headquarters of Kottayam district, located in south-west Kerala. Kottayam is located in the basin of the Meenachil River at an average elevation of 3 metres (9.8 ft) above sea level, and has a moderate climate. It is located approximately 155 kilometres (96 mi) north of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram.

Chengannur Municipal Town in Kerala, India

Chengannur is a Municipality in the Alappuzha district of Kerala State, India. It is located in the extreme eastern part of the Alappuzha district, on the banks of Pamba River.

Nedumkunnam village in Kerala, India

Nedumkunnam is a village in Kerala, India, located about 16 km East of Changanacherry on Changanacherry-Manimala Road, in Kottayam district. It is 3 km East of Karukachal towards Manimala/Cheruvally.


The Kingdom of Thekkumkur was an independent kingdom in the southern part of Kerala in India from 1103 CE until 1750 CE. It was ruled by the Thekkumkur Royal Family. Thekkumkur lies between the Meenachil River and the Pamba River, from the Western Ghats to the Vembanad Kayal. Thekkumkur emerges as a result of administrative changes in the princely states at the end of the Chera Kulasekhara dynasty of Mahodayapuram. The literal meaning of the title is the southern regent and the attribute southern distinguished them from another kingdom known as Vadakkumkur which bordered it in the northern side. The royal household, Thekkumkur Kovilakam, were at Vennimala and Manikandapuram near Puthuppally, later it shifted to Neerazhi Palace at Puzhavathu of Changanassery and Thalilkotta at Thaliyanthanapuram (Kottayam).

Vakathanam village in Kerala, India

Vakathanam is a Panchayat in Kottayam district of Kerala, India. It is 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) from Kottayam on the way to Changanassery via Puthupally. Vakathanam panchayat consists of two villages: Vakathanam and Thottakkad.

Kaviyoor Mahadevar Temple

Kaviyoor Mahadevar Temple is one of the important Siva temples in Kerala, located in Kaviyoor, Tiruvalla Pathanamthitta District, Kerala, India. It is commonly called Thrikkaviyoor Mahadeva Temple. The main deity is Lord Mahadeva (Shiva) with Parvathi.The temple is well known for the Hanuman temple situated inside the temple complex. Kaviyoor Temple is one of the important Special Grade temples under the Travancore Devaswom Board.

Old Syrian Church, Chengannur

Pazhaya Suriyani Pally a.k.a. Old Syrian Church, Chengannur is an ancient Syrian Christian church of Kerala. It is considered as one among the oldest still standing church buildings in Kerala and across India, that predates several centuries before the arrival of European Christianity in India. It is located at Chengannur, a major town along the MC Road, about 117 km north of the Kerala state capital Thiruvananthapuram and about 98 km south of Kochi.

Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple Shiva temple in Kerala, India

Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple is a Hindu temple located in Vazhappally near Changanassery in Kottayam district in the Indian state of Kerala. The temple is administered by the Travancore Devaswom Board. The temple is believed to be constructed by the first Chera king of Kodungallur. The legends suggest that the installation of the idol of god Mahadeva (Shiva) was performed by Parasurama himself. This temple is one among the 108 Shiva temples established by Parasurama. It is one of the few temples in Kerala where two nalambalams and two flag-masts are dedicated. The temple, a Grama Kshetra, also contains some seventeenth century wood carvings depicting figurines from epics. A Vattezhuttu inscription on the northern part of the base of the cultural shrine indicates that the repairs were completed in Kollam Era 840 (1665 AD).

Diocese of Madhya Kerala of the Church of South India

The Madhya Kerala Diocese is one of the twenty-four dioceses of the Church of South India covering the central part of Kerala. When the Church of South India was formed on 27th September 1947, the diocese was called the Diocese of Central Travancore. It was a part of the erstwhile Anglican Diocese of Travancore and Cochin founded in 1879. The Diocese was later renamed as Diocese of Madhya Kerala.

Chingavanam is a suburb of Kottayam city between Kottayam and Changanassery in Kottayam district of Kerala state, India.

Parippu Mahadeva Temple

Parippu Mahadeva Temple is a Hindu temple located in Parippu in Aymanam panchayath of Kottayam district, in the Indian state of Kerala. This temple mentioned as Nalparappil in the renowned Shivalaya stotra is closely related to Thekkumkur raja. Currently it is administered by Travancore Devaswom Board. Bhadrakali Mattappally Nambudiri holds the tantric rights of the temple.

Talikotta Mahadeva Temple

Talikotta Mahadeva Temple is an ancient Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva is located on the banks of Meenachil River on Kottayam - Kumarakom Road in Kottayam District in Kerala state in India. The Keezhtali Mahadeva Temple is one of the important temples in Thekkumkur Kingdom. According to folklore, sage Parashurama has installed the idol of Shiva. The temple is a part of the 108 Shiva Temples in Kerala. The temple is one of the four thali temples mentioned in the 108 Shiva temple sothram The temple houses Lord Shiva in his most angry form. There are sub-shrines for Ganapathi, Ayyappan and Bhadrakali in the temple.

Battle of Changanassery Battle in 1749 between Thekkumkur and Travancore, India

The Battle of Changanacherry was a battle between the old princely states of Thekkumkur and Travancore in September 1749. Defeat in this decisive battle led to Thekkumkur losing its dominance and expanding the Tranvancore empire to the southern border of the river Meenachilar.

Neerazhi Palace

Neerazhi Palace was the royal palace of the Thekkumkur kingdom. Palace is located at Puzhavathu in Changanassery. The palace was used by the Thekkumkur dynasty until 1750 and later by the Parappanad dynasty who settled in Changanassery from North Malabar. It was here that the last king of Thekkumkur, Aditya Varman Manikandan escaped to Nattassery of Kottayam in the Travancore invasion of 1790. The Neerazhi palace was earlier known as Neerazhikettu.

Vennimala Village in Kerala, India

Vennimala is a small village located in Puthuppally Grama Panchayath of the Kottayam district in Kerala. Vennimala is 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) east of Kottayam. It lies between the towns of Western Kerala and the mountains of the Western Ghats. Vennimala was once a dense forest.


  1. 1 2 Namboothiri, Prof N E Keshavan (2014). Thekkumkoor Charithravum Puravrithavum. :NBS (National Book Stall). ISBN   9789385725647.
  2. Edamaruk, Joseph. "India Gazetteer and Bhoomishasthra Nighandu 1977".
  3. "Pakkil Vanibham".
  4. Shankunni, Kottarathil. Aitheehya Mala. DC Books. ISBN   978-8126422906.
  5. "Lord Hanuman Statue". Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  6. "World's Authentic Spa Experiences". Forbes. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  7. "Alchemy Through Ayurveda. ~ Vikram Zutshi {Part 1}". Elephant Journal. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  8. "Athreya Ayurvedic Centre". Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  9. "Nehru Trophy Boat Race Alappuzha, Kerala".
  10. Madhavan, Pallom. "Kadhakali Award 2011".