Palmer, South Australia

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Palmer
South Australia
Palmer lutheran church.jpg
Palmer Lutheran Church
Australia South Australia location map.svg
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Palmer
Coordinates 34°51′07″S139°09′36″E / 34.852°S 139.160°E / -34.852; 139.160 Coordinates: 34°51′07″S139°09′36″E / 34.852°S 139.160°E / -34.852; 139.160
Population202 (2016 census) [1]
Established1860s
Postcode(s) 5237
LGA(s) Mid Murray Council
State electorate(s) Schubert
Federal Division(s) Barker
Localities around Palmer:
Mount Pleasant Milendella
Tungkillo Palmer Apamurra
Rockleigh Tepko Mannum
Footnotes [2]

Palmer is a town just east of the Adelaide Hills region of South Australia along the Adelaide-Mannum Road, 70 kilometres east-north-east of the state capital, Adelaide and 15 km west-north-west of Mannum ( 34°51′S139°9′E / 34.850°S 139.150°E / -34.850; 139.150 ). It is located in the Mid Murray Council local government area. At the 2006 census, Palmer had a population of 329. [3]

Contents

Palmer has a primary school (opened 1882), [4] a general store, hotel [5] and a Lutheran Church [6] of which Carl Heinrich Loessel was the first pastor, from 22 May 1869 before the church was built, succeeded by the long-serving Pastor Kuss. [7]

At the ABS 2001 census, Palmer had a population of 305 people living in 124 dwellings. By the 2016 census census, the population had dropped to only 202 people in 93 dwellings. [1]

There are some nearby rock formations.

History

Palmer is sited on the western confines of the indigenous Ngaralta people. The first European explorers through the Palmer district were Dr George Imlay and John Hill in January 1838. [8]

The Reedy Creek special survey was granted on 14 September 1846 to Enthoven, Capper and Masterman with Samuel Davenport as agent. The township of Palmer was laid out in August 1873 on section 960. [2] The town was named after Colonel George Palmer, a South Australian Colonisation Commissioner. [9] It was settled as a mining and agricultural settlement. The Kitticoola mine was discovered as a copper and gold deposit in 1845. [10] The remaining surface elements of the underground mine are heritage-listed. [11] Hillgrove Resources acquired rights for further mineral exploration in 2014. [12]

Heritage listings

Palmer has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

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References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Palmer (SA)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 February 2019. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. 1 2 "Placename Details: Palmer (LOCB)". Property Location Browser Report. Government of South Australia. 26 March 2007. SA0053022. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  3. Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Palmer (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  4. Conlon, Keith; Halejko, Stan; Pancione, Sharyn; Palmer Primary School (S.A.); Palmer & Districts Association; Country Arts SA (2007), Palmer Primary School celebrates 125 years, 1882-2007, Palmer & Districts Association, retrieved 2 February 2019
  5. White Pages Online. Accessed 18 June 2006.
  6. Lutheran Church of Australia. Accessed 7 April 2007
  7. "St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Palmer". The Mount Barker Courier And Onkaparinga And Gumeracha Advertiser . 48 (2548). South Australia. 27 September 1929. p. 5. Retrieved 5 April 2018 via National Library of Australia.
  8. "SOUTH AUSTRALIA". The Australian. 27 March 1838. p. 3.
  9. Place Names of South Australia, State Library of South Australia. Accessed 9 July 2006.
  10. "Kitticoola Mine (Great Wheal Orford; Plush and Omond; PM 53; Reedy Creek; Tungkillo), Palmer, South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills), Mt Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Australia". mindat.org. Hudson Institute of Mineralogy . Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  11. 1 2 "Kitticoola Mine". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  12. "HILLGROVE ACQUIRES RIGHTS OVER KITTICOOLA CU/AU PROSPECT NEAR KANMANTOO, SA" (PDF). Hillgrove Resources. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2019.
  13. "Granite Boulders Area Geological Site". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  14. "Palmer Police Station & Cells". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  15. "Homestead Complex, including main house, two cottages, shearing shed, stable and piggery". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  16. "Reedy Creek Railway Bridge [Concrete Arch]". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 28 May 2016.