Palmyra (town), New York

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Palmyra, New York
East Main Street Commercial Historic District Palmyra NY Aug 09.jpg
Wayne County New York incorporated and unincorporated areas Palmyra highlighted.svg
Location in Wayne County and the state of New York.
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Palmyra, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 43°03′50″N77°14′00″W / 43.06389°N 77.23333°W / 43.06389; -77.23333 Coordinates: 43°03′50″N77°14′00″W / 43.06389°N 77.23333°W / 43.06389; -77.23333 [1]
Country United States
State New York
County Wayne
Settled1789
EstablishedJanuary 16, 1789 [2] [3]
Government
  Type Town Board
   Supervisor Kenneth F. Miller
   Clerk Irene E. Unterborn
   Court Justice William E. Abbott
Justice Terry Rodman
Area
[4]
  Total33.67 sq mi (87.20 km2)
  Land33.44 sq mi (86.60 km2)
  Water0.23 sq mi (0.61 km2)
Elevation
[1]
486 ft (148 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total7,975
  Estimate 
(2016) [5]
7,638
  Density228.44/sq mi (88.20/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
14522
Area code(s) 315 and 680
FIPS code 36-56231
Website http://www.palmyrany.com/

Palmyra is a town in southwest Wayne County, New York, United States. The population was 7,975 at the 2010 census. The town is named after the ancient city Palmyra in Syria.

Contents

The town contains a village also named Palmyra. The town is about 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Rochester, New York.

History

The prehistoric Adena Culture left mounds in the area.

Palmyra was part of the Phelps and Gorham Purchase.

The Town of Palmyra, originally called "Swift's Landing" after its founder John Swift and "District of Tolland," was created in 1789. [6] The sole local encounter between natives and white settlers that resulted in deaths occurred that same year. The present name was adopted in 1796, reportedly to impress a new school teacher. There were almost one thousand people in the town in 1800.

The Erie Canal was completed up to Palmyra in 1822, although the canal was not completed to its western terminus until 1825. Palmyra is part of the Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor. [7]

In 1823, the Town of Macedon was formed from part of Palmyra's territory as part of the creation of Wayne County from Ontario County.

Birth of Latter Day Saint movement

Smith log cabin Smith log cabin 1.jpg
Smith log cabin

Palmyra is the birthplace of the Latter Day Saint movement. Founder Joseph Smith, whose family lived on a farm that straddled the line between Palmyra and Manchester, said he had been visited by God the Father and Jesus Christ in 1820, an event known as the First Vision. In 1830 the Book of Mormon was first published in the village of Palmyra by E.B. Grandin, in the present Book of Mormon Historic Publication Site. Beginning in the early 20th century, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints began buying and restoring many of the properties in the area associated with early church history. In 1997 the Smiths' log cabin was rebuilt on its original site and in 2000 the church built the Palmyra New York Temple on a portion of the former Smith farm. [8]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.7 square miles (87.3 km²), of which, 33.5 square miles (86.7 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (0.62%) is water.

The Erie Canal passes across the county, through the Village of Palmyra. The multi-use, recreational Erie Canal Heritage Trail continues along the towpath of the Erie Canal as well.

The south town line is the border of Ontario County.

New York State Route 21 (north-south) intersects New York State Route 31 (east-west) in Palmyra village.

Education

The Palmyra-Macedon High School, Palmyra-Macedon Middle School and Palmyra-Macedon Primary School are all located within Palmyra.

The Palmyra Community Library is a Board of Regents chartered library [9] that serves the public with a collection of books, magazines, videos, audiobooks, video games, and local references that may be borrowed or viewed. The library also hosts a variety of community events year round. Free wireless internet and computer access are available on site. [10]

In 2011, the library moved to its current location in the renovated Garlock Packing Company Building. The move was prompted by a need to expand on site resources, increase seating, and add community gathering spaces. [11]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1820 3,724
1830 3,434−7.8%
1840 3,5493.3%
1850 3,8939.7%
1860 4,2328.7%
1870 4,188−1.0%
1880 4,4355.9%
1890 4,188−5.6%
1900 3,758−10.3%
1910 4,16910.9%
1920 4,040−3.1%
1930 4,2234.5%
1940 4,3372.7%
1950 4,93413.8%
1960 6,17925.2%
1970 7,41720.0%
1980 7,6523.2%
1990 7,6900.5%
2000 7,672−0.2%
2010 7,9753.9%
Est. 20167,638 [5] −4.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]

As of the census [13] of 2010, there were 7,975 people, 3,255 households, and 2,175 families residing in the town. The population density was 236.6 people per square mile (91.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.7% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 3,255 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 20, 5.6% from 20 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $47,102, and the median income for a family was $57,770. Males had a median income of $40,742 versus $36,087 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,569. About 14.5% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.5% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Housing

There were 3,543 housing units at an average density of 105.1 per square mile (40.6/km²). 8.1% of housing units were vacant.

There were 3,255 occupied housing units in the town. 2,212 were owner-occupied units (68.0%), while 1,043 were renter-occupied (32.0%). The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2% of total units. The rental unit vacancy rate was 10.1%. [13]

Communities and locations in the Town of Palmyra

Notable people

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Palmyra (town), New York
  2. Wayne County Office of County Historian - Town of Palmyra History Archived 2015-07-06 at the Wayback Machine , Retrieved Jun. 7, 2015.
  3. Palmyra, New York - A Brief History of Palmyra by Bob Lowe, Retrieved Jun. 8, 2015.
  4. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017.
  5. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. The Woman's Society of the Western Presbyterian Church, ed. (1907), Palmyra, Wayne County, New York, Rochester, N. Y.: The Herald Press, LCCN   07041771, OCLC   4092801, OL   7133414M
  7. "National Park Service - Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor Brochure, New York" (PDF). Nps.org. Retrieved 2015-05-22.
  8. 1 2 Significant Events on the Smith Family Farm, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2010[ full citation needed ]
  9. [ dead link ]
  10. "Get the most out of your public library!". Palmyra.pls-net.org. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2015-05-22.
  11. Craig Potter (2011-12-19). "Palmyra Community Library opens its new location to the public - News - Wayne Post - Wayne County, NY". Waynepost.com. Archived from the original on 2013-02-09. Retrieved 2015-05-22.
  12. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2015-01-18.
  14. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. March 13, 2009.