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Panagiotis Toundas (Greek : Παναγιώτης Τούντας; 1886– 23 May 1942) was a Greek composer of the early 20th century. He is probably the most famous representative of the "Smyrna School" and made a notable contribution to the creation of the rebetico style music in Greece.[ citation needed ] He was born in Smyrna and from a young age he learned to play the mandolin. In the early 20th century became a member of the Smyrneiki Estudiantina. He joined many groups and traveled a lot, especially to the Greek diaspora.
Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning more than 3000 years of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin, Cyrillic, Armenian, Coptic, Gothic, and many other writing systems.
Rebetiko, plural rebetika, occasionally transliterated as Rembetiko or Rebetico, is a term used today to designate originally disparate kinds of urban Greek music which have come to be grouped together since the so-called rebetika revival, which started in the 1960s and developed further from the early 1970s onwards. Rebetiko briefly can be described as the urban popular song of the Greeks, especially the poorest, from the late 19th century to the 1950s.
After the Great fire of Smyrna he went to Athens. In 1924 he became director of the local annex of Odeon Records. He worked with all the major record labels in Greece and was responsible for the most recordings of the era. In 1931 he assumed the position of art director for Columbia Records and His Master's Voice until 1940. He worked with many musicians and many of his rebetiko songs were sung by well-known singers, such as Stelios Perpiniadis, Kostas Roukounas, Roza Eskenazi and Rita Abatzi.
The Great fire of Smyrna or the Catastrophe of Smyrna destroyed much of the port city of Smyrna in September 1922. Eyewitness reports state that the fire began on 13 September 1922 and lasted until it was largely extinguished on 22 September. It occurred four days after the Turkish forces regained control of the city on 9 September 1922, effectively ending the Greco-Turkish War in the field, more than three years after the Greek army had landed troops at Smyrna on 15 May 1919. Estimated Greek and Armenian deaths resulting from the fire range from 10,000 to 100,000.
Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years and its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC.
Odeon Records was a record label founded in 1903 by Max Straus and Heinrich Zuntz of the International Talking Machine Company in Berlin, Germany. The label's name and logo come from the Odéon-Théâtre de l'Europe in Paris.
Panagiotis Toundas died on 23 May 1942 in Athens.
Wikisource is an online digital library of free content textual sources on a wiki, operated by the Wikimedia Foundation. Wikisource is the name of the project as a whole and the name for each instance of that project ; multiple Wikisources make up the overall project of Wikisource. The project's aims are to host all forms of free text, in many languages, and translations. Originally conceived as an archive to store useful or important historical texts, it has expanded to become a general-content library. The project officially began in November 24, 2003 under the name Project Sourceberg, a play on the famous Project Gutenberg. The name Wikisource was adopted later that year and it received its own domain name seven months later.
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Panagiotis Giannakis, nicknamed "The Dragon", is a retired Greek professional basketball player and coach. He is the former head coach of EuroLeague powerhouse Olympiacos and the senior Greek national basketball team. Under Giannakis' guidance, the Greek national team won the gold medal at the EuroBasket 2005, and the silver medal at the 2006 FIBA World Championship in Japan. Giannakis also coached an Athenian professional team, Maroussi, which he led to the forefront of the Greek League. He has also been the head coach of the senior Chinese national team.
Panagiotis "Panos" Fasoulas, nicknamed "The Spider", is a Greek politician and former professional basketball player. He was selected in the second round by the Portland Trail Blazers in the 1986 NBA draft, but never decided to play in the NBA. Considered to be one of the best big men ever in European basketball, Fasoulas was inducted into the FIBA Hall of Fame in 2016.
Panagiotis Kanellopoulos or Panayotis Kanellopoulos was a Greek author, politician and Prime Minister of Greece. He was the Prime Minister of Greece deposed by the Greek military junta of 1967-1974.
Panagiotis Lagos is a Greek professional footballer who last played as a Wingback for Apollon Smyrni in the Greek Super League. Lagos has the ability to play in various positions as much as on the wings as on the center,due to the combination of the speed and technique of his play.
Panagiotis Vasilopoulos is a Greek professional basketball player for Peristeri of the Greek Basket League. He is 2.05 m tall. He plays at both the small forward and power forward positions.
The Heptanese School of painting succeeded the Cretan School as the leading school of Greek post-Byzantine painting after Crete fell to the Ottomans in 1669. Like the Cretan school it combined Byzantine traditions with an increasing Western European artistic influence, and also saw the first significant depiction of secular subjects. The school was based in the Ionian Islands, which were not part of Ottoman Greece, from the middle of the 17th century until the middle of the 19th century.
Panagiotis Markouizos is a Greek figure skater. He is a multiple Greek national champion. His highest placement at an ISU championship was 33rd at the 2001 European Figure Skating Championships.
Panagiotis Poulitsas was a Greek judge and archeologist. He was born in Athens, Attica in 1881.
Panagiotis Stroubakos is a retired Greek middle distance runner who specialized in the 800 metres.
Panagiotis Anagnostopoulos was a Greek revolutionary leader during the Greek War of Independence and a member of Filiki Eteria, the secret organization whose purpose was to overthrow the Ottoman rule of Greece and establish an independent Greek state.
Roza Eskenazi was a famous Jewish-Greek singer of rebetiko and Greek folk music born in Constantinople, whose recording and stage career extended from the late 1920s into the 1970s.
Panagiotis "Takis" Vougiouklakis is a Greek director and producer.
Panagiotis Spiliotopoulos was a Greek Army officer who rose to the rank of Lieutenant General and held the post of Chief of the Hellenic Army General Staff in 1946–1947, during the first stages of the Greek Civil War. He also served briefly as Minister of National Defence, Minister for Northern Greece and Secretary General of the Hellenic Red Cross.
Panagiotis Pikrammenos is a Greek judge who served as caretaker Prime Minister of Greece in May–June 2012 after the legislative election in May 2012 resulted in an absence of majority.
Panagiotis Demestichas was an officer of the Greek Army who rose to the rank of Lieutenant General, leading an army corps in the Greco-Italian War. He also briefly served as Minister of the Interior in the first collaborationist government under general Georgios Tsolakoglou during the Axis occupation of Greece.
Panagiotis Aravantinos was an ethnic Greek scholar and educator who was born in Parga. He worked primarily in Epirus, which was then under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. As with many Greek names, his names appears in English literature in a variety of Romanizations, e.g. the first name as Panagiōtēs or Panayiotis etc., and the last name, as Aravandinos.
Smyrna Trio were a Rebetiko trio consisting of Roza Eskenazi, Agapios Tomboulis (Oud) and Lambros Leondaridis. The trio would briefly become a Quartet in 1932 when violinist Dimitrios Semsis joined soon after the quartet would return to a trio when Lambros Leondaridis left the group some time in 1932.
Panagiotis Dounis is a Greek footballer who plays as a Goalkeeper for Panegialios.
Panagiotis Tsintotas is a professional Greek football player, currently playing for AEK Athens in the Super League.