Panama Al Brown

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Panama Al Brown
Panama Al Brown Portrait BNF.jpg
Statistics
Real nameAlfonso Teofilo Brown
Nickname(s)Panama Al Brown
Kid Theophilo
Weight(s)
Height5 ft 11 in (180 cm) [1]
Reach76 in (193 cm) [1]
Nationality Flag of Panama.svg Panamanian
BornJuly 5, 1902
Colón, Panama
DiedApril 11, 1951(1951-04-11) (aged 48)
New York City, United States
Stance Orthodox
Boxing record
Total fights163
Wins131
Wins by KO59
Losses20
Draws12

Alfonso Teofilo Brown (July 5, 1902 – April 11, 1951), better known as Panama Al Brown, was a Panamanian professional boxer. He made history by becoming boxing's first Latin American world champion, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest bantamweight boxers in history. [2] [3]

Contents

Brown won the NYSAC and lineal bantamweight titles in 1929 after defeating Gregorio Vidal. In 1930 he won both the NBA and IBU bantamweight titles, after defeating Johnny Erickson and Eugène Huat. After relocating to Paris, France, Brown became known within the gay nightlife of the time for his flamboyant lifestyle and his interest in the arts, performing in a cabaret.

As an Afro-Panamanian in the US, Brown faced racial barriers throughout his boxing career, [4] and had been stripped of the NYSAC and NBA titles by 1934. He held the IBU title until 1935, when he lost it to Baltasar Sangchili.

In 1938, Brown fought for the IBU bantamweight title again in a rematch with Sangchili, winning on points. He continued to box until 1942, but failed to achieve the same level of success he had previously enjoyed. In 2002, Brown was named one of the 80 best fighters of the past 80 years by The Ring magazine. [5] He currently ranks #5 in BoxRec's ranking of the greatest bantamweight boxers in history. [6] He has been inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame. [7]

Early life

Alfonso Teofilo Brown was born on July 5, 1902, to Afro-Caribbean immigrants in the City of Colón, Panama. [8] His father, Horace Brown, died when Brown was 13, and his mother, Esther Lashley, worked as a cleaner. [9] [10] His first exposure to boxing came while working as a young adult clerk for the United States Shipping Board, at the Panama Canal Zone, witnessing American soldiers boxing. [8]

Professional career

Early career

Brown turned professional in 1922 under the guidance of manager Dave Lumiansky. His first fight took place on March 19, 1922, when he beat Jose Moreno by a decision in six at Colon. By his seventh fight, December 13 of that same year, he beat Sailor Patchett by a fifteen round decision, to earn the Panamanian 'Isthmus' flyweight title. [2]

On September 22, 1923, he had his first fight abroad, drawing in four rounds with Johnny Breslin, in New York. He very quickly established a presence upon relocating to the city in 1923. His rise was rapid; a year after his move to New York, The Ring magazine rated him the third best flyweight in the world; two years later, the sixth best bantamweight. [7]

Brown began campaigning extensively across the United States before he suffered his first loss, at the hands of Jimmy Russo on December 6, 1924, by decision in twelve. He would later avenge that defeat, and he beat Davey Abad and Willie LaMorte before being disqualified in the first round against Frankie Murray on June 11, 1925. Despite that setback, he kept on campaigning successfully, fighting for the first time in his career at Madison Square Garden on May 21, 1926, against Teddy Silva. Brown achieving a third round knockout. [1] On November 10 of that year, he knocked out Antoine Merlo in his Paris debut, at the Salle Wagram. [11]

He enjoyed Paris so much that he decided to stay there for the rest of his life. In Paris he trained under Eugene Bullard who served as a fighter pilot in World War I. He became a hugely popular boxer in France, and fought on the European continent 40 times between 1929 and 1934. Over the next three years, he beat several fighters there, including former world champion Eugene Criqui.

An interesting case happened when he fought Gustav Humery, on January 29, 1929. Brown and Humery had previously agreed that they would not salute by touching gloves before the fight, and when the bell rang, Brown struck quickly, breaking Humery's jaw with his first punch and sending him to the floor. With the referee's count of ten seconds, the fight lasted a total of fifteen seconds, one of the quickest knockouts in boxing history. [12]

World bantamweight champion

On June 18, 1929, Brown made history by becoming the world's first Latin American world champion. He beat Gregorio Vidal by a fifteen round decision to win the vacant NYSAC and lineal bantamweight titles, at the Queensboro Stadium, Long Island. [13] He became a national idol in Panama, and an instant celebrity almost everywhere else in Latin America. Magazines such as Ring En Español were still talking about his achievement sixty years later. Soon after he lost a ten round, non-title fight to Battling Battalino. On February 8, 1930, Brown beat Johnny Erickson by disqualification to claim the NBA bantamweight title. [13] On October 4, 1930, he beat Eugène Huat by unanimous decision to claim the IBU bantamweight title. [13]

On July 30, 1933, Brown defended his IBU title against British bantamweight champion Johnny King, at Kings Hall, Manchester. Brown knocked King down several times during the early rounds, though King fought on. During the seventh round King caught Brown with a right, almost knocking him out, but Brown managed to hold on for a points decision. [14]

On February 19, 1934, Brown defended his IBU title against Young Perez at the Palais des Sports, Paris, in what would be the first of three encounters between the two boxers. Brown had a significant height and reach advantage, and proved too much for the Tunisian, who lost on points. [15] Shortly after the NBA stripped Brown of his title for failing to defend it against their leading contender Rodolfo Casanova. [16]

Brown retained his title nine times and had countless other fights before a rematch with Hummey that ended in disaster: on May 17, 1934, Brown was disqualified in round six at Paris for using illegal tactics. A riot started and Brown suffered several broken bones and was sent into semi-unconsciousness by fans before the police could help him. Twenty minutes later, the locale where the rematch was held had almost been entirely destroyed. [10]

For his next title defense, on November 1 of the same year, he travelled to Tunis, for his second encounter with Young Perez. Perez was counted out in round ten while on the floor, claiming that Brown had hit him with an illegal blow.

On June 1, 1935, Brown lost the title to Baltasar Sangchili by a fifteen round decision, at the Plaza de Toros, in Valencia, Spain. [17] After the loss he chose to retire from boxing, instead performing in a cabaret. Suffering from the prolonged effects of drug use, he was persuaded by Jean Cocteau to detox, receiving treatment at the Sainte-Anne Asylum, [18] and begin training for a comeback to boxing. [17] His first fight was against former French bantamweight champion Andre Regis, at the Salle Wagram, Paris, on September 21, 1937. Brown achieving a first round knockout. [19] He had a rematch with Sangchili on March 4, 1938, avenging his earlier loss with a fifteen round decision to win the vacant IBU bantamweight title, [17] but by this time the International Boxing Union was no longer recognized in the United States. [9] His rematch win over Sangchili is believed to be his last great night, and, bowing to Cocteau's wishes, Brown vowed to retire after one more fight. That came in 1939 against Valentin Angelmann in Paris, Brown stopped him in eight rounds.

Later career

With the advent of the World War II, Brown moved to the United States, settled in Harlem and tried to find work of the cabaret sort he performed in Paris when not fighting. There was none and before long he was fighting again, but not well. [9]

Brown went on fighting until 1942, challenging unsuccessfully for the Panamanian Featherweight title on September 30, 1942, when he drew with Leocadio Torres, but retiring as a winner, defeating Kid Fortune by a decision in ten rounds on December 4 of the same year.

Not long after, he was arrested for using cocaine and deported for a year. [2] He went back to New York afterward and, in his late 40s, took a lot of beatings while serving as a sparring partner for up-and-comers at a gym in Harlem, making a dollar a round.

Brown died penniless of tuberculosis in New York City in 1951. He had fainted on 42nd Street. The police thought he was drunk and took him to the station. Eventually he was transferred to Sea View Hospital. He died there on April 11, [2] unaware that not long before, one of the newspapers in Paris had begun talks about organizing a fund drive to pay for his trip home.

During five years of investigation, Spanish painter Eduardo Arroyo wrote a biography of Panama Al Brown, titled Panama Al Brown, 1902-1951, first published by Edition Jean-Claude Lattès, Paris, in 1982.

Panama Al Brown's final record is believed to have been 123 wins, 18 defeats and 10 draws, with 55 knockouts, placing him in the exclusive list of boxers who have won 50 or more wins by knockout. He was the recognized bantamweight world champion for six years and over that time made 10 title defenses against 8 different contenders, the best bantamweights and featherweights of his era. [20] [21]

Personal life

Brown quickly fell in love with Paris, and as a result spent much of his life there. He was noted for dressing elegantly, and enjoyed the night life of the city, frequenting bars and jazz clubs. Brown was gay and was involved in a long-term romantic relationship with Jean Cocteau. [10] [22] [23] He owned a number of cars including a 1929 Packard 645 Sport, and several Bugatti's. [24] He joined Josephine Baker's La Revue Nègre as a tap-dancer, and made his cabaret debut as a song-and-dance man at the Caprice Viennoise. [25]

During the early 1930s Brown contracted syphilis, and suffered from sores on his back. He recovered well enough to continue his boxing career, though without antibiotics it remains unknown as to what extent he overcame the infection. [10]

Professional boxing record

Professional record summary
163 fights129 wins19 losses
By knockout590
By decision6616
By disqualification43
Draws12
Newspaper decisions/draws 3

All Newspaper decisions are regarded as “no decision” bouts as they have “resulted in neither boxer winning or losing, and would therefore not count as part of their official fight record."

No.Result Record Opponent Type Round Date Location Notes
163 Win 129–19–12 (3) Flag of Panama.svg Kid Fortune PTS 10 Dec 04, 1943 Flag of Panama.svg Club Tropical, Colon City, Panama
162 Draw 128–19–12 (3) Flag of Panama.svg Leocadio Torres PTS 10 Aug 30, 1942 Flag of Panama.svg Estadio Olimpico, Panama City, PanamaFor vacant Panamanian featherweight title
161 Loss 128–19–11 (3) Flag of Peru.svg Eduardo Carrasco PTS 10 Mar 08, 1942 Flag of Panama.svg Estadio Olimpico, Panama City, Panama
160 Loss 128–18–11 (3) Flag of Peru.svg Eduardo Carrasco PTS 10 Oct 26, 1941 Flag of Panama.svg Gimnasio Nacional, Panama City, Panama
159 Win 128–17–11 (3) Flag of Panama.svg Kid Fortune KO 2 (10) Sep 07, 1941 Flag of Panama.svg Gimnasio Nacional, Panama City, Panama
158 Win 127–17–11 (3) Flag of Panama.svg Battling Nelson KO 4 (10) Jul 26, 1941 Flag of Panama.svg Gimnasio Nacional, Panama City, Panama
157 Win 126–17–11 (3) Flag of Panama.svg Leocadio Torres KO 8 (10) Jul 14, 1941 Flag of Panama.svg Gimnasio Nacional, Panama City, Panama
156 Win 125–17–11 (3) Flag of Spain 1931 1939.svg Mariano Arilla KO 3 (8) May 06, 1939 Flag of the United States.svg Rockland Palace, New York City, New York, U.S.
155 Win 124–17–11 (3) Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Cristobal Jaramillo TKO 4 (10) Apr 22, 1939 Flag of the United States.svg Rockland Palace, New York City, New York, U.S.
154 Win 123–17–11 (3) Flag of France.svg Valentin Angelmann KO 8 (10) Apr 13, 1938 Flag of France.svg Palais des Sports, Paris, France
153 Win 122–17–11 (3) Flag of Spain 1931 1939.svg Baltasar Sangchili SD 15 Mar 04, 1938 Flag of France.svg Palais des Sports, Paris, FranceWon vacant IBU bantamweight title
152 Win 121–17–11 (3) Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg Victor Perez KO 5 (10) Dec 22, 1937 Flag of France.svg Salle Wagram, Paris, France
151 Win 120–17–11 (3) Flag of France.svg Joseph Decico PTS 10 Nov 26, 1937 Flag of France.svg Salle Wagram, Paris, France
150 Win 119–17–11 (3) Flag of France.svg Francis Augier KO 2 (10) Oct 08, 1937 Flag of Switzerland.svg Salle Communale de Plainpalais, Geneva, Switzerland
149 Win 118–17–11 (3) Flag of France.svg Maurice Huguenin KO 3 (10) Sep 23, 1937 Flag of France.svg Salle Wagram, Paris, France
148 Win 117–17–11 (3) Flag of France (1794-1815).svg Andre Regis KO 1 (15) Sep 09, 1937 Flag of France.svg Salle Wagram, Paris, France
147 Loss 116–17–11 (3) Flag of Norway.svg Pete Sanstol UD 10 Sep 13, 1935 Flag of Norway.svg Bislet Stadium, Oslo, Norway
146 Loss 116–16–11 (3) Flag of Spain 1931 1939.svg Baltasar Sangchili PTS 15 Jun 01, 1935 Flag of Spain 1931 1939.svg Plaza de Toros, Valencia, Comunidad Valenciana, SpainLost IBU and The Ring bantamweight titles
145 Win 116–15–11 (3) Flag of Spain 1931 1939.svg Javier Torres TKO 2 (10) Apr 24, 1935 Flag of Spain 1931 1939.svg Teatro Circo Olympia, Barcelona, Cataluña, Spain
144 Win 115–15–11 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Luigi Quadrini PTS 10 Apr 12, 1935 Flag of Spain 1931 1939.svg Teatro Circo Price, Madrid, Comunidad de Madrid, Spain
143 Loss 114–15–11 (3) Flag of Spain 1931 1939.svg Baltasar Sangchili PTS 10 Mar 18, 1935 Flag of Spain 1931 1939.svg Plaza de Toros, Valencia, Comunidad Valenciana, Spain
142 Draw 114–14–11 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Gustavo Ansini PTS 10 Mar 09, 1935 Flag of France.svg Central Sporting Club, Paris, France
141 Win 114–14–10 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Henri Barras PTS 10 Mar 02, 1935 Flag of France.svg Central Sporting Club, Paris, France
140 Loss 113–14–10 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Freddie Miller UD 10 Dec 24, 1934 Flag of France.svg Palais des Sports, Lille, Nord, France
139 Win 113–13–10 (3) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Frans Machtens PTS 10 Dec 09, 1934 Flag of France.svg Palais des Sports, Lille, Nord, France
138 Win 112–13–10 (3) Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg Victor Perez KO 10 (15) Nov 01, 1934 Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg Parc du Belvedere, Tunis, TunisiaRetained IBU and The Ring bantamweight titles
137 Loss 111–13–10 (3) Flag of France.svg Johnny Edwards UD 10 Jun 30, 1934 Flag of Switzerland.svg Stadion Letzigrund, Zurich, Switzerland
136 Loss 111–12–10 (3) Flag of France.svg Gustave Humery DQ 6 (10) May 17, 1934 Flag of France.svg Palais des Sports, Paris, FranceDQ'd after three warnings for using illegal tactics. The crowd rioted, destroying the ring and beat Brown half to death.
135 Win 111–11–10 (3) Flag of France.svg Kid Francis PTS 10 Apr 16, 1934 Flag of France.svg Palais des Sports, Paris, France
134 Win 110–11–10 (3) Flag of Switzerland.svg Maurice Dubois TKO 2 (10) Apr 07, 1934 Flag of Switzerland.svg Palais des Expositions, Geneva, Switzerland
133 Win 109–11–10 (3) Flag of Tunisia (1959-1999).svg Victor Perez UD 15 Feb 19, 1934 Flag of France.svg Palais des Sports, Paris, FranceRetained NBA, NYSAC, IBU, and The Ring bantamweight titles
132 Win 108–11–10 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Luigi Quadrini PTS 10 Dec 08, 1933 Flag of France (1794-1815).svg Grand Casino, Oran, Algeria
131 Win 107–11–10 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Alfredo Magnolfi PTS 10 Nov 12, 1933 Flag of Morocco.svg Casablanca, Morocco
130 Win 106–11–10 (3) Flag of France.svg Georges LePerson PTS 10 Sep 30, 1933 Flag of France (1794-1815).svg Stade Communal de Saint Eugène, Algiers, Algeria
129 Win 105–11–10 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Johnny King PTS 15 Jul 03, 1933 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg King's Hall, Belle Vue, Manchester, Lancashire, EnglandRetained NBA, NYSAC, IBU, and The Ring bantamweight titles
128 Win 104–11–10 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dave Crowley PTS 10 Jun 12, 1933 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Olympia, Kensington, London, England
127 Win 103–11–10 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dick Burke TKO 12 (12) May 13, 1933 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Blundell Park (Grimsby Town FC), Cleethorpes, Lincolnshire, England
126 Win 102–11–10 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Arthur Boddington RTD 3 (12) May 07, 1933 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Royton NSB, Royton, Lancashire, England
125 Win 101–11–10 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Tommy Hyams KO 9 (15) Apr 30, 1933 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Ring, Blackfriars Road, Southwark, London, England
124 Win 100–11–10 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Domenico Bernasconi UD 12 Mar 19, 1933 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Palazzo dello Sport (Pad. 3 Fiera), Milan, Lombardia, ItalyRetained NBA, NYSAC, IBU, and The Ring bantamweight titles
123 Win 99–11–10 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Johnny Peters PTS 15 Mar 05, 1933 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Ring, Blackfriars Road, Southwark, London, England
122 Win 98–11–10 (3) Flag of France.svg Henri Poutrain PTS 10 Feb 09, 1933 Flag of France.svg Palais de la Mutualité, Paris, France
121 Win 97–11–10 (3) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Frans Machtens PTS 10 Dec 08, 1932 Flag of France.svg Palais de la Mutualité, Paris, France
120 Draw 96–11–10 (3) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Henri Scillie MD 10 Dec 03, 1932 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Palais d'Ete, Brussels, Bruxelles-Capitale, Belgium
119 Win 96–11–9 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dick Burke PTS 12 Dec 01, 1932 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Norfolk Road Drill Hall, Sheffield, Yorkshire, England
118 Win 95–11–9 (3) Flag of France.svg Émile Pladner KO 2 (10) Nov 14, 1932 Flag of France.svg Palais des Sports, Paris, France
117 Win 94–11–9 (3) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Nicolas Petit Biquet UD 10 Oct 23, 1932 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Palais des Sports, Schaerbeek, Bruxelles-Capitale, Belgium
116 Win 93–11–9 (3) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Frans Machtens PTS 10 Oct 20, 1932 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Rubenspaleis, Antwerpen, Antwerpen, Belgium
115 Win 92–11–9 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Mose Butch UD 10 Sep 26, 1932 Flag of the United States.svg Motor Square Garden, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.
114 Win 91–11–9 (3) Flag of France.svg Émile Pladner KO 1 (15) Sep 19, 1932 Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, Ontario, CanadaRetained NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring bantamweight titles
113 Win 90–11–9 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Roland LeCuyer TKO 6 (10) Aug 17, 1932 Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg Forum, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
112 Win 89–11–9 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Kid Francis SD 15 Jul 10, 1932 Flag of France.svg Arènes du Rond-Point du Prado, Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, FranceRetained NBA, NYSAC, IBU, and The Ring bantamweight titles
111 Loss 88–11–9 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Vittorio Tamagnini UD 10 Jun 25, 1932 Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Palazzo dello Sport (Pad. 3 Fiera), Milan, Lombardia, Italy
110 Win 88–10–9 (3) Flag of France.svg Eugène Huat PTS 10 Jun 18, 1932 Flag of France.svg Palais des Sports, Paris, France
109 Draw 87–10–9 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Nel Tarleton PTS 15 Jun 13, 1932 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Anfield Football Ground, Liverpool, Merseyside, England
108 Win 87–10–8 (3) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Frans Machtens PTS 10 May 31, 1932 Flag of France.svg Cirque d'Hiver, Paris, France
107 Win 86–10–8 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Luigi Quadrini RTD 6 (15) May 28, 1932 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Ninian Park, Cardiff, Wales
106 Win 85–10–8 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Dominique Di Cea PTS 10 May 18, 1932 Flag of France.svg Salle Wagram, Paris, France, U.S.
105 Win 84–10–8 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Golf Ball Bernard PTS 10 Mar 14, 1932 Flag of the United States.svg New Bedford A.A., New Bedford, Massachusetts, U.S.
104 Loss 83–10–8 (3) Flag of the Philippines.svg Speedy Dado UD 10 Jan 04, 1932 Flag of the United States.svg Olympic Auditorium, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
103 Loss 83–9–8 (3) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Newsboy Brown PTS 10 Dec 15, 1931 Flag of the United States.svg Olympic Auditorium, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
102 Win 83–8–8 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Art Chapdelaine KO 7 (10) Nov 18, 1931 Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg Colisee de Quebec, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada
101 Win 82–8–8 (3) Flag of France.svg Eugène Huat UD 15 Oct 27, 1931 Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg Forum, Montreal, Quebec, CanadaRetained NBA, NYSAC, and The Ring bantamweight titles
100 Win 81–8–8 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Ginger Jones KO 9 (10) Sep 21, 1931 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Pavilion, Mountain Ash, Wales
99 Win 80–8–8 (3) Flag of Norway.svg Pete Sanstol SD 15 Aug 25, 1931 Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg Forum, Montreal, Quebec, CanadaRetained NBA and NYSAC bantamweight titles;
Won vacant The Ring bantamweight title
98 Loss 79–8–8 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Johnny Cuthbert DQ 8 (15) Jun 15, 1931 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Olympia, Kensington, London, England
97 Win 79–7–8 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Teddy Baldock TKO 12 (15) May 21, 1931 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Albert Hall, Kensington, London, England
96 Win 78–7–8 (3) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Julien Verbist KO 8 (10) Apr 30, 1931 Flag of France.svg Cirque d'Hiver, Paris, France
95 Win 77–7–8 (3) Flag of France.svg Roger Simende KO 3 (10) Apr 15, 1931 Flag of France.svg Cirque d'Hiver, Paris, France
94 Win 76–7–8 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Jack Garland PTS 15 Apr 13, 1931 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg King's Hall, Belle Vue, Manchester, Lancashire, England
93 Win 75–7–8 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Douglas Parker TKO 11 (15) Mar 23, 1931 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg New St James Hall, Newcastle, Tyne and Wear, England
92 Win 74–7–8 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Billy Farrell TKO 3 (15) Mar 09, 1931 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg King's Hall, Belle Vue, Manchester, Lancashire, England
91 Win 73–7–8 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Nic Bensa PTS 10 Feb 11, 1931 Flag of France.svg Salle Pleyel, Paris, France
90 Win 72–7–8 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Nic Bensa PTS 10 Nov 08, 1930 Flag of France.svg Velodrome d'Hiver, Paris, France
89 Draw 71–7–8 (3) Flag of Spain (1785-1873, 1875-1931).svg Jose Girones PTS 10 Oct 22, 1930 Flag of Spain (1785-1873, 1875-1931).svg Plaza de Toros Monumental, Barcelona, Cataluña, Spain
88 Win 71–7–7 (3) Flag of France.svg Eugène Huat UD 15 Oct 04, 1930 Flag of France.svg Velodrome d'Hiver, Paris, FranceRetained NBA and NYSAC bantamweight titles;
Won vacant IBU bantamweight title
87 Win 70–7–7 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Johnny Vacca TKO 3 (10) Aug 29, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg Newfield Park, Bridgeport, Connecticut, U.S.
86 Win 69–7–7 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Domenico Bernasconi PTS 10 Jul 23, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg Ebbets Field, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.
85 Win 68–7–7 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Calvin Reed KO 4 (10) Jul 04, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg Maryland Ball Park, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
84 Win 67–7–7 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Mickey Doyle PTS 10 Jun 24, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg Watres Armory, Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S.
83 Win 66–7–7 (3) Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Benny Brostoff TKO 2 (10) Jun 18, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg Bayonne Stadium, Bayonne, New Jersey, U.S.
82 Win 65–7–7 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Johnny McCoy TKO 6 (10) Jun 16, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg Heywood Arena, West Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S.
81 Win 64–7–7 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Milton Cohen KO 1 (10) Jun 05, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg Lakewood Arena, Waterbury, Connecticut, U.S.
80 Win 63–7–7 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Al Gillette KO 9 (?) Apr 21, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg New Bedford, Massachusetts, U.S.
79 Win 62–7–7 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Andrea Ettore Esposito DQ 7 (10) Apr 15, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg Convention Hall, Toledo, Ohio, U.S.
78 Draw 61–7–7 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Tommy Paul PTS 6 Mar 14, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg Broadway Auditorium, Buffalo, New York, U.S.
77 Win 61–7–6 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Johnny Canzoneri PTS 10 Feb 18, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg Manhattan Auditorium, Allentown, Pennsylvania, U.S.
76 Win 60–7–6 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Johnny Erickson DQ 4 (15) Feb 08, 1930 Flag of the United States.svg Olympia Boxing Club, New York City, New York, U.S.Retained NBA and NYSAC bantamweight titles
75 Win 59–7–6 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Pinky Silverberg PTS 10 Jan 25, 1930 Flag of Cuba.svg Arena Polar, Havana, Cuba
74 Win 58–7–6 (3) Flag of Denmark.svg Knud Larsen PTS 12 Aug 28, 1929 Flag of Denmark.svg Stadion, Copenhagen, Denmark
73 Loss 57–7–6 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Battling Battalino PTS 10 Jul 26, 1929 Flag of the United States.svg Bulkeley Stadium, Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.
72 Win 57–6–6 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Vernon Cormier KO 4 (12) Jul 16, 1929 Flag of the United States.svg Exposition Building, Portland, Maine, U.S.
71 Win 56–6–6 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Vic Burrone PTS 10 Jul 03, 1929 Flag of the United States.svg Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
70 Win 55–6–6 (3) Flag of Spain (1785-1873, 1875-1931).svg Gregorio Vidal UD 15 Jun 18, 1929 Flag of the United States.svg Queensboro Stadium, Long Island City, Queens, New York City, New York, U.S.Won vacant NYSAC bantamweight title
69 Win 54–6–6 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Joe Cadman KO 3 (10) Apr 09, 1929 Flag of France.svg Cirque de Paris, Paris, France
68 Win 53–6–6 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Domenico Bernasconi PTS 10 Mar 23, 1929 Flag of Spain (1785-1873, 1875-1931).svg Frontón Jai-Alai, Madrid, Comunidad de Madrid, Spain
67 Win 52–6–6 (3) Flag of France.svg Gustave Humery KO 1 (12) Jan 29, 1929 Flag of France.svg Cirque de Paris, Paris, France
66 Win 51–6–6 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Harry Corbett PTS 12 Dec 18, 1928 Flag of France.svg Cirque de Paris, Paris, France
65 Draw 50–6–6 (3) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Johnny Cuthbert PTS 12 Nov 17, 1928 Flag of France.svg Velodrome d'Hiver, Paris, France
64 Win 50–6–5 (3) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Kid Francis PTS 12 Sep 13, 1928 Flag of the United States.svg Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
63 Win 49–6–5 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Billy Shaw KO 1 (8) Jun 21, 1928 Flag of the United States.svg Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
62 Win 48–6–5 (3) Flag of the United States.svg Eddie O'Dowd NWS 10 Apr 27, 1928 Flag of the United States.svg Armory, Toledo, Ohio, U.S.
61 Win 48–6–5 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Steve Nugent DQ 2 (10) Apr 10, 1928 Flag of the United States.svg Armory, Toledo, Ohio, U.S.Low blow
60 Win 47–6–5 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Benny Schwartz PTS 10 Mar 23, 1928 Flag of the United States.svg Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
59 Loss 46–6–5 (2) Flag of France.svg André Routis PTS 10 Dec 10, 1927 Flag of France.svg Velodrome d'Hiver, Paris, France
58 Loss 46–5–5 (2) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Henri Scillie PTS 13 Nov 22, 1927 Flag of France.svg Cirque d'Hiver, Paris, France
57 Win 46–4–5 (2) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Albert Ryall KO 2 (?) Oct 18, 1927 Flag of France.svg Cirque d'Hiver, Paris, France
56 Win 45–4–5 (2) Flag of Spain (1785-1873, 1875-1931).svg Young Ciclone PTS 10 May 10, 1927 Flag of France.svg Cirque de Paris, Paris, France
55 Win 44–4–5 (2) Flag of France.svg Eugène Criqui UD 10 Apr 02, 1927 Flag of France.svg Velodrome d'Hiver, Paris, France
54 Win 43–4–5 (2) Flag of the United States.svg George Joseph Stockings KO 5 (10) Mar 08, 1927 Flag of France.svg Cirque de Paris, Paris, France
53 Win 42–4–5 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Edouard Mascart TKO 5 (?) Jan 25, 1927 Flag of France.svg Cirque de Paris, Paris, France
52 Draw 41–4–5 (2) Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Henri Scillie PTS 12 Dec 14, 1926 Flag of France.svg Cirque de Paris, Paris, France
51 Win 41–4–4 (2) Flag of France.svg Roger Fabregues KO 1 (10) Dec 01, 1926 Flag of France.svg Salle Wagram, Paris, France
50 Win 40–4–4 (2) Flag of France.svg Antoine Merlo KO 3 (10) Nov 10, 1926 Flag of France.svg Salle Wagram, Paris, France
49 Win 39–4–4 (2) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Joe Ryder DQ 4 (10) Sep 02, 1926 Flag of the United States.svg Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
48 Win 38–4–4 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Harry Forbes PTS 12 Aug 05, 1926 Flag of the United States.svg Albany, New York, U.S.Not to be confused with Harry Forbes
47 Win 37–4–4 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Peter Zivic PTS 10 Jul 08, 1926 Flag of the United States.svg Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
46 Win 36–4–4 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Billy Marlowe KO 4 (10) Jun 26, 1926 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
45 Win 35–4–4 (2) Flag of France.svg Jacques Pettibon KO 4 (10) Jun 05, 1926 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
44 Win 34–4–4 (2) Flag of Portugal.svg Teddy Silva KO 3 (10) May 21, 1926 Flag of the United States.svg Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
43 Loss 33–4–4 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Abe Goldstein PTS 6 Apr 23, 1926 Flag of the United States.svg Pioneer Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
42 Draw 33–3–4 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Willie O'Connell PTS 6 Apr 10, 1926 Flag of the United States.svg Ridgewood Grove, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.
41 Win 33–3–3 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Eddie O'Dowd PTS 12 Mar 20, 1926 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
40 Loss 32–3–3 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Dominick Petrone PTS 10 Feb 06, 1926 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
39 Win 32–2–3 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Tommy Hughes PTS 10 Dec 12, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
38 Win 31–2–3 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Marty Gold UD 10 Nov 14, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
37 Win 30–2–3 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Johnny Breslin PTS 10 Oct 16, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Pioneer Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
36 Win 29–2–3 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Bobby Green PTS 10 Oct 03, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
35 Win 28–2–3 (2) Flag of the United States.svg Joey Ross NWS 10 Sep 21, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Oakland A.A., Jersey City, New Jersey, U.S.
34 Win 28–2–3 (1) Canadian Red Ensign (1921-1957).svg Davey Adelman PTS 10 Sep 09, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S.
33 Win 27–2–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Eddie Flank PTS 10 Aug 22, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
32 Win 26–2–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Dominick Petrone PTS 10 Jun 27, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
31 Loss 25–2–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Frankie Murray DQ 1 (10) Jun 11, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Bacharach Ball Park, Atlantic City, New Jersey, U.S.
30 Win 25–1–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Dominick Petrone PTS 6 May 16, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
29 Win 24–1–3 (1) Flag of Panama.svg Davey Abad UD 6 Feb 19, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Clermont Avenue Rink, Brooklyn, New York City, New York, U.S.
28 Win 23–1–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Terry Miller PTS 10 Feb 07, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
27 Win 22–1–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Jimmy Russo PTS 10 Jan 03, 1925 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
26 Loss 21–1–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Jimmy Russo PTS 10 Dec 06, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
25 Win 21–0–3 (1) Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Tommy Milton PTS 15 Nov 11, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Pioneer Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
24 Win 20–0–3 (1) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Frankie Ash KO 1 (12) Oct 25, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
23 Win 19–0–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Billy Marlowe PTS 10 Sep 27, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
22 Win 18–0–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Jimmy Moreno KO 1 (10) Sep 13, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
21 Win 17–0–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Joey Russell PTS 10 Aug 30, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
20 Win 16–0–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg George McNally TKO 4 (10) Aug 09, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
19 Win 15–0–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Allie Kaufmann KO 1 (?) Jun 28, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
18 Win 14–0–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Willie LaMorte KO 2 (12) Jun 07, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
17 Win 13–0–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Joe Colletti PTS 12 May 24, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
16 Win 12–0–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Bobby Burns KO 7 (12) May 03, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
15 Win 11–0–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Willie Farley KO 1 (10) Apr 12, 1924 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
14 Loss 10–0–3 (1) Flag of the United States.svg Willie LaMorte NWS 8 Dec 17, 1923 Flag of the United States.svg Arena, Trenton, New Jersey, U.S.
13 Win 10–0–3 Flag of the United States.svg Willie Darcy PTS 12 Dec 12, 1923 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
12 Win 9–0–3 Flag of the United States.svg Bernie Hyams KO 3 (6) Oct 13, 1923 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
11 Draw 8–0–3 Flag of Panama.svg Bobby Risden PTS 6 Oct 06, 1923 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
10 Win 8–0–2 Flag of the United States.svg Tommy Martin TKO 1 (6) Sep 22, 1923 Flag of the United States.svg Commonwealth Sporting Club, New York City, New York, U.S.
9 Draw 7–0–2 Flag of the United States.svg Johnny Breslin PTS 4 Aug 22, 1923 Flag of the United States.svg Velodrome, New York City, New York, U.S.
8 Win 7–0–1 Flag of Panama.svg Pedro Troncoso PTS 6 Feb 11, 1923 Flag of Panama.svg Central American Stadium, Colon, Panama
7 Draw 6–0–1 Flag of the United States.svg Sailor Patchett PTS 15 Dec 09, 1922 Flag of Panama.svg Central American Stadium, Colon, PanamaFor vacant Panamanian flyweight title
6 Win 6–0 Flag of the United States.svg Young Jeff Clark TKO 6 (10) Oct 07, 1922 Flag of Panama.svg Colon Stadium, Colon, Panama
5 Win 5–0 Flag of Panama.svg Kid Pelkey TKO 4 (8) Sep 09, 1922 Flag of Panama.svg Excelsior Theater, Panama City, Panama
4 Win 4–0 Flag of Curacao.svg Ernie Rijfkogel KO 4 (10) Jul 29, 1922 Flag of Panama.svg American Theater, Colon, Panama
3 Win 3–0 Flag of Panama.svg Battling Miller TKO 5 (8) May 21, 1922 Flag of Panama.svg Colon City, Panama
2 Win 2–0 Flag of Panama.svg Montalbo Kid KO 2 (6) Apr 22, 1922 Flag of Panama.svg Colon City, Panama
1 Win 1–0 Flag of Panama.svg Jose Moreno PTS 6 Mar 19, 1922 Flag of Panama.svg Colon City, Panama

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Boxing record for Panama Al Brown from BoxRec. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Friedman, p. 19.
  3. Hudson, David (2009). Combat Sports: An Encyclopedia of Wrestling, Fighting, and Mixed Martial Arts, p. 37. Greenwood Press, Westport. ISBN   978-0-313-34383-4.
  4. Zabel, Barbara (2004). Assembling Art: The Machine and the American Avant-Garde, p. 176. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN   157806595X.
  5. "About.com: Boxing". Boxing.about.com. Retrieved October 21, 2018.
  6. "BoxRec". boxrec.com.
  7. 1 2 William Dettloff, "The first Hispanic world boxing champion," ESPN September 15, 2008.
  8. 1 2 IBHOF/Panama Al Brown Archived 2007-12-31 at the Wayback Machine , IBHOF.com, Retrieved on 1-6-08
  9. 1 2 3 "Al Brown: Strikes Again". Panorama. 2018. Retrieved October 31, 2018.
  10. 1 2 3 4 "The Secret Story of the Groundbreaking Boxing Champ Who Lost His Title — Because He Was Gay". narratively.com. June 15, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  11. Stovall, p. 67.
  12. Thomas, Leonard (2015). Historical Dictionary of Panama, p. 60. Rowman & Littlefield, Maryland. ISBN   978-0-8108-7834-1.
  13. 1 2 3 "Panamá Al Brown, the one who opened the doors". wbaboxing.com. May 7, 2018. Retrieved October 5, 2018.
  14. Harding, John (2016). Lonsdale’s Belt: Boxings Most Coveted Prize, p. 142. Durrington, UK. ISBN   978-1-78531-195-6.
  15. Silver, Mike (2016). Stars in the Ring: Jewish Champions in the Golden Age of Boxing, p. 211. Rowman and Littlefield. ISBN   978-1-63076-139-4.
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Bibliography

Sporting positions
Minor world boxing titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Tony Marino
IBU bantamweight champion
March 4, 1938 – April 13, 1938
Vacated
Title discontinued
Major world boxing titles
Vacant
Title last held by
Bushy Graham
NYSAC bantamweight champion
June 18, 1929 – 1934
Stripped
Succeeded by
Lou Salica
Vacant
Title last held by
Charlie Phil Rosenberg
Lineal bantamweight champion
June 18, 1929 – June 1, 1935
Succeeded by
Baltasar Sangchili
Preceded by
Johnny Erickson
NBA bantamweight champion
February 8, 1930 – 1934
Stripped
Succeeded by
Sixto Escobar
Preceded by
Eugène Huat
IBU bantamweight champion
October 4, 1930 – June 1, 1935
Next:
Baltasar Sangchili
Preceded by
Bushy Graham
The Ring bantamweight champion
August 25, 1931 – June 1, 1935