Pangai

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Ha'apai Islands, Pangai on the western coast of Lifuka Haapai.jpg
Ha'apai Islands, Pangai on the western coast of Lifuka

Pangai is the administrative capital village of the Haʻapai Group in Tonga.

Tonga country in Oceania

Tonga, officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian country and archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited. The total surface area is about 750 square kilometres (290 sq mi) scattered over 700,000 square kilometres (270,000 sq mi) of the southern Pacific Ocean. The sovereign state has a population of 100,651 people, of whom 70% reside on the main island of Tongatapu.

Contents

The Town

The village is on the western shore of Lifuka and has about 2,000 inhabitants. [1]

Lifuka island in Tonga

Lifuka is an island in the Kingdom of Tonga. It is located within the Haʻapai Group in the centre of the country, to northeast of the national capital of Nukuʻalofa.

The village center is around the Catholic Church (Siasi Katolika) [2] and Holopeka Road by the harbor. There are only a few shops and markets and one bank.

There are few historic sites besides some churches, [2] [3] [4] a few Colonial styled houses and cemeteries. [5] [6]

Transportation

The island's Pilolevu Airport (Lifuka Island Airport, IATA code "HPA") is situated about 5 km north of Pangai.

Lifuka Island Airport airport in Lifuka, Tonga

Lifuka Island Airport, also known as Salote Pilolevu Airport or Haʻapai Airport, is an airport on Lifuka in Tonga. The airport is located 5 km (3.1 mi) north of the capital Pangai.

There is a ferry dock, called the Pangai Ferry Terminal.

History

The Methodist missionary Shirley Waldemar Baker, who was prime minister of Tonga under king George Tupou I, died in Pangai on 16 November 1903. His grave and monument in the cemetery still stand as a tourist attraction.

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George Tupou I King of Tonga

George Tupou I, King of Tonga was originally known as Tāufaʻāhau I, or Tupou Maeakafa Ngininginiofolanga in modern spelling. He adopted the name Siaosi, the Tongan version of George, after King George III of the United Kingdom, when he was baptized in 1831. His nickname was Lopa-ukamea, meaning iron cable.

Haʻapai island group

Haʻapai is a group of islands, islets, reefs and shoals with an area of 109.30 square kilometres (42.20 sq mi) in the central part of the Kingdom of Tonga, with the Tongatapu group to the south and the Vavaʻu group to the north. Seventeen of the Haʻapai islands are populated with altogether 6,616 people. Its highest point is Kao at almost 1,050 metres (3,440 ft).

Peau Vavaʻu

Peau Vavaʻu Ltd was an airline based at the Pacific Royale Hotel in Nukuʻalofa, Tongatapu, Tonga. It operated domestic services. Its main base is Fuaʻamotu International Airport, Tongatapu, with hubs at Lifuka Island Airport and Vavaʻu International Airport.

Legislative Assembly of Tonga

The Legislative Assembly of Tonga has 26 members in which 17 members elected by majority of the people for a 5-year term in multi-seat constituencies via the single non-transferable vote system. There are 9 members elected by the 33 hereditary nobles of Tonga. The Assembly is controlled by the speaker of the House who is elected by majority of the elected members of Parliament and constitutionally appointed by the king.

Haʻafeva is a small island in the Haʻapai group of Tonga, but still the main island of the Lulunga archipelago. Kolongatata is the name commonly given to the village on Haʻafeva and is a reference to Haʻafeva's exposure to strong winds. The inhabited area of Haʻafeva can be divided into Hahake, Hihifo, Tuʻa Kolo, Loto Kolo and Uta. The Island has a population of about 300 people.

Nomuka is a small island in the southern part of the Haʻapai group of islands in the Kingdom of Tonga. It is part of the Nomuka Group of islands, also called the ʻOtu Muʻomuʻa.

Lofanga is an island in Tonga. It is located within the Ha'apai Group in the centre of the country, to northeast of the national capital of Nukuʻalofa. It had a population of 163 and an area of 1.45 km².

The Battle of Velata was fought at Tau'akipulu, Haʻapai, Tonga in September 1826, between Laufilitonga, monarch of the Tuʻi Tonga dynasty, and Taufa'ahau, heir apparent to the Tu'i Kanokupolu dynasty and then monarch of Tonga.

Haʻano is an island in the Haʻapai islands of Tonga. To the south are the islands of Foa and Lifuka.

Nukupule Island is an island in Lifuka district, in the Haªapai islands of Tonga.

Uoleva is a sand-cay island in Lifuka district, in the Ha'apai islands of Tonga. Almost uninhabited, it is known for its five small resorts and clean, quiet beaches.

Uonukuhahake island in Lifuka district, in the Haapai islands of Tonga

Uonukuhahake is an island in Lifuka district, in the Ha'apai islands of Tonga.

Cabinet of Tonga

The Cabinet of Tonga is the cabinet of the government of the Kingdom of Tonga. It is composed primarily of the ministers of government. The latter, including the Prime Minister, are appointed by the monarch. The Governor of Ha'apai and the Governor of Vava'u also serve on the Cabinet ex officio. When in session and presided over by the monarch, the Cabinet is known as the Privy Council.

Hunga Tonga Volcano in Tonga

Hunga Tonga-Hunga Haʻapai is a volcano located about 30 kilometres south-southeast of Fonuafoʻou, an island which is part of the nation of Tonga.

2009 Tonga undersea volcanic eruption

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Sione Teisina Fuko is a Tongan politician and former Member of the Tongan Parliament for the island of Ha'apai. He is a member of the People's Democratic Party.

Lekeleka is an island in Lulunga district, in the Haʻapai islands of Tonga.

Moʻale Finau is a Tongan politician and former Member of the Legislative Assembly of Tonga. He is currently Governor of Ha'apai.

Mata’uvave was the name given to a dynasty of male chiefs presiding over the Ha’apai Island Group of Tonga from the 15th century until the mid-1980s. The first Mata’uvave was appointed to a gubernatorial role by Tu’i Tonga Kau’ulufonua I to increase the Tu’i Tonga’s control over Ha’apai. The first few generations of the title subdued several islands in northern Ha’apai and undertook several major building projects, most notably pigeon mounds, the Huluipaongo burial mound, and the Velata fortress. Within a few generations the Mata’uvave attempted to rule independently, antagonizing the authority of chiefs in Tongatapu and causing a confrontation that the Mata’uvave eventually lost. They were relegated to a line of nobility called ‘eiki si’i, or “a minor chief without importance.”

References

Coordinates: 19°48′12″S174°20′56″W / 19.80333°S 174.34889°W / -19.80333; -174.34889