Panjin

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Panjin

盘锦市
Pan Jin Huo Che Zhan 2013-11-06 06-17.jpg
Location of Panjin Prefecture within Liaoning (China).png
Location of Panjin City in Liaoning
China Liaoning location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Panjin
Location of the city centre in Liaoning
Coordinates(Panjin Library): 41°07′04″N122°03′55″E / 41.1177°N 122.0654°E / 41.1177; 122.0654 Coordinates: 41°07′04″N122°03′55″E / 41.1177°N 122.0654°E / 41.1177; 122.0654
Country People's Republic of China
Province Liaoning
Districts and Counties
Government
   CPC PanjinCommittee Secretary
Area
   Prefecture-level city 4,084 km2 (1,577 sq mi)
  Urban
 (2017) [1]
197.56 km2 (76.28 sq mi)
Population
[2]
   Prefecture-level city 1,392,493
   Urban
 (2017) [1]
846,500
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
124000
Area code(s) 427
ISO 3166 code CN-LN-13
Licence plates 辽L
Administrative division code 211300
Website panjin.gov.cn

Panjin (simplified Chinese :盘锦; traditional Chinese :盤錦; pinyin :Pánjǐn) is a coastal prefecture-level city in central Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, situated on the northern shore of the Liaodong Bay. It borders Anshan to the east, Yingkou to the southeast, and Jinzhou to the west and north. It is the smallest city in both Liaoning and the entire Northeast China with an administrative area of 4,071 square kilometres (1,572 sq mi), and Liaoning's least populous city with a population of 1.39 million people.

Contents

Administration

Panjin has administrative jurisdiction over 3 districts and 1 county.

Map
#Name Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.)Area (km2)Density (/km2)
1 Xinglongtai District 兴隆台区Xīnglóngtái Qū380,0001941,959
2 Shuangtaizi District 双台子区Shuāngtáizi Qū190,000623,065
3 Dawa District 大洼区Dàwā Qū390,0001,683232
4 Panshan County 盘山县Pánshān Xiàn290,0002,145135

Panjin was established as a prefecture-level city with its current boundaries by the State Council on June 5, 1984.

Geography

Panjin is located between 40°40'−41°27' N and 121°31'−122°28' E, with its urban section mainly on the historical Liao River Delta. The Shuangtaizi River (which gives name to the city's Shuangtaizi District), formally the smaller western distributary but now the only lower section of the Liao River system, flows through the city and drains into the Liaodong Bay to its west between its Dawa District and Panshan County. The Daliao River, historically Liao River's larger eastern distributary and the main lower section but now a separate river system since 1958, runs east of Panjin, serving as the border between it and the neighboring cities of Anshan and Yingkou.

Panjin is a major crude oil production centre of Northeast China, with access to the Liaohe Oil Field, which was once the third largest oil field in China behind Daqing and Shengli Oil Fields.

Climate

Panjin has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa). It has an annual mean temperature of 9.2 °C (48.6 °F) and receives over 2700 hours of sunshine a year.

Pan Jin Shi Dong Bu Tian Ji Xian (Pai She Yu Yan Sha Xin Cheng Xie Zi Lou CZuo ).jpg
A panoramic view of Panjin (May 2012)

Attractions

Major points of interest include:

Red Seabeach Pan Jin Hong Hai Tan .JPG
Red Seabeach
reed-grass beach Pan Jin Lu Wei Dang .JPG
reed-grass beach

See also

Education

Dalian University of Technology, Panjin Campus

Liaohe Petroleum Career Technical College

Panjin Vocational and Technical College

Panjin Senior Middle School

LYYG

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Anshan Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

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Jinzhou Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

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Liaodong Peninsula Peninsula in Liaoning, China

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Yingkou Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

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Liao River

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Liaodong Bay

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Hun River (Liao River tributary)

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Port of Yingkou

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Shuangtaizi District District in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Shuangtaizi District is an urban district under the administration of the prefectural city of Panjin in Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. The district's name came from the Shuangtaizi River, the old name of the modern-day lower Liao River, which flows through the southern edge of the district. It has a total area of 62 square kilometres (24 sq mi), and a population of approximately 200,000 people.

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Yingkou East railway station

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Red Beach (Panjin)

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Taizi River

The Taizi River is a major river in the Liaoning province of Northeastern China. The river was historically also known as Yan River (衍水) or Liang River (梁水). It was originally the third largest tributary of the Liao River, southern Northeast's principal river, draining with the neighboring Hun River into a confluence known as "Trident River" near Haicheng, until a river engineering project in 1958 cut off the eastern distributary of the river delta from the Liao River's main course, making the Hun River and Taizi Rivers a separate system that drains into the Bohai Bay independently from the Liao River. However, both sister rivers are still usually considered a part of the Liao River system because they are both within the historical Liao River drainage basin.

The Daliao River is a major river system in eastern Liaoning province of Northeast China, and formerly the main distributary of the lower Liao River until 1958. The Daliao River proper is formed from the confluence of three rivers at the border between Anshan's Haicheng city and Panjin's Panshan County, after where it runs a length of 94 kilometres (58 mi) covering a catchment area of 1,926 square kilometres (744 sq mi), before coursing meandrously southwest and draining into the Liaodong Bay just west of Yingkou.

References

  1. 1 2 Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 50. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. http://www.panjin.gov.cn/site/gb/pj/dlbt/dlbt.php(Chinese) Archived 2008-10-17 at the Wayback Machine