Pankhurst Centre

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The Pankhurst Centre Pankhurst Centre 1.jpg
The Pankhurst Centre
historical place plaque on the wall of The Pankurst Centre Pankhurst plaque.jpg
historical place plaque on the wall of The Pankurst Centre
The Pankhurst Centre as seen from the Manchester Royal Infirmary car park Pankhurst-centre-mri-car-park.jpg
The Pankhurst Centre as seen from the Manchester Royal Infirmary car park

The Pankhurst Centre, 60–62 Nelson Street, Manchester, is a pair of Victorian villas, of which No. 62 was the home of Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters Sylvia, Christabel and Adela [1] and the birthplace of the suffragette movement in 1903. [2]

Contents

Description

The Pankhurst's villas now form a centre that is a women-only space which creates a unique environment for women to learn together, work on projects and socialise. It is a Grade II* listed building as of 10 June 1974. [3]

It also contains a museum, The Pankhurst Parlour, which has become a memorial to the suffragette movement. Its Edwardian style furnishings evoke the home of Mrs Pankhurst and her daughters. The Parlour was the first room in the Pankhurst Centre to be redecorated and was the centre of attraction when Barbara Castle and Helen Pankhurst opened the Centre on 10 October 1987.

The Women's Social and Political Union was founded in the parlour of Emmeline Pankhurst's home in October 1903.

The Pankhurst Centre is run by volunteers and receives no public funding, relying solely on donations. The Representation of the People Act 1918 gave the vote to all men aged 21 and over and women aged 30 and over who met certain property qualifications. In its centenary year calls were made to fund the Pankhurst Centre to make it a major museum that tells the story of women's suffrage and the women's rights movement. [4]

History

62 Nelson Street was the home of Emmeline Pankhurst at the time she founded the Women's Social and Political Union in 1903. [3] She moved there after the death of her husband, Richard Pankhurst in 1898.

The Pankhurst Centre suffered a break-in on 1 October 2019. SInce then, donations have been made to repair the damage, including £10000 from The Cooperative Group. [5]

Pankhurst Centre Garden

In 2018, a newly designed garden, designed by Janet Leigh (a garden designer based in Stockport), was opened at the Pankhurst Centre in September 2018. The garden to mark the centenary of Votes for Women, and acknowledges the work of suffragettes. The garden was funded by an outsourcing campaign, with over 500 people contributing over £24,000 in 2017. The garden also provides a relaxation space for the women and children residents of Manchester Women's Aid. [6]

Pankhurst Centre, interior Pankhurst Centre.jpg
Pankhurst Centre, interior

See also

Related Research Articles

Emmeline Pankhurst 19th and 20th-century English suffragette

Emmeline Pankhurst was a British political activist. She is best remembered for organizing the UK suffragette movement and helping women win the right to vote. In 1999, Time named her as one of the 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century, stating that "she shaped an idea of women for our time" and "shook society into a new pattern from which there could be no going back". She was widely criticised for her militant tactics, and historians disagree about their effectiveness, but her work is recognised as a crucial element in achieving women's suffrage in the United Kingdom.

Sylvia Pankhurst British suffragist, anti-colonialist, editor

Estelle Sylvia Pankhurst was an English campaigner for the suffrage and suffragette movement, a socialist and later a prominent left communist and later an activist in the cause of anti-fascism. She spent much of her later life campaigning on behalf of Ethiopia, where she eventually moved.

Christabel Pankhurst suffragette, co-founder of the Womens Social and Political Union, editor

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Annie Kenney British suffragette

Ann "Annie" Kenney was an English working-class suffragette and socialist feminist who became a leading figure in the Women's Social and Political Union. She co-founded its first branch in London with Minnie Baldock. Kenney attracted the attention of the press and public in 1905 when she and Christabel Pankhurst were imprisoned for several days for assault and obstruction, after heckling Sir Edward Grey at a Liberal rally in Manchester on the issue of votes for women. The incident is credited with inaugurating a new phase in the struggle for women's suffrage in the UK, with the adoption of militant tactics. Annie had friendships with Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence, Baroness Pethick-Lawrence, Mary Blathwayt, Clara Codd, Adela Pankhurst and Christabel Pankhurst.

Marion Wallace Dunlop British artist and suffragette (1864-1942)

Marion Wallace Dunlop was a British artist and author. She was the first and one of the most well known British suffragettes to go on hunger strike, on 5 July 1909, after being arrested in July 1909 for militancy. She said she would not take any food unless she was treated as a political prisoner. She was at the centre of the Women's Social and Political Union and she campaigned by Emmeline Pankhurst to be remembered. She was one of her pallbearers and she looked after Emmeline's adopted daughter.

Teresa Billington-Greig British suffragette

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Suffragette Member of the Womans Social and Political Union who advocated for womens right to vote

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Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst Memorial memorial in London to Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst

The Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst Memorial is a memorial in London to Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughter Christabel, two of the foremost British suffragettes. It stands at the entrance to Victoria Tower Gardens, south of Victoria Tower at the southwest corner of the Palace of Westminster. Its main feature is a bronze statue of Emmeline Pankhurst by Arthur George Walker, unveiled in 1930. In 1958 the statue was relocated to its current site and the bronze reliefs commemorating Christabel Pankhurst were added.

Jessie Kenney UK suffragette

Jessica "Jessie" Kenney was an English suffragette who was jailed for assaulting the prime minister and home secretary in a protest to gain votes for women in Britain. Details of a bombing campaign to support their cause were discovered by the authorities in her flat when Kenney was sent abroad to convalesce. Kenney later trained as a wireless operator but worked as a stewardess.

Florence Haig Leading British suffragette

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Catherine Pine nurse and womens rights worker

Catherine Emily Pine was active in the women's suffrage movement in Britain. She took care of the suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst and her son Henry. Pine travelled with Pankhurst until she decided to move back to Britain permanently in 1924.

Minnie Baldock British suffragette

Lucy Minnie Baldock was a British suffragette. Along with Annie Kenney, she co-founded the first branch in London of the Women's Social and Political Union.

Gladice Keevil British suffragette

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Statue of Millicent Fawcett statue in Parliament Square, London

The statue of Millicent Fawcett, the suffragist leader and social campaigner, in Parliament Square, London, is a 2018 work by the Turner Prize-winning artist Gillian Wearing. Following a campaign and petition by the activist Caroline Criado Perez, the statue's creation was endorsed by both the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Theresa May, and the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan. The statue, Parliament Square's first monument to a woman and also its first sculpture by a woman, was funded through the government's Centenary Fund, which marks 100 years since some women won the right to vote. The memorial was unveiled on 24 April 2018.

Statue of Emmeline Pankhurst bronze sculpture in St Peters Square, Manchester depicting Emmeline Pankhurst

The statue of Emmeline Pankhurst is a bronze sculpture in St Peter's Square, Manchester, depicting Emmeline Pankhurst, a British political activist and leader of the suffragette movement in the United Kingdom. Hazel Reeves sculpted the figure and designed the Meeting Circle that surrounds it.

Historiography of the Suffragettes

The Historiography of the Suffragette Campaign deals with the various ways Suffragettes are depicted, analysed and debated within historical accounts of their role in the campaign for women's suffrage in early 20th century Britain.

Patricia Woodlock, British artist and suffragette who was imprisoned seven times, including serving the longest suffragette prison sentence in 1908 ; she was awarded a Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) Hunger Strike Medal 'for Valour'. Woodlock's harsh sentence caused outrage among supporters and inspired others to join the protests, her release was celebrated in Liverpool and London and drawn as a dreadnaught warship, on the cover of the WSPU Votes for Women newsletter.

Katherine Douglas Smith UK militant suffragette

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References

  1. Hartwell 2001, p 320
  2. Anon. "The Pankhurst Centre". The Pankhurst Centre. Archived from the original on 3 September 2004. Retrieved 8 February 2012.
  3. 1 2 "The Pankhurst Centre 62, Manchester". British Listed Buildings.
  4. Perraudin, Frances (31 December 2017). "Pankhurst Centre needs public funding, say women's rights activists". the Guardian. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
  5. "Vandalised museum handed £20k to fund for repairs". 7 October 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  6. "Hundreds of supporters bring Pankhurst Garden to life". Visit Manchester. Retrieved 9 October 2019.

Further reading

Opening of Pankhurst Centre Garden, September 2018 Opening of Pankhurst Centre Garden, September 2018.jpg
Opening of Pankhurst Centre Garden, September 2018
Bench, Pankhurst Centre Garden Bench, Pankhurst Centre Garden.jpg
Bench, Pankhurst Centre Garden

Coordinates: 53°27′47.25″N2°13′39″W / 53.4631250°N 2.22750°W / 53.4631250; -2.22750