Paradise Kiss

Last updated
Paradise Kiss
Paradise kiss vol 1.jpg
Cover of Volume 1 of Paradise Kiss
Genre Coming-of-age, [1] romance [2]
Written by Ai Yazawa
Published by Shodensha
English publisher
English magazine Smile
Demographic Josei
Original run19992003
Anime television series
Directed by Osamu Kobayashi
Produced byKōji Yamamoto (Fuji TV)
Masao Maruyama
Ryō Oyama
Tetsuya Watanabe
Yōko Matsuzaki (Fuji TV)
Yukihiro Itō (Fuji TV)
Written byOsamu Kobayashi
Music by Narasaki
The Babys
Studio Madhouse
Licensed by
Original network Fuji TV (Noitamina)
English network
Original run October 13, 2005 December 29, 2005
Episodes12 (List of episodes)
Live-action film

Paradise Kiss

Wikipe-tan face.svg   Anime and mangaportal

Paradise Kiss, also abbreviated to ParaKiss, is a josei manga series written and illustrated by Ai Yazawa. [3] It appeared as a serial in the Japanese fashion magazine Zipper.Shodensha collected the chapters into five volumes. The series has also been adapted into a 12 episode anime series, produced by Aniplex and Studio Madhouse, and which was aired in Japan on Fuji TV's Noitamina programming block and on the anime television network, Animax, who have broadcast the series across its respective networks worldwide, including Japan, Southeast Asia, South Asia and East Asia.


This comic and anime are widely popular not only in Japan, but in many countries around the world. The Paradise Kiss manga and anime has been translated and dubbed or subtitled from Japanese to at least ten different languages, Vietnamese, Chinese (Taiwan), Korean, Finnish, French, Italian, Polish, Thai, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Cantonese (Hong Kong) and English. The English version was published by Vertical, Inc..

Paradise Kiss occurs in the same universe as Yazawa's previous work, Neighborhood Story , which has not yet been published in English. However, Paradise Kiss is a stand-alone story, as only three of the supporting characters are featured, who were only small children in Gokinjo Monogatari. Some of the main characters from Gokinjo Monogatari also make appearances throughout Paradise Kiss.


Yukari "Caroline" Hayasaka (早坂紫, Hayasaka Yukari)
Voiced by: Yu Yamada (Japanese); Julie Ann Taylor (English)
Portrayed by: Keiko Kitagawa, Sea Kumada (childhood)
Yukari is a beautiful high school senior that studies dutifully for her university entrance exams. She cannot find meaning in her repetitive life and feels that she has not truly lived at all. As a student at a prestigious high school, she begins with a snobbish attitude towards the fashion design students. After she is scouted by Arashi and "kidnapped" by Isabella, her attitude towards them begins to change to one of admiration for the students' passion and drive. Her intense relationship with George pushes her to grab hold of her identity, despite the fact that she feels he is a cold and manipulative man. The members of ParaKiss support her as she discovers new depths to her ambitions (becoming a professional model) and personality. She is often referred to as "Caroline" or "Carrie" by the members of ParaKiss. (Before the group knew her name, they called her Caroline. The nickname stuck.) In the manga, she eventually marries Hiroyuki after George leaves to pursue fashion design in Paris. In the anime, she marries an unnamed boyfriend assumed to be Hiroyuki. In the live-action film, she rejects Hiroyuki and finds George while on a modelling job in New York.
Jōji "George" Koizumi (小泉譲二, Koizumi Jōji)
Voiced by: Kenji Hamada (Japanese); Patrick Seitz (English)
Portrayed by: Osamu Mukai
George is a senior at Yazagaku fashion school with a gift for fashion design, particularly in haute couture. Although his personality can appear cold, he lives like a hedonist and has extravagant ideas on everything, most of which are not accepted by the mainstream. George is bisexual and explains himself as an "equal opportunity lover". He refers to Yukari as both his muse and a tease. He wishes for her to become an independent woman that makes her own decisions and takes responsibility for them. His appearance is loosely based on Brian Slade of Velvet Goldmine, several references to the film are made by him in the manga. Yukari humorously questions if he is actually an alien because of his distinctive blue hair and eyes. The lifestyle that he lives is that of a wealthy young bachelor; he lives in a high-end loft and drives a vintage Jaguar. This lifestyle and his tuition are both paid for by George's wealthy father, but because his mother was merely a mistress, he rarely sees him. His mother often complains that despite his ill will towards his father, he looks and acts just like him. In the end, he's sad to leave Yukari behind but goes with Isabella to Paris to pursue fashion design.
Miwako Sakurada (櫻田実和子, Sakurada Miwako)
Voiced by: Marika Matsumoto (Japanese); Jolie Jackson (English)
Portrayed by: Aya Omasa
Miwako is the bubbly, pink-haired student of Yazagaku who works with George to run their brand, Paradise Kiss. She is the younger sister of the Happy Berry brand's creator/president, Mikako Kouda, who is the protagonist in Ai Yazawa's Gokinjo Monogatari work, and feels pressure to live up to her success. Miwako tends to act in a rather childlike manner, both in her Lolita style dress and unique vocabulary. She carries around a jar of konpeito candy that makes her feel better by reminding her of how she is loved. Because of her cute personality, she is adored by many of the characters and becomes Yukari's closest friend, even offering her a place to stay when she needs it. Unbeknownst to Yukari, Miwako was a childhood friend of Hiroyuki and his first love.
Arashi Nagase (永瀬嵐, Nagase Arashi)
Voiced by: Shunsuke Mizutani (Japanese); Derek Stephen Prince (English)
Portrayed by: Kento Kaku
Arashi is a student of Yazagaku with a taste for punk style and alternative music. With his distressed jeans and safety pin piercings, Yukari flees when he tries to scout her in the streets of Tokyo. George enjoys harassing the serious-minded punk. Miwako reassures her that though Arashi looks intimidating, he is very kind. He is Miwako's childhood friend turned boyfriend, and this was the cause of the split in friendship between Miwako and Hiroyuki, having told Miwako that she could no longer see him anymore. Arashi despises being compared to Hiroyuki for any reason as he secretly believes himself to be inferior to the clean-cut prodigy. He even breaks Miwako's phone when he realizes she is texting Hiroyuki. By the end of the manga, Hiroyuki and Miwako help him to get over his inferiority complex, and the three childhood friends attend a New Year's celebration together. When the members of ParaKiss engage in outrageous behavior, Arashi is usually the voice of reason. He is the one that talks most directly to Yukari about her decision to drop out of school. He is the son of a musician, Risa Kanzaki, who is a good friend of Mikako Kouda. (Both characters appear in Gokinjo Monogatari.) Arashi and Miwako eventually marry and have a daughter who looks much like Arashi (whom Hiroyuki believes would look cuter if she had looked like Miwako instead).
Isabella Yamamoto (山本イサベラ, Yamamoto Isabera)
Voiced by: Chiharu Suzuka (Japanese); Mari Devon (English)
Portrayed by: Shunji Igarashi
Isabella is the mother figure to the members of ParaKiss. This tall Yazagaku student is the epitome of high class and femininity. Isabella inspired George's very first dress during childhood, and often had the habit of taking every piece of clothing that he finished. As a child, she had always wanted dresses, and George was the one that fulfilled her wish. Isabella encourages Yukari when she needs it the most, whether it be regarding George or her abandoned studies. Notably, Isabella is a transgender woman, and she is mortified when anyone refers to her as her birth name.
Hiroyuki Tokumori (徳森浩行, Tokumori Hiroyuki)
Voiced by: Noriyuki Uchino (Japanese); Johnny Yong Bosch (English)
Portrayed by: Yusuke Yamamoto
Yukari's classmate, an intelligent and handsome prodigy who is the object of Yukari's affections at the beginning of the story. Hiroyuki was once in love with Miwako, but Arashi forbade her from seeing him. He gives advice to Arashi on how to come to terms with his feelings for Miwako and his past actions and soon after the three of them mend their friendship. Hiroyuki is at the top of his class and aspires to become a physician. He eventually falls for Yukari, who foolishly assumed that a girl like her would never show interest in him. In the manga, Hiroyuki expresses his frustration at always being second-best in anything but academics, referring to Miwako choosing Arashi and to Yukari being in love with George. Son of Gokinjo Monogatari character, Hiroaki Tokumori ("Toku-chan").
Kaori Asō (麻生香, Asō Kaori)
Voiced by: Miho Saiki (Japanese); Dorothy Elias-Fahn (English)
Portrayed by: Natsuki Kato
A former Yazagaku student who is now studying abroad on a scholarship received as the previous winner of the junior Grand Prize. She is noted for her talent and her incredible determination. She has romantic feelings for her old friend George, but knows that he is not the type to make a woman happy. According to George's conversation with Yukari, Kaori is the only woman George cannot court and it is hinted that he harbors unique feelings toward her, whether merely those of admiration or romance.
Alice Yamaguchi (山口アリス, Yamaguchi Arisu)
Voiced by: Rumi Shishido (Japanese); Stephanie Sheh (English)
Miwako's niece. She is in third grade, and just as perky as Miwako. In the anime, she only makes a brief appearance. Alice has the same eyes as Tsutomu.



Written by Ai Yazawa, the chapters of Paradise Kiss appeared as a serial in the Japanese fashion magazine Zipper from 1999 to 2003. [2]

Tokyopop licensed Paradise Kiss for an English-language release in North America and serialized it in its manga magazine Smile . After Tokyopop's dissolving in 2011, New York based publishers Vertical, Inc. acquired the rights to the property with plans on releasing the series in a three-volume A5 sized set with new covers, color plates and newly commissioned translation set for Fall 2012. [4] Madman Entertainment distributes the series in Australia and New Zealand. [5] The series is also licensed in France by Kana, [6] in Poland by Waneko [7] and in Russia by Comics Factory. [8]

No.Original release dateOriginal ISBNNorth American release dateNorth American ISBN
01 April 7, 2000 4-396-76219-4 September 25, 2012 978-1935654711
Yukari is a spirited high school senior in the process of studying for her college entrance exams. Sadly the prospect of subjecting herself to a meaningless dull life leaves her feeling depressed about the future. In a bout of frustration, Yukari begins to ignore her courses and she begins to hang out with a group of fashion design students. But what Yukari doesn't know is that this circle is known as Paradise Kiss, and they are run by a pair of young designers already making their mark on the Asian scene. Furthermore, while her life is going to soon change, it will not be due to the elite political or commerce based future her family may have hoped for, instead her life may eventually be set in a world of high fashion, with her strutting down the catwalk as the face of Asian fashion! [9]
02 January 30, 2001 4-396-76240-2 December 11, 2012 978-1935654728
A lot seems to be happening the life of Paradise Kiss’s enthusiastic heroine Yukari Hayasaka in this second volume. For starters, both her modeling career and her relationship with the enigmatic pretty boy George begin to take off. One day she's a normal high school girl, the next she stops attending classes and gets scouted by a modeling agency. Yukari thinks she has it all, now that she has George and the rest of her new friends at the atelier. However, what will happen when she realizes that maybe her love with George isn’t all that she fantasized it would be, and that she can’t run from her real life forever? [10]
03 November 5, 2001 4-396-76259-3 March 5, 2013 978-1935654735
In this final volume of Paradise Kiss, Yukari has only days before she has to take to the catwalk as the teen-aged members of ParaKiss head towards graduation. George is now making a name for himself by winning awards in the real world of high fashion. So there is a real threat of London or Paris calling to poach him from Tokyo, essentially taking him away from Yukari. So what will be the future of this circle of friends? Yukari has hopes of continuing her education while still dabbling in modelling. She would hope to have George by her side, but with him spending more time designing on his own than with the group it appears as if he will be choosing work over love...for once. [11]
04 July 5, 2002 4-396-76276-3
05 August 29, 2003 4-396-76308-5


Produced by Fuji TV, Aniplex, Dentsu, Shodensha and Madhouse, the Paradise Kiss anime series began airing on October 10, 2005. It was directed by Osamu Kobayashi, who also wrote the series scripts. Nobuteru Yūki served as character designer and chief animation director, while noted fashion creator Atsurō Tayama designed the outfits and THE BABYS and Narasaki (of Coaltar of the Deepers ) composed the music. The anime was licensed for release in North America by Geneon Entertainment. On July 3, 2008, Geneon and Funimation Entertainment announced an agreement to distribute select titles in North America. While Geneon will still retain the license, Funimation Entertainment will assume exclusive rights to the manufacturing, marketing, sales and distribution of select titles. Paradise Kiss was one of several titles involved in the deal. [12]

The opening theme song is "Lonely in Gorgeous" by Tomoko Kawase (as alter ego Tommy february6). The ending theme features Franz Ferdinand's hit song "Do You Want To". Both songs appear on the Paradise Kiss Original Soundtrack released on December 21, 2005.


In an interview in the January, 2007 issue of Newtype USA , director Kobayashi revealed many of the personal decisions which went into restructuring the manga into a television series. [13] Wanting to avoid straying too far from the source material without approval, Kobayashi worked closely with Ai Yazawa on the new interpretations of the characters. In many instances, Yazawa was concerned that taking the original material straight would distract casual viewers or worse drive them away. Chief among these concerns was the handling of George's bisexual nature and interest in sadomasochism. Yazawa agreed that the dialogue should reflect this, but that actual onscreen depictions (as can be found in the original manga) were to be avoided. However, Kobayashi felt this was not being entirely true to the character, so he included a few hints of this side of George in the final episode. In another instance of modification, this time brought by Kobayashi, the character design of Arashi was modified to suit a scruffier, less slick appearance. "I wanted to make him look like Lupin the 3rd... sort of slouching and walking around with his hands in his pockets," Kobayashi explained. In agreement with the director, Yazawa went for the change.

One area Yazawa and Kobayashi did not agree on was the casting of Shunsuke Mizutani as Arashi. The fact that he was not a professional voice actor, but rather a musician, was the cause of this debate. Kobayashi had wanted a more natural performance that did not sound like the typical voice acting found in anime. "Yazawa and I even had a few rows because of that," Kobayashi explains. "But after she'd seen about three episodes, she finally admitted that Mizutani's voice is a great match, and I was able to relax."

In relation to the clothing design, despite Tayama's involvement with all of George's outfits, most of the clothing was left largely as originally depicted in the manga. Director Kobayashi had specifically requested a real designer to work on the project, and Tayama's role on the production had originally been conceived as reworking the designs to fit better with the real world, but much to everyone's surprise, the original manga designs by Ai Yazawa were already quite good. So, Tayama mostly was involved in updating the clothes to suit the very latest hot trends, and touching up the designs to make them look and behave realistically when animated. He also provided cloth samples and photographs with all of his illustrations to aid the animators with getting the textures right. Besides George's outfits, the majority of clothing for the other characters was designed by art director and stylist Asami Kiyokawa. After the rough designs were completed, texture artist Yoshikazu Suehiro drew all of the textures and lace by hand, and then scanned them into the computer and digitally applied them as textures during the animation coloring process.

Episode list

No. Title Directed by Original airdate [14]
Transcription: "Atorie" (Japanese: アトリエ)
Osamu KobayashiOctober 13, 2005 (2005-10-13)
Transcription: "Iruminēshon" (Japanese: イルミネーション)
Motonobu HoriOctober 20, 2005 (2005-10-20)
03"kiss"Osamu KobayashiOctober 27, 2005 (2005-10-27)
Transcription: "Jōji" (Japanese: ジョージ)
Mitsuyuki Masuhara November 3, 2005 (2005-11-03)
05"MOTHER"Kenichi IshikuraNovember 10, 2005 (2005-11-10)
06"NEW WORLD"Shigetaka IkedaNovember 17, 2005 (2005-11-17)
Transcription: "Chō" (Japanese: )
Norihiko NagahamaNovember 24, 2005 (2005-11-24)
(Japanese: 徳森)
Motonobu HoriDecember 1, 2005 (2005-12-01)
Transcription: "Dezainā" (Japanese: デザイナー)
Yūichi TanakaDecember 8, 2005 (2005-12-08)
Transcription: "Bara" (Japanese: 薔薇)
Mitsuyuki MasuharaDecember 15, 2005 (2005-12-15)
Transcription: "Sutēji" (Japanese: ステージ)
Osamu KobayashiDecember 22, 2005 (2005-12-22)
Transcription: "Mirai" (Japanese: 未来)
Osamu KobayashiDecember 29, 2005 (2005-12-29)

Live-action film

Together with the Japanese production company IMJ, Fox International produced a live-action, Japanese-language film based on Paradise Kiss; The film has an estimated budget of US$3–4 million. [2]

The Paradise Kiss live-action features Keiko Kitagawa as Yukari Hayasaka and Osamu Mukai as George. Other cast members are Natsuki Katō as Kaori Aso, Aya Ōmasa as Miwako Sakurada, Kento Kaku as Arashi Nagase, Shunji Igarashi as Isabella Yamamoto, and Yūsuke Yamamoto as Tokumori Hiroyuki.

The film was released in Japan in June 2011. [15] It featured the songs 'HELLO' and 'YOU' by YUI.


Melissa Sternenberg of THEM Anime Reviews called the character designs and animation "fresh and appealing" with the closing and opening sequences "some of the best of the Fall 2005 season," and praised the animation and artwork, especially the fashion designs. [16] However, she felt the series went wrong in cramming the story into 12 episodes, saying 26 episodes would have been better, and said that she disliked the man characters. However, she said that the sentimentality of ParaKiss seems to "accurately reflect the real fashion world." She also added that due to sex scenes, sexual overtones, bisexuality, and homosexuality, the series is "suitable for those ages 16 and above."

Carl Kimlinger of Anime News Network had a more positive view, saying that apart from the established characters, the show's true star is the "costume design" which is shown in much detail, with a "delicate balancing of realism with drama." [17] He says that the treatment of this series is "unusually thoughtful," and says the series is "about being young...having dreams...[and] romance," telling the reality of those processes, saying the series will subtly change you. He called the series a "refreshingly mature story" but said it is not for "those in search of reassuring escapism."

Related Research Articles

Ai Yazawa is a Japanese manga author. While most of Yazawa's manga is published in Japan by Shueisha, publishers of Ribon and Cookie, series like Paradise Kiss have appeared in non-Shueisha magazines such as Zipper, published by Shodensha.

<i>Nana</i> (manga) Japanese manga series

Nana is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Ai Yazawa. It was serialized in Cookie magazine from July 2000 until June 2009 when it went on indefinite hiatus, with almost all its chapters collected into 21 tankōbon volumes published by Shueisha. The series derives its title from the name of the two main characters, both of whom are called Nana. Nana Komatsu is a small town girl who goes to Tokyo to follow her boyfriend and college friends, with the hope of having her dream life. Nana Osaki was in a popular punk rock band in her hometown. She goes to Tokyo with the goal of making it big as a singer. The two Nanas meet on the train ride to the city. Later, they run into each other again when they happen to check out the same apartment, and the girls decide to become roommates. The series chronicles their friendship and their lives as each chases her dreams.

<i>Neighborhood Story</i> Media franchise based on manga of the same name

Neighborhood Story is a manga by Ai Yazawa. It was published by Shueisha from 1995 to 1998 in the magazine Ribon. It was adapted by Toei Animation as a 50-episode anime series which aired on TV Asahi from September 10, 1995 to September 1, 1996, with merchandise created by Bandai. There was a movie made in 1996, and a drama CD and soundtrack were also produced. Starting on September 19, 2005, Gokinjo Monogatari began being republished in a deluxe edition. Paradise Kiss takes place afterward and has some of Gokinjo's characters return in it.

<i>Hen</i> (manga) Manga by Hiroya Oku

Hen is a Japanese seinen manga series written and illustrated by Hiroya Oku, serialized in Weekly Young Jump. There are two separate series of Hen, but they share the same setting, and characters from the first series appear in the second.

Yukari Tamura is a Japanese voice actress and singer affiliated with Amuleto. She debuted as a voice actress in 1997, releasing her debut single "Yūki o Kudasai" on March 26, 1997. Her role as Nanoha Takamachi in the Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha series contributed to a rise in her popularity, as several of her singles were used as the ending themes for the franchise's anime adaptations. Besides Nanoha, she voices the title characters Haruka Minazuki / Red Angel in Kaitō Tenshi Twin Angel, Ringo Kinoshita in No-Rin, Yamada in B Gata H Kei and Kaoru Tsunashi in I Can't Understand What My Husband Is Saying. Other major voice roles in anime include Ruru/Ruru Amour/Cure Amour in Hugtto! PreCure, Elizabeth Midford in Black Butler, Jibril in No Game No Life, Mine in Akame ga Kill!, Finis in Lost Song, Fear Kubrick in C3, Michiru in Air, Kanako Kurusu in Oreimo, Suzuha Amane in Steins;Gate, Mai Kawasumi in Kanon, Mei Sunohara in Clannad and Saku Tōyama in Tantei Opera Milky Holmes, Rika Furude in Higurashi When They Cry and Tenten in Naruto. In video games, besides the ones that were adapted into anime, she voices Talim in Soulcalibur, Qiqi in Genshin Impact, Bounce Man in Mega Man 11, Bernkastel in Umineko When They Cry, Nights in Nights: Journey of Dreams, Sega Superstars Tennis, and Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed, Nand Myao in Marl Kingdom and M4 SOPMOD II in Girls Frontline.

<i>Makai Senki Disgaea</i> Anime television series

Makai Senki Disgaea is an anime series based on the video game Disgaea: Hour of Darkness. Makai Senki Disgaea follows the same general plot as the game, but with several alterations to character roles and the chronology of events. The anime was licensed by Geneon Entertainment before closing their doors in 2007. On September 1, 2010, North American anime distributor Funimation announced that they have rescued the series and released the complete series in 2011.

<i>Natsu no Arashi!</i>

Natsu no Arashi! is a Japanese manga written and illustrated by Jin Kobayashi, who is known for his previous work School Rumble. The manga started serialization in Square Enix's Gangan Wing shōnen manga magazine on August 25, 2006, and seven bound volumes have been released in Japan as of March 2010. Natsu no Arashi! was also adapted into two anime television series by Shaft under the direction of Akiyuki Shinbo, Shin Oonuma, and Kenichi Ishikura and broadcast in Japan from April 5, 2009 to December 27, 2009. Maiden Japan licensed the series for US release on November 12, 2019 on Blu-ray.

<i>Saint October</i>

Saint October is a Japanese anime television series created by Konami Digital Entertainment and animated by Studio Comet. It was also adapted into a manga series by Kiira, which was serialized in the Japanese magazine Monthly Comic Blade published by Mag Garden in August 2006. The anime series premiered on Chiba TV on January 4, 2007 in Japan. The series revolves around three young girls who work for a detective agency who one day receive magical powers from a mysterious boy. The series' portrayal of magic makes extensive use of tarot symbolism.

Ai is a Japanese and Chinese given name.

<i>Paradise Kiss</i> (film) 2011 Japanese film directed by Takehiko Shinjo

Paradise Kiss is a 2011 Japanese film based on the manga of the same name. The film is directed by Takehiko Shinjo, and it stars actors Keiko Kitagawa, Osamu Mukai, Yusuke Yamamoto.


Yuyushiki is a Japanese 4-panel manga series written and illustrated by Komata Mikami, which began serialization in Houbunsha's Manga Time Kirara magazine from April 2008 issue. An anime television adaptation by Kinema Citrus aired in Japan between April and June 2013. An original video animation was released on February 22, 2017. The series' name is derived from the term "yuyushiki jitai".

Isabella is a feminine given name, which is the Latinised form of Hebrew Elisheba. Isabella was the fifth most popular name in the United States in 2019. It may refer to:

Sora Tokui

Sora Tokui is a Japanese voice actress, singer, and manga artist who made her debut as a voice actress in 2009 as Himemiya in Weiß Survive R.

<i>My Love Story!!</i>

My Love Story!!, is a Japanese romantic comedy manga series written by Kazune Kawahara and illustrated by Aruko. The manga was serialized in Shueisha's Bessatsu Margaret magazine and is being published in English by Viz Media. An anime television adaptation by Madhouse began airing in April 2015 and a live action film adaptation of the same name was released on October 31, 2015.

<i>Yurikuma Arashi</i>

Yurikuma Arashi is a Japanese yuri anime television series produced by Silver Link and directed by Kunihiko Ikuhara. The series was first announced via a website in August 2012, where it was referred to as the "Kunihiko Ikuhara/Penguinbear Project." The series first aired in Japan between January 5, 2015 and March 30, 2015 and is licensed in North America by Funimation. A manga adaptation illustrated by Akiko Morishima was serialized in Gentosha's Comic Birz magazine between February 2014 and April 2016 and has been licensed in English by Tokyopop under the title Yuri Bear Storm. The name appears to be a reference to Akira Yoshimura's novelization of the Sankebetsu brown bear incident, The Bear Storm, though any more concrete link besides the presence of human-attacking bears is only speculated.

<i>Kiss Him, Not Me</i> Japanese romantic comedy manga series

Kiss Him, Not Me, known in Japan as Boys, Please Kiss Him Instead of Me, is a Japanese romantic comedy shōjo manga series written and illustrated by Junko. It is published by Kodansha since 2013 on Bessatsu Friend magazine. Fourteen volumes compiling the chapters have been released. It is published in English by Crunchyroll for online releases and by Kodansha USA in print. The manga won Best Shōjo Manga at the 40th Kodansha Manga Awards.

<i>Last Period</i> Video game and anime series

Last Period: The Story of an Endless Spiral is an online free-to-play role-playing game created by Happy Elements. It was released in Japan in May 2016 for Android and iOS devices. An anime television series adaptation by J.C.Staff aired from April 12 to June 28, 2018.

<i>Revisions</i> (TV series)

Revisions is an anime television series directed by Gorō Taniguchi and animated by Shirogumi. The series premiered from January 10 to March 28, 2019 on Fuji TV's +Ultra programming block.

<i>Butlers: Chitose Momotose Monogatari</i> Japanese anime television series produced by Silver Link

Butlers: Chitose Momotose Monogatari is a Japanese anime television series produced by Silver Link. The series aired from April 12 to June 28, 2018. A manga adaptation began serialization on the Comic Newtype website in January 2018.


  1. "Anime in America: The Best (And Worst) Of 2007". Anime News Network . Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 "Fox in talks for live-action Japanese Paradise Kiss film". Anime News Network. 2009-05-17. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  3. Gramuglia, Anthony (January 10, 2021). "Josei Is Anime & Manga's Most Underserved Demographic". CBR . Archived from the original on January 11, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
  4. "Vertical Adds Ai Yazawa's Paradise Kiss Manga". Anime News Network. 6 April 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  5. "Paradise Kiss (Manga)". Madman Entertainment. Archived from the original on 2007-10-22. Retrieved 2010-03-04.
  6. "Paradise Kiss" (in French). Kana. Archived from the original on February 11, 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  7. Kazik-chan (3 January 2008). "Paradise Kiss". (in Polish). Małgorzata Kaczarowska. 938. ISSN   1898-8296 . Retrieved 17 July 2011.
  8. "Comic books index" (in Russian). Comics Factory . Retrieved 5 September 2010.
  12. "FUNimation Entertainment and Geneon Entertainment Sign Exclusive Distribution Agreement for North America" (Press release). Anime News Network. 2008-07-03. Retrieved 2008-07-03.
  13. "Newtype USA / Issues / January 2007" (Press release). Newtype USA. January 2007. Archived from the original on October 26, 2007. Retrieved October 15, 2020.
  14. "パラダイスキス バックナンバー" (in Japanese). Fuji TV.
  15. "Paradise Kiss Live-Action Official Website" . Retrieved 2010-11-14.
  16. Sternenberg, Melissa (2004). "Paradise Kiss [Review]". THEM Anime Reviews . Archived from the original on August 27, 2019. Retrieved February 18, 2021.
  17. Kimlinger, Carl (May 7, 2007). "Paradise Kiss DVD 2 + 3 [Review]". Anime News Network . Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved February 18, 2021.

General references