Parassala

Last updated

Parassala
Town
India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Parassala
Location in Kerala, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Parassala
Parassala (India)
Coordinates: 8°20′35″N77°09′09″E / 8.3431°N 77.1526°E / 8.3431; 77.1526 Coordinates: 8°20′35″N77°09′09″E / 8.3431°N 77.1526°E / 8.3431; 77.1526
CountryIndia
State Kerala
District Thiruvananthapuram
Area
  Total10.81 km2 (4.17 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total34,096
  Density3,200/km2 (8,200/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
695502
Telephone code0471-220
Vehicle registration KL-19
Nearest cityThiruvananthapuram
Lok Sabha constituencyThiruvananthapuram
Climate monsoon climate (Köppen)

Parassala (Malaynam:പാറശ്ശാല) is a small town located near the border of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.It comes under Thiruvananthapuram district at southern tip of Kerala. It is situated 34 km south of state capital Thiruvananthapuram in Kerala, bordering Tamil Nadu.

Contents

Demographics

A part of earlier generation of the population were involved in the collecting of palmyra nectar and fermenting to produce alcoholic drinks. The typical nectar collected on pots from atop palmyra trees are also used for making 'karupatti' which is known for its medicinal properties. Three generations before, the people of Parassala have achieved socio-economic development because of the establishment of various educational and health care organizations by various religious groups and government.

Health

The major hospitals in the town are Govt Taluk Hospital, Saraswathy Multispeciality Hospital [2] and SP Multispeciality Hospital. Then a government Sidha hospital,a government Ayurvedha hospital,a government Veterinary hospital, a government homoeo dispensary and Telhara Homoeo care have given drastic change to the rustic image of this old town. The panchayat also holds a Medical College at Karakonam. [3]

Education

Prominent educational institutions in Parassala are Government Vocational Higher Secondary School, Evans Higher Secondary School, Teachers Training Institute, Government Women ITI, Saraswathy College of Nursing, [4] CSI Institute of Legal Studies,CSI B.ed College, Samuel LMS Upper primary school and Sree Krishna Pharmacy College.

Notable People

Parassala B. Ponnammal, recipient of Padma shri, an elderly woman who was the first female singer in the famous Navarathri Mandapam of Thiruvananthapuram during 2006 comes from this town. [5]

Politics

Parassala assembly constituency is part of Thiruvananthapuram (Lok Sabha constituency). [6] The former late deputy speaker of the Kerala Legislative Assembly, Sundaran Nadar, is from Parassala. The current MLA is C.K.Hareendran. Now, from November 2015, local self election conducted by state election commission and won Left Democratic front and Com. Manju Smitha elected as panchayat President. Parassala comes under Thiruvananthapuram Constituent Assembly and Mr.Shashi Tharoor is the current MP. [7]

Religion

Parassala Sree Mahadeva Temple [8] is one of the foremost centres of worship in south Kerala and the temple is situated at the tiny village of Parassala adjoining the Kerala Tamil Nadu boundary. Here the deity, Lord Siva is facing the west, which is considered as a rare phenomenon, and devotees even from far off places attend the worship. It was built by Mallen Chembakaraman Delava of Venad royal family.

The temple is centuries old and the structure is rare stone architecture and Parvathy devi and Vighneswara are the upadevathas. The temple is famous for its rare rites and ceremonies and from time immemorial entry was allowed to all sects in the community irrespective of caste or creed and significantly arayas – a backward community have the privilege of participation for the commencement of important rituals in the temple from ancient times onwards and the Lord render blessings to all irrespective of caste, colour or creed. Parassala, the holy place is well known for communal harmony. Elankam Bhuvaneswary temple is another religious attraction in Parassala.

Abbs Memorial Church Abbs Memorial Church.jpg
Abbs Memorial Church

Many Christian worship places are there in Parassala. That includes a good number of RC (Roman Catholic), ECI, CSI, Lutheran, Pentecost Church of God Zionkunnu and Assemblies of God churches. Church of El-Shaddai at Anchali Jn. is a Pentecostal worship centre. Jehovah's Witnesses are also active in this area since 1975.

There are a good number of Muslim brothers in this constituency, which depicts the communal harmony of the place. One of the most famous Christian Church in Parassala is St. Peter's Church located in Hospital Junction built in 1604 by the Portuguese, very recently renovated and the Abbs Memorial Church, built in the 1850s by the English missionary Rev. John Abbs. The church choir is called "Abbs Echoes" with their main vision stated as "To produce the echoes of The Great Missionary Abbs." Southern Kurisumala is the location of a famous Christian pilgrim location, which is not only visited by Christians, but by other religious people also.

Parassala is famous for the HARE KRISHNA temple located in Neduvanvila, which is part of International Society for Krishna Consciousness. Local women from all walks of life and religion gather here as part of women empowerment. This centre houses a go-shala (shelter for cows) and anganvadi ( school for toddlers).

Transport

Air

The nearest airport to Parassala is Trivandrum International Airport in Thiruvananthapuram. It is 33 km from Parassala town.

Rail

The nearest station is Parassala

Climate

The Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as Tropical monsoon climate (Am).

Parassala has heavy rains during June–August due to the southwest monsoon. There is no proper winter season as temperature do not fall below 20 °C (68 °F). In summer, the temperature rises to a maximum of 32 °C (90 °F) and 31 °C (88 °F) in the winters. Record high temperature in neighbouring Thiruvananthapuram is 39 °C (102 °F). Annual average rainfall is 3,100 mm (120 in). [9]

Climate data for Neyyattinkara
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.8
(89.2)
31.3
(88.3)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
28.9
(84.0)
29.3
(84.7)
29.3
(84.7)
29.1
(84.4)
29.3
(84.7)
29.9
(85.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.1
(79.0)
26.9
(80.4)
28.1
(82.6)
28.6
(83.5)
28.2
(82.8)
26.5
(79.7)
25.9
(78.6)
26.2
(79.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
26.2
(79.2)
26
(79)
26.8
(80.3)
Average low °C (°F)22.4
(72.3)
23.2
(73.8)
24.5
(76.1)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
23.9
(75.0)
23.3
(73.9)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.4
(74.1)
22.7
(72.9)
23.7
(74.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)19
(0.7)
27
(1.1)
52
(2.0)
144
(5.7)
248
(9.8)
457
(18.0)
336
(13.2)
222
(8.7)
201
(7.9)
290
(11.4)
205
(8.1)
55
(2.2)
2,256
(88.8)
Average rainy days123810191714111283108
Mean daily sunshine hours 9988755666677
Source 1: Climate-Data.org [10]
Source 2: Weatherbase Trivandrum, India [11] for sunshine and rainy days

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Neyyattinkara</span> Suburb of Trivandrum, Kerala, India

Neyyattinkara, is a Municipal Town and a major industrial and commercial hub located at the southern tip of Thiruvananthapuram metropolitan area in Trivandrum, the capital of Kerala State, and also the headquarters of Neyyattinkara Taluk. The town is situated on the banks of Neyyar River, one of the principal rivers in the district and hence its name. Neyyatinkara in Malayalam literally means "the shore of the river Neyyar". Neyyattinkara is the second most densely populated municipality in the district after Varkala.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Varkala</span> Town in Kerala, India

Varkala, IPA: [ʋar̥kala] is a major coastal municipality situated in the northern suburb of Trivandrum, capital city of the Indian state of Kerala. It is the headquarters of Varkala Taluk and important government institutions such as the taluk office, court complex, office of the Deputy Superintendent of Police, Legal Metrology Inspector office, Excise Circle and Range office, RTO, Treasury and Mini civil station are situated in here. It is one among the oldest municipalities of Kerala established on 1980.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nedumangad</span> Town in Kerala, India

Nedumangad is a town and municipality in Thiruvananthapuram metropolitan area of Thiruvananthapuram district in the Indian state of Kerala, and is the headquarters of Nedumangad tehsil and Nedumangad Revenue Division (RDO). It is a suburb of the extended metropolitan region of Thiruvananthapuram city. It is located around 16 km to the north-east of Thiruvananthapuram city on the Thiruvananthapuram – Shenkottah. It is an important commercial center in the district. It is a growing commercial and educational hub and all important government institutions are situated in the town. Nedumangadu Market is important in South Kerala.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mavelikkara</span> Town in Kerala, India

Mavelikkara is a taluk and municipality in the Onattukara region of Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala. Located in the southern part of the district on the banks of the Achankovil River.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aluva</span> Region in Kochi, Kerala, India

Aluva is a town in the Ernakulam District in Kerala, India. It is a part of the Kochi metropolitan area and is situated around 15 km (9.3 mi) from the city center on the banks of Periyar River. A major transportation hub, with easy access to all major forms of transportation, Aluva acts as a corridor which links the highland districts to the rest of Kerala. Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is 11.7 km from Aluva. Aluva is accessible through rail, air, metro along with major highways and roadlines. Aluva KSRTC bus station is an important transport hub in Kerala and one of the busiest stations in central part of the state.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thiruvananthapuram district</span> District of Kerala in India

Thiruvananthapuram District, is the southernmost district in the Indian state of Kerala. The district was created in 1949, with its headquarters in the city of Thiruvananthapuram, which is also Kerala's administrative centre. The present district was created in 1956 by separating the four southernmost Taluks of the erstwhile district to form Kanyakumari district. The city of Thiruvananthapuram is also known as the Information technology capital of the State, since it is home to the first and largest IT park in India, Technopark, established in 1990. The district is home to more than 9% of total population of the state.

Nemom is an area in the city of Thiruvananthapuram. It is surrounded by Thirumala in the north, Malayinkeezhu in the north-east, Balaramapuram in the south-east, Kovalam in the south and Thiruvallam in the west. Nemom falls within the municipal corporation of Thiruvananthapuram, though partly exclusive. It is connected with Thiruvananthapuram, Neyyattinkara, Vizhinjam, Poovar, Kattakkada, Nagarcoil, and Kanyakumari through the main arterial highway National Highway 66.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mallapally</span> Town in Kerala, India

Mallappally is a taluk in Kerala state in India. It is one of the five taluks that make up the Pathanamthitta district. Historically a part of the kingdom of Travancore and Cochin. Called "Land of the BA graduates" due to English education imparted by the CMS College Kottayam in the 19th century, Mallappally is the original home of many Non-resident Indians, and has one of the lowest population growth and highest literacy rates in India. It comes under the Thiruvalla Revenue Division & Thiruvalla Constituency. It is Located 18 km from Thiruvalla railway station and NH 183 in Thiruvalla. Buses leave every five minutes From Thiruvalla to Mallappally and vice versa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chengannur</span> Municipal Town in Kerala, India

Chengannur is a Municipality in the Alappuzha district of Kerala State, India. It is located in the extreme eastern part of the Alappuzha district, on the banks of Pamba River.

Mannar is a census town in Chengannur Taluk in Alappuzha District of Kerala state, India, on State Highway 6. It is also known as the Bell Metal Town.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kattakada</span> Town in Kerala, India

Kattakada is a town in Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala. It is situated 13km north of Neyyattinkara town, 18km south of Nedumangad town and 20km east of Capital City Thiruvananthapuram.

Parasuvaikkal is a village in Thiruvananthapuram district in the state of Kerala, India.

Vellarada is a border village situated in Thiruvananthapuram district in the state of Kerala, India. It is 42 km from Thiruvananthapuram. It is the southernmost part of Kerala state, sharing its border with Tamil Nadu. Vellarada is said to be the threshold to the high-range areas of the eastern part of Thiruvananthapuram district. The southernmost point of Western Ghats in Kerala is near Vellarada.

Peyad //peɪjɑd// is a place located in the suburb of Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala state in India. The offices of Vilappil Grama Panchayath and Vilappil Village are situated at Peyad.

Amaravila is a village in Neyyattinkara town in Trivandrum district, Kerala State, India. Kerala's second largest checkpost after Walayar is situated in Amaravila. This village is situated in NH 47 on the way to Kanyakumari, on the Kerala-Tamil Nadu border.

Venjaramoodu is a north-east suburb of Trivandrum city, the capital of Kerala. It is 9 km (5.6 mi) east of Attingal, 11 km (6.8 mi) northwest of Nedumangad, 12 km (7.5 mi) northeast of Trivandrum City and 26 km (16 mi) south-east of Varkala.

Pozhiyoor is a village in the district of Thiruvananthapuram in the State of Kerala in India. It has gradually grown to a well known tourist destination in India. The major attractions of Poovar tourism area are in Pozhiyoor. Pozhikkara, estuary formed by river Neyyar before it falls into the mighty Arabian Sea is the centre of attraction of tourism circuit in Poovar. Golden Beach, Elephant Rock, Anantha Victoria Marthanda Varma Canal, Pieta are other major attractions in Pozhiyoor Beach area in Thiruvananthapuram. It is at the coastal border of the Indian states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

Kudappanakunnu is the headquarters of Thiruvananthapuram district in the Indian state of Kerala.

Arayoor is a small village in Neyyattinkara Taluk in Thiruvananthapuram District, India. It comes under Chenkal Panchayath. It belongs to South Kerala Division. Arayoor is located 5 km from Parassala, 6 km from Neyyattinkara and 30 km from Thiruvananthapuram. The village has a post office. The Arayoor pin code is 695122.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Parassala B. Ponnammal</span> Indian Carnatic musician (1924–2021)

Parassala B. Ponnammal was an Indian Carnatic musician from the south Indian state of Kerala. She was a classical carnatic vocalist in the lineage of Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer, Muthiah Bhagavathar, and Papanasam Sivan. She was the first woman to perform at the Navaratri Mandapam in Thiruvananthapuram as a part of the Navaratri Celebrations of the Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple in Kerala.

References

  1. "Kerala (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. "Home".
  3. http://www.drsmcsimchk.org/
  4. "SARASWATHY COLLEGE OF NURSING |". saraswathyinstitutions.com. Archived from the original on 23 September 2014.
  5. "Ms. Parassala Ponnammal". keralatourism.org.
  6. "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2008.
  7. "Election Results 2019: Shashi Tharoor wins from Thiruvananthapuram for third consecutive time". India Today. Ist. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  8. "Kerala Temples in Parassala – Parassala Mahadeva Temple". keralatemples.info. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  9. "Parassala in Neyyattinkra (Thiruvananthapuram) Climate". Weatherbase. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  10. "Climate: Neyyattinkara – Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  11. "Parassala in Neyyattinkara (Thiruvananthapuram)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 27 October 2015.