Paravur, Kollam

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Paravur
Paravoor
Municipal Town
Paravur Town.jpg
From top: Paravur railway station, Paravur Lake(Kaayal), Aayiravilli Temple Festival, Pulimuttu in Paravur Pozhikara
India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Paravur
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 8°48′40″N76°40′08″E / 8.811°N 76.669°E / 8.811; 76.669
Country India
State Kerala
District Kollam
Native Language Malayalam
Established1932
Government
  Type Municipal Council
  BodyParavur Municipality
  Municipal ChairmanSreeja P (2020)
Area
  Total16.19 km2 (6.25 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [1] [2]
  Total37,245
  Density2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Paravurian, Paravurkkaran
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
691 301
Telephone code0474
Vehicle registration KL-02
Nearest city Kollam (22 kilometres (14 mi))
Assembly Constituency Chathannoor
Lok Sabha Constituency Kollam
TalukKollam
Website www.paravurmunicipality.in

Paravur (Malayalam pronunciation: [pɐɾɐʋuːr] ) is a municipality in the Kollam district of Kerala, India. [3] Paravur is located 11.6 km (7.2 mi) southeast of the Kollam city centre, and is a part of the Kollam metropolitan area. Paravur railway station is the last station in Kollam district which is on the route to Trivandrum while travelling towards South India.[ citation needed ]

Contents

Governance and Wards

Paravur Municipality consists of Kottapuram, Koonayil, Thekkumbhagam, Chillakkal, Perumpuzha, Nedungolam, Pozhikara, Maniyamkulam, Kurumandal, Kottamoola, Attinpuram & Kochalummoodu. [4] Paravur Municipality is a Grade-II Municipality of Kerala.

Geography

Paravur is located at 8.78 N 76 E. [5] It has an average elevation of 10 metres (32 feet). Paravur, 21 kilometers from the Kollam, is a narrow skirt of land stretching in between the backwaters and the sea. There is an elevation of 6 metres above sea level, extending to 16 metres on the inland. Ithikkara river is flowing through paravur. Nedungolam in paravur is now famous for mangrove forest.[ citation needed ]

Demographics

As of 2011 India census, [6] Paravur had a population of 37,245 where 16,874 are males and 20,371 are females thus the average sex ratio of Paravoor is 1,207. Paravur has an average literacy rate of 92.5%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 94.7%, and female literacy is 90.7%. In Paravur, 10% of the population are under 6 years of age. Total number of households are 9,074.

History

The word Paravur is considered to be a derivative of the primitive Dravidian Etymology – ‘Paravii’ which means sea and ‘Oor’ which means place. It was originally named Paravayoor which was subsequently modified to Paravur. Pozhikara was the administrative headquarters of Paravur. Remnants of the old fort, Thaana (police station) and Anchalappees (post office) still remain. [7] A mint of the erstwhile Travancore Kingdom for printing and punching their currencies was once situated at Paravur. [8] Paravur was a part of 'Pennarasu nadu' which laid between Venadu and Desiganadu. It was then under the control of 'Attingal amma thampuran'. An important ancient document revealing paravur's yester importance is 'Pozhikkara sasanam' built in 12 th century at Pozhikkara sivakshetram (later it became a devikshetram ). It was encrypted on a 'sila phalakam' in 'vattazhuthu'. Another mentioning of Paravur is in 'Unnineeli sandesam' which was written above more than 600 years. Some of the temples in Paravur are mentioned with importance in that script. Also, some manuscripts held on Sree Padmanabha Swami Kshethram has mensioning of some incidence held in Paravur-Thekkumbhagom. Paravur panchayat was formed in 1936 as one of the four panchayats sanctioned by Sir C.P.Ramaswamy Iyer (Diwan-Travancore).[ citation needed ]Sree Ramavarma koyi thampuram from Kilimanoor Palace was the first executive officer of the panchayat. The first election for Paravur panchayat was held at 1942 and Sri Achuthan Pillai became the first elected Panchayat president. Later Paravur became a Municipality on 1988 May 1. For the first 7 years it was ruled by special officers. In 1995 after the first Municipal election Smt. Bhanumati became the first Municipal Chairperson.First Industrial establishment for the coir industry was opened at Maniyamkulam. The first government school which started during 1889 and is still their in Kongal. In 19th century itself paravur were in the publication industry. Sarawathy vilasam Achadi sala is considered to be the first one in that type and Mangattu Parameswaran Pillai was its founder. Kerala Bhooshanam and Vidyavilasam Press were also started in 19th century.'Sujanandini' was the first newspaper printed and published from Paravur(1891). Paravoor V. Kesavanasan was the managing director of it. The initial poems of Kuamaranasan were published in this paper for first time.

Transport

Road

There are so many important roads in Paravur, connecting Kollam city and neighbouring towns like Chathannoor, Parippally, Varkala, Poothakkulam etc. The 14.1 km long Paravur-Kollam Coastal Road is connecting Kollam city with Paravur, via Kollam Beach, Paapanasam Beach, Kakkathoppu, Mukkom, Thanni and Pozhikara. [9] [10]

Rail

Paravur railway station, an "Adarsh station", is situated at a distance of half kilometer away from the heart of Paravur town. Paravur is connected to various cities in India through Indian Railways. [11] The station code for Paravur railway station is 'PVU'. [11]

Industrial development

As part of the industry sector development plans of Kollam district, an IT Park would be setting up at Paravur Municipal area in an extent of 5 acres of land. The land can be acquired with the assistance of Land Use Board or Paravur Municipality. rail-Road linkages will be established. The Government also have plans to set up a Coir manufacturing unit and a Handloom unit at Paravur and considering the possibilities for setting up a food park also. [12]

People from Paravur

Educational Institutions

See also

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies Paravur's climate as tropical wet and dry (Aw).

Climate data for Paravur
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Mean daily maximum °C (°F)30.2
(86.4)
30.9
(87.6)
31.9
(89.4)
31.9
(89.4)
31.4
(88.5)
29.2
(84.6)
28.8
(83.8)
29.1
(84.4)
29.4
(84.9)
29.5
(85.1)
29.3
(84.7)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.4
(79.5)
27.1
(80.8)
28.2
(82.8)
28.6
(83.5)
28.3
(82.9)
26.5
(79.7)
26.1
(79.0)
26.4
(79.5)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.4
(79.5)
26.1
(79.0)
26.9
(80.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F)22.6
(72.7)
23.3
(73.9)
24.6
(76.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.3
(77.5)
23.9
(75.0)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
23.5
(74.3)
22.7
(72.9)
23.8
(74.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org [13]

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References

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  2. "Kollam District Level Statistics 2011". censusindia.gov.in. 2012. Archived from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
  3. https://lsgkerala.gov.in/system/files/2017-10/localbodies.pdf
  4. "Municipal wards in Paravur". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  5. "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Paravur, India". fallingrain.com.
  6. "Kerala (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map". www.citypopulation.de.
  7. History of Paravur
  8. "Every coin counts", The Hindu , 8 May 2015, retrieved 11 May 2015
  9. "Annual Plan write up 2014(for Transport and Communication)". Finance Department-Government of Kerala. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
  10. "Kollam-Paravur coastal road to be revived". The Hindu . 13 March 2005. Archived from the original on 18 August 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
  11. 1 2 Joshi, Vishwanath. "19 COVID-19 Special Departures from Paravur SR/Southern Zone - Railway Enquiry". indiarailinfo.com.
  12. Town planning-Kollam Archived 2014-04-18 at the Wayback Machine
  13. "Climate: Paravur - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 27 August 2013.