Parchal

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Parchal
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Parchal
Location in Portugal
Coordinates: 37°08′12″N08°30′44″W / 37.13667°N 8.51222°W / 37.13667; -8.51222 Coordinates: 37°08′12″N08°30′44″W / 37.13667°N 8.51222°W / 37.13667; -8.51222
CountryFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Region Algarve
Intermunic. comm. Algarve
District Faro
Municipality Lagoa
Disbanded2013
Area
  Total3.86 km2 (1.49 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total4,019
  Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zone WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)
Postal code
8400
Website http://www.jf-parchal.pt

Parchal is a town and a former civil parish in the municipality ( concelho ) of Lagoa, Portugal. In 2013, the parish merged into the new parish Estômbar e Parchal. [1] The population in 2011 was 4,019, [2] in an area of 3.86 km². [3] It is situated in the northwest part of the Lagoa Municipality.

Concelho, is the Portuguese-language term for municipality, referring to the territorial division. In comparison, the word município refers to the organs of State. This differentiation is still in use in Portugal and some of its former overseas provinces, but is no longer in use in Brazil following the abolition of these organs, in favour of the French prefecture system.

Estômbar e Parchal Civil parish in Algarve, Portugal

Estômbar e Parchal is a civil parish in the municipality of Lagoa, Portugal. It was formed in 2013 by the merger of the former parishes Estômbar and Parchal. The population in 2011 was 9,004, in an area of 28.07 km².

Contents

Parchal serves mainly as a bedroom community for Portimão, and many of its residents travel daily across the Rio Arade to work in the neighboring municipality.

Portimão Municipality in Algarve, Portugal

Portimão is a town (cidade) and a municipality in the district of Faro, in the Algarve region of southern Portugal. The population in 2011 was 55,614, in an area of 182.06 km². It was formerly known as Vila Nova de Portimão. In 1924, it was incorporated as a cidade and became known merely as Portimão. Historically a fishing and shipbuilding centre, it has nonetheless developed into a strong tourist centre oriented along its beaches and southern coast. The two most populous towns in the Algarve are Portimão and Faro.

History

Parchal, on the east bank of the Rio Arade, was separated from the freguesia of Estômbar on June 20, 1997. Its civil status was raised to that of a town on July 12, 2001.

Freguesia third level local administrative unit in Portugal

Freguesia, usually translated as "parish" or "civil parish", is the third-level administrative subdivision of Portugal, as defined by the 1976 Constitution. It is also a local administrative unit in the former Portuguese overseas territories of Cape Verde and Macau. In the past, was also an administrative division of the other Portuguese overseas territories. The parroquia in the Spanish autonomous communities of Galicia and Asturias is similar to a freguesia.

The name “Parchal” appears to derive from “Parchel” or “Praxel”, the name of an old Franciscan monastery in the neighbouring village (to the east) of Calvário, in the freguesia of Estômbar. The word “praxel”, of Arabic origin, means a “flooded” or “marshy area”, just as occurred regularly in the area of Parchal in its early days, constantly invaded by the waters of the Rio Arade. Much earlier than its current designation, it was also known as “Aldeia dós Cucos,” a common reference to the Cuco family, one of the first to settle in Parchel.

Basic agriculture at first, and fishing and fish canning later, were the poles of attraction leading to the creation of the first nucleus of settlement across from Portimão, and linked to it by the railway bridge and the “old” road bridge at the turn of the twentieth century. A major fishing boat harbour was created on the Arade below the bridges, and at the height of the canning industry in the middle of twentieth century, a number of canneries established themselves in the area. By the time the canning industry began to decline in the 1970s, Parchal had already become a consolidated urban area which strong ties to Portimão, where many of Parchal’s inhabitants worked in fishing, commerce or service industries.

Sub-areas

Significant Sites

Economic Activity

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References

  1. Diário da República . "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 59" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  2. Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  3. Eurostat