Parliament of the Czech Republic

Last updated
Parliament of the Czech Republic

Parlament České republiky
Coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
Type
Type
Houses Senate
Chamber of Deputies
History
Founded1 January 1993
Preceded by Federal Assembly
Leadership
Miloš Vystrčil, ODS
since 20 January 2020
Markéta Pekarová Adamová, TOP 09
since 10 November 2021
Structure
Seats281
81 Senators
200 Deputies
Senate of the Czech Republic 2020.svg
Senate political groups
Government (60)
  •   SPOLU (39)
  •   PirStan (21)

Confidence and supply (11)

Opposition (10)

PS PCR 2021 strany.svg
Chamber of Deputies political groups
Government (108)

Opposition (92)

Elections
Two-round system
Proportional representation
Senate last election
5–6 October 2018
12–13 October 2018
Chamber of Deputies last election
8–9 October 2021
Meeting place
Palaces in Malá Strana, Prague
Website
Senate
Chamber of Deputies

The Parliament of the Czech Republic (Czech : Parlament České republiky) or just Parliament (Czech : Parlament) is the legislative body of the Czech Republic, seated in Malá Strana, Prague.

Contents

It consists of two chambers, both elected in direct elections:

Art. 15 of the Constitution stipulates its name as the "Parliament". [1] The Parliament exercises competences usual in parliamentary systems: it holds and passes bills, has the right to modify the Constitution, ratifies international agreements; if necessary, it declares war, approves presence of foreign military forces in the Czech Republic or a dispatch of Czech military forces abroad.

History

Session room of the Chamber of Deputies Zasedaci sal Poslanecke snemovny.jpg
Session room of the Chamber of Deputies

The tradition of modern parliamentarianism in the Bohemian lands dates back to times of the Austrian Empire (and then Cisleithanian part of Austria-Hungary), where the Imperial Council (Reichsrat, Říšská rada) was created in 1861.

After proclamation of Czechoslovakia in 1918 its National Assembly (Národní shromáždění) undertook legislative duties both of the Imperial Council and State Diets (Bohemian, Moravian, Silesian). [2] In 1938–39 and between 1948–89 there existed a parliament within non-democratic regimes (right-wing authoritarian or Communist regime, respectively). As a consequence of federalization of Czechoslovakia (1968), national councils of Czech and Slovak parts of the country were created.

The Chamber of Deputies keeps continuity with the Czech National Council (Česká národní rada), while the Senate was established in 1996 (with reference to the First Czechoslovak Republic one).

Related Research Articles

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Parliamentary elections in the First Czechoslovak Republic were held in 1920, 1925, 1929 and 1935. The Czechoslovak National Assembly consisted of two chambers, the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate, both elected through universal suffrage. During the First Republic, many political parties struggled for political influence and only once did a single party muster a quarter of the national vote. Parties were generally set up along ethnic lines.

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References

  1. 2015, FG Forrest, a.s., www.fg.cz. "The Constitution of the Czech Republic - Prague Castle". Prague Castle. Retrieved 2017-05-25.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  2. Balík, S.-Hloušek, V.-Holzer, J.-Šedo, J.: Politický systém českých zemí 1848-1989. Brno 2006, p. 81.