Paroo River

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Paroo
Paroo Channel, Paroo River Channels [1]
Paroo River Wanaaring-2001-07-01.jpg
Paroo River at Wanaaring, New South Wales
Australia New South Wales relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Location of the Paroo River mouth in New South Wales
Location
CountryAustralia
States Queensland, New South Wales
Region South West Queensland, Far West, New South Wales
Physical characteristics
Source Mariala National Park
  locationwest of Augathella, Queensland
  coordinates 26°07′56″S145°10′39″E / 26.13222°S 145.17750°E / -26.13222; 145.17750
  elevation336 m (1,102 ft)
Mouth confluence with the Darling River in wetter seasons
  location
north of White Cliffs, New South Wales
  coordinates
31°33′30″S143°27′08″E / 31.55833°S 143.45222°E / -31.55833; 143.45222 Coordinates: 31°33′30″S143°27′08″E / 31.55833°S 143.45222°E / -31.55833; 143.45222
  elevation
94 m (308 ft)
Length1,210 km (750 mi)
Basin size60,095 km2 (23,203 sq mi)
Discharge 
  average15 m3/s (530 cu ft/s)
Basin features
River system Darling River catchment,
Murray–Darling basin
Reservoirs Buckenby Waterhole, Humeburn Waterhole, Corni Paroo Waterhole, Caiwarro Waterhole, Thoulcanna Dam, Talyealye Billabong and Budtha Waterhole
[2]

The Paroo River, a series of waterholes, connected in wet weather as a running stream of the Darling catchment within the Murray–Darling basin, is located in the South West region of Queensland and Far West region of New South Wales, Australia. It is the home of the Paarkantji people.

Contents

Course and features

The river rises in the gorge country of western Queensland south of the Mariala National Park, and flows generally south and spreads into the vast floodplains of New South Wales, eventually reaching the Paroo overflow lakes. Most commonly, the Paroo River terminates on the floodplain south of Wanaaring; and only reaches the Darling River in the wettest of years, [3] otherwise spilling into the Paroo River Wetlands. The river is joined by forty-three minor tributaries; as it descends 242 metres (794 ft) over its 1,210-kilometre (750 mi) course. [2]

The Paroo River is the last remaining free-flowing river in the northern part of the Murray-Darling basin; [4] and is impounded by the natural formation of the Buckenby Waterhole, Humeburn Waterhole, Corni Paroo Waterhole, Caiwarro Waterhole, Thoulcanna Dam, Talyealye Billabong and Budtha Waterhole. [2]

Wetlands

The Paroo River wetlands in north-western New South Wales are important for threatened species such as the freckled duck and the Australian painted snipe. They lie within the Paroo Floodplain and Currawinya Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance, when conditions are suitable, for large numbers of waterbirds. [5]

On 20 September 2007, Malcolm Turnbull, the Minister for the Environment and Water Resources, announced that the Paroo River Wetlands in north-west New South Wales would be listed under the Ramsar Convention as wetlands of international importance, making them Australia's 65th Ramsar site. [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

Currawinya is a national park near Hungerford in South West Queensland, Australia, 828 km west of Brisbane. Part of the mulga lands bioregion this is an area of dry sandy plain with small trees and shrubs. The Paroo River passes through the park.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Darling River</span> Major river in Australia

The Darling River is the third-longest river in Australia, measuring 1,472 kilometres (915 mi) from its source in northern New South Wales to its confluence with the Murray River at Wentworth, New South Wales. Including its longest contiguous tributaries it is 2,844 km (1,767 mi) long, making it the longest river system in Australia. The Darling River is the outback's most famous waterway.

The Culgoa River is a river that is part of the Darling catchment within the Murray–Darling basin and is located in South West Queensland.

Gwydir River River in New South Wales, Australia

Gwydir River, a major inland perennial river of the Barwon catchment within the Murray–Darling basin, is located in the Northern Tablelands, North West Slopes, and Orana districts of New South Wales, Australia.

Lachlan River Intermittent river in New South Wales, Australia

The Lachlan River is an intermittent river that is part of the Murrumbidgee catchment within the Murray–Darling basin, located in the Southern Tablelands, Central West, and Riverina regions of New South Wales, Australia.

Barwon River (New South Wales) River in New South Wales, Australia

Barwon River, a perennial river that is part of the Murray–Darling basin, is located in the north-west slopes and Orana regions of New South Wales, Australia.

Warrego River River in Australia

The Warrego River is an intermittent river that is part of the Darling catchment within the Murray–Darling basin, which is located in South West Queensland and in the Orana region of New South Wales, Australia. The Warrego River is the northernmost tributary of the Darling River.

The Border Rivers are a group of Australian rivers and the associated region near part of the state border between New South Wales and Queensland.

Bulloo River River in Queensland, Australia

The Bulloo RiverBUUL-oo is an isolated drainage system in western Queensland, central Australia. Its floodplain, which extends into northern New South Wales, is an important area for waterbirds when inundated. It comprises most of the Bulloo-Bancannia drainage basin.

Paroo-Darling National Park Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

The Paroo-Darling National Park is a protected national park that is located in the Far West region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 178,053-hectare (439,980-acre) national park spans two distinct regions in the outback area. This region covers the arid catchments of the Paroo River and the Paroo-Darling confluence to the south.

The Bokhara River, a watercourse that is part of the Barwon catchment within the Murray–Darling basin, is located in the South Downs region of Queensland, flowing downstream into the north–western slopes of New South Wales, Australia. It flows through the lower Balonne floodplain.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barmah National Park</span> Protected area in Victoria, Australia

The Barmah National Park, formerly Barmah State Park, is a national park located in the Hume region of the Australian state of Victoria. The park is located adjacent to the Murray River near the town of Barmah, approximately 225 kilometres (140 mi) north of Melbourne. The park consists of river red gum floodplain forest, interspersed with treeless freshwater marshes. The area is subject to seasonal flooding from natural and irrigation water flows.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mulga Lands</span>

The Mulga Lands are an interim Australian bioregion of eastern Australia consisting of dry sandy plains with low mulga woodlands and shrublands that are dominated by Acacia aneura (mulga). The Eastern Australia mulga shrublands ecoregion is coterminous with the Mulga Lands bioregion.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Narran Wetlands</span> Protected area in New South Wales, Australia

The Narran Wetlands, also known as the Narran Lakes, contained within the Narran Lake Nature Reserve, comprise a series of protected ephemeral lakes and swamps fed by the Narran River in the north-west of New South Wales, Australia. The 26,480-hectare (65,400-acre) reserve is located approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of Brewarrina.

Paroo Floodplain and Currawinya Important Bird Area

The Paroo Floodplain and Currawinya Important Bird Area is a 7,874 km2 (3,040 sq mi) site comprising the floodplain and the associated wetlands of the Paroo River in north-western New South Wales and south-western Queensland, Australia. It includes extensive areas of the Paroo-Darling and Currawinya National Parks, both of which are listed under the Ramsar Convention as wetland sites of international importance, as well as of the Nocoleche Nature Reserve.

Great Darling Anabranch River in New South Wales, Australia

The Great Darling Anabranch, commonly called the Darling Anabranch, is an anabranch and ancestral path of the Darling River in the lower Murray-Darling basin in the Far West and Riverina regions of New South Wales, Australia.

The Weir River, a river that is part of the Border Rivers group and also forms part of the Barwon River catchment in the Murray–Darling basin, is located in the Darling Downs region of Queensland, Australia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peery Lake</span> Lake in Australia

Peery Lake is a fresh water lake on the Paroo River, north of Wilcannia, New South Wales, Far West New South Wales.

Bonny Parish (County of Killara), New South Wales

Bonny Parish, New South Wales is a civil parish of Killara County, in Central Darling Shire.

Tongo Lake is a fresh water lake on the Paroo River, north of Wilcannia, New South Wales, in the far west of the state.

References

  1. "Paroo River". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 10 February 2013. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. 1 2 3 "Map of Paroo River". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  3. "Paroo catchment". Commonwealth Environmental Water Office. Commonwealth of Australia. 13 December 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  4. 1 2 Turnbull, Malcolm (20 September 2007). "Outback NSW westland internationally recognised" (PDF). Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (Press release). Commonwealth of Australia . Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  5. "IBA: Paroo Floodplain & Currawinya". Birdata. Birds Australia. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2011.