A parroquia (Spanish: [paˈrokja] , Galician: [paˈrɔkjɐ] , Asturian: [paˈrokja] ) is a population entity or parish found in Galicia and Asturias in north-west Spain. They are entities with a territorial scope lower than municipality and have their own legal personality. They usually, but not always, coincide with the ecclesiastic divisions as they originated on pair with them.
In Galicia there are 3771 parroquias, each comprising between three and fifteen or more villages. They developed over time as de facto entities up until Galician Statute of Autonomy of 1981 recognized them as territorial entities below the concello (municipality).
In Asturias there are 857 parroquias integrating the 78 concejos or conceyos (municipalities) in the region.
Parroquias origin has its roots on the Roman Catholic Church entry during Roman and late Roman empire, similar to the British parishes . From the late Roman empire on, a disperse network of parishes and private churches emerged.Those founded the base of a religious and social interaction network, with a clear administrative role over a territorial area too, that consolidated during X-XIII centuries. Since then, and in particular from XV century on, the concept formed a very settled part of the popular consciousness and culture of Asturias and Galicia. Spanish reforms from the XVIII century on tried to reduced their number unsuccessfully due to the hard root they have in these territories. The creation of Spanish municipalities, that started in 1835, vanished their function. With the entrance of democracy and creation of the autonomous communities in the 1980s, Asturian and Galician parishes were recognized legally as administrative divisions.
"Rural parishes" are the territorial entities that compose Asturian municipalities. They have their own legal status, being this smaller and different from the municipality they belong to. Within each parish the different neighbourhoods are distinguished.
Article 6.2 of the Statute of Autonomy of Asturias recognizes its juridical personality defining this traditional entity as a "traditional form of coexistence and settlement of the Asturian population". Asturian Government passed Law 11/1986 to develop the competencies, organic rules and resources, among other aspects, of rural parishes.
Among the assigned competencies, rural parishes have the capacity to organize their community, manage and administrate their goods, in addition to all those competences that are delegated by the Asturian Government.
Parishes have and president and a "xunta" (elected board members). The president fulfils similar functions as a mayor within the parish, and "xunta" is alike a municipal plenary session. Xuntas are composed by more than two and lower than one third the council's elected members. Presidents are elected directly and given a mandate of four years.
Galician parishes are an administrative division recognized as a collective entity of population lower than municipalities, or "concellos". Statute of Autonomy of Galicia of 1981 defines them as a traditional territorial entity proper of this region, with a particular coexistence and settlement history. It states they have their own legal personality and gives Galician Government the power to organize and legally regulate them. Law 5/1997 advanced in its regulation stating they are in fact autonomous local entities that have the capacity to manage their own goods.
Galicia is an autonomous community of Spain and historic nationality under Spanish law. Located in the northwest Iberian Peninsula, it includes the provinces of A Coruña, Lugo, Ourense and Pontevedra.
Ayuntamiento is the general term for the town council, or cabildo, of a municipality or, sometimes, as is often the case in Spain and Latin America, for the municipality itself. Ayuntamiento is mainly used in Spain; in Latin America alcaldía is also for municipal governing bodies, especially the executive ones, where the legislative body and an executive one are two separate entities. In Catalan-speaking parts of Spain, municipalities generally use the Catalan cognate, ajuntament, while Galician ones use the word concello, Astur-Leonese conceyu and Basque udaletxea. Since ayuntamiento is a metonym for the building in which the council meets, it also translates to "city/town hall" in English.
Mondariz is a town and municipality in the province of Pontevedra, autonomous community of Galicia, Spain. It has a population of 4,440 inhabitants.
Boimorto is a municipality in the province of A Coruña in the autonomous community of Galicia in northwestern Spain. It is located in the comarca of Arzúa. It has an area of 82.71 km2, a population of 2,486, and a population density of 30.06 people/km2. Coordinates: 43° 00' 27" N - 8° 07' 37" W. Elevation: 487 m.
Asturian is a West Iberian Romance language spoken in the Principality of Asturias, Spain. Asturian is part of a wider linguistic group, the Astur-Leonese languages. The number of speakers is estimated at 100,000 (native) and 450,000. The dialects of the Astur-Leonese language family are traditionally classified in 3 groups: Western, Central, and Eastern. For historical and demographic reasons, the standard is based on Central Asturian. Asturian has a distinct grammar, dictionary, and orthography. It is regulated by the Academy of the Asturian Language. Although it is not an official language of Spain it is protected under the Statute of Autonomy of Asturias and is an elective language in schools. For much of its history, the language has been ignored or “subjected to repeated challenges to its status as a language variety” due to its lack of official status.
A Rúa is a mostly rural Galician municipality in the comarca of Valdeorras, eastern province of Ourense, 101 km (63 mi) from the provincial capital, Ourense. An inhabitant of the area is known as a Rués.
Allande is a municipality in the Autonomous Community of the Principality of Asturias, Spain. Its capital is Pola de Allande.
Carreño is a municipality in the autonomous community of the Principality of Asturias, Spain. It is bordered by Corvera de Asturias on the west, Gozón on the north, the Cantabrian Sea on the north and east, and Gijón on the east and south. Its capital is Candás.
Villayón is a municipality in the Autonomous Community of the Principality of Asturias, Spain. It is bordered on the north by Navia, on the west by Coaña, Boal and Illano, on the east by Valdés, Tineo y Allande and on the south by Allande.
Galician–Asturian or Eonavian is a set of Romance dialects or falas whose linguistic dominion extends into the zone of Asturias between the Eo River and Navia River. The dialects have been variously classified as the northeastern varieties of Galician, as a linguistic group of its own, or as a dialect of transition between Galician and Asturian.
The municipality is the basic local administrative division in Spain together with the province.
Serín is a district of the municipality of Gijón / Xixón, in Asturias, Spain.
The political division of the Kingdom of Spain is defined in Part VIII of the Spanish constitution of 1978, which establishes three levels of territorial organization: municipalities, provinces and autonomous communities, the first group constituting the subdivisions of the second, and the second group constituting the subdivisions of the last. The State guarantees the realization of the principle of solidarity by endeavouring to establish an economic balance between the different areas of the Spanish territory.
Parroquia or Parròquia is a term equivalent to the English Parish; used in Andorra, Ecuador, Venezuela, Peru and some parts of northwestern Spain.
Carlos Ferrás Sexto is a Galician geographer and academic.
Oles is one of 41 parishes in Villaviciosa, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in coastal northern Spain.
Zurea is one of 24 parishes in Ḷḷena, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in coastal northern Spain.
Tuíza is one of 24 parishes in Lena, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in coastal northern Spain.
The 2016 Galician regional election was held on Sunday, 25 September 2016, to elect the 10th Parliament of the autonomous community of Galicia. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with a regional election in the Basque Country.
Chanos de Somerón is one of 24 parishes in Lena, a municipality within the province and autonomous community of Asturias, in coastal northern Spain. The parroquia is 4.04 km2 (1.56 sq mi) in size, with a population of 32.
Data obtained from Nomenclátor - Xunta de Galicia
|issn=value (help).CS1 maint: date format (link)