Patriarch Nicodim of Romania

Last updated
His Beatitude
Patriarch Nicodim of Romania
By God's mercy, Archbishop of Bucharest,
Metropolitan of Ungro-Vlachia,
Locum tenens of the throne of Caesarea Cappadociae and
Patriarch of All Romania
Nikodim (Muntianu).jpg
Church Romanian Orthodox Church
See Bucharest
Installed July 5, 1939
Term ended February 27, 1948
Predecessor Patriarch Miron of Romania
Successor Patriarch Justinian of Romania
Personal details
Birth name Nicolae Munteanu
Born(1864-12-06)6 December 1864
Pipirig, Neamț County
Died 27 February 1948(1948-02-27) (aged 83)
Buried Romanian Patriarchal Cathedral
Nationality Romanian
Denomination Christian Orthodox
Alma mater Kiev-Mohyla Academy, Russian Empire
Patriarh Nicodim (centre), with Mihai I (right) and Gheorghiu-Dej (left) at a reception at the Soviet embassy, 1946 IICCR FA147 Dej Nicodim Mihai I reception.jpg
Patriarh Nicodim (centre), with Mihai I (right) and Gheorghiu-Dej (left) at a reception at the Soviet embassy, 1946

Nicodim (Romanian pronunciation:  [nikoˈdim] ), born Nicolae Munteanu ( [nikoˈla.e munˈte̯anu] ; December 6, 1864, Pipirig, Neamț County, Romania February 27, 1948, Bucharest), was the head of the Romanian Orthodox Church (Patriarch of All Romania) between 1939 and 1948.

Pipirig Commune in Neamț County, Romania

Pipirig is a commune in Neamț County, Romania. It is composed of seven villages: Boboiești, Dolhești, Leghin, Pâțâligeni, Pipirig, Pluton and Stânca.

Neamț County County in Nord-Est, Romania

Neamț County is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historic region of Moldavia, with the county seat at Piatra Neamț.

Romania Sovereign state in Europe

Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east. It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 sq mi), Romania is the 12th largest country and also the 7th most populous member state of the European Union, having almost 20 million inhabitants. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, and Brașov.



He studied theology at the Kiev-Mohyla Academy, Russian Empire and became a monk at Neamț Monastery in 1894.

National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy university in Ukraine

National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy (NaUKMA) is a national, coeducational research university located in Kiev, Ukraine. The Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, the school's predecessor, was established in 1615. The NaUKMA is located on the Academy's grounds in the ancient Podil neighborhood. In 1991, it was re-organized, and teaching began the following year. NaUKMA has the highest level of accreditation as outlined by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, and is one of the thirteen educational institutions in Ukraine having a status of a research and autonomous university. NaUKMA takes part in numerous international university collaborations, such as the European University Association. The university is bilingual in Ukrainian and English. It is one of Ukraine’s few universities with internationally recognized diplomas.

Russian Empire Former country, 1721–1917

The Russian Empire, also known as Imperial Russia or simply Russia, was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

Neamț Monastery heritage site in Neamț County, Romania

The Neamț Monastery is a Romanian Orthodox religious settlement, one of the oldest and most important of its kind in Romania. It was built in the 15th century, and it is an example of medieval Moldavian architecture. A jewel of 15th-century architecture, the church was built during Ștefan cel Mare's reign and finished in the year when the Moldavian army won the battle against King John Albert (1497).

Nicodim was supportive of the Royal Family of Romania and a notable anti-Communist, refusing to give support for the Soviet-backed Communist regime in the process of installation in Romania in 1945–1947.[ citation needed ] Immediately, rumors circulated to the effect that he had been murdered, perhaps with Soviet approval. However, all available evidence indicates the patriarch died of natural causes. [1]

Socialist Republic of Romania 1947–1989 republic in Southeastern Europe

The Socialist Republic of Romania refers to Romania under Marxist-Leninist one-party communist rule that existed officially from 1947 to 1989. From 1947 to 1965, the state was known as the Romanian People's Republic. The country was a Soviet-aligned Eastern Bloc state with a dominant role for the Romanian Communist Party enshrined in its constitutions.

Nicodim Munteanu was buried at the Romanian Patriarchal Cathedral in Bucharest, next to the first Patriarch of Romania Miron Cristea.

Romanian Patriarchal Cathedral heritage site in Bucharest, Romania

The Romanian Orthodox Patriarchal Cathedral is a functioning religious and civic landmark, on Dealul Mitropoliei, in Bucharest, Romania. It is located near the Palace of the Chamber of Deputies of the Patriarchate of the Romanian Orthodox Church. Since it is a working cathedral, it is the site of many religious holidays and observances that take place for those who follow the Orthodox Christian faith in Bucharest, including a Palm Sunday pilgrimage. The Orthodox Divine Liturgy at the cathedral is known for its a cappella choir, a common practice shared by all the Orthodox churches, in both their prayer services and liturgical rites. The Romanian Orthodox Patriarchal Cathedral is a designated Historical monument—Monument istoric of Romania.

Bucharest Capital of Romania

Bucharest is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre. It is located in the southeast of the country, at 44°25′57″N26°06′14″E, on the banks of the Dâmbovița River, less than 60 km (37.3 mi) north of the Danube River and the Bulgarian border.


  1. Adrian Cioroianu, Focul ascuns în piatră, p. 310. Bucharest: Editura Polirom, 2002, ISBN   978-973-68-1076-3
Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Miron Cristea
Patriarch of All Romania
Succeeded by
Justinian Marina

Related Research Articles

Michael I of Romania King of Romania (1927-1930, 1940-1947)

Michael I was the last King of Romania, reigning from 20 July 1927 to 8 June 1930 and again from 6 September 1940 until his abdication on 30 December 1947.

King of the Romanians

The King of the Romanians or King of Romania, was the title of the monarch of the Kingdom of Romania from 1881 until 1947, when the Romanian Workers' Party proclaimed the Romanian People's Republic following Michael I's forced abdication.

Romanian Orthodox Church Christian Orthodox-oriented denomination in Romania

The Romanian Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Orthodox Church in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox Christian Churches, one of the nine Patriarchates in the Eastern Orthodox Church. Since 1925, the Church's Primate bears the title of Patriarch. Its jurisdiction covers the territories of Romania and Moldova, with additional dioceses for Romanians living in nearby Serbia and Hungary, as well as for diaspora communities in Central and Western Europe, North America and Oceania.

Justinian Marina was a Romanian Orthodox prelate. He was the third patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church, serving between 1948 and 1977.

Teoctist Arăpașu Romanian bishop

Teoctist was the Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church from 1986 to 2007.

Patriarch Iustin of Romania Romanian bishop

Iustin Moisescu was Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church from 1977 to 1986.

Steel Crown of Romania

The Steel Crown of King Carol I of Romania was forged at the Army Arsenal in Bucharest from the steel of a cannon captured by the Romanian Army from the Ottomans during its War of Independence (1877-1878).

Alexandru Șafran Romanian and Swiss  rabbi

Alexandru Şafran was a Romanian and, after 1948, Swiss rabbi. As chief rabbi of Romania (1940–1948), he intervened with authorities in the fascist government of Ion Antonescu in an unusually successful attempt to save Jews during the Holocaust.

Alexandru Nicolschi was a Romanian communist activist, Soviet agent and officer, and Securitate chief under the Communist regime. Active until the early 1960s, he was one of the most recognizable leaders of violent political repression.

Father Cleopa Ilie was an abbot of the Sihastria Monastery. He was a well-known spiritual representative of the Romanian Orthodox Church.

Cornel Țălnar Romanian footballer

Cornel Țălnar is a Romanian football manager and former player.

Metropolis of Moldavia and Bukovina

The Metropolis of Moldavia and Bucovina, in Iași, Romania, is a metropolis of the Romanian Orthodox Church.

Munteanu is a Romanian language surname. When transliterated from Russian, in may be spelled as Muntyanu. It is commonly found in Romania and Moldova and literally translates as "highlander". Notable people with this surname include:

The Romania Anti-Religious Campaign, refers to the anti-religious campaign initiated by the Socialist Republic of Romania, which under the doctrine of Marxist–Leninist atheism, took a hostile stance against religion, and set its sights on the ultimate goal of an atheistic society, wherein religion would be recognized as the ideology of the bourgeoisie.

Metropolis of Muntenia and Dobrudja

The Metropolis of Wallachia and Dobrudja, headquartered in Bucharest, Romania, is a metropolis of the Romanian Orthodox Church.

Aladar Imre was a Romanian trade unionist, communist militant and member-elect of the Romanian Parliament, executed in the Soviet Union during the Great Purge.

Nicolae Bălan

Nicolae Bălan was an Austro-Hungarian-born Romanian cleric, a metropolitan bishop of the Romanian Orthodox Church. The son of a priest, he graduated from Czernowitz University and taught theology at Sibiu from 1905 to 1920. That year, he became Metropolis of Transylvania, an office he would hold for the rest of his life. In the 1930s, he was an open supporter of the Iron Guard. In 1948, after a communist regime was established, he publicly assisted the new authorities in their effort to disband the Romanian Greek-Catholic Church.

Donar Munteanu Romanian poet

Donar Munteanu was a Romanian poet, representing the provincial wing of Romanian Symbolism, Convorbiri Critice circle and, later, the Gândirea literary movement. Generally considered a good, but not great, author, from his thirties and into old age he belonged to the devotional school of Orthodox Church writers, producing mostly sonnets. Professionally, he was active as a magistrate and prison inspector, a career which allowed him to visit the country and to participate in the literary life of Bessarabia. He withdrew from public life following the establishment of Romanian communist regime, and remained largely forgotten.

Aristide Caradja Romanian entomologist (1861–1955)

Aristide Caradja was a Romanian entomologist and lawyer.