Patrick McGoohan

Last updated

Patrick McGoohan
McGoohan in All Night Long (1962)
Born(1928-03-19)March 19, 1928
DiedJanuary 13, 2009(2009-01-13) (aged 80)
  • Actor
  • writer
  • producer
  • director
Years active1948–2002
Joan Drummond
(m. 1951)
Children3, including Catherine

Patrick Joseph McGoohan ( /məˈɡ.ən/ ; March 19, 1928 – January 13, 2009) was an Irish-American actor, director, screenwriter, and producer of movies and television.


Born in the United States to Irish emigrant parents, he was raised in Ireland and England. He began his career in England during the 1950s and became well known for his role as secret agent John Drake in the ITC espionage programme Danger Man (1960–1968). He then produced and created The Prisoner (1967–1968), a surrealistic television series in which he featured as Number Six, an unnamed British intelligence agent who is abducted and imprisoned in a mysterious coastal village. Beginning in the 1970s, McGoohan maintained a long-running association with Columbo , writing, directing, producing and appearing in several episodes. His notable movie roles include Dr. Paul Ruth in Scanners (1981) and King Edward I in Braveheart (1995). He was a BAFTA Award and two-time Primetime Emmy Award winner.

Early life

Patrick Joseph McGoohan was born in the Astoria neighbourhood of New York City's Queens borough on March 19, 1928, the son of Irish Catholic, immigrant parents Thomas McGoohan and Rose McGoohan (née Fitzpatrick). [1] Soon after he was born, the family relocated back to Ireland, where they lived in the Mullaghmore area of Carrigallen in the south-east of County Leitrim. [2] [3]

Seven years later, they relocated to England and settled in Sheffield. McGoohan attended St Marie's School, then St Vincent's School, [4] and De La Salle College, all in Sheffield.[ citation needed ] During World War II, he was evacuated to Loughborough, where he attended Ratcliffe College at the same time as future actor Ian Bannen. McGoohan excelled in mathematics and boxing, and quit school at the age of 16 to return to Sheffield, where he worked as a chicken farmer, bank clerk, and lorry driver before getting a job as a stage manager for Sheffield Repertory Theatre. When one of the actors became ill, McGoohan substituted for him, which began his acting career. [5]


Early career

In 1955, McGoohan featured in a West End stage production of Serious Charge , as a Church of England vicar accused of being homosexual. [6]

Orson Welles was so impressed by McGoohan's stage presence ("intimidated", Welles would later say) that he cast him as Starbuck in his York theatre production of Moby Dick—Rehearsed . [7] Welles said in 1969 that he believed McGoohan "would now be, I think, one of the big actors of our generation if TV hadn't grabbed him. He can still make it. He was tremendous as Starbuck", [8] and "with all the required attributes, looks, intensity, unquestionable acting ability and a twinkle in his eye." [1]

McGoohan's first television appearance was as Charles Stewart Parnell in "The Fall of Parnell" for the series You Are There (1954). [9] [10] He had an uncredited role in the movie The Dam Busters (1955), standing guard outside a briefing room. He delivered the line, "Sorry, old boy, it's secret—you can't go in. Now, c'mon, hop it!", which was cut from some prints of the movie.[ citation needed ]

He also had small roles in Passage Home (1955), The Dark Avenger (1955) and I Am A Camera (1955). He could also be seen in Zarak (1956) for Warwick Films. For television he was in "Margin for Error" in Terminus (1955), guest featured on The Adventures of Sir Lancelot and Assignment Foreign Legion , and The Adventures of Aggie . He played the lead in "The Makepeace Story" for BBC Sunday Night Theatre (1955). He also appeared in Welles' movie version of Moby Dick Rehearsed .

He did Ring for Catty on stage in 1956. [11]

Rank Organisation

While working as a stand-in during screen tests, McGoohan was signed to a contract with the Rank Organisation. They gave him mostly villainous parts in various movies: High Tide at Noon (1957), directed by Philip Leacock; Hell Drivers (1957), directed by Cy Endfield, as a violent bully; and the steamy potboiler The Gypsy and the Gentleman (1958), directed by Joseph Losey. [12]

He had good roles in television anthology series such as Television Playwright , Folio, Armchair Theatre , ITV Play of the Week and ITV Television Playhouse . He was given a leading role in Nor the Moon by Night (1958), filmed in South Africa. [13] After some disputes with the management, the contract was dissolved. He then did some TV work, winning a BAFTA in 1960. [14]

His favourite part for stage acting was the lead for Ibsen's play Brand , for which he received an award. He also played the role in a (still extant) BBC television production in August 1959. [15] Michael Meyer, who translated the stage version, thought McGoohan's performance was the best and most powerful he'd ever seen. [16] It was McGoohan's last stage appearance for 28 years.

Danger Man

Production executive Lew Grade soon approached McGoohan about a television series where he would play a spy named John Drake. Having learned from his experience at Rank, McGoohan insisted on several conditions: All the fistfights should be different; the character would always use his brain before using a gun; and—much to the executives' horror—no kissing. The show debuted in 1960 as Danger Man , [17] a half-hour programme intended for American audiences. It did fairly well, but not as well as hoped. [18] [19]

Production lasted a year and 39 episodes. After the first series was over, an interviewer asked McGoohan if he would have liked it to continue. He replied, "Perhaps, but let me tell you this: I would rather do twenty TV series than go through what I went through under that Rank contract I signed a few years ago and for which I blame no one but myself." [20]

Post-Danger Man

McGoohan appeared in the movie Two Living, One Dead (1961), filmed in Sweden. He featured in two movies directed by Basil Dearden: All Night Long , an updating of Othello , and Life for Ruth (both 1962). He also featured in an adaptation of The Quare Fellow (1962) by Brendan Behan.

McGoohan was one of several actors considered for the role of James Bond in Dr. No . While McGoohan, a Catholic, refused the role on moral grounds, [21] the success of the Bond movies is generally cited as the reason for Danger Man being revived. (He was later considered for the same role in Live and Let Die , but refused again.) [22]

McGoohan spent some time working for The Walt Disney Company on The Three Lives of Thomasina (1963) and The Scarecrow of Romney Marsh (1963). An English vicar Dr. Syn (played by McGoohan) becomes a scarecrow on horseback by night to thwart King George III's taxmen.

Return of Danger Man

After he had also refused the role of Simon Templar in The Saint , [22] Lew Grade asked McGoohan if he wanted to give John Drake another try. This time, McGoohan had even more say about the series. Danger Man (US: Secret Agent) was resurrected in 1964 as a one-hour programme. The scripts now allowed McGoohan more range in his acting. Because of the popularity of the series, he became the highest-paid actor in the UK, [23] and the show lasted almost three more years. [24]

After shooting the only two episodes of Danger Man to be filmed in colour, McGoohan told Lew Grade he was going to quit for another show. [25]

The Prisoner

Knowing McGoohan's intention to quit Danger Man, Grade asked if he would at least work on "something" for him. McGoohan gave him a run-down of what would later be termed a miniseries, about a secret agent who resigns suddenly and awakens to find himself in a prison disguised as a holiday resort. Grade asked for a budget, McGoohan had one ready, and they made a deal over a handshake early on a Saturday morning to produce The Prisoner . [17]

In addition to being the series's protagonist, McGoohan was its executive producer, forming Everyman Films with producer David Tomblin, and also wrote and directed several episodes, in some cases using pseudonyms. [26] [27] The originally commissioned seven episodes became seventeen.

The title character, the otherwise-unnamed "Number Six", spends the entire series trying to escape from a mysterious prison community called "The Village", and to learn the identity of his nemesis, Number One. The Village's administrators try just as much to force or trick him into revealing why he resigned as a spy, which he refuses to divulge. The filming location was the Italianate village of Portmeirion in North Wales, which was featured in some episodes of Danger Man.


During production of The Prisoner, MGM cast McGoohan in an action movie, Ice Station Zebra (1968), for which his performance as a British spy drew critical praise.

After the end of The Prisoner, he presented a TV show, Journey into Darkness (1968–69). He was meant to follow it with the lead role of Dirk Struan in an expensive adaptation of the James Clavell best-seller Tai-Pan but the project was cancelled before filming. [28] Instead he made the movie The Moonshine War (1970) for MGM.


McGoohan played James Stewart, 1st Earl of Moray in Mary, Queen of Scots (1971). He directed Richie Havens in a rock-opera version of Othello , titled Catch My Soul (1974), but disliked the experience. [29]

McGoohan received two Emmy Awards for his work for the television series Columbo , with his long-time friend Peter Falk. McGoohan said that his first appearance on Columbo (episode: "By Dawn's Early Light", 1974) was probably his favourite American role. He directed five Columbo episodes (including three of the four in which he appeared), one of which he also wrote and two of which he also produced. McGoohan was involved with the Columbo series in some capacity from 1974 to 2000; his daughter Catherine McGoohan appeared with him in the episode, "Ashes To Ashes" (1998). The other two Columbo episodes in which he appeared are "Identity Crisis" (1975) and "Agenda For Murder" (1990).

As he had done early in his career with the Rank Organisation, McGoohan began to specialise in villains, appearing in A Genius, Two Partners and a Dupe (1975), Silver Streak (1976) and The Man in the Iron Mask (1977).

In 1977, he had the main role of the television series Rafferty as a retired army doctor who moves into private practice. [30]

He had the lead in a Canadian movie, Kings and Desperate Men; [31] then had supporting parts in Brass Target (1978) and the Clint Eastwood movie Escape from Alcatraz (1979), portraying the prison's warden.[ citation needed ]


In 1980 he appeared in the UK TV movie The Hard Way.

In 1981 he appeared in the science fiction/horror movie Scanners , and in Jamaica Inn (1983) and Trespasses (1984).

In 1985 he appeared in his only Broadway production, featuring opposite Rosemary Harris in Hugh Whitemore's Pack of Lies , in which he played another British spy. [32] He was nominated for a Drama Desk Award as Best Actor for his performance.

He could also be seen in the movies Baby: Secret of the Lost Legend (1985), Of Pure Blood (1986) and an episode of Murder, She Wrote .


McGoohan featured in The Best of Friends (1991) for Channel 4, which told the story of the unlikely friendship between a museum curator, a nun and a playwright. McGoohan played George Bernard Shaw alongside Sir John Gielgud as Sydney Cockerell and Dame Wendy Hiller as Sister Laurentia McLachlan. In the United States, the drama was shown by PBS as part of Masterpiece Theatre .

Also during this period he featured as King Edward I in Braveheart (1995), which won five Academy Awards. It seemed to revitalise McGoohan's career: he was then seen as Judge Omar Noose in A Time to Kill (1996) and in The Phantom (also 1996), [22] a cinema adaptation of the comic strip.


In 2000, he reprised his role as Number Six in an episode of The Simpsons , "The Computer Wore Menace Shoes". In it, Homer Simpson concocts a news story to make his website more popular, and he wakes up in a prison disguised as a holiday resort. Dubbed Number Five, he meets Number Six, and later betrays him and escapes with his boat; referencing his numerous attempts to escape on a raft in The Prisoner, Number Six splutters "That's the third time that's happened!"

McGoohan's last movie role was as the voice of Billy Bones in the animated movie Treasure Planet , released in 2002. That same year, he received the Prometheus Hall of Fame Award for The Prisoner.

McGoohan's name was associated with several aborted attempts at producing a new movie version of The Prisoner. In 2002, Simon West was signed to direct a version of the story. McGoohan was listed as executive producer for the movie, which never came to fruition. Later, Christopher Nolan was proposed as director for a movie version. However, the source material remained difficult and elusive to adapt into a feature movie. McGoohan was not involved with the project that was ultimately completed. A miniseries was filmed for the AMC network in late 2008, with its broadcast occurring during November 2009.

Personal life

McGoohan married actress Joan Drummond on May 19, 1951. They had three children including Catherine McGoohan. [33]

For most of the 1960s they lived in a secluded detached house on the Ridgeway, Mill Hill, London. They settled in the Pacific Palisades district of Los Angeles during the mid-1970s. [34]


After a brief illness, McGoohan died at Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California, on January 13, 2009; he was 80 years old. [35]

A biography of McGoohan was published in 2007 by Tomahawk Press, [36] and another followed in 2011 by Supernova Books. [37]



1955 Passage Home McIsaacs
1955 The Dark Avenger English soldierUncredited
1955 The Dam Busters RAF guardUncredited
1955 I Am a Camera Swedish water therapist
1956 Zarak Moor Larkin
1957 High Tide at Noon Simon Breck
1957 Hell Drivers G. 'Red' Redman
1958 The Gypsy and the Gentleman Jess
1958 Nor the Moon by Night Andrew Miller
1961 Two Living, One Dead Erik Berger
1962 All Night Long Johnny Cousin
1962 Life for Ruth Doctor James 'Jim' Brown
1962 The Quare Fellow Thomas Crimmin
1963 The Three Lives of Thomasina Andrew McDhui
1963 Dr. Syn, Alias the Scarecrow Dr. Christopher Syn
1968 Ice Station Zebra David Jones
1970 The Moonshine War Frank Long
1971 Mary, Queen of Scots James Stuart
1974 Catch My Soul Director
1975 A Genius, Two Partners and a Dupe Major Cabot
1976 Silver Streak Roger Devereau
1977 The Man in the Iron Mask Fouquet
1978 Brass Target Colonel Mike McCauley
1979 Escape from Alcatraz Warden
1981 Scanners Doctor Paul Ruth
1981 Kings and Desperate Men John KingsleyFilmed in 1977
1984TrespassesFred Wells
1985 Baby: Secret of the Lost Legend Doctor Eric Kiviat
1995 Braveheart King Edward Longshanks
1996 The Phantom Phantom's Dad
1996 A Time to Kill Judge Omar Noose
1997 Hysteria Dr. Harvey Langston
2002 Treasure Planet Billy Bones Voice (final film role)


1955 The Vise Tony Mason1 episode ("Gift from Heaven")
1956-57 The Adventures of Aggie
1958The ViseVance1 episode ("Blood in the Sky")
1958 Armchair Theatre Jack 'Pal' Smurch1 episode ("The Greatest Man in the World")
1959 Brand Priest Brand Henrik Ibsen play
1961Armchair TheatreNicholai Soloviov1 episode ("The Man Out There")
Danger Man John Drake 86 episodes. Also directed 3 episodes.
1963 Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color Doctor Christopher Syn/
Scarecrow of Romney Marsh
3 episodes
1967–68 The Prisoner Number Six 17 episodes. Also directed 5 episodes.
1969 Journey into Darkness HostTV film
1974 Columbo Colonel Lyle C. Rumford1 episode ("By Dawn's Early Light")
1975Nelson Brenner1 episode ("Identity Crisis"). Also directed.
19761 episode ("Last Salute to the Commodore") – director
1977 Rafferty Doctor Sid Rafferty13 episodes. Also directed 1 episode.
1980 The Hard Way John ConnorTV film
1983 Jamaica Inn Joss Merlyn
1985 American Playhouse Chief magistrate3 episodes ("Three Sovereigns for Sarah" parts I, II & III)
1987 Murder, She Wrote Oliver Quayle1 episode ("Witness for the Defense")
1990ColumboOscar Finch1 episode ("Agenda for Murder"). Also directed.
1998ColumboEric Prince"Ashes to Ashes". Also directed.
2000Columbo1 episode ("Murder with Too Many Notes") – director
2000 The Simpsons Number Six1 episode ("The Computer Wore Menace Shoes")


Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peter Falk</span> American actor (1927–2011)

Peter Michael Falk was an American film and television actor. He is best known for his role as Lieutenant Columbo in the long-running NBC series Columbo, for which he won four Primetime Emmy Awards and a Golden Globe Award (1973). In 1996, TV Guide ranked Falk No. 21 on its 50 Greatest TV Stars of All Time list. He received a posthumous star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2013.

<i>The Prisoner</i> British science fiction television show (1967–1968)

The Prisoner is a 1967 British television series created by Patrick McGoohan, with possible contributions from George Markstein. McGoohan played the lead role as Number Six, an unnamed British intelligence agent who is abducted and imprisoned in a mysterious coastal village. Episode plots have elements of science fiction, allegory, and psychological drama, as well as spy fiction. It was produced by Everyman Films for distribution by Lew Grade's ITC Entertainment.

Number Six (<i>The Prisoner</i>) Character in The Prisoner

Number Six is the central character in the 1967–1968 television series The Prisoner. The unnamed character in the original TV series was played by series co-creator Patrick McGoohan. For one episode, "Do Not Forsake Me Oh My Darling", Number Six was portrayed by Nigel Stock due to McGoohan being away filming the movie Ice Station Zebra.

<i>Columbo</i> American crime drama television film series

Columbo is an American crime drama television series starring Peter Falk as Lieutenant Columbo, a homicide detective with the Los Angeles Police Department. After two pilot episodes in 1968 and 1971, the show originally aired on NBC from 1971 to 1978 as one of the rotating programs of The NBC Mystery Movie. Columbo then aired less frequently on ABC from 1989 to 2003.

<i>Danger Man</i> British television series

Danger Man is a British television series that was broadcast between 1960 and 1962, and again between 1964 and 1968. The series featured Patrick McGoohan as secret agent John Drake. Ralph Smart created the programme and wrote many of the scripts. Danger Man was financed by Lew Grade's ITC Entertainment.

Edwin Thomas "Ted" Astley was a British composer. His best known works are British television themes and scores, most notably the main themes for The Saint, Danger Man and The Baron. He also successfully diversified into symphonic pop and the arrangement of his theme to The Saint, as re-recorded by Orbital, reached number three in the UK Singles Chart.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Robert Culp</span> American actor (1930–2010)

Robert Martin Culp was an American actor widely known for his work in television. Culp earned an international reputation for his role as Kelly Robinson on I Spy (1965–1968), the espionage television series in which co-star Bill Cosby and he played secret agents. Before this, he starred in the CBS/Four Star Western series Trackdown as Texas Ranger Hoby Gilman in 71 episodes from 1957 to 1959. The 1980s brought him back to television as FBI Agent Bill Maxwell on The Greatest American Hero. Later, he had a recurring role as Warren Whelan on Everybody Loves Raymond, and was a voice actor for various computer games, including Half-Life 2. Culp gave hundreds of performances in a career spanning more than 50 years.

Fall Out (<i>The Prisoner</i>) 17th episode of the 1st series of The Prisoner

"Fall Out" is the 17th and final episode of the allegorical British science fiction series The Prisoner. It was written and directed by Patrick McGoohan who also portrayed the incarcerated Number Six. The episode was first broadcast in the UK on ITV on Thursday 1 February 1968 and first aired in the United States on CBS on 21 September 1968.

Living in Harmony (<i>The Prisoner</i>) 14th episode of the 1st series of The Prisoner

"Living in Harmony" is an episode of the allegorical British science fiction TV series, The Prisoner. It was written by David Tomblin and Ian L. Rakoff and directed by Tomblin and was the fifteenth produced. It was broadcast in the UK on ITV on Friday 29 December 1967 and was not screened in the United States on CBS during the initial network run.

<i>Hell Drivers</i> (film) 1957 film by Cy Endfield

Hell Drivers (1957) is a British film noir crime drama film directed by Cy Endfield and starring Stanley Baker, Herbert Lom, Peggy Cummins and Patrick McGoohan. The film was produced by the Rank Organisation and Aqua Film Productions. The film revolves around a recently released convict who takes a driver's job at a haulage company.

Catherine McGoohan is a British-American actress.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alexis Kanner</span>

Alexis Kanner was a French born-Canadian film and television actor, based in England. His most notable role was the "Living in Harmony" episode of The Prisoner.

Francis James "Frank" Maher was a British stuntman who was best known for his roles as a stuntman or stunt coordinator in many British television shows including Danger Man and The Prisoner; he was frequently the stunt double for the series star Patrick McGoohan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peter Madden (actor)</span>

Peter Madden was a British actor who was born in Ipoh in the Federated Malay States.

<i>The Prisoner</i> (2009 miniseries) American TV series or program

The Prisoner is a 2009 six-part television miniseries based on the 1960s TV series The Prisoner. The series concerned a man who awakens in a mysterious, picturesque, but escape-proof village, and stars Jim Caviezel, Sir Ian McKellen, Ruth Wilson, and Hayley Atwell. It was co-produced by American cable network AMC with British channel ITV, which now holds the rights to the original series. It received mixed reviews, with critics feeling that the remake was not as compelling as the original series.

The Prisoner, a British television series that originally ran from 1967 to 1968, has been represented in several other media.

Opening and closing sequences of <i>The Prisoner</i> Television sequences

The opening and closing sequences of the TV series The Prisoner are considered iconic. The music over the opening and closing credits, as broadcast, was composed by Ron Grainer, a composer whose other credits include the theme music for Doctor Who.

The Prisoner is a 17-episode British television series broadcast in the UK from 29 September 1967 to 1 February 1968. Starring and co-created by Patrick McGoohan, it combined spy fiction with elements of science fiction, allegory, and psychological drama. Since its debut, the series' enduring popularity has led to its influencing and being referenced in a range of other media, such as the film The Truman Show, and the television shows Lost and The X-Files. The producer of The X-Files called The Prisoner "the Gone with the Wind of its genre." The Guardian wrote that "Without The Prisoner, we'd never have had cryptic, mindbending TV series like Twin Peaks or Lost. It's the Citizen Kane of British TV – a programme that changed the landscape."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">David Tomblin</span>

David Tomblin, OBE was a film and television producer, assistant director, and director.


  1. 1 2 "Patrick McGoohan" . The Daily Telegraph . January 15, 2009. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
  2. Langley, R: Patrick McGoohan. Tomahawk Press, 2007.
  3. "BFI retrospective", The Irish Post; retrieved July 9, 2016.
  4. Langley, Roger Patrick McGoohan: Danger Man or Prisoner?, pp. 12–13. Tomahawk Press, 2007. Second revised updated edition, Escape Books, 2017.
  5. "BFI Screenonline: McGoohan, Patrick (1928-2009) Biography".
  6. Hope-Wallace, Philip (February 18, 1955). "Another New Play in London: 'Serious Charge'". The Manchester Guardian. p. 7.
  7. Fay, Gerard (June 18, 1955). "Wellesian Version of 'Moby Dick': A Sea Charade". The Manchester Guardian. p. 5.
  8. Jonathan Roenbaum (ed.), Orson Welles and Peter Bogdanovich, This Is Orson Welles (Da Capo Press, New York, 1992 [rev. 1998 ed.]) p. 4
  9. Cassin, B. I Never Had a Proper Job. Liberties Press, 2012.
  10. Langley, R. Patrick McGoohan, pp. 41–42. Tomahawk Press, 2007.
  11. (Lyric, Hammersmith.) Ring for Catty by Patrick Cargill and Jack Beale. (Lyric, Shaftesbury Avenue) Hartley, Anthony. The Spectator; London 196.6661 (24 February 1956): p. 248.
  12. Patrick McGoohan Picture Show; London 70.1823 (March 8, 1958): 8.
  13. "Love under an African moon". The Australian Women's Weekly . Vol. 26, no. 21. October 29, 1958. p. 73. Retrieved October 15, 2017 via National Library of Australia.
  14. "BAFTA award in 1960", BAFTA, Retrieved February 1, 2015
  15. ""World Theatre" Brand (TV Episode 1959)". Internet Movie Database.
  16. Michael Meyer, Not Prince Hamlet
  17. 1 2 "'Prisoner' Star Patrick McGoohan Dies". CBS News. January 14, 2009. Retrieved January 15, 2009.
  18. Vincent Cosgrove, 2007. "Odds Are He Will Live on Disc Tomorrow," The New York Times , April 15. Retrieved 4-7-10.
  19. "'Danger Man'". The Australian Women's Weekly . Vol. 29, no. 7. July 19, 1961. p. 21. Retrieved October 15, 2017 via National Library of Australia.
  20. "Why Danger Man scared me", Photoplay, April 1961, p. 14.
  21. "The Actors Who Almost Played James Bond". November 17, 2022.
  22. 1 2 3 "20 Actors That Were Almost Cast in the Lord of the Rings". February 27, 2015.
  23. Time & Tide. Vol. 46. Time and Tide Publishing Company. 1965. p. 66. Danger Man, McGoohan put a new spin on the secret agent formula by refusing to allow his character, John Drake, ... The show's success made McGoohan Britain's highest-paid TV actor
  24. "Dangerman". The Australian Women's Weekly . Vol. 33, no. 5. June 30, 1965. p. 17. Retrieved October 15, 2017 via National Library of Australia.
  25. Martin Jackson "Danger Man To Quit", Daily Express, April 16, 1966, p. 12. Jackson states: "Now McGoohan has put up a new TV idea to ATV's managing director Lew Grade." He said: "It is another adventure series but a very different sort of character. It promises to be very exciting. Mr. Grade said: Mr. McGoohan is coming to see me tomorrow to discuss the details. We hope to start work on the new series in October."
  26. "The Prisoner Puzzle (with Patrick McGoohan)". YouTube . Retrieved January 23, 2014.[ dead YouTube link ]
  27. McGoohan wrote "Free for All" as Paddy Fitz, and directed "Many Happy Returns" and "A Change of Mind" as Joseph Serf. He also wrote "Once Upon A Time" and "Fall Out" using his own name.
  28. "MGM Won't Drop Plans for 'Tai-Pan'". Los Angeles Times. July 29, 1968. p. g15.
  29. Katelan, Jean-Yves (October 1995). "Le Prisonnier au cinema". Premiere (223): 26. Retrieved January 17, 2009.
  30. "Rafferty". Retrieved November 26, 2012.
  31. "Margaret Trudeau ..." The Australian Women's Weekly . Vol. 46, no. 18. October 4, 1978. p. 12. Retrieved October 15, 2017 via National Library of Australia.
  32. "Pack of Lies (original Broadway play)". Internet Broadway Database.
  33. Sellers, Robert (January 16, 2009). "Patrick McGoohan: Actor who created and starred in the cult 1960s television series 'The Prisoner'" . The Independent. Archived from the original on May 25, 2022. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  34. Bennetts, Leslie (December 26, 1984). "McGoohan to Star in 'Pack of Lies'". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2019. The McGoohans, who live in Pacific Palisades, Calif
  35. Dalton, Andrew. "'Prisoner' actor Patrick McGoohan dies in LA". Associated Press. Archived from the original on February 9, 2009. Retrieved January 7, 2012 via Internet Archive.
  36. Langley, Roger; Falk, Peter (2007). Patrick McGoohan: Danger Man or Prisoner?. Tomahawk Press. ISBN   978-0-9531926-4-9.
  37. Booth, Rupert (2011). Not a Number: A life. Supernova Books. ISBN   978-0-9566329-2-0.