Patriotic Salvation Movement

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Patriotic Salvation Movement
Mouvement Patriotique du Salut
Arabic nameالحركة الوطنية للإنقاذ
President Haroun Kabadi
Secretary-GeneralHaroun Kabadi
Founded11 March 1990 (1990-03-11)
Ideology Nationalism
Political position Big tent
Slogan"Mourir pour le Salut" ("Dying for Salvation")
Seats in the National Assembly
110 / 188

The Patriotic Salvation Movement (Arabic : الحركة الوطنية للإنقاذ, French : Mouvement patriotique du salut, MPS) is the ruling political party in Chad.



After Idriss Déby, an army commander who participated in an unsuccessful plot against President Hissène Habré in 1989, fled to Sudan, he and his supporters, known as the 1 April Movement, operated from Sudan with Libyan backing and carried out attacks across the border into Chad. The MPS was founded in Sudan on 10 March 1990 through the merger of the 1 April Movement with other anti-Habre groups in exile. After a successful offensive in November 1990, Déby and the MPS came to power on 2 December 1990, when their forces entered N'Djamena, the Chadian capital. [1]

Déby was the MPS candidate in the 1996 presidential election and won in a second round. He was again the MPS candidate in the presidential election of 20 May 2001, receiving 63.2% of the vote. In the parliamentary election held on 21 April 2002, the MPS won according to IPU Parline 113 out of 155 seats. In the May 2006 presidential election, Déby was re-elected with 64.7% of the vote.

Electoral history

Presidential elections

ElectionParty candidateVotes%Votes%Result
First RoundSecond Round
1996 Idriss Déby 1,016,27743.82%2,102,90769.09%ElectedGreen check.svg
2001 1,533,50963.17%-ElectedGreen check.svg
2006 1,863,04264.67%-ElectedGreen check.svg
2011 2,503,81388.66%-ElectedGreen check.svg
2016 2,219,35259.92%-ElectedGreen check.svg
2021 3,663,43179.32%-ElectedGreen check.svg [lower-alpha 1]

National Assembly elections

ElectionParty leaderVotes%Votes%Seats+/–PositionOutcome
First RoundSecond Round
1997 504,04540.0%262,060%34.4%
65 / 125
Increase2.svg 65Increase2.svg 1stMajority government
2002 Nagoum Yamassoum --
113 / 155
Increase2.svg 48Steady2.svg 1stSupermajority government
2011 Haroun Kabadi in alliance with RDP and RNDP
134 / 187
Increase2.svg 21Steady2.svg 1stMPS–RDPRNDP coalition government

See also


  1. Died before inauguration

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    1. Bernard Lanne, "Chad: Regime Change, Increased Insecurity, and Blockage of Further Reforms", Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), ed. Clark and Gardinier, pages 274275.