Patscherkofel

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Patscherkofel
Patscherkofel vm01.jpg
Patscherkofel in December 2006
Highest point
Elevation 2,246 m (7,369 ft)
Prominence 1,376 m (4,514 ft)
Isolation 2.9 kilometres (1.8 mi)
Coordinates 47°12′32″N11°27′39″E / 47.20889°N 11.46083°E / 47.20889; 11.46083 Coordinates: 47°12′32″N11°27′39″E / 47.20889°N 11.46083°E / 47.20889; 11.46083
Geography
Location Tyrol, Austria
Parent range Tuxer Alpen
Alps location map.png
Red pog.svg
Patscherkofel
Location in the Alps of Europe

Patscherkofel is a mountain and ski area in the Alps, in Tyrol in western Austria, 7 km (4 mi.) south of Innsbruck. The peak rises to a summit elevation of 2,246 m (7,369 ft) above sea level. The town of Igls at its northwest base is at 870 m (2,854 ft), a vertical drop of 1,376 m (4,514 ft).

Contents

Geology and Soils

Quartz phyllite is the dominant bedrock, with gneiss and feldspar at the peak. Calcium-rich bedrock such as basalt, chalk and dolomite also occurs but is too scarce to have much influence on the soils of this severely glaciated mountain. Acid brown earth, podzolized brown earth and iron-humus podzol are the dominant soil types. [1]

Winter Olympics

During both the 1964 [2] and 1976 Winter Olympics, [3] the mountain was the venue for the men's downhill race, along with the bobsleigh and luge competitions in neighboring Igls. The other five alpine skiing events were held at Axamer Lizum. [4]

Ski legend Franz Klammer of Austria, then age 22, won his Olympic gold medal at Patscherkofel, dramatically edging out defending Olympic champion Bernhard Russi of Switzerland by 0.33 seconds in the 1976 Downhill. [5] The 3.020 km (1.88 mi) course had a vertical drop of 870 m (2,854 ft) and started at 1,950 m (6,398 ft), well below the mountain's summit. Behind at the last timing interval, Klammer finished at 1:45.73, an average speed of 102.8 km/h (63.9 mph) and vertical descent rate of 8.2 m/s (26.9 ft/s).

Egon Zimmermann, also of Austria, took the gold medal a dozen years earlier in the 1964 Olympic downhill. His winning time was 2:18.16, more than a half minute behind Klammer's.

Climate

Climate data for Patscherkofel (1971–2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)9.5
(49.1)
8.6
(47.5)
8.4
(47.1)
9.7
(49.5)
16.6
(61.9)
19.0
(66.2)
23.4
(74.1)
21.6
(70.9)
19.2
(66.6)
15.2
(59.4)
12.2
(54.0)
10.0
(50.0)
23.4
(74.1)
Average high °C (°F)−3.6
(25.5)
−4.0
(24.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.0
(41.0)
8.5
(47.3)
11.4
(52.5)
11.5
(52.7)
8.3
(46.9)
4.7
(40.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
−2.5
(27.5)
3.0
(37.4)
Daily mean °C (°F)−6.3
(20.7)
−6.8
(19.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.0
(35.6)
5.1
(41.2)
7.9
(46.2)
8.0
(46.4)
5.0
(41.0)
1.7
(35.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
−5.2
(22.6)
0.0
(32.0)
Average low °C (°F)−8.4
(16.9)
−9.0
(15.8)
−7.5
(18.5)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.5
(36.5)
5.1
(41.2)
5.5
(41.9)
2.7
(36.9)
−0.4
(31.3)
−5.5
(22.1)
−7.5
(18.5)
−2.3
(27.9)
Record low °C (°F)−29.5
(−21.1)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−26.3
(−15.3)
−16.3
(2.7)
−13.6
(7.5)
−6.3
(20.7)
−3.6
(25.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
−7.7
(18.1)
−12.7
(9.1)
−20.4
(−4.7)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−29.5
(−21.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)49.4
(1.94)
39.2
(1.54)
59.5
(2.34)
61.0
(2.40)
78.3
(3.08)
108.3
(4.26)
131.7
(5.19)
116.9
(4.60)
78.1
(3.07)
46.1
(1.81)
55.1
(2.17)
55.2
(2.17)
878.8
(34.60)
Average snowfall cm (inches)70.9
(27.9)
69.3
(27.3)
91.9
(36.2)
81.4
(32.0)
43.5
(17.1)
24.2
(9.5)
7.2
(2.8)
8.2
(3.2)
17.2
(6.8)
35.7
(14.1)
65.0
(25.6)
72.9
(28.7)
587.4
(231.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)8.88.010.511.010.914.114.313.89.57.59.59.0126.9
Average relative humidity (%) (at 14:00)68.871.575.378.274.273.570.570.369.867.571.368.871.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 119.0131.9148.3150.9191.9181.8220.8217.9185.9171.1121.0109.31,949.8
Percent possible sunshine 46.848.142.138.943.640.649.052.051.252.445.945.946.4
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics [6]


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References

  1. https://www.uibk.ac.at/botany/alpine-garden/allgemeine-informationen/klima/index.html.en
  2. 1964 Winter Olympics official report. pp. 78, 82-85. (in German)
  3. 1976 Winter Olympics official report. p. 198. (in English, French, and German)
  4. de:Olympische Winterspiele 1976/Ski Alpin
  5. Johnson, William Oscar (16 February 1976). "On came the heroes". Sports Illustrated: 10.
  6. "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971–2000 – Tirol-Patscherkofel" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Archived from the original on 12 October 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2019.

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