Last updated
Patscherkofel vm01.jpg
Patscherkofel in December 2006
Highest point
Elevation 2,246 m (7,369 ft)
Prominence 1,376 m (4,514 ft)
Isolation 2.9 km (1.8 mi)  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Coordinates 47°12′32″N11°27′39″E / 47.20889°N 11.46083°E / 47.20889; 11.46083 Coordinates: 47°12′32″N11°27′39″E / 47.20889°N 11.46083°E / 47.20889; 11.46083
Location Tyrol, Austria
Parent range Tuxer Alpen
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Red pog.svg
Location in the Alps of Europe

Patscherkofel is a mountain and ski area in the Alps, in Tyrol in western Austria, 7 km (4 mi.) south of Innsbruck. The peak rises to a summit elevation of 2,246 m (7,369 ft) above sea level. The town of Igls at its northwest base is at 870 m (2,854 ft), a vertical drop of 1,376 m (4,514 ft).


Geology and Soils

Quartz phyllite is the dominant bedrock, with gneiss and feldspar at the peak. Calcium-rich bedrock such as basalt, chalk and dolomite also occurs but is too scarce to have much influence on the soils of this severely glaciated mountain. Acid brown earth, podzolized brown earth and iron-humus podzol are the dominant soil types. [1]

Winter Olympics

During both the 1964 [2] and 1976 Winter Olympics, [3] the mountain was the venue for the men's downhill race, along with the bobsleigh and luge competitions in neighboring Igls. The other five alpine skiing events were held at Axamer Lizum. [4]

Ski legend Franz Klammer of Austria, then age 22, won his Olympic gold medal at Patscherkofel, dramatically edging out defending Olympic champion Bernhard Russi of Switzerland by 0.33 seconds in the 1976 Downhill. [5] The 3.020 km (1.88 mi) course had a vertical drop of 870 m (2,854 ft) and started at 1,950 m (6,398 ft), well below the mountain's summit. Behind at the last timing interval, Klammer finished at 1:45.73, an average speed of 102.8 km/h (63.9 mph) and vertical descent rate of 8.2 m/s (26.9 ft/s).

Egon Zimmermann, also of Austria, took the gold medal a dozen years earlier in the 1964 Olympic downhill. His winning time was 2:18.16, more than a half minute behind Klammer's.


Climate data for Patscherkofel (1971–2000)
Record high °C (°F)9.5
Average high °C (°F)−3.6
Daily mean °C (°F)−6.3
Average low °C (°F)−8.4
Record low °C (°F)−29.5
Average precipitation mm (inches)49.4
Average snowfall cm (inches)70.9
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average relative humidity (%) (at 14:00)68.871.575.378.274.273.570.570.369.867.571.368.871.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 119.0131.9148.3150.9191.9181.8220.8217.9185.9171.1121.0109.31,949.8
Percent possible sunshine 46.848.142.138.943.640.649.
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics [6]


Related Research Articles

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The 1964 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IX Olympic Winter Games, was a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated in Innsbruck, Austria, from January 29 to February 9, 1964. The city was already an Olympic candidate, unsuccessfully bidding to host the 1960 Games. Innsbruck won the 1964 Games bid defeating the cities of Calgary in Canada and Lahti in Finland. The sports venues, many of which were built for the Games, are located within a radius of around twenty kilometers around Innsbruck. The Games included 1,091 athletes from 36 nations, which was a record for the Winter Games at the time. Athletes participated in six sports and ten disciplines which bring together a total of thirty-four official events, seven more than the 1960. The luge made its debut on the Olympic program. Three Asian nations make their Winter Games debut: North Korea, India and Mongolia.

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Franz Klammer Austrian alpine skier

Franz Klammer is a former champion alpine ski racer from Austria. Klammer overwhelmingly dominated the downhill event for four consecutive World Cup seasons (1975–78). He was the gold medalist at the 1976 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, winning the downhill at Patscherkofel by a margin of 0.33 seconds with a time of 1:45.73. He won 25 World Cup downhills, including four on the Hahnenkamm at Kitzbühel. He holds the record for the most victories (four) on the full course at Kitzbühel.

Alpine skiing at the 1964 Winter Olympics

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Tux Alps

The Tux Alps or Tux Prealps are a sub-group of the Austrian Central Alps, which in turn form part of the Eastern Alps within Central Europe. They are located entirely within the Austrian federal state of Tyrol. The Tux Alps are one of three mountain ranges that form an Alpine backdrop to the city of Innsbruck. Their highest peak is the Lizumer Reckner, 2,886 m (AA), which rises between the glen of Wattentaler Lizum and the valley of the Navisbach. Their name is derived from the village of Tux which is tucked away in a side valley of the Zillertal.

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Alpine skiing at the 1976 Winter Olympics

Alpine Skiing at the 1976 Winter Olympics consisted of six alpine skiing events. Similar to the 1964 games, the men's downhill was held on Patscherkofel, the other five events at Axamer Lizum. The events began on 5 February and ended on 13 February 1976.

Roland Collombin Swiss alpine skier

Roland Collombin is a former World Cup alpine ski racer from Switzerland, a two-time World Cup downhill champion and Olympic silver medalist.

Egon Zimmermann, often referred to as Egon Zimmermann II, was a World Cup alpine ski racer and Olympic gold medalist from Austria. Zimmermann won the Olympic downhill at Patscherkofel in 1964 and won several medals on the professional tour in the late-1960s and early 1970s.

Jackson Hole Mountain Resort

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Alpine skiing at the 1984 Winter Olympics – Mens downhill

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Axamer Lizum

Axamer Lizum is a village in Austria, located southwest of Innsbruck in Tirol. At the 1964 Winter Olympics, it hosted all of the alpine skiing events, except for the men's downhill, which was at Patscherkofel, southeast of Innsbruck. Twelve years later in 1976, it hosted exactly the same alpine skiing events.

Alpine skiing at the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics

Alpine Skiing at the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics was held at the Olympia Run Patscherkofel in Igls, Innsbruck, Austria from 14 to 22 January. The difference in the Youth Olympic program for alpine skiing compared to the Winter Olympics was that there were no downhill for both genders, and an inclusion of a team event.

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Venues of the 1976 Winter Olympics

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Alpine skiing at the 1980 Winter Olympics – Mens downhill

The Men's Downhill competition of the 1980 Winter Olympics at Lake Placid was held at Whiteface Mountain on Thursday, February 14.

Alpine skiing at the 1976 Winter Olympics – Mens downhill

The Men's Downhill competition of the 1976 Winter Olympics at Innsbruck, Austria, was held at Patscherkofel on Thursday, 5 February, on the same course as in 1964.

Alpine skiing at the 1964 Winter Olympics – Mens downhill

The Men's downhill competition of the 1964 Winter Olympics at Innsbruck, Austria, was held at Patscherkofel on Thursday, 30 January. The defending world champion was Karl Schranz of Austria, and defending Olympic champion Jean Vuarnet of France had retired from competition.


  1. "Climate, Geology, Surrounding Vegetation".
  2. 1964 Winter Olympics official report. Archived 2012-02-07 at the Wayback Machine pp. 78, 82-85. (in German)
  3. 1976 Winter Olympics official report. Archived 2008-02-26 at the Wayback Machine p. 198. (in English, French, and German)
  4. de:Olympische Winterspiele 1976/Ski Alpin
  5. Johnson, William Oscar (16 February 1976). "On came the heroes". Sports Illustrated: 10.
  6. "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971–2000 – Tirol-Patscherkofel" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Archived from the original on 12 October 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2019.

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