Pattaya

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Pattaya

พัทยา
Special Governed City
Pattaya City
เมืองพัทยา
Pattaya Panorama.jpg
Montage Pattaya.jpg
From left: Pattaya panorama, Nong Nooch Garden, Pattaya sunset, bird's eye view of Pattaya, The Sanctuary of Truth, Walking Street
Pattaya seal.png
Seal
Pattaya
Bay of Bangkok.svg
Red pog.svg
Pattaya
Location in Bay of Bangkok
Thailand adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Pattaya
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 12°56′N100°53′E / 12.933°N 100.883°E / 12.933; 100.883
Country Thailand
Province Chonburi
District Bang Lamung
Self-administrating municipality30 Oct 1978
Government
  TypeSpecial Governed City
  Mayor Sontaya Kunplome
since Sept 2018 [1]
Area
  Total53.4 km2 (20.6 sq mi)
Area rank8th
Population
 (2019) [2]
  Total119,532
(Registered residents)
  Rank10th
  Density2,238/km2 (5,800/sq mi)
  Census figures
320,262
(Census count)
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Postcode
20150
Calling code 038
ISO 3166-2 TH-S
Website www.pattaya.go.th

Pattaya (Thai : พัทยา, RTGS: Phatthaya, pronounced [pʰát.tʰā.jāː] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city in Thailand. It is on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) southeast of Bangkok, within, but not part of, Bang Lamung District in the province of Chonburi. Pattaya City (Thai : เมืองพัทยา, RTGS: Mueang Phatthaya) is a self-governing municipal area which covers Tambon's Nong Prue and Na Klua and parts of Huai Yai and Nong Pla Lai. The city is in the industrial Eastern Seaboard zone, along with Si Racha, Laem Chabang, and Chonburi. Pattaya is at the center of the Pattaya-Chonburi Metropolitan Area—a conurbation in Chonburi Province—with a population of roughly 1,000,000.

Contents

History

Pattaya skyline Pattaya, Thailand Skyline.jpg
Pattaya skyline

The name Pattaya evolved from the march of Phraya Tak (later King Taksin) and his army from Ayutthaya to Chanthaburi, which took place before the fall of the former capital to Burmese invaders in 1767. When his army arrived in the vicinity of what is now Pattaya, Phraya Tak encountered the troops of a local leader named Nai Klom, who tried to intercept him. When the two met face to face, Nai Klom was impressed by Phraya Tak's dignified manner and his army's strict discipline. He surrendered without a fight and joined his forces. The place the armies confronted each other was thereafter known as "Thap Phraya", which means the "army of the Phraya". This later became Pattaya, the name of the wind blowing from the south-west to the north-east at the beginning of the rainy season.

Pattaya was a fishing village until the 1960s. Tourism began during the Vietnam War, when American servicemen began arriving on R&R (rest and relaxation). One large group who arrived from a base in Korat on 29 June 1959 and rented houses from Phraya Sunthorn at the south end of the beach, on what is now known as the "Strip", are credited with recommending Pattaya, whose fame spread by word of mouth. [3] [4]

Climate

Pattaya has a tropical wet and dry climate, which is divided into the following seasons: hot and dry (December to February), hot and humid (March and April), and hot and rainy (May to November).

Climate data for Pattaya (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)36.0
(96.8)
37.1
(98.8)
37.3
(99.1)
37.0
(98.6)
36.0
(96.8)
35.4
(95.7)
34.9
(94.8)
34.5
(94.1)
33.7
(92.7)
33.8
(92.8)
35.6
(96.1)
35.9
(96.6)
37.3
(99.1)
Average high °C (°F)30.6
(87.1)
31.1
(88.0)
31.8
(89.2)
32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.4
(88.5)
31.2
(88.2)
31.0
(87.8)
30.8
(87.4)
30.5
(86.9)
30.0
(86.0)
31.3
(88.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.3
(79.3)
27.3
(81.1)
28.2
(82.8)
29.3
(84.7)
29.2
(84.6)
28.9
(84.0)
28.5
(83.3)
28.4
(83.1)
27.7
(81.9)
27.0
(80.6)
26.7
(80.1)
25.9
(78.6)
27.8
(82.0)
Average low °C (°F)23.0
(73.4)
24.4
(75.9)
25.4
(77.7)
26.3
(79.3)
26.4
(79.5)
26.3
(79.3)
26.0
(78.8)
26.0
(78.8)
25.2
(77.4)
24.4
(75.9)
23.7
(74.7)
22.5
(72.5)
25.0
(77.0)
Record low °C (°F)16.4
(61.5)
18.5
(65.3)
17.7
(63.9)
20.8
(69.4)
21.5
(70.7)
21.3
(70.3)
21.4
(70.5)
22.0
(71.6)
21.5
(70.7)
19.8
(67.6)
16.7
(62.1)
14.6
(58.3)
14.6
(58.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches)15.6
(0.61)
14.3
(0.56)
53.3
(2.10)
64.0
(2.52)
148.3
(5.84)
119.0
(4.69)
97.4
(3.83)
97.6
(3.84)
204.7
(8.06)
216.1
(8.51)
72.1
(2.84)
8.3
(0.33)
1,110.7
(43.73)
Average rainy days1.62.54.56.411.812.012.413.116.617.36.01.4105.6
Average relative humidity (%)73777777787777778183767077
Mean monthly sunshine hours 229.4211.9238.7204.0155.0114.0117.8114.7108.0145.7189.0226.32,054.5
Mean daily sunshine hours 7.47.57.76.85.03.83.83.73.64.76.37.35.6
Source 1: Thai Meteorological Department [5]
Source 2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity) [6]

Demographics

Pattaya at night Pattaya at night - panoramio.jpg
Pattaya at night

The city (mueang) had 320,262 people resident and counted on census 2010 (National Statistics Office). [7] Most of these people counted are Thai, with most migrant populations not recognized, although the details are quite complex as there are even indigenous Thais without nationality, and migrant workers have since been largely regularized (albeit with due foreign pressure). Therefore, the census population even does not represent the total figure. As for Thai nationals and legal permanent residents (very few) registering the city as their hometown, the provincial authority logged population was 107,944 in 2010, modestly rising to 119,530 by 2019. [2] As with the Bangkok Metropolitan Region, registered population figure issued by a different agency than the National Statistics Office hardly captures the scope of the urban transformation that has occurred over the time span – the economy is dependent on the large numbers of casual Thai workers who work in the city yet remain registered in their hometowns, there is much employment turnover and to and from the capital, as well as seasonal farm migration. Migrant workers from neighboring nations, and many long-term expatriates who reside in the city as retirees or self-employed or contracted are traditionally not counted. There has never been a reliably published figure for total population, but its thought to be quite large (on the order of half a million people) given the ubiquity and sheer number of migrant workers taking place of Thai labor. Pattaya city excludes some nearby areas like Nong Prue (73,901 people in 2010 census) and Huay Yai.

Pattaya additionally has massive population inflow from short stay tourism, with its 2000 hotels and 136,000 rooms available as of 2015. [8]

A growing community of foreign retirees live in Pattaya. Thailand immigration has a special visa category for foreigners over age 50 who wish to retire in Thailand. Pattaya is attractive to many retirees from other countries not only because of its climate and lifestyle, but also because living costs are lower than in many countries.[ citation needed ]

Physical geography

Pattaya, on the Gulf of Thailand, is approximately 160 kilometres (99 mi) south of the city of Bangkok in Bang Lamung District, Chonburi Province.

The city of Pattaya is a special municipal area which covers the whole tambon Nong Prue (Nongprue) and Na Kluea (Naklua) and parts of Huai Yai and Nong Pla Lai. Bang Lamung township which forms the northern border of Pattaya covers parts of the tambon Bang Lamung (Banglamung), Nong Pla Lai and Takhian Tia. Bang Sare (Bang Saray) is on the southern border of Pattaya.

"Greater Pattaya" occupies most of the coastline of Banglamung (one of the eleven districts that make up Chonburi Province). It is divided into a larger northern section which spans the areas to the east of Naklua Beach (the most northern beach) and Pattaya Beach (the main beach) plus Phra Tamnak Hill (often called "Buddha Hill" because of the temples on top of the hill) headland immediately south of Pattaya Beach, and a smaller southern section covering the area to the east of Jomtien Beach (directly south of Phra Tamnak Hill).

Beaches and islands

Pattaya Bay Panorama.jpg
The Pattaya Bay area is one of Asia's largest beach resorts and the second most visited city in Thailand, after Bangkok. This panorama overlooks Bali Hai pier and the core of the city.
Pattaya Beach PATTAYA 012.bisjpg.jpg
Pattaya Beach

The main sweep of the bay area is divided into two principal beachfronts. Pattaya Beach lies parallel to the city centre, and runs from Pattaya Nuea south to Walking Street, about 2.7 km long. The beach, which used to be 35 m wide, suffers from erosion and in some places was reduced to a width of only two to three meters. A 429 million baht beach restoration scheme was implemented in 2018. It will take 360,000 m3 of sand from Ko Rang Kwian offshore to increase the beach width to 50 m. [9] Without intervention Pattaya will likely see its beaches disappear in roughly ten years according to Chulalongkorn University researchers. Within a month of the completion of the restoration of the first 400 m of Pattaya Beach, the work was "seriously damaged" by flooding. The beach is the first in the country to use imported sand to compensate for coastal erosion. An official said, "...the longer it is left without the flood damage being repaired, the worse it will get." [10]

Pattaya Beach in June 2017 Pattaya beach on a sunny day in june 2017.jpg
Pattaya Beach in June 2017

Phra Tamnak Hill is on the south side of Pattaya and is popular for its viewpoints and the temple (Wat Phra Yai) on top of the hill. Pattaya Park and Pattaya tower are at the south end of Phra Tamnak Hill and the Pattaya Exhibition And Convention Hall (P.E.A.C.H), is positioned at the north end of Phra Tamnak Hill. In recent years, Phra Tamnak Hill has gained in popularity because of its more natural environment, nicer beaches, and its convenient location between Jomtien and Pattaya city.

Jomtien is divided from Pattaya by Thepprasit Road, the southern route into Pattaya city. It consists of high-rise condominiums, beach side hotels, bungalow complexes, shops, bars, and restaurants.

Ko Khram's shore and adjacent islets during a combined amphibious landing force exercise Cobra Gold. US Navy 020528-N-0401E-003 Cobra Gold - amphibious landing.jpg
Ko Khram's shore and adjacent islets during a combined amphibious landing force exercise Cobra Gold.

Offshore islands include three "near islands": Ko Lan (main island), Ko Sak, and Ko Krok, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from the shore of Pattaya. The "far islands" are Ko Phai (main island), Ko Man Wichai, Ko Hu Chang and Ko Klung Badan, located offshore further west of the "near islands". Ko Rin lies offshore to the south-west, south of Ko Phai group. The names "near islands", "far islands", and "Coral Island" are used for marketing purposes only and do not correspond to any naming conventions of the island groups and are not shown on maritime charts published by the Hydrographic Service of the Royal Thai Navy.

In June 2016 the Regional Environmental Office reported that, "The sea water along the busy central Pattaya beaches is of poor quality and could endanger human and marine life." [11]

Environment

Pattaya Beach sunset Pattaya sunset-KayEss-1.jpeg
Pattaya Beach sunset

Pattaya produces on the order of 450 tonnes of solid waste per day. The city spends more than 300 million baht on waste removal and disposal annually. On average it pays 1,600 baht to process each tonne of garbage. [12] Significant volumes of rubbish are allegedly dumped into the sea by tour boats. [13]

In July 2017 Pattaya Beach was fouled for a week by raw sewage that poured out of a storm drain. City officials blamed the incident on broken pumps and Pattaya's poorly maintained sewage-treatment plant. The environmental ministry declared it would step up enforcement of pollution laws and push Pattaya for better wastewater-treatment efficiency. According to the ministry, Pattaya has 1,047 identified sources of sewage and garbage pollution, the number increasing as the city grows. [14] The sea water along central Pattaya beaches is of poor quality even in the absence of sewage spills and "could endanger human and marine life", the regional environmental office has said. They deemed sea water quality near central Pattaya beaches as "poor" and deteriorating. They judged water quality near Na Klua in North Pattaya, South Pattaya, Ko Lan, and Jomtien Beach as "fairly good". The city has considered expanding two water management plants to increase capacity for better treatment of wastewater prior to discharge into the ocean. The water treatment plant in Soi Wat Nongyai after expansion would be able to treat around 130,000 cubic metres of waste water a day, up from 80,000 cubic metres at present. [15] The expansion was never implemented. [16]

In November 2018, the Pattaya City Council approved 188 million baht for the repair of its six wastewater treatment plants. Installed in 2000, the plants can accommodate 65,000 m3 of wastewater per day. More than a third of plant equipment was found to be 40–50 percent worn out. The system treats waste from a 36 km2 portion of Pattaya, or 68 percent of its urban area. Earlier plans to increase treatment capacity to 135,000 m3 were never implemented and existing plants were allowed to fall into disrepair. Pattaya uses more than 200,000 m3 of water a day, but claims to only discharge about 70,000 m3 a day. The discrepancy is unexplained. Once treated, there are no tests to measure water quality before it is dumped back into the sea, which may account for foul water discharges. [16]

Economy

Hotel overlooking Pattaya Bay Hilton Pattaya Pool dusk view 201801.jpg
Hotel overlooking Pattaya Bay

Pattaya is at the center of Thailand's Eastern Economic Corridor (EEC). Investments totaling more than 1.5 trillion baht (US$45 billion) are flowing into EEC infrastructure projects: airports, deep-sea ports, high-speed railways, autoroutes. The result will enhance Pattaya's accessibility. According to the Thai Chamber of Commerce (TCC) the EEC investments, the U-Tapao International Airport and the high-speed train that will link three major airports to Pattaya, will make Pattaya the heart of the eastern region. The TCC view is that, "Plenty of attractions...will lure lots more foreign and domestic tourists in the future." Better connectivity will reduce both the cost and time to travel to Pattaya, with the TCC estimating the number of tourists visiting the EEC region to rise to 46.7 million over the next few years, one and half times the current 29.8 million visitors. Pattaya projects include developing a tram in the city and building a bigger cruise terminal, as well as new tourist attractions: a water park, an ice dome, cultural markets, Thai boxing gyms, theaters, and conference halls. All are under development. "We aimed to get rid of the previous [seedy] image of Pattaya and try to promote a new image to show that Pattaya is a place for everyone with diversity of new tourist attractions," said an official of the Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). He said that the EEC would make Pattaya more competitive compared with other popular Thai beach destinations such as Phuket and Ko Samui, with cheaper transport costs. [17]

Shopping mall in Pattaya Pattaya-11.jpg
Shopping mall in Pattaya
Central Pattaya Pattaya in daytime June 2017.jpg
Central Pattaya

Fourteen million visitors in 2018 contributed 239 billion baht to the city's treasury. That represents more than 70% of Pattaya's total income for the year. The city's leadership plans to reduce Pattaya's reliance on tourism to 60% by 2025 by transforming itself into "Neo Pattaya", an international business center. Key to the plans are infrastructure improvements: 9.5 billion baht for flood management projects and upgrading sewage treatment plants to handle 130,000 m3 of waste per day, up from 67,000 m3 per day in 2019. [18]

Transportation

Central Pattaya; Pattaya 2 Road on left Central Pattaya, Thailand at night in 2017.jpg
Central Pattaya; Pattaya 2 Road on left
Road
  1. Via the Bangkok-Chonburi-Pattaya Motorway (Hwy 7) The motorway is linked with Bangkok's Outer Ring Road., (Hwy 9) and there is also another entrance at Si Nakharin and Rama IX Junction.
  2. Via Bang Na-Trat Highway (Hwy 34) From Bang Na, Bang Phli, across the Bang Pakong River to Chonburi there is a Chonburi bypass that meets Sukhumvit Road, (Hwy 3, passing Bang Saen Beach, Bang Phra to Pattaya.
Notable roads
Rail

A daily service operates on the Eastern Line of the State Railway of Thailand between Pattaya and Hualumphong Station in Bangkok. [19]

Bus

Pattaya is served by bus services from Bangkok's Northern Bus Terminal (Mo Chit) and the Eastern Bus Terminal (Ekamai), connecting to Pattaya's main bus terminal on Pattaya Nuea (North Pattaya Road) near Sukhumvit Road.

There are two airport bus services [20] The 389 Bus airportpattayabus service connects Pattaya with Suvarnabhumi Airport (BKK). It uses modern, air-conditioned buses, and takes around 1+12 hours to reach the airport. The trip from the airport (level 1 gate 8 at arrival hall) to the bus terminal in Pattaya, makes three stops at North, Central, and South Pattaya intersections before going to their last drop off point, the office on Thappraya road (near Jomtien). It can take longer if many hotel stops are negotiated along Sukhumvit Road in Pattaya. [21] The other bus service is the Bell Travel Service (Coach 36) which goes from the airport (Level 1 Between Gate 7 & 8) to the Pattaya Bell office at the North Pattaya Intersection, and then provides transfers to local hotels. [22]

Buses from a terminal on Sukhumvit Road near Pattaya Klang (near the Central Pattaya intersection) connect Pattaya with many destinations in the north-east (i.e., Isan).

City and suburban services are mainly provided by songthaew , popularly nicknamed "baht buses" or "blue taxis".

Air

Pattaya is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) by road from Suvarnabhumi Airport (BKK), the country's largest international airport. By road, it is accessed from Sukhumvit Road and Motorway 7 from Bangkok. Pattaya is also served by scheduled flights via U-Tapao International Airport (UTP) which is 45-minute drive south of the city.

Boat

A passenger-only ferry service from Pattaya to Hua Hin began operation on 12 January 2017 and is operated by Royal Passenger Liner. [23] By road, the journey takes five to six hours. The ferry shortens travel time to about two hours, subject to sea conditions. The ferry cruises at 27 knots on the 113 km journey across the Gulf of Thailand with a maximum passenger capacity of 150 persons. Larger ferries carrying up to 260 people may be added to the service later. Ferries capable of carrying vehicles are projected for 2020. [24] In November 2018, Hua Hin deputy chief Chareewat Phramanee confirmed the ferry service, suspended due to low tourist numbers during low season, would be up and running again for high season between Hua Hin and Pattaya, a 2.5-hour journey for 1,250 Thai Bhat on a catamaran with a maximum capacity of 340. [25]

Pattaya by Vikramjit Kakati.jpg
Pattaya Bay

Administration

SubdistrictVillagesPeople
Nong Prue767,846
Na Klua749,129
Nong Pla Lai32,403
Huai Yai1154

Pattaya city has been administered under a special autonomous system since 30 October 1978. [26] It has a status comparable to a municipality and is separately administered by the mayor of Pattaya city who is responsible for making policies, organising public services, and supervising the city's workforce for an area that covers 53.4 square kilometers and consists of four subdistricts, 18 villages ( muban ). [2]

Main sights

Pattaya Park Tower Jomtien Tower.jpg
Pattaya Park Tower
Wat Khao Phra Bat temple overlooking Pattaya Bay features a Buddha statue more than 18 m tall; this photograph was taken in 1983 prior to it being painted gold Pattaya buddha.jpg
Wat Khao Phra Bat temple overlooking Pattaya Bay features a Buddha statue more than 18 m tall; this photograph was taken in 1983 prior to it being painted gold
The Sanctuary of Truth. Santuaryoftruth2.jpg
The Sanctuary of Truth.
Nong Nooch Tropical Botanical Garden Nong Noogh Garden(1).jpg
Nong Nooch Tropical Botanical Garden
Exterior of Max Muay Thai stadium.jpg
Exterior of Max Muay Thai stadium in Pattaya
Max Muay Thai Fight.jpg
Max Muay Thai Fight

Once a fishing town, Pattaya first boomed as an R&R destination for US servicemen stationed at nearby former USAF base at U-Tapao, or other US bases in Thailand during the Vietnam War. It is striving to become a family-oriented seaside destination. [27] In 2007, foreign tourists visiting Thailand totalled 14.5 million. [28]

Popular activities include golf (19 golf courses within 40 minutes of Pattaya [29] ), go-kart racing, and visiting different theme parks and zoos such as the Elephant Village, where demonstrations of training methods and ancient ceremonial re-enactments are performed daily. The private Sri Racha Tiger Zoo features tigers, crocodiles, and other animals in daily shows. The Vimantaitalay tourist submarine offers 30-minute trips underwater to see corals and marine life just a few kilometres offshore. Nong Nooch Tropical Botanical Garden, about 15 kilometres south of Pattaya, is a 500-acre (2.0 km2) botanical garden and orchid nursery where cultural shows with trained chimpanzees and elephants are presented. The park also keeps several tigers and an assortment of birds.

Other attractions in Pattaya include the Million Years Stone Park, Pattaya Crocodile Farm, Pattaya Park Beach Resort Water Park, Funny Land Amusement Park, Siriporn Orchid Farm, Silverlake Vineyard, Underwater World Pattaya, the Thai Alangkarn Theater Pattaya (cultural show), Bottle Art Museum, Ripley's Believe It or Not Museum, and Underwater World, an aquarium with a collection of marine species from the Gulf of Thailand including sharks and stingrays. Khao Pratamnak or Khao Phra Bat is a small hill between south Pattaya and Jomtien Beach that provides a panoramic view of the city and its crescent bay. The hill is topped by Wat Khao Phra Bat, a temple, and the monument of Kromluang Chomphonkhetudomsak, who is regarded as the founding father of the modern Thai navy.

The Cartoon Network Amazone is a water park near the navy base golf course that was opened in late 2014. It has a Cartoon Network theme. The park includes different zones where different water slides can be seen. There is also a wave pool and surfing simulator that anyone can use, and the largest water playground in south-east Asia, which also includes two tipping buckets. A food court was opened later in 2014, and includes a large variety of cuisines, from traditional Thai food to Italian and Japanese food. Small huts are available for rent around the park. Yearly passes are available for those who wish to come there often and easily walk into the park. Several stores and gift shops are still under construction and are projected to be finished by late 2015. [30]

RamaYana, with a total size of more than 18 ha (45 acres / 102 Rai), is one of Asia’s biggest waterparks, was opened in May 2016. The park, which is designed as a modern waterpark built on an antique Asian city, offers 21 water slides, and some of them unique1, 2 dedicated children’s zones, a 600m long lazy river and a double wave pool with a 150m wide beach as well as relaxation and activity pools. The park, which is located 20 km south of Pattaya City, close to the big Buddha Mountain (Khao Chi Chan) and next to Silverlake vineyard, has natural lakes and islands in and around the park, and also includes attractions like a floating market, real elephants or a maze. A restaurant offers more than 100 dishes and food delivery to sun lounges, which are provided free of charge. The park also offers massage services and fish spa.

The Sanctuary of Truth is a large wooden temple by the sea at Laem Ratchawet that is being constructed since 1981 (there's already much to see). [31] It was conceived from the concept that human civilization owes its existence to religious and philosophical truth.

Thepprasit Market is the biggest and busiest market in Pattaya. It is open every Friday, Saturday, and Sunday evening on Thepprasit Road. It is known for selling pets, has many Thai food stalls including local specialities like fried insects and scorpions as well as branded clothing, shoes, and electronic goods.

Thepprasit Market, Pattaya

Mini Siam is a miniature model village which celebrates the heritages of Thailand with replicas of the most famous monuments and historical sites including the Temple of the Emerald Buddha, Democracy Monument, the Bridge over the River Kwai, and Prasat Hin Phimai. Models of the Tower Bridge of London, Eiffel Tower, the Statue of Liberty, and Trevi Fountain are also displayed in the section called "mini-world".

Wat Yanasangwararam Woramahawihan is a temple constructed in 1976 for Somdet Phra Yanasangwon, the present supreme patriarch. Within the temple compound are a replica of the Buddha's footprint, and a large chedi containing Buddha relics.

Festivals and events

Wonderfruit festival in Pattaya Sunset Wonderfruit 2015.jpg
Wonderfruit festival in Pattaya
Pattaya fried rice, a local delicacy from Pattaya Nasi goreng Pattaya.JPG
Pattaya fried rice, a local delicacy from Pattaya

Nightlife

Walking Street, Pattaya Pattaya at Night - panoramio.jpg
Walking Street, Pattaya

Pattaya has derived part of its reputation as a tourist destination due to the sex industry [41] [42] and the resulting nightlife, and this notoriety has influenced the city's evolution in many ways. [43] Prostitution in Thailand is technically illegal but tolerated in most cities, including Pattaya. [44] The city's vast numbers of host bars, gogo bars, massage parlours, saunas, and hourly hotels, serve foreign tourists as well as locals. This is especially prominent on Walking Street as well as other areas around the city. [45] Efforts have been made to clean up the city's image. [46]

An article in the British tabloid the Daily Mirror [47] have described Pattaya as "the world's sex capital", a "modern-day Sodom and Gomorrah". This provoked anger from government officials as high up as Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha. Pol Col Apichai Krobpetch, the Pattaya police superintendent, denied that Pattaya is a sex trade paradise. Upset about the British media's stories, he insisted they were fabricated. "There is no such thing as prostitution in Pattaya," said Col Apichai. "Where did they get the figure of 27,000 sex workers in Pattaya? Anyone can make up this information....Thai ladies having sex with foreigners is their personal issue. If they like each other, I don't see anything wrong with what they do behind closed doors." [48] In response, Pattaya social worker Surang Janyam, the director of Service Workers IN Group Foundation, said that estimated number of Pattaya prostitutes published in the Daily Mirror is inaccurate: "27,000 sex workers in Pattaya is way too low. We have a lot more sex workers than that." [48] In June 2019, over twenty high ranking Police, Army and Local government officers toured Pattaya and reported the central streets safe and free from illegal activities. [49]

Transsexual cabaret performers, Pattaya Pattaya Collosseum Cabaret Show.jpg
Transsexual cabaret performers, Pattaya

As evidence of the government's commitment to clean up Pattaya, on 26 February 2017 at 20:00, 60 police officers and soldiers raided Pattaya's notorious Soi 6 to check for violations of the law. When the checks were completed, police announced that all licenses were in order and there was no law breaking of any kind, including prostitution, taking place there. [50]

Pattaya also has Asia's largest gay scene [42] based around Boyztown, the Jomtien Complex, and Sunee Plaza. The city is also famous for its flamboyant kathoey cabaret shows where transsexual and transgender entertainers perform to packed houses. [51]

Crime

In recent years, Pattaya has served as a hideaway for foreigners with connections to organized crime in their home countries, and dozens have been murdered in gang-related disputes. [52] [53]

People who visit the Pattaya area may encounter petty crime, usually limited to pickpocketing and confidence tricks, particularly in and around major tourist areas such as Jomtien and Pattaya Beaches and on the "baht buses". A special Tourist Police division has been established to aid tourists who are victims of crime. The 2009 British eight-episode TV documentary Big Trouble in Tourist Thailand described crimes involving tourists in Pattaya. [54]

On 11 April 2009, Thailand's Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva declared a state of emergency in the areas of Pattaya and Chonburi, in response to Red Shirt anti-government protesters breaking into the conference center of the Royal Cliff Beach Resort hotel complex, the site of an ASEAN Summit. The meeting was immediately cancelled and Asian leaders were evacuated, some by helicopter. [55] [56]

Law

In 2019 the International Thai Foundation ('ITF') established a Community Legal Centre in Soi Bua Kao, Pattaya. Its objectives are to promote education, protect human rights & relieve poverty for the people in Thailand. This is the third CLC in Thailand Pro Bono Community Hub in Chiang Mai

Media and communications

Several local foreign-language newspapers and magazines are published either weekly or monthly, especially in English, Russian, and German. The English-language newspapers include the Pattaya Mail and Pattaya People. The Pattaya News is an online portal that writes the local news in six languages. DER FARANG is a German-language newspaper published every 14 days. Thailands Tidende is a Norwegian-language newspaper published monthly.

The novel Platform by French author Michel Houellebecq prominently features the city of Pattaya as well as its nightlife.

Education

International schools in Pattaya:

The Thai-Japanese Association School Sriracha, a Japanese international school, is in nearby Si Racha. It is an affiliate of the Thai-Japanese Association School in Bangkok. [57] Si Racha formerly housed the Sriracha-Pattaya Japanese Supplement School, a Japanese weekend school. [58]

Twin towns and sister cities

Pattaya has agreements with the following sister cities

See also

Related Research Articles

Chonburi Province Province of Thailand

Chonburi is a province of Thailand (changwat) located in eastern Thailand. Its capital is also named Chonburi. Neighbouring provinces are Chachoengsao, Chanthaburi, and Rayong, while the Gulf of Thailand is to the west. Pattaya, a major tourism destination in Thailand, is located in Chonburi, along with Laem Chabang, the country's primary seaport. The population of the province has grown rapidly and now totals 1.7 million residents, although a large portion of the population is floating or unregistered. The registered population as of 31 December 2018 was 1.535 million.

Hua Hin District District in Prachuap Khiri Khan, Thailand

Hua Hin District is one of eight districts (amphoe) of Prachuap Khiri Khan Province in the northern part of the Malay Peninsula in Thailand. Its seat of government, also named Hua Hin, is a beach resort town. The district's population was estimated at 63,091 in December 2017 by the Bureau of Registration Administration in an area of 911 km2 (352 sq mi). By road, it is 199 km (124 mi) south-southwest of Bangkok.

Si Racha District District in Chonburi, Thailand

Si Racha District is a district in Chonburi Province, Thailand. Its center is the town of Si Racha, on the Gulf of Thailand, about halfway between Chonburi and Pattaya. The name Si Racha is from Sanskrit Śrī Rāja via Pali.

Khlong Toei District Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Khlong Toei is a district in central Bangkok, long known for its slum. It is bordered by the Chao Phraya River and contains major port facilities. It is also the site of a major market, the Khlong Toei Market.

Sukhumvit Road

Sukhumvit Road, or Highway 3, is a major road in Thailand, and a major surface road of Bangkok and other cities. It follows a coastal route from Bangkok to Khlong Yai District, Trat border to Koh Kong, Cambodia.

Bang Na District Khet in Bangkok, Thailand

Bang Na is one of the fifty districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. Its neighbors, clockwise from the north, are the Phra Khanong and Prawet Districts of Bangkok and Bang Phli, Mueang Samut Prakan, and Phra Pradaeng Districts of Samut Prakan Province.

Bang Lamung District District in Chonburi, Thailand

Bang Lamung is a district (amphoe) in the southern part of Chonburi Province, Thailand.

Jomtien Beach

Jomtien or Jomtien Beach is a town on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand about 165 km south-east of Bangkok in Chonburi Province. It is about 3 km south of Pattaya and is home to high-rise condominiums, beach side hotels, beaches, and restaurants.

Thai highway network

The Thai highway network follows the left-hand traffic rule of the road. The network is the twin responsibility of the Department of Highways, and the Department of Rural Roads, under the oversight of the Transportation ministry of Thailand. Public highways are also called public roads, especially when part of urban streets. The network spans over 70,000 kilometers across all regions of Thailand. Most are single carriageways. Dual carriageways have frequent u-turn lanes and intersections slowing down traffic. Coupled with the increase in the number of vehicles and the demand for a limited-access motorway, the Thai Government issued a Cabinet resolution in 1997 detailing the motorway construction master plan. Some upgraded sections of highway are being turned into a "motorway", while other motorways are not being built from highway sections.

Ko Lan Island in Chonburi, Thailand

Ko Lan is one of the eastern seaboard islands of Thailand. Ko Lan lies 7.5 km from the nearest shore, Pattaya. "Ko Lan" is the name of the island in the Royal Thai General System of Transcription. It is also known as "Koh Larn" and "Ko Laan".

Laem Chabang City Municipality in Chonburi, Thailand

Laem Chabang is a port city municipality in Si Racha and Bang Lamung districts Chonburi Province, Thailand. It includes Thung Sukhla subdistrict (tambon) and parts of subdistricts Bueng, Nong Kham and Surasak of Si Racha District and part of Bang Lamung township of Bang Lamung District all of Chonburi province. As of 2019 it had a population of 88,271. The city has grown up around the port, but also serves as a major stop on the coastal highway linking Pattaya and Bangkok via Sukhumvit Road. The city is also known for hosting a Japanese retirement community with specialty stores geared towards them.

Chonburi Town in Chonburi Province, Thailand

Chonburi is the capital of Chonburi Province and Mueang Chonburi District in Thailand. It is about 100 km southeast of Bangkok, on the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. Its name means 'city of water'. Chonburi, along with other areas along the coast to Pattaya, forms a conurbation known as the Pattaya-Chonburi Metropolitan Area.

Chaophraya Surasak City Municipality in Chonburi, Thailand

Chaophraya Surasak is a city in Chonburi Province, Thailand. It was established as a sanitary district in 1967. In 1999, all sanitary districts were upgraded to subdistrict municipalities. In 2013 it was upgraded to a city municipality. As of 2019, it has a population of 143,024. The city covers parts of five subdistricts (tambon) of Si Racha District. The city is named after Chaophraya Surasakmontri.

Motorway 7 (Thailand) Highway in Thailand

The Bangkok−Ban Chang Motorway, designated Motorway Route 7, is a motorway in Thailand, connecting Bangkok to Chonburi, Pattaya, and Map Ta Phut. The country's first intercity motorway, it is part of the Asian Highway Network as AH Route 19 and AH Route 123. The entire length from Bangkok to Pattaya is 125.865 kilometres (78.209 mi) and the posted speed limit is 120 kilometres per hour (75 mph), enforced primarily by speed cameras. An extension between Pong and Map Tha Put opened in May 2020. It is part of the transport network development project in the eastern seaboard.

Andromeda (skyscraper) Building in Pattaya, Thailand

Andromeda is a 36-story real estate development on Pratumnak Hill in Pattaya, Thailand. The project was developed by the Apus Development Group, a newcomer to east coast real estate development sticking to the high down payment strategy for the Andromeda (Skyscraper). It comprises 216 freehold residential condominiums and was topped out in July 2019 and completed in December 2019. Andromeda (Skyscraper) was designed by KTGY Inter-Associates.

Wong Amat Beach

Wong Amat Beach is a beach in northern Pattaya on the east coast of the Gulf of Thailand 165 kilometres (103 mi) from Bangkok in the Chonburi Province. Located about 3 miles north of Pattaya's center, its neighborhood is home to high-rise condominiums like the Northpoint (skyscraper), the Zire Wongamat Tower A and the Wongamat tower, but also for beach hotels like Pullman Hotels and Resorts and Centara Hotels and Resorts, and restaurants serving Thai cuisine and Global cuisine.

Phra Tamnak Hill or Khao Phra Tamnak is located between Pattaya Beach and Jomtien Beach on the south side of Pattaya and is known for its viewpoints Chaloem Phrakiat Park and the temple Wat Phra Yai, also known as Big Buddha Hill, which is generally known for its large golden Buddha statue. Phra Tamnak Hill is home to state-of-the-art high-rise condominiums like Raimon Land Unixx South Pattaya, the Southpoint Pattaya, Andromeda (skyscraper), but also for spa resorts, beach hotels and renowned hotels such as the Royal Cliff Grand Hotel developed by Royal Cliff Hotels Group, and numerous restaurants serving Thai cuisine and Global cuisine.

Na Chom Thian

Na Chom Thian or Na Jomtien is a town and tambon (subdistrict) in Sattahip District of Chon Buri Province, on the southern fringe of Pattaya. It is known for its attractions Nong Nooch Tropical Garden, Wat Yanasangwararam, Buddha Mountain, natural parks and sandy beaches. It is also home to the international recognized Ambassador City Jomtien, Mövenpick Hotels & Resorts and Ocean Marina Yacht Club. In recent years, Na Chom Thian has become increasingly popular for luxury property and vacation developments due its scenery and the nearby U-Tapao International Airport.

The Riviera Jomtien

The Riviera Jomtien is a 46-story skyscraper in Pattaya, located near Jomtien Beach in the Chonburi Province of Thailand. The building was developed by The Riviera Group and comprises freehold residential condominiums. The construction company was commissioned to start construction at the end of 2016 and, according to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, completed the project in early 2019.

The Riviera Monaco

The Riviera Monaco is a 40-story skyscraper in Pattaya, 200 meters from the beach on the Gulf of Thailand in the Chonburi Province. The building is the 4th residential project of The Riviera Group and includes 412 condominiums. It was launched in July 2018 and topped out in August 2020. At the end of 2020, the Riviera Group won the prize for the Best Condominium Development On The East Coast at the Thailand Property Awards.

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