Pattukkottai Kalyanasundaram

Last updated

Pattukkottai Kalyanasundaram
(1930-04-13)13 April 1930
Thamarankottai, composite Tanjore District, Madras Presidency, British India (now Thanjavur District, Tamil Nadu, India)
Died8 October 1959(1959-10-08) (aged 29)
Madras, Madras State (now Chennai, Tamil Nadu), India
Occupation poet, lyricist
Literary movementCommunist

Pattukkottai Kalyanasundaram (13 April 1930 – 8 October 1959) also known as Pattukottaiyar [1] was an Indian Tamil poet and lyricist. Considered to be one of the most popular Tamil lyricist of the 1950s. He is particularly remembered for the philosophy-tinged lyrics he penned for M. G. Ramachandran’s movies. [2]


Early life

He was born on 13 April 1930 in an agricultural family at Sengapaduthankadu village near the town of Pattukkottai. His parents were Arunachalam Pillai and Visalakshi Ammal. Arunachalam Pillai was a Tamil scholar and a folk poet. [3] PKS had an elder brother, Ganapathisundaram, and a sister, Vedhanayaki. PKS never went to school, but had an in-born talent for poetry.


PKS worked for Kuyil, a magazine run by Bharathidasan. He first wrote lyrics for a Tamil movie Paditha Penn . However, he achieved success as lyricist even before the release of Paditha Penn (which was released on 20 April 1956) when Maheswari , a film for which he penned five songs were released ahead on 13 November 1955. The music director for this movie was G. Ramanathan; C. V. Sridhar wrote the script and dialogue. The Kalyanasundaram–Sridhar combination proved to be successful again with the movie Kalyana Parisu. As detailed by director Sridhar's remembrance PKS wrote eight lyrics for this love triangle plot, all of which were successful.

PKS was very active and successful in the Tamil film industry during the years 1954–1959 and wrote around 250 songs , including several songs for two leading Tamil movie stars of that period – MGR and Sivaji Ganesan. List of movies, which feature PKS lyrics for the two actors:

MGR: 7 movies; Chakravarthi Thirumagal (1957), Mahadhevi (1957), Nadodi Mannan (1958), Arasilangkumari (1961), Thirudadhe (1961), Vikramaadhithan (1962) and Kalai Arasi (1963).

Sivaji Ganesan: 11 movies; Rangoon Radha (1956), Ambikapathi (1957), Pudhaiyal (1957), Makkalai Petra Magarasi (1957), Uthama Puthiran (1958), Padhi Bhakti (1958), Aval Yar ? (1959), Bhaaga Pirivinai (1959), Thanga Padhumai (1959), Irumbu Thirai (1960), Punar Jenmam (1961).

Later life

He married Gowravammal from Athikkottai (a village near Pattukkottai). His mentor Bharathidasan presided over his marriage on 11 September 1957 at Madras.[ citation needed ] In 1959, the couple gave birth to a boy baby , named Kumaravelu. [4] After suffering severe migraine attacks, Kalyanasundaram underwent nose operation in September 1959. It is rather unfortunate that he was a victim of a botched surgery, and a few days later, he died of cerebral haemorrhage on 8 October 1959, at a young age of 29. [3]

List of films for which PKS wrote lyrics

  1. Maheswari (1955)
  2. Paditha Penn (1956)
  3. Marma Veeran (1956)
  4. Kula Dheivam (1956)
  5. Paasavalai (1956)
  6. Rangoon Radha (1956)
  7. Chakravarthi Thirumagal (1957)
  8. Makkalai Petra Magarasi (1957)
  9. Allavudeenum Arputha Vilakkum (1957)
  10. Karpukkarasi (1957)
  11. Sowbagyawathi (1957)
  12. Aaravalli (1957)
  13. Ambikapathy (1957)
  14. Mahadhevi (1957)
  15. Pudhaiyal (1957)
  16. Kanniyin Sabatham (1958)
  17. Uthama Puthiran (1958)
  18. Pillai Kaniyamudhu (1958)
  19. Petra Maganai Vitra Annai (1958)
  20. Thedi Vandha Selvam (1958)
  21. Thirumanam (1958)
  22. Nadodi Mannan (1958)
  23. Naan Valartha Thangai (1958)
  24. Anbu Engey (1958)
  25. Pathi Bakthi (1958)
  26. Thanga Padhumai (1959)
  27. Pandithevan (1959)
  28. Nalla Theerpu (1959)
  29. Kalyana Parisu (1959)
  30. Kalyanikku Kalyanam (1959)
  31. Pudhumai Penn (1959)
  32. Vaazha Vaitha Deivam (1959)
  33. Ulagam Sirikirathu (1959)
  34. Aval Yaar (1959)
  35. Bhaaga Pirivinai (1959)
  36. Kan Thiranthathu (1959)
  37. Amudhavalli (1959)
  38. Thalai Koduthaan Thambi (1959)
  39. Ponn Vilaiyum Boomi (1959)
  40. Kalaivaanan (1959)
  41. Irumbu Thirai (1960)
  42. Rathinapuri Ilavarasi (1960)
  43. Mahalakshmi (1960)
  44. Sangili Devan (1960)
  45. Ellorum Innaattu Mannar (1960)
  46. Ondrupattal Undu Vazhvu (1960)
  47. Aalukkoru Veedu (1960)
  48. Paadhai Theriyudhu Paar (1960)
  49. Veerakkanal (1960)
  50. Arasilangkumari (1961)
  51. Punar Jenmam (1961)
  52. Thirudadhe (1961)
  53. Kumara Raja (1961)
  54. Vikramaadhithan (1962)
  55. Ethaiyum Thangum Ithaiyam (1962)
  56. Kalai Arasi (1963)
  57. Maganey Kel (1965) [5]


The first compilation of Pattukkottai Kalyanasundaram's songs appeared in 1965 in printed form. Comparative studies and criticism have also been published in the form of books by several authors, like Paa. Udayakumar, Ki. Sembiyan, Solomon Pappaiah, Irakuladasan, M. P. Manivel, Pandian, Paa. Veeramani and others.[ citation needed ]

Tamil Nadu Murpokku Ezhuthalar Sangam, brought out souvenirs on Pattukkottaiyaar's 50th, 56th and 60th birthdays. A bronze statue was unveiled at a busy junction in Pattukkottai town and a special souvenir was released on the statue unveiling ceremony in 1995.[ citation needed ].

Government Of India brought out a souvenir on the occasion of the Silver Jubilee of India's Independence recognising Mahakavi Subramaniya Bharathi, Pavendhar Bharathidasan and Makkal Kavignar Pattukkottai Kalyanasundaram as the three foremost Tamil poets of the 20th century .

In 1981, the Chief Minister of Tamilnadu, M. G. Ramachandran conferred posthumously the prestigious Bharathidasan Award to Pattukkottaiyaar.[ citation needed ] Later in 1993,the then Chief Minister Jayalalithaa declared nationalization of Pattukkottaiyaar's literary works.[ citation needed ]In 2000,a memorial structure, Pattukkottai Kalyanasundaram Manimandapam, was erected in Pattukkottai and was inaugurated by the then Chief Minister Muthuvel Karunanidhi.[ citation needed ]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">K. V. Mahadevan</span> Musical artist

Krishnankoil Venkadachalam Mahadevan was an Indian composer, singer-songwriter, music producer, and musician known for his works in Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, and Kannada films. He is best known for his contributions in works such as Manchi Manasulu (1962), Lava Kusa (1963), Thiruvilaiyadal (1965), Saraswathi Sabatham (1966), Kandan Karunai (1967), Thillana Mohanambal (1968), Adimai Penn (1969), Balaraju Katha (1970), Athiparasakthi (1971), Sankarabharanam (1979), Saptapadi (1981), Sirivennela (1986), Sruthilayalu (1987), Pelli Pustakam (1991), and Swathi Kiranam (1992).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sivaji Ganesan</span> Indian actor, producer (1928–2001)

Villupuram Chinnaiya Manrayar Ganesamoorthy, better known by his stage name Sivaji Ganesan, was an Indian actor and producer. He was active in Tamil cinema during the latter half of the 20th century. Sivaji Ganesan is acknowledged as one of the greatest Indian actors of all time and among the most imitated one by other actors. He was known for his versatility and the variety of roles he depicted on screen, which gave him also the Tamil nickname Nadigar Thilagam. In a career that spanned close to five decades, he had acted 288 films in Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Hindi. Sivaji Ganesan is the only Tamil actor to have played the lead role in over 250 films.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">B. Saroja Devi</span> Indian actress

Bangalore Saroja Devi is an Indian actress who has acted in Kannada, Tamil, Telugu and Hindi films. She acted in around 200 films in over six decades. She is known by the epithets "Abhinaya Saraswathi" in Kannada and "Kannadathu Paingili" in Tamil. She is one of the most successful actresses in the history of Indian cinema.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">C. V. Sridhar</span> Indian screenwriter and film director (1933–2008)

Chitthamoor Vijayaraghavalu Sridhar was an Indian screenwriter and film director. He has directed nearly 60 films in Tamil, Hindi and Telugu Languages.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">K. S. Gopalakrishnan</span> Indian screenwriter and director

K. S. Gopalakrishnan was an Indian screenwriter, director, producer, and lyricist, who worked in Tamil, Malayalam and Hindi films. Since the early 1960s, he directed 70 films. He spent most of his career directing and producing movies with social and devotional themes. Most of his movies are melodramas. His son K. S. G. Venkatesh is an actor who has acted in television serials and in films like Sathuranga Vettai.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">A. Vincent</span>

Aloysius Vincent was an Indian cinematographer and director known for his works in Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and Hindi language films. From the mid-1960s on, he directed some 30 movies including the landmark Malayalam films Bhargavi Nilayam, and Murappennu.

<i>Nadodi Mannan</i> 1958 film by M. G. Ramachandran

Nadodi Mannan is a 1958 Indian Tamil-language action adventure film directed by M. G. Ramachandran in his debut as a filmmaker. He stars in dual roles alongside P. Bhanumathi, M. N. Rajam and B. Saroja Devi. P. S. Veerappa, M. N. Nambiar, M. G. Chakrapani, T. K. Balachandran and Chandrababu play supporting roles. The film revolves around a king being replaced by a look-alike after getting abducted on the eve of his coronation. The look-alike begins to implement social and economic reforms to uplift the poor which irks the kingdom's high priest, who has kidnapped the very person the look-alike resembles. The rest of the film shows how the look-alike saves the man he impersonates and defeats the high priest.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Devika</span> Indian actress

Devika Devadoss was an Indian actress who worked in Tamil, Telugu with few Malayalam, Kannada, Hindi film industry. She was a popular lead actress in the 1960s.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ragini (actress)</span> Indian actress

Ragini was an Indian actress and dancer. She was the youngest of the Travancore Sisters; Lalitha, Padmini and Ragini. She started her acting career in the mid-1950s along with her sister Padmini and has acted in movies of different Indian languages, including Malayalam, Hindi, Tamil and Telugu. She also starred opposite Shammi Kapoor in film Mujrim (1958). She played the role of Parvati opposite Trilok Kapoor who played Shiva in the 1962 film Shiv Parvati. The era of dance in Hindi cinema is considered to have begun with the entrance of Ragini and other South Indian actresses. Ragini died of breast cancer in 1976. She had acted in many dramas also.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jikki</span> Indian singer

Pillavalu Gajapathy Krishnaveni, more famously known as Jikki, was an Indian playback singer from Andhra Pradesh. She sang around 10,000 songs in Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam, Hindi, and Sinhalese languages.

E. V. Saroja was an Indian actress and dancer. She was born on 3 November, 1935 as Engan V. Saroja. She belonged to Engan village of Thiruvarur district, Tamil Nadu.

<i>Irumbu Thirai</i> (1960 film) 1960 Indian film

Irumbu Thirai is a 1960 Indian Tamil-language film produced and directed by S. S. Vasan. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan, Vyjayanthimala, K. A. Thangavelu and B. Saroja Devi, with S. V. Ranga Rao, Pandari Bai and Vasundhara Devi in supporting roles. A remake of Vasan's own Hindi film Paigham (1959), it revolves around two brothers Manikam and Kondamuthu and their mill owner.

<i>Uthama Puthiran</i> (1958 film) 1958 film by T. Prakash Rao

Uthama Puthiran is a 1958 Indian Tamil-language historical action film directed by T. Prakash Rao. Co-produced by C. V. Sridhar, who also wrote the screenplay, the film stars Sivaji Ganesan and Padmini, with M. K. Radha, M. N. Nambiar, K. A. Thangavelu, Ragini and Kannamba in supporting roles. It revolves around twins who are separated at birth; one grows up as a kind and honest man, while the other grows up as a greedy and arrogant man.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rajasulochana</span>

Chittajallu Rajeevalochana, better known as Rajasulochana, was an Indian classical dancer and actress. She has acted in more than 300 Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam and Hindi language films.

<i>Kalyana Parisu</i> 1959 film by C. V. Sridhar

Kalyana Parisu is a 1959 Indian Tamil-language romantic drama film written and directed by Sridhar. The film stars Gemini Ganesan and B. Saroja Devi while K. A. Thangavelu, Vijayakumari, M. Saroja, S. D. Subbulakshmi, A. Nageswara Rao and M. N. Nambiar play supporting roles. A triangular love story, it is about two close sisters whose lives turn upside down when they both fall in love with the same man. Out of respect, the younger sister decides to sacrifice her love, unknown to the elder sister.

<i>Meenda Sorgam</i> 1960 film by C. V. Sridhar

Meenda Sorgam is a 1960 Indian Tamil-language romantic musical film, written and directed by Sridhar. The film stars Gemini Ganesan and Padmini, with K. A. Thangavelu, T. R. Ramachandran, N. Lalitha and Manorama in supporting roles. It was released on 29 July 1960, and failed commercially.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">A. Maruthakasi</span> Indian poet

A. Maruthakasi was an Indian poet and film lyricist who wrote mainly in the Tamil language. He penned more than 4000 lyrics in more than 250 Tamil films.

M. A. Thirumugam was an Indian film director and editor. He was the younger brother of the film producer Sandow M. M. A. Chinnappa Thevar.

C. K. Saraswathi was an Indian actress who featured mainly in Tamil films. She was active in the field from 1945 till 1998. During the early days she featured in character roles and in comedy tracks. Later she became famous for her acting in negative character roles. Due to her physical appearance, she was mostly given the role of a mother in rich families. The more noteworthy character she did was in Thillana Mohanambal as Vadivambal (Vadivu), mother of Mohanambal.

M. K. Athmanathan was a music director and lyricist in Tamil cinema. He was honoured by the Tamil Nadu government with the Kalaimamani award in 1978. Her wife named thanlakshmi He has two daughters and one son


  1. வி.ராம்ஜி. "பாட்டுக்கோட்டை கட்டிய பட்டுக்கோட்டையார்!". காமதேனு (in Tamil). Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  2. "Poet Pattukottai Kalyanasundaram; 80th Birthday Remembrance". Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  3. 1 2 Ilangovan, BY R. (11 June 2014). "Songs of the soil". Frontline. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  4. "» BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE". Retrieved 6 December 2016.
  5. "» Blog Archive » பாடல் வெளியான படங்கள்". Retrieved 20 January 2018.