Paul Foley (1644/5 – 13 November 1699), also known as Speaker Foley, was the second son of Thomas Foley of Witley Court,the prominent Midlands ironmaster.
He took over his father's ironworks in and around the Forest of Dean in the early 1670s and continued them until 1685 when he let them to John Wheeler and Richard Avenant, who had managed ironworks for his brother Philip Foley. In 1692, the two brothers entered into a partnership with these managers and John Wheeler's brother, Richard. This lasted until after Paul's death.
Paul Foley had the resources from his father and the profits of his ironworks to buy himself a substantial estate around Stoke Edith in Herefordshire, part of which still belongs to a descendant. Important purchases included Stoke Edith from the trustees of Sir Henry Lingen in 1670 (made by his father),and other property from Sir Thomas Cooke in 1683. He rebuilt the house at Stoke Edith and laid out formal gardens and a park (which he had a royal licence to empark.
Paul Foley was elected MP for Hereford in 1679. He was elected again for the same seat in 1689.He actively campaigned for the exclusion of the Duke of York from the throne. He was imprisoned at the time of the Rye House Plot and again during the Monmouth Rebellion. However, James II later favoured him during his own later difficulties. During the reign of William III, he took an anti-court position, leading the "Country Whigs" faction with his nephew Robert Harley. During the early 1690s, he sat on several important Parliamentary committees, including being a commissioner of accounts. He was elected Speaker of the House of Commons in 1695, a post he held until his death. He was (like the Harleys and his elder brother Thomas) a Presbyterian and used his patronage rights in the Church of England to appoint clergy of that persuasion to churches.
He married Mary daughter of Alderman John Lane of London. Their eldest son was Thomas Foley. His younger son Paul,was also briefly an MP.
Sir Robert Harley was an English statesman who served as Master of the Mint for Charles I and later supported the parliamentarians during the English Civil War.
Thomas Foley or Tom Foley may refer to:
Sir Henry Lingen, Lord of Sutton, Lingen and Stoke Edith, was a Royalist military commander in Herefordshire during the English Civil War, and later a member of parliament.
Philip Foley was the youngest of the three surviving sons of the British ironmaster Thomas Foley. His father transferred all his ironworks in the Midlands to him in 1668 and 1669 for £60,000. He also settled an estate at Prestwood near Stourbridge on him on his marriage, to which Philip added the manor of Kinver.
The Wilden Ironworks was an ironworks in Wilden, Worcestershire, England. It operated for many years and was acquired by the Baldwin family, ancestors of British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin.
Stoke Edith is a village in the English county of Herefordshire, situated on the A438 road between Hereford and Ledbury. The population in 1801 of Stoke Edith parish was 332.
Tarrington is a small village in Herefordshire, England located half way between Ledbury and Hereford on the A438 road.
Thomas Foley, 1st Baron Foley, was a British landowner and politician.
Edward Harley, 3rd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer was a British peer and Member of Parliament.
Edward Thomas Foley, of Stoke Edith, Herefordshire, was an English Tory politician.
Thomas Foley, 1st Baron Foley FRS, of Witley Court, Great Witley, Worcestershire, was an English landowner, ironmaster and Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons from 1694 until 1712, when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Foley.
Thomas Foley, of Stoke Edith Court, Herefordshire was a British landowner and Tory politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1691 and 1737. He held the sinecure office of auditor of the imprests.
Thomas Foley, of Stoke Edith, Herefordshire was a British landowner and Member of Parliament.
Thomas Foley, 2nd Baron Foley, was a British peer and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1767 to 1777 when he was raised to the peerage.
Henry John Wentworth Hodgetts-Foley of Prestwood House, then in Kingswinford parish was a British MP.
Paul Foley, Newport, Herefordshire, was an English barrister and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1713 to 1715.
Edward Harley, 4th Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, styled Lord Harley from 1741 to 1755, was a British peer and Tory politician.
The Stoke Edith Wall Hanging is an embroidered wall hanging made in 1710-20, depicting elegant people walking in an early 18th-century garden. This is the larger of two such works which originally hung in Stoke Edith in Herefordshire.
Stoke Edith House is a derelict country house with surrounding park in Stoke Edith, Herefordshire, England. The present 17th century quadrangular mansion was preceded by a multi-gabled, Elizabethan home. Set within gardens, it was destroyed by fire in 1927.
Samuel Pytts was an English politician, MP for Hereford and Worcestershire.
Sir John Trevor
| Speaker of the House of Commons |
Sir Thomas Littleton
|Parliament of England|
The Viscount Scudamore
| Member of Parliament for Hereford |
With: Bridstock Harford 1679–1681
Herbert Aubrey 1681–1685
| Member of Parliament for Hereford |
With: Sir William Gregory 1689
Henry Cornewall 1689–1695
James Morgan 1695–1698
James Brydges 1698–1699