|Born||18 August 1889|
|Died||1 February 1947 57) (aged|
Santa Monica, California, United States
Paul Huldschinsky (18 August 1889 – 1 February 1947) was a German-Jewish architect and set decorator. After imprisonment in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1938 he fled Nazi Germany in 1939 for California. He won an Oscar in the category Best Art Direction for the film Gaslight .
Paul Huldschinky was born into a family of Jewish heritage known for its contributions to banking, German heavy industry and art. His father, Oscar Huldschinsky (1846-1931) was a Silesian steel magnate and noted art collector, listed among Berlin's wealthiest millionaires. His mother, Ida Huldschinsky (1860-1912 née Brandeis-Weikersheim) belonged to the Viennese banking family.Paul had three sisters, Susanne Huldschinsky Reichenheim, Marie Minze Friedheim et Lilly von Klemperer. They, as well as their families, would all be persecuted as Jews when the Nazis came to power.
Paul Muni was an Austro-Hungarian-born American stage and film actor who grew up in Chicago. Muni was a five-time Academy Award nominee, with one win. He started his acting career in the Yiddish theater. During the 1930s, he was considered one of the most prestigious actors at the Warner Bros. studio, and was given the rare privilege of choosing which parts he wanted.
The Academy Award for Best Costume Design is one of the Academy Awards presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) for achievement in film costume design.
Maximilian Schell was an Austrian-born Swiss film and stage actor, who also wrote, directed and produced some of his own films. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for the 1961 American film Judgment at Nuremberg, his second acting role in Hollywood. Born in Austria, his parents were involved in the arts and he grew up surrounded by acting and literature. While he was a child, his family fled to Switzerland in 1938 when Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany, and they settled in Zurich. After World War II ended, Schell took up acting or directing full-time. He appeared in numerous German films, often anti-war, before moving on to Hollywood.
Bronisław Kaper was a Polish film composer who scored films and musical theater in Germany, France, and the USA. The American immigration authorities misspelled his name as Bronislau Kaper. He was also variously credited as Bronislaw Kaper, Bronislaw Kapper, Benjamin Kapper, and Edward Kane.
Agnieszka Holland is a Polish film and television director and screenwriter, best known for her political contributions to Polish cinema. She began her career as assistant to directors Krzysztof Zanussi and Andrzej Wajda, and emigrated to France shortly before the 1981 imposition of the martial law in Poland.
Sir Kenneth Adam was a German-British movie production designer, best known for his set designs for the James Bond films of the 1960s and 1970s, as well as for Dr. Strangelove.
Hans Dreier was a German motion picture art director. He was Paramount Pictures' supervising art director from 1927 until his retirement in 1950, when he was succeeded by Hal Pereira.
Allan Mieczysław Starski is a Polish Oscar-winning production designer and set decorator.
Fritz Maurischat was a German production designer. He made his film debut in 1924. Over the next 38 years, he worked on over 70 films, all of them in his native Germany.
Eric John Bryan Pratt, known professionally as John Bryan, was a British art director and film producer.
William Ferrari was an American art director. He won an Oscar and was nominated for another in the category Best Art Direction. He died in 1962 and was buried at the Forest Lawn, Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles
Paul Markwitz was a German production designer, art director and set decorator. He worked on over 50 films between 1935 and 1967. He was nominated for an Academy Award in the category Best Art Direction for the film Martin Luther.
Henry Grace was an American set decorator. He won an Oscar and was nominated for twelve more in the category Best Art Direction. As an actor, he had a role as Dwight D. Eisenhower, whom he strongly resembled, in The Longest Day.
Herbert Strabel was a German production designer, art director and set decorator. He won an Academy Award in the category Best Art Direction for the film Cabaret. He died a week after his 90th birthday.
The Hare with Amber Eyes (2010) is a family memoir by British ceramicist Edmund de Waal. De Waal tells the story of his family, the Ephrussi, once a very wealthy European Jewish banking dynasty, centred in Odessa, Vienna and Paris, and peers of the Rothschild family. The Ephrussis lost almost everything in 1938 when the Nazis confiscated their property, and were unable to recover most of their property after the war, including priceless artwork; an easily hidden collection of 264 Japanese netsuke miniature sculptures was saved, tucked away inside a mattress by Anna, a loyal maid at Palais Ephrussi in Vienna during the war years. The collection has been passed down through five generations of the Ephrussi family, providing a common thread for the story of its fortunes from 1871 to 2009.
Paul Westheim was a German art historian and publisher of the magazine Das Kunstblatt.
Paradise is a 2016 Russian drama film produced and directed by Andrei Konchalovsky. It was selected to compete for the Golden Lion at the 73rd Venice International Film Festival. At Venice Konchalovsky won the Silver Lion for Best Director. It was selected as the Russian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 89th Academy Awards. In December 2016, it made the shortlist of nine films to be considered for a nomination at the 89th Academy Awards.
Many priceless artworks by the Dutch post-impressionist artist Vincent van Gogh were looted by Nazis during the Third Reich (1933-1945), mostly from Jewish collectors forced into exile or murdered.
Max Silberberg was a German Jewish entrepreneur, art collector and patron who was robbed and murdered by the Nazis. His art collection, among the finest of its era, has been the object of numerous restitution claims.
Oscar Huldschinsky was a German coal and steel entrepreneur, art collector and philanthropist.