Paul J. Coleman

Last updated
Paul J. Coleman Jr.
Born(1932-03-07)March 7, 1932
Chicago, Illinois
DiedApril 6, 2019(2019-04-06) (aged 87)
Los Angeles, California
Residence United States
Nationality American
Alma mater University of California, Los Angeles (Ph.D.)
AwardsExceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (twice)
Scientific career
Fields Space

Paul J. Coleman Jr. (March 7, 1932 – April 6, 2019) was an American space scientist, NASA veteran, professor of space physics at the University of California, Los Angeles [1] and founding chairman of the Girvan Institute of Technology. [2] Coleman was also a co-founder of JumpStartFund , an online crowdsourcing platform. [3] [4]

NASA space-related agency of the United States government

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.

Space physics is the study of plasmas as they occur naturally in the Earth's upper atmosphere (aeronomy) and within the Solar System. As such, it encompasses a far-ranging number of topics, such as heliophysics which includes the solar physics of the Sun: the solar wind, planetary magnetospheres and ionospheres, auroras, cosmic rays, and synchrotron radiation. Space physics is a fundamental part of the study of space weather and has important implications in not only to understanding the universe, but also for practical everyday life, including the operations of communications and weather satellites.

University of California, Los Angeles Public research university in Los Angeles, California

The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university in Los Angeles. It became the Southern Branch of the University of California in 1919, making it the third-oldest undergraduate campus of the 10-campus University of California system. It offers 337 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines. UCLA enrolls about 31,000 undergraduate and 13,000 graduate students and had 119,000 applicants for Fall 2016, including transfer applicants, making the school the most applied-to of any American university.

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He was awarded two Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal by NASA, one in 1970 for his contributions to the exploration of the solar system and the other in 1972 for his contributions to the exploration of the moon. In 1975 he was elected in the International Academy of Astronautics. He was a John Simon Guggenheim Fellow in 1975 [5] and a Senior Fulbright Scholar from 1975-76. P From 1981 to 2000, he was president and CEO of the USRA. [6] In 1985, Dr. Coleman was appointed by President Ronald Reagan to the National Commission on Space; in 1991, he was appointed by Vice President Dan Quayle to the Space policy Advisory Board. In 2004, he was recognized by Space News , as one of ten "Innovators and visionaries" who "made a difference' in the global space enterprise over the preceding fifteen years". [7] [8]

The International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) is a non-governmental organisation of experts committed to expanding the frontiers of space. It was established in Stockholm (Sweden) on August 16, 1960.

Guggenheim Fellowships are grants that have been awarded annually since 1925 by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to those "who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts." The roll of Fellows includes numerous Nobel Laureates, Pulitzer, and other prize winners.

The Universities Space Research Association (USRA) was incorporated on March 12, 1969 in Washington, D.C. as a private, nonprofit corporation under the auspices of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). Institutional membership in the association has grown from 49 colleges and universities when it was founded, to the current 105 institutions. All member institutions have graduate programs in space sciences or technology. Besides the 95 member institutions in the United States, there are two member institutions in Canada, four in Europe, two in Israel, one in Australia and one in Hong Kong.

Early life and career

Coleman held B.S. Engineering degrees in mathematics and physics, an M.S. degree in physics, and a Ph.D. in space physics. He served two years as a commissioned officer in the United States Air Force, with duty in Europe, South Korea, and Turkey from 1954 to 1956.

United States Air Force Air and space warfare branch of the United States Armed Forces

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces, and one of the seven American uniformed services. Initially formed as a part of the United States Army on 1 August 1907, the USAF was established as a separate branch of the U.S. Armed Forces on 18 September 1947 with the passing of the National Security Act of 1947. It is the youngest branch of the U.S. Armed Forces, and the fourth in order of precedence. The USAF is the largest and most technologically advanced air force in the world. The Air Force articulates its core missions as air and space superiority, global integrated intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, rapid global mobility, global strike, and command and control.

Europe Continent in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

South Korea Republic in East Asia

South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. South Korea lies in the north temperate zone and has a predominantly mountainous terrain. It comprises an estimated 51.4 million residents distributed over 100,363 km2 (38,750 sq mi). Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million.

His early professional experience included positions at the Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation (acquired by Northrop Grumman) and at the headquarters of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in Washington, D.C., as manager of NASA's interplanetary sciences program.

Washington, D.C. Capital of the United States

Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States. Founded after the American Revolution as the seat of government of the newly independent country, Washington was named after George Washington, first President of the United States and Founding Father. As the seat of the United States federal government and several international organizations, Washington is an important world political capital. The city is also one of the most visited cities in the world, with more than 20 million tourists annually.

In 1965, he joined the faculty at UCLA. [9] There, with Dr. T.A. Farley, he established a laboratory for research in space physics. In the course of his research on charged particles and electric and magnetic fields in space, [10] he worked with the Explorer, OGO and ATS series of earth satellites, the Pioneer series of deep-space probes, [11] the Mariner series of planetary spacecraft, Apollo's 15 and 17, and Galileo. He wrote or collaborated in writing more than 150 articles on research in the space sciences and developments in space technology.

Orbiting Geophysical Observatory

Orbiting Geophysical Observatory (OGO) Program of NASA refers to the six satellites launched by the United States that were in use from September 1964 to 1972, designed to study the Earth's magnetosphere. The satellites successfully studied the interactions between the Earth and the Sun, despite a number of technical problems. Each satellite had 20 to 25 instruments. OGO 1, OGO 3, and OGO 5 were in equatorial orbits; OGO 2, OGO 4, and OGO 6 were in lower polar orbits.

Apollo 15 Fourth manned mission to land on the Moon

Apollo 15 was the ninth manned mission in the United States' Apollo program, the eighth to be successful, and the fourth to land on the Moon. It was the first J mission, with a longer stay on the Moon and a greater focus on science than earlier landings. Apollo 15 saw the first use of the Lunar Roving Vehicle.

<i>Galileo</i> (spacecraft) Unmanned NASA spacecraft which studied the planet Jupiter and its moons

Galileo was an American unmanned spacecraft that studied the planet Jupiter and its moons, as well as several other Solar System bodies. Named after the Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei, it consisted of an orbiter and an entry probe. It was delivered into Earth orbit on October 18, 1989 by Space ShuttleAtlantis. Galileo arrived at Jupiter on December 7, 1995, after gravitational assist flybys of Venus and Earth, and became the first spacecraft to orbit Jupiter. It launched the first probe into Jupiter, directly measuring its atmosphere. Despite suffering major antenna problems, Galileo achieved the first asteroid flyby, of 951 Gaspra, and discovered the first asteroid moon, Dactyl, around 243 Ida. In 1994, Galileo observed Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9's collision with Jupiter.

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Thomas O. Paine NASA administrator

Thomas Otten Paine, an American engineer, scientist, and advocate of space exploration, was the third Administrator of NASA, serving from March 21, 1969 to September 15, 1970.

Bill Pickering (rocket scientist) rocket scientist born in New Zealand

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Walter Cunningham American astronaut

Ronnie Walter Cunningham, is a retired American astronaut. In 1968, he was a Lunar Module Pilot on the Apollo 7 mission. He was NASA's third civilian astronaut, and has also been a fighter pilot, physicist, entrepreneur, venture capitalist, and author of The All-American Boys.

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Edward George Gibson, Ph.D. is a former NASA astronaut, pilot, engineer, and physicist.

Vision for Space Exploration

The Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) was a plan for space exploration announced on January 14, 2004 by President George W. Bush. It was conceived as a response to the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster, the state of human spaceflight at NASA, and as a way to regain public enthusiasm for space exploration. It was replaced by the space policy of the Barack Obama administration in June 2010.

Budget of NASA

As a federal agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) receives its funding from the annual federal budget passed by the United States Congress. The following charts detail the amount of federal funding allotted to NASA each year over its history to pursue programs in aeronautics research, robotic spaceflight, technology development, and human space exploration programs. As of 2018, NASA employs 17,336 people.

Michael D. Griffin American physicist and aerospace engineer

Michael Douglas Griffin is an American physicist and aerospace engineer who is the current Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering. He previously served as Administrator of NASA, the U.S. space agency, from April 13, 2005, to January 20, 2009. As NASA Administrator Griffin oversaw such areas as the future of human spaceflight, the fate of the Hubble telescope and NASA's role in understanding climate change. In April 2009 Griffin, who has an academic background, was named eminent scholar and a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at the University of Alabama in Huntsville.

The Lunar and Planetary Institute (LPI) is a scientific research institute dedicated to study of the solar system, its formation, evolution, and current state. The Institute is part of the Universities Space Research Association (USRA) and is supported by the Science Mission Directorate of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Located at 3600 Bay Area Boulevard in Houston, Texas, the LPI maintains an extensive collection of lunar and planetary data, carries out education and public outreach programs, and offers meeting coordination and publishing services. The LPI sponsors and organizes several workshops and conferences throughout the year, including the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (LPSC) held in March in the Houston area.

History of spaceflight aspect of history

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The Research Institute for Advanced Computer Science (RIACS) was founded June 1, 1983 as a joint collaboration between the Universities Space Research Association (USRA) and the NASA Ames Research Center. The Institute was created to conduct basic and applied research in computer science, covering a broad range of research topics of interest to the aerospace community including supercomputing, computational fluid dynamics, computational chemistry, high performance networking, and artificial intelligence.

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Bill Todd Project Manager for Exploration Analogs at NASAs Johnson Space Center

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2014

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2014 is a bill that would authorize the appropriation of $17.6 billion in fiscal year 2014 to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). NASA would use the funding for human exploration of space, the Space Launch System, the Orion multipurpose crew vehicle, the commercial crew program, the International Space Station (ISS), and various technological and educational projects.

Noel William Hinners was an American geologist and soil chemist who is primarily remembered for his work with NASA where he worked in a variety of scientific and administrative roles from 1963 to 1989, including two years as NASA Chief Scientist. In 1977 he was awarded the NASA Distinguished Service Medal.

Dr. Anthony (Tony) John Calio was an American physicist, businessman, senior executive of NASA and the fourth Administrator of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

References

  1. "EXPERIMENTS AND INVESTIGATORS". nasa.gov . Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  2. https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/latimes/obituary.aspx?n=paul-j-coleman&pid=192298294
  3. "JUMPSTARTING THE NEXT AGE OF ENTREPRENEURS". turnstylenews.com. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  4. "JumpStarting the Next Age of Entrepreneurs". huffingtonpost.com . Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  5. "Paul J. Coleman Jr". gf.org. Archived from the original on 21 December 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  6. "USRA has a storied heritage that traces back to the formation of the Lunar Science Institute by the National Academy of Sciences in 1968 at the height of the Apollo program". usra.edu. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  7. "Micro Technologies India Ltd (MICT.NS)". reuters.com . Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  8. "Board of Directors". microtechnologies.net . Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  9. "Graduates of the UCLA Space Physics Program by Highest Degree". ucla.edu. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  10. "Three-axis Fluxgate Magnetometer". nasa.gov. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
  11. "Pioneer Science at New Frontiers". nasa.gov. Retrieved 8 June 2014.