Paul J. Coleman Jr.
|Born||March 7, 1932|
|Died||April 6, 2019 87) (aged|
Los Angeles, California
|Alma mater||University of California, Los Angeles (Ph.D.)|
|Awards||Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (twice)|
Paul J. Coleman Jr. (March 7, 1932 – April 6, 2019) was an American space scientist, NASA veteran, professor of space physics at the University of California, Los Angelesand founding chairman of the Girvan Institute of Technology. Coleman was also a co-founder of JumpStartFund , an online crowdsourcing platform.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
Space physics is the study of plasmas as they occur naturally in the Earth's upper atmosphere (aeronomy) and within the Solar System. As such, it encompasses a far-ranging number of topics, such as heliophysics which includes the solar physics of the Sun: the solar wind, planetary magnetospheres and ionospheres, auroras, cosmic rays, and synchrotron radiation. Space physics is a fundamental part of the study of space weather and has important implications in not only to understanding the universe, but also for practical everyday life, including the operations of communications and weather satellites.
The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university in Los Angeles. It became the Southern Branch of the University of California in 1919, making it the third-oldest undergraduate campus of the 10-campus University of California system. It offers 337 undergraduate and graduate degree programs in a wide range of disciplines. UCLA enrolls about 31,000 undergraduate and 13,000 graduate students and had 119,000 applicants for Fall 2016, including transfer applicants, making the school the most applied-to of any American university.
He was awarded two Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal by NASA, one in 1970 for his contributions to the exploration of the solar system and the other in 1972 for his contributions to the exploration of the moon. In 1975 he was elected in the International Academy of Astronautics. He was a John Simon Guggenheim Fellow in 1975and a Senior Fulbright Scholar from 1975-76. P From 1981 to 2000, he was president and CEO of the USRA. In 1985, Dr. Coleman was appointed by President Ronald Reagan to the National Commission on Space; in 1991, he was appointed by Vice President Dan Quayle to the Space policy Advisory Board. In 2004, he was recognized by Space News , as one of ten "Innovators and visionaries" who "made a difference' in the global space enterprise over the preceding fifteen years".
The International Academy of Astronautics (IAA) is a non-governmental organisation of experts committed to expanding the frontiers of space. It was established in Stockholm (Sweden) on August 16, 1960.
Guggenheim Fellowships are grants that have been awarded annually since 1925 by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to those "who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts." The roll of Fellows includes numerous Nobel Laureates, Pulitzer, and other prize winners.
The Universities Space Research Association (USRA) was incorporated on March 12, 1969 in Washington, D.C. as a private, nonprofit corporation under the auspices of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). Institutional membership in the association has grown from 49 colleges and universities when it was founded, to the current 105 institutions. All member institutions have graduate programs in space sciences or technology. Besides the 95 member institutions in the United States, there are two member institutions in Canada, four in Europe, two in Israel, one in Australia and one in Hong Kong.
Coleman held B.S. Engineering degrees in mathematics and physics, an M.S. degree in physics, and a Ph.D. in space physics. He served two years as a commissioned officer in the United States Air Force, with duty in Europe, South Korea, and Turkey from 1954 to 1956.
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South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo which was one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, Manchuria, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. South Korea lies in the north temperate zone and has a predominantly mountainous terrain. It comprises an estimated 51.4 million residents distributed over 100,363 km2 (38,750 sq mi). Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million.
His early professional experience included positions at the Ramo-Wooldridge Corporation (acquired by Northrop Grumman) and at the headquarters of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in Washington, D.C., as manager of NASA's interplanetary sciences program.
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In 1965, he joined the faculty at UCLA.There, with Dr. T.A. Farley, he established a laboratory for research in space physics. In the course of his research on charged particles and electric and magnetic fields in space, he worked with the Explorer, OGO and ATS series of earth satellites, the Pioneer series of deep-space probes, the Mariner series of planetary spacecraft, Apollo's 15 and 17, and Galileo. He wrote or collaborated in writing more than 150 articles on research in the space sciences and developments in space technology.
Orbiting Geophysical Observatory (OGO) Program of NASA refers to the six satellites launched by the United States that were in use from September 1964 to 1972, designed to study the Earth's magnetosphere. The satellites successfully studied the interactions between the Earth and the Sun, despite a number of technical problems. Each satellite had 20 to 25 instruments. OGO 1, OGO 3, and OGO 5 were in equatorial orbits; OGO 2, OGO 4, and OGO 6 were in lower polar orbits.
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