Paul Monette

Last updated

Paul Monette
MonetteWest.jpg
Monette on the cover of West of Yesterday, East of Summer
Born(1945-10-16)October 16, 1945
Lawrence, Massachusetts, United States
DiedFebruary 10, 1995(1995-02-10) (aged 49)
Cause of death HIV/AIDS
Resting place Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills
Alma mater
OccupationAuthor, poet and LGBT rights activist
Known forThe Monette-Horwitz Trust
Notable work

Paul Landry Monette (October 16, 1945 – February 10, 1995) was an American author, poet, and activist best known for his essays about gay relationships. [1]

Contents

Life and career

Monette was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts, and graduated from Phillips Academy in 1963 and Yale University in 1967. Conflicted about his sexual orientation, he moved to Boston, Massachusetts, where he taught writing and literature at Milton Academy. In 1978 he moved to West Hollywood with his romantic partner, lawyer Roger Horwitz (November 22, 1941 – October 22, 1986). He wrote and published several novels during this time period, starting with Taking Care of Mrs. Carroll in 1978, which featured a gay protagonist. [2] Monette himself later described the books he produced in this time period "glib and silly little novels." [2] His more serious work came later in his life and was largely driven by his experiences with AIDS. Monette's most acclaimed book, Borrowed Time: An AIDS Memoir, chronicles Horwitz's fight against, and eventual death from, AIDS. He wrote Afterlife (1990) and Halfway Home (1991) which were centered around people with AIDS and their families' experiences. [2] He once said in an interview that "One person’s truth, if told well, does not leave anyone out." [3] Because of this belief, he tried to tell the truth in a way that gave a voice to a community that was usually left out. [3] His 1992 memoir, Becoming a Man: Half a Life Story, tells of his life in the closet before coming out, culminating with his meeting Horwitz in 1974. [4] Becoming a Man won the 1992 National Book Award for Nonfiction. [5] Monette also wrote the novelizations of the films Nosferatu the Vampyre (1979), Scarface (1983), Predator (1987) and Midnight Run (1988), as well as the novels Taking Care of Mrs. Carroll (1978), Afterlife (1990) and Halfway Home (1991).

Lawrence, Massachusetts City in Massachusetts, United States

Lawrence is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, on the Merrimack River. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 76,377, which had risen to an estimated 78,197 as of 2014. Surrounding communities include Methuen to the north, Andover to the southwest, and North Andover to the southeast. Lawrence and Salem were the county seats of Essex County, until the Commonwealth abolished county government in 1999. Lawrence is part of the Merrimack Valley.

Phillips Academy Independent boarding preparatory school in grades 9–12 in Andover, Massachusetts, United States

Phillips Academy Andover is a co-educational university-preparatory school for boarding and day students in grades 9–12, along with a post-graduate (PG) year. The school is in Andover, Massachusetts, United States, 25 miles north of Boston. Phillips Academy has 1,150 students, and is a highly selective school, accepting 13% of applicants with a yield as high as 86%. It is part of the Eight Schools Association, Ten Schools Admissions Organization as well as the G20 Schools Group.

Yale University Private research university in New Haven, Connecticut, United States

Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701, it is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine Colonial Colleges chartered before the American Revolution. Yale consistently ranks among the top universities in the world.

Monette's grave at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills Paul Monette grave marker.jpg
Monette's grave at Forest Lawn Memorial Park, Hollywood Hills

Monette's final years, before his own AIDS-related death, are chronicled in the film Paul Monette: On the Brink of Summer's End by Monte Bramer and Lesli Klainberg. [6] "By the end of his life, Monette had healed most of his psychic wounds, but his rage persisted." [7] He said, "go without hate, but not without rage; heal the world." [7] He had tried to use his rage to heal the world through his writing and activism. Monette died in Los Angeles, where he lived with his partner of five years, Winston Wilde. [8] Monette was survived by Wilde; his father, Paul Monette Sr., and his brother, Robert L. Monette. [9] Horwitz and Monette are buried alongside each other at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills), Los Angeles, California.

Los Angeles City in California

Los Angeles, officially the City of Los Angeles and often known by its initials L.A., is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, and the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of nearly four million, Los Angeles is the cultural, financial, and commercial center of Southern California. The city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity, Hollywood, the entertainment industry, and its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America.

Winston Wilde is a sexologist, psychotherapist, and author living in Los Angeles, California. He is the surviving partner of writer Paul Monette (1945–1995). Wilde's book, Legacies of Love: A Heritage of Queer Bonding, chronicling famous queer relationships with pictures and texts, was published in 2007 after 14 years of research.

Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Hollywood Hills) cemetery in Hollywood Hills

Forest Lawn Memorial Park – Hollywood Hills is one of the six Forest Lawn cemeteries in Southern California. It is located at 6300 Forest Lawn Drive, Los Angeles, California 90068, in the Hollywood Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles. It is on the lower north slope at the east end of the Santa Monica Mountains range that overlooks North Hollywood, Universal City, and Burbank, and the overall San Fernando Valley area of north view Los Angeles.

The Monette-Horwitz Trust

Shortly before his death in 1995 Monette established the Monette-Horwitz Trust to commemorate his relationship with Roger Horwitz and to support future LGBT activism and scholarship. Monette's brother Robert served as the appointed Trustee until his death in 2015. [10] [11] Monette-Horwitz Trust Awards are given annually to individuals and organizations for their contribution to eradicating homophobia through their literary, scholarly, archival, or activist work. The award's eight-member advisory committee includes Monette's surviving partner, Winston Wilde and the writer Terry Wolverton. [12] The Lesbian Herstory Archives and the June L. Mazer Lesbian Archives received the inaugural Monette-Horwitz Trust Awards in 1998. Other organizations which have since been recipients include Athlete Ally, Naz Foundation India and the Addison Gallery of American Art. [13] Among the individuals who have received the award are Sunil Pant, [14] Lillian Faderman, [15] Allan Bérubé [16] and Leslie Feinberg. [17]

LGBT Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons

LGBT is an initialism that stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender. In use since the 1990s, the term is an adaptation of the initialism LGB, which was used to replace the term gay in reference to the LGBT community beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s. Activists believed that the term gay community did not accurately represent all those to whom it referred.

Trustee person who holds property, authority, or a position of trust or responsibility for the benefit of another

Trustee is a legal term which, in its broadest sense, is a synonym for anyone in a position of trust and so can refer to any person who holds property, authority, or a position of trust or responsibility to transfer the title of ownership to the person named as the new owner, in a trust instrument, called a beneficiary. A trustee can also refer to a person who is allowed to do certain tasks but not able to gain income, although that is untrue. Although in the strictest sense of the term a trustee is the holder of property on behalf of a beneficiary, the more expansive sense encompasses persons who serve, for example, on the board of trustees of an institution that operates for a charity, for the benefit of the general public, or a person in the local government.

Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT). It has been defined as contempt, prejudice, aversion, hatred or antipathy, may be based on irrational fear and ignorance, and is often related to religious beliefs.

Bibliography

OCLC global library cooperative

OCLC, Inc., d/b/a OCLC is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center, then became the Online Computer Library Center as it expanded. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog (OPAC) in the world. OCLC is funded mainly by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services. OCLC also maintains the Dewey Decimal Classification system.

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

Related Research Articles

Lesbian Homosexual woman

A lesbian is a homosexual woman. The word lesbian is also used for women in relation to their sexual identity or sexual behavior, regardless of sexual orientation, or as an adjective to characterize or associate nouns with female homosexuality or same-sex attraction.

Larry Kramer American screenwriter, novelist, essayist, playwright, LGBT-rights and AIDS activist

Larry Kramer is an American playwright, author, film producer, public health advocate, and LGBT rights activist. He began his career rewriting scripts while working for Columbia Pictures, which led him to London where he worked with United Artists. There he wrote the screenplay for the 1969 film Women in Love (1969) and earned an Academy Award nomination for his work. Kramer introduced a controversial and confrontational style in his novel Faggots (1978), which earned mixed reviews and emphatic denunciations from elements within the gay community for Kramer's one-sided portrayal of shallow, promiscuous gay relationships in the 1970s.

Lambda Literary Award award for published works which celebrate or explore LGBT themes

Lambda Literary Awards, also known as the "Lammys", are awarded yearly by the U.S.-based Lambda Literary Foundation to published works which celebrate or explore LGBT themes. Categories include Humor, Romance and Biography. To qualify, a book must have been published in the United States in the year current to the award. The Lambda Literary Foundation states that its mission is "to celebrate LGBT literature and provide resources for writers, readers, booksellers, publishers, and librarians – the whole literary community." The awards were instituted in 1988.

John Francisco Rechy is an American novelist, essayist, memoirist, dramatist and literary critic. In his novels, he has written extensively about gay culture in Los Angeles and wider America, among other subject matters, and is among the pioneers of modern LGBT literature. City of Night, his debut novel published in 1963, was a best seller. Drawing on his own background, he has contributed to Chicano literature, notably with his novel The Miraculous Day of Amalia Gomez, which has been taught in several Chicano literature courses throughout the United States.

Randy Shilts was an American journalist and author. He worked as a reporter for both The Advocate and the San Francisco Chronicle, as well as for San Francisco Bay Area television stations. His 1987 book And the Band Played On chronicled the history of the AIDS epidemic.

The GLAAD Stephen F. Kolzak Award is a special GLAAD Media Award presented annually by the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation. It is named in honor of the Los Angeles casting director who devoted the last part of his life to fighting homophobia and AIDS-phobia within the entertainment industry. The award is given to an openly LGBT member of the entertainment or media community for his or her work toward eliminating homophobia. It has been awarded since 1991, with Kolzak being the posthumous inaugural recipient.

Sarah Schulman American writer

Sarah Miriam Schulman is an American novelist, playwright, nonfiction writer, screenwriter and AIDS historian. She is a Distinguished Professor of the Humanities at College of Staten Island (CSI) and a Fellow at the New York Institute for the Humanities. She is a recipient of the Bill Whitehead Award.

Andrew Holleran American writer

Andrew Holleran is the pseudonym of Eric Garber, an Aruban novelist, essayist, and short story writer. He is a prominent novelist of post-Stonewall gay literature. He was a member of The Violet Quill, a gay writer's group that met briefly from 1980-81. The Violet Quill included other prolific gay writers like Edmund White and Felice Picano. Garber, who has historically been very protective of his privacy, uses "Andrew Holleran" as his pseudonym.

Martin Bauml Duberman is an American historian, biographer, playwright, and gay rights activist.

Lillian Faderman is an American historian whose books on lesbian history and LGBT history have earned critical praise and awards. The New York Times named three of her books on its "Notable Books of the Year" list. In addition, The Guardian named her book, Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers, one of the Top 10 Books of Radical History.

Allan Bérubé was an American historian, activist, independent scholar, self-described "community-based" researcher and college drop-out, and award-winning author, best known for his research and writing about homosexual members of the American Armed Forces during World War II. He also wrote essays about the intersection of class and race in gay culture, and about growing up in a poor, working-class family, his French-Canadian roots, and about his experience of anti-AIDS activism.

Will Roscoe is an American activist, scholar, and author based in San Francisco, California.

Claude J. Summers is an American literary scholar, and the William E. Stirton Professor Emeritus in the Humanities and Professor Emeritus of English at the University of Michigan-Dearborn. He taught at the university from 1970 until his retirement in 2002. He was promoted to associate professor in 1973 and to professor in 1977. He became the William E. Stirton Professor in Humanities in 1989, and became professor emeritus in 2002. He has published extensively on 17th and 20th century English literature.

<i>Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers</i> book by Lillian Faderman

Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers: A History of Lesbian Life in Twentieth-Century America is a non-fiction book by Lillian Faderman chronicling lesbian life in the 20th century. In 1992, it won the Stonewall Book Award for non-fiction and was selected as the "Editor's Choice" at the Lambda Literary Awards. In September 2011, Ms. magazine ranked the book 99th on its list of the top 100 feminist non-fiction books.

New York has a long history of LGBT community building, activism, and culture which extends to the early history of the city.

Cooper Do-nuts Riot May 1959 US LGBT uprising sparked by police harassment

The Cooper Do-nuts Riot was a May 1959 incident in Los Angeles in which transgender women, lesbian women, drag queens, and gay men rioted, one of the first LGBT uprisings in the United States. The incident was sparked by police harassment of LGBT people at a 24-hour Cooper Do-nuts cafe.

Stuart Timmons American historian

Stuart Timmons was an American journalist, activist, historian, and award-winning author specializing in LGBT history based in Los Angeles, California. He was the author of The Trouble With Harry Hay: Founder of the Modern Gay Movement and the co-author of Gay L.A.: A History of Sexual Outlaws, Power Politics, and Lipstick Lesbians with Lillian Faderman.

The Lavender Hill Mob was a militant gay rights activist group operating in the United States in the 1980s in response to the treatment of the AIDS pandemic. It was founded and led by Marty Robinson.

References

  1. Wilde, Winston Legacies of Love, The Haworth Press, ISBN , p174
  2. 1 2 3 Fein, Esther B. (February 12, 1995). "Paul Monette, 49, Who Wrote of AIDS, Dies". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  3. 1 2 "One Person's Truth: The Life and Work of Paul Monette (1945-1995). Conference and Exhibition, UCLA Charles E. Young Research Library, October 14, 2005". web.archive.org. January 16, 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  4. Martinez, Gerard (October 11, 2005). "Becoming a Man looks at difficulties of gay lifestyle". The Daily Texan. Archived from the original on July 14, 2007. Retrieved December 1, 2007.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. "National Book Awards – 1992". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-24.
    (With acceptance speech by Monette.)
  6. Monte Bramer; Lesli Klainberg (1996). "Paul Monette: The Brink of Summer's End". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  7. 1 2 Holden, Stephen (February 6, 1998). "Paul Monette: More Active and Angry on the Way to the End". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
  8. "One Person's Truth: The Life and Work of Paul Monette". UCLA Charles E. Young Research Library. 2005. Archived from the original on January 20, 2008. Retrieved February 21, 2008.
  9. Esther B. Fein (February 12, 1995). "Paul Monette, 49, Who Wrote of AIDS, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved February 22, 2008.
  10. Monette-Horwitz Trust (2015). About the Trust Archived February 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  11. Cook, Bonnie L. (9 May 2015). "Robert L. Monette, 63, instructor". Philadelphia Inquirer . Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  12. Monette-Horwitz Trust (2015). Advisory Committee. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  13. Monette-Horwitz Trust (2015). Awardees. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  14. Cohen, Benjamin (22 April 2009). "Gay Nepalese MP looks towards greater acceptance of gays and lesbians". PinkNews . Retrieved 10 December 2015.
  15. Gambone, Philip (2010). Travels in a Gay Nation: Portraits of LGBTQ Americans. p. 110. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN   0299236838
  16. Faderman, Lillian (2007). Great events from history: Gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender events, 1848-2006, p. 524. Salem Press. ISBN   9781587652653
  17. Wilson, John Morgan (29 April 2010). "2010 Monette-Horwitz Trust Award Recipients Announced". Lambda Literary Foundation. Retrieved 10 December 2015.

Further reading

Archival sources

Charles E. Young Research Library library

The Charles E. Young Research Library is one of the largest libraries on the campus of UCLA in Westwood, Los Angeles, California. It was built in 1964.